Science stream and commerce stream are the most popular areas of study among Indian students. Most students after 10th are conflicted about whether to pursue science or commerce. While the job opportunities are immense in both fields, there are other factors that one must analyze before deciding between the two. Once tends to be biassed towards a certain field based on hearsay but you don’t want to make a decision based on that. So, if you’re confused about choosing either, here is all the information you need to answer the question of Science vs Commerce.
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Science vs Commerce Comparison
Let’s first briefly take a look at the comparison between Science vs Commerce:
|Subjects||Physics, Chemistry, Biology & Mathematics||Economics, Business, Accounting, Mathematics|
|Best for||Engineering, Technology or Medicine-related careers||Business, Entrepreneurship, Management or Accounting-related careers|
|Difficulty Level||Rigorous than commerce||Considered easier than Science|
|Main focus||Scientific formulas, equations, math-oriented, experiments||Theory-based and mathematical both|
|Careers||Engineer, IT Analyst, Research Scientist, Doctor, etc.||Manager, CA, CS, Economist, Research Associate|
|Courses after 12th||BTech, MBBS, BE, BSc||BCom, BCA, BMS, BBS, BBA|
Science is often considered a tougher and rigorous stream than Commerce because the latter has more scoring subjects which are theoretical while Science has technical and math-oriented subjects which can be harder to master!
Science is an intellectual field that deals with finding answers about the world around us based on observations and experimentation. Whereas, commerce is a study of trade and business such as the exchange of goods and services. Here are the core subjects you will get to study in each of the streams in 11th:
|Commerce Subjects in Class 11||Science Subjects|
Science can be defined as the study of exploring natural phenomena by experimentations and observations. If you’re inquisitive about the way things around function, then science is the best career stream for you. Science comprises of intellect subjects like biology, chemistry, and physics which demands careful observation. After pursuing science you can have a wide variety of opportunities globally.
Benefits of Studying Science
- Science is a more practical based stream which makes candidates employable.
- Engineering, which is one of the leading professions of the times, can be pursued only if the student is well versed with scientific knowledge.
- Pursuing any of the STEM courses puts you at a position from where you can directly serve the society.
- The changing climate, environmental changes can only be tackled and reduced by the professionals having excellent knowledge of Science and Technology.
Commerce is a very popular stream among students after class 10th as it opens doors to various opportunities and professional courses. If you have a genuine curiosity for numbers and an interest in business and economy, then commerce can be your right career stream. Commerce comprises of subjects like accounts, business, economics, and finance which could help you in exploring a wide variety of career opportunities in various fields.
Benefits of Studying Commerce
- A career in Commerce can bring benefit candidates with skills and knowledge along with high salaries.
- There are a plethora of Career Options after 10th in Commerce.
- Knowledge of markets and consumers can help you build your own business.
- Easy employment opportunities without studying for hours, like in Science.
- If you don’t like Maths and want to get rid of it at a higher level of education, then there are many Career Options in Commerce Without Maths for you!
- One can also do Computer Courses After 12th Commerce.
- Get a chance to double your assets via shares, funds and stock markets.
Scope in Science vs Commerce
Science and Commerce are the top favorite streams of study in India and choosing between these two can be a tough decision. But looking at the scope of Science vs Commerce, you can figure out where your interests actually lie and then select accordingly.
Scope of Science
The Science stream is filled with a plethora of careers depending upon the specialisation you choose for your degree. Some of the best careers in Science stream are:
- Engineering: Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Aerospace Engineering, Robotics, etc.
- Information Technology
- Forensic Science
The salary prospects for Science vs Commerce are bound to differ as per the job profile as well as the organisation you work with but given their immense scope, you can expect high-paying careers in government and public sector.
Scope of Commerce
Now when it comes to Commerce, you can explore professional roles in the corporate sector, especially in Business and Management, while you can also go for a career in academia or research. Here are the top highest salary jobs in Commerce:
- Chartered Accountant (CA)
- Company Secretary (CS)
- Managerial roles
- Business Analyst
- Market Research
- Financial Manager
- Investment Banker
- Business Development
- Corporate Communication
Courses after Science
By pursuing science there are plenty of opportunities for you to explore. One of the great advantages of pursuing science is that you can explore non-science fields as well including commerce and humanities courses at the college level. Here is a list of courses that can be pursued after 12th Science:
- BTech or B.E
- Bachelor of Pharmacy
- BSc Nursing
- BSc Food Technology
- BSc in Agricultural Science
- BSc Environmental Science
- Biomedical Engineering
- B.Sc in Computer Science
- BSc in Electronics
- BSc Zoology
- Bachelor of Occupational Therapy
- Applied Science
Courses After Commerce
Commerce is a stream which can lead to immense opportunities in both the public and private sector. Choosing a career in commerce can be interesting if you have the zeal to challenge yourself. Commerce can open doors to various fields globally. There are several prestigious universities abroad providing quality education. Here is a list of courses that can be pursued after 12th Commerce:
- Bachelors of Business Administration (BBA)
- Business Studies
- Management Studies
- Investment Banking
- Chartered Accountant
- Company Secretary
- Bachelor of Hotel Management
- Bachelors of Product Design
Key Points of Difference Between Science vs Commerce
|Subjects include biology, chemistry, and physics||Subjects include accounts, business, economics, and finance|
|Students can make a shift to commerce or arts after 12th||Students cannot choose science streams after this course|
|Students can start a professional career in medical or engineering by appearing for competitive exams.||Students can start a professional career by pursuing degree courses.|
Science vs Commerce vs Arts: Which is
While pondering over these two sought-after streams after 10th, you need to consider an array of factors. The dilemma of Science vs Commerce is quite common and the best way to sort it out is to explore the subjects you are actually interested in studying. If you are inclined towards the scientific study and want to pursue Engineering, Medicine or Mathematics as your broader career options, then Science is the perfect stream to opt for.
But if you find that these subjects are all about intensive study and need meticulous concentration and passion, then you need to consider either Commerce or Arts stream. Commerce is perfect for those planning to pursue a career in Business and Management or are interested in Accounting and Finance as there are multifarious interdisciplinary combinations available as well. While there are a plethora of career options in Commerce without Maths, it is still inclined towards number-crunching and theoretical studies with the presence of Accounting and Business Studies. Thus, it is suitable if you are intrigued by business management or accounting and professional careers like Company Secretary, Human Resource Management and the like. Moreover, Arts is perfect for free thinkers especially if you are passionate about studying disciplines like Social Science, History, Geography, Economics and Language and Linguistics.
We hope this article on Science vs Commerce helped solve some of your doubts. If you’re planning to pursue professional courses in various fields and are confused, don’t worry. We at Leverage Edu can help you decide what’s best for you. We can provide you with the best guidance and support from our mentors to make sure you secure a bright future.