Engineering is a broad field of study which has spread its roots across industries, including Medical Science. Biomedical Engineering is one such field which has etched its name in the list of Engineering courses after 12th Science. Also referred to as “BioMed” or “Bioengineering”, this field involves the application of various Engineering and Medical Science concepts and principles to revolutionalize the healthcare sector. Running for a period of 3-4 years at the undergraduate level and 1-2 years at the postgraduation level, this course will equip you with knowledge and skills related to designing and developing artificial organs, surgical robots, advanced prosthetics, new pharmaceutical drugs as well as kidney dialysis. Being one of the popular STEM courses, we have collated all the essential information related to Biomedical Engineering and its scope in this blog!
|Course Level||Undergraduate (8 Semesters)
Postgraduate (4 Semesters)
|Duration||Undergraduate- Four years
Postgraduate- Two Years
|Admission Process||Entrance exam based|
|Course Fee||INR 2-3 L|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 3-4 LPA|
|Job Positions||Bio-medical Engineer, Instrument Engineer, Installation Engineer, Researcher, Maintenance Engineer and more|
|Top Recruiting Companies||Siemens Healthcare, Johnson & Johnson, GE Healthcare, Medtronic, Dräger, Fresenius Medical Care AG & Co. KGAA, Maquet, Stryker, Philips Healthcare, Samsung Healthcare, etc.|
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What Makes Biomedical Engineering Unique?
Biomedical engineers differ from other engineering disciplines with an impact on human health in that they use and apply a thorough understanding of modern biological principles in their engineering design process. Mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, chemical engineering, materials science, chemistry, mathematics, and computer science and engineering are all used in biomedical engineering to improve human health, whether it’s an advanced prosthetic limb or a breakthrough in identifying proteins within cells.
Biomedical engineering includes many subdisciplines, such as the design and development of active and passive medical devices, orthopaedic implants, medical imaging, biomedical signal processing, tissue and stem cell engineering, and clinical engineering, to name a few.
Subdivisions of Biomedical Engineering
From designing biomaterials in the lab and conducting research on medical imaging tools to creating surgical instruments and understanding the effects of artificial devices on the body’s nervous system, there are scores of areas you can specialise in this domain. Enlisted are some of the most common subfields of Biomedical Engineering:
- Biomedical Electronics
- Medical Imaging
- Cellular, Tissue, and Genetic Engineering
- Computational Biology
- Orthopedic Bioengineering
Biomedical Engineering Courses
Based on the specialisations, there are scores of courses offered by a wide range of universities across the globe in this field. Some of these have been given a rundown below:
|Bachelors||Bachelor of Science in Biomedical Engineering
BSc in Mechanical Engineering – Biomedical Engineering (Co-op)
BEng (Hons) Bioengineering [With a Year in Industry]
Bachelor of Engineering in Biomedical Engineering (Engineering Innovation and Entrepreneurship)
Bachelor of Applied Science in Biomedical Mechanical Engineering
BE Biomedical and Electrical Engineering
Master of Science in Biomedical Engineering
Masters’s Degree (Coursework) Engineering Science – Sustainable Systems
MSc in Electrical and Computer Engineering (Biomedical Engineering) – Thesis-based
|Doctorate||Doctor of Philosophy in Biomaterials Engineering and Nanomedicine
PhD in Bioengineering
PhD in Comparative Biomedical Science
PhD in Experimental and Molecular Medicine – Biomedical Physiology and Immunotherapy
Here is the list of top-notch universities that are known for their educational excellence and offer Biomedical Engineering courses.
- Brown University
- Dartmouth College
- The University of Melbourne
- Flinders University
- Troy University
- University of Aberdeen
- University of Alberta
- The University of New South Wales
- Texas A and M university
- Cornell University
- University of Maine
- Stevens Institute of Technology
- Wright State University
- University of British Columbia
- Western University
- Newcastle University
- The University of Technology Sydney
- Queen Mary University of London
- Kingston University London
- University of Saskatchewan
- University of Warwick
Must Read: Biomedical Engineering Colleges
Biomedical Engineering: Syllabus
Biomedical engineering has a well-known interdisciplinary course curriculum. The study of biomedical science incorporates both engineering and biological principles. The biomedical engineering curriculum is divided into eight semesters spread over four years. Examine the detailed biomedical engineering curriculum below:
|Semester I||Semester II|
|Mathematics 1 & 2||Physics|
|Environmental Sciences||Basics of civil and mechanical engineering|
|Basics of electrical and electronic engineering||Engineering Mechanics|
|Semester III||Semester IV|
|Mathematics 3 & 4||Electric circuit analysis|
|Electronic circuits||Electric devices|
|Human Anatomy & Physiology||Switch theory and Logical Design|
|Electrical and Electronic Instruments||C++ & Data structure|
|Dynamics of Biofluids||Material strengths|
|Semester V||Semester VI|
|Control System Engineering||Embedded systems in Medicine|
|Microprocessors||Principals of Diagnostics and Therapeutic Equipment|
|Linear integrated circuits||Medical informatics|
|Signals and Systems||Digital Image Processing|
|Practical||Biomedical Signal Processing|
|Semester VII||Semester VIII|
|Principals of radiological equipment||Advanced biomedical instruments|
|Hospital safety and management||Biotelemetry|
Must Read: Biomedical Engineering Syllabus
The prerequisites for pursuing Biomedical Engineering abroad will vary based on the education level and university. However, some common requisites have been given a rundown below.
- For an undergraduate course, you must have passed 10+2 with BiPC subjects [Biology, Physics, Chemistry] and minimum marks as prescribed by the university. Some institutes may also require Maths as an additional subject.
- For pursuing postgraduate courses, you need to hold a bachelor’s degree in the field and must have secured a minimum percentage as demanded by the institute.
- LORs, SOPs, transcripts, updated CV/resume, etc also form part of the admission process.
- Some universities may require work experience also.
Entrance exams are used to determine biomedical engineering admissions at the majority of colleges and universities in India. For admission to undergraduate engineering programmes, the majority of engineering colleges accept the national-level exam JEE Main. However, various state-level exams are also held for admission to the state’s engineering programmes. Furthermore, some private engineering institutes, such as SRM (SRM Institute of Science & Technology), VIT (Vellore Institute of Technology), BITS (Birla Institute of Technology & Sciences), KIIT (Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology), and others, hold in-house engineering admissions exams.
Admission to PG engineering programmes offered at colleges across the country, on the other hand, is primarily based on GATE scores.
Biomedical Engineering Exams
Most colleges that offer biomedical engineering courses accept admissions based on an in-house entrance exam or accept scores from national-level engineering entrance exams.
Some popular Engineering Admission Exams are:
Salary and Compensations
Biomedical engineers, like many other engineering careers, are well compensated. In comparison to other fields, they earn significantly more at each stage of their careers. A typical first job as a biomedical engineer pays more than $63,000, with many earning much more. More advanced careers pay well into the six figures.
According to the US Department of Labor, the average salary for a biomedical engineer is $101,020, with the top ten per cent earning $154,750.
The main role of the Biomedical Engineer is to design Biomedical equipment, artificial organs, and body parts, diagnose medical problems, etc. Furthermore, they also are adept at installing, adjusting as well as repairing and maintenance of various biomedical tools.
The main responsibility of an Instrumentation Engineer is to design, test as well as update medical instruments to diagnose the treatment.
Installation Engineers are responsible for the installation of high-end medical equipment and tools. They work in coordination with professional technicians.
Based on the field of specialisation, a Scientific Researcher conducts exhaustive research on various facets of the field of Biomedical Engineering. Government labs, private institutions, and universities are the common places where you can work in this profile.
Must Read: PhD Biomedical Engineering
Now that you are familiar with all the details about this field, here is a list of globally acclaimed companies which offer employment opportunities to Biomedical Engineering graduates:
- Siemens Healthcare
- Johnson & Johnson
- GE Healthcare
- Fresenius Medical Care AG & Co. KGAA
- Wipro GE Medical System
- Recorders & Medicare Systems (P) Ltd.
- BPL Healthcare
- Electrocare System & Services Pvt. Ltd.
- Philips Healthcare
- Samsung Healthcare
- B. Braun
- Smiths Medical
- Skanray Healthcare
- Zimmer Biomet
- Toshiba Medical Systems
- Blue Star Ltd.
- TransAsia Biomedical Ltd.
Must Read: Biomedical Engineering Jobs
Biomedical engineers use technological and medical advances to create new devices and equipment to improve human health. They could, for example, create software to run medical equipment or computer simulations to test new drug therapies.
Yes, biomedical engineering is a rewarding profession.
This position is in high demand and offers competitive pay. BE firms use technology to develop pharmaceutical drugs, surgical robots, micro-implants, and other cutting-edge products that benefit human health.
Many graduates with this degree take the route of medical school to become medical doctors. They specialise in the design and development of computer programmes for a variety of medical applications.
Yes, it is one of the most difficult engineering majors, with many chemistry and biology courses. Many engineering majors concentrate on physics, but this one requires much more. It’s an excellent option for students who enjoy taking a variety of science courses.
Planning to pursue Biomedical Engineering abroad? The application process seems confusing. Then worry not! Reach out to our experts at Leverage Edu who will assist you right from submitting the documents to helping you write an impeccable statement of purpose!