Career in Science Stream

9 minute read
Science Stream

With the advancement of technology and industries, there has been an exponential growth in the career options available for Science stream students. Not just limited to Engineering or Medical Science courses, one can explore a wide range of degree courses after 12th Science. From immense prospects in research to opportunities in innovation and technology, the Science stream offers a dynamic work environment filled with countless specializations and prospects to explore. In this blog, we will give you all the details about the different prospects and opportunities for building a career in the Science stream.

Subjects in Science Stream

By pursuing the Science stream, you can either opt for Biology, Physics, and Chemistry [BiPC subjects] and pave a way for starting a career in the medical field or you can study Maths, Physics, and Chemistry [MPC subjects] to pursue courses apart from Medical Science like Engineering, Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Architecture, Robotics, etc. Now that you are familiar with the subjects, let us explore the different career options in the Science stream!

Career in Science Stream


If you are interested in Biology and the field of Medicine then there are vast career opportunities to discover. You can pursue an MBBS degree and become a doctor or opt for a BHMS course and start a career in Homeopathy. Furthermore, for some programs, you have to clear the NEET exam, however, there are also Medical courses without NEET that you can consider. Here is a list of some of the popular Medical degree programs you can pursue after the Science stream.

  1. Dentistry [BDS]
  2. Veterinary Science Courses
  3. Diploma in Clinical Research
  4. Bachelor of Pharmacy
  5. Diploma in Orthopaedics
  6. BTech Biomedical Engineering
  7. B Tech Biotechnology
  8. Bachelor of Occupational Therapy
  9. Bachelor of Paramedical Technology
  10. Stem Cell Therapy
  11. BNYS
  12. BHMS
  13. BAMS
  14. Bachelor of Physiotherapy 
  15. Doctor of Medicine (MD)
  16. MBBS


Another popular option among those planning a career in the Science stream is Engineering. If you are passionate about building things, experimenting with new ideas, or are interested in pursuing a career in Research and Technology then you can opt for BTech/Bachelor of Engineering courses. Upon completion, you can opt for higher education, start your professional career, or join the coveted Indian Engineering Services! Here is a list of sub-fields of Engineering that you can choose from after the Science stream.

  1. BTech/Bachelor of Engineering
  2. Systems Engineering
  3. Geotechnical Engineering
  4. Civil Engineering
  5. Mechanical Engineering
  6. Electrical and Electronics
  7. Mining Engineering
  8. Automobile Engineering
  9. Aerospace Engineering
  10. Nuclear Engineering
  11. Electronics & Communication Engineering
  12. BE Mechanical Engineering
  13. BTech Nanotechnology
  14. Petroleum Engineering
  15. Marine Engineering
  16. Industrial Engineering
  17. Chemical Engineering
  18. Petroleum Engineering
  19. Software Engineering


If you are interested in building physical structures and have a knack for designing, planning, and constructing buildings or structures then Architecture is an ideal field for you. To flourish in this field, you not only need to have a stronghold in Mathematics but should also have good analytical skills and creative thinking. Here are some of the Architecture courses you can pursue if you have pursued the Science stream.

  1. Diploma in Architecture
  2. Bachelor of Architecture [B Arch]
  3. Bachelor of Architecture in Architecture and Regional Planning
  4. Bachelor of Design [BDes]
  5. Naval Architecture
  6. Bachelor of Construction Technology
  7. Bachelor of Engineering in Construction Technology
  8. Bachelor of Planning
  9. Bachelor of Science in Residential Space Design and Management
  10. Executive Master of Architecture Advanced Design
  11. Master of Architecture
  12. Master of Architecture in Building Construction and Management
  13. Master of Architecture in Computer Applications
  14. Master of Architecture in Digital Architecture
  15. Master of Architecture in Interior Design
  16. Master of Engineering in Housing
  17. Master of Philosophy in Architectural and Settlement Conservation
  18. Master of Planning in Infrastructure
  19. Doctor of Philosophy in Architectural Conservation
  20. Doctor of Philosophy in Building Engineering and Management


For all those who have pursued the Science stream with Economics as an elective, a wide range of career opportunities await. You can enroll in a BA/BSc. Economics or BA/BSc. Statistics course. However, for Statistics, you will need to have Mathematics too. Upon completing, you can work as an Analyst, Consultant, etc, can pursue higher education in the same field, or join coveted institutions like RBI by clearing competitive exams like RBI Grade B, SEBI Grade A, etc.

Forensic Science

An intriguing career path, pursuing Forensic Science courses is an excellent option for those who want to establish a career in Science stream. Ranging from diploma to degree programs, you will study various facets of Biology, Chemistry, along Psychology. Diploma in Forensic Medicine, BSc Forensic Science, MSc Cyber Forensics, PG Diploma in Victimology & Victim Assistance, etc are some of the programs which you can consider pursuing. Here are some of the profiles you can work in upon completing the degree course:

  1. Crime Reporter
  2. Finger Print Analysts
  3. Crime Scene Investigator
  4. Teacher
  5. Forensic Scientist

Hotel Management

Though less explored by Science stream students, Hotel Management is one of the most lucrative options to build a career in. BBA/BSc Hotel Management, Bachelor of Science in Event and Leisure Management, Bachelor of Science in International Hospitality Management, etc are some of the popular courses you can pursue in this domain.


If you are interested in Chemistry and the way chemicals react with our bodily functions then you should probably explore the field of Pharmacology. This field is also expanding with the invention of new drugs and technology that are revolutionizing the health sector. In Pharmacology, you will get to study the biochemical and physiological impacts of different kinds of drugs on the human body. There is an immense scope of research in this field that can lead to the development of vaccines and medicinal drugs as well.


If you are interested in the field of Biology and are curious about the dynamics of technology then a course in Biotechnology will definitely interest you. Furthermore, a combination of Nanotechnology courses with Biotechnology offers a wide range of career opportunities, especially in research and academia. You can opt for a BSc Biotechnology or BTech Biotechnology to progress in this field. Some popular courses that are available in this field of science stream are:

  1. BTech Biotechnology
  2. Bachelor in Biotechnology
  3. BSc in  Biotechnology and Bioinformatics
  4. BE Biotechnology
  5. BSc in Biotechnology
  6. MTech Biotechnology
  7. ME in Biotechnology
  8. MSc. in Biotechnology


Zoology is the field of biology that studies animals and animal life, including animal anatomy, physiology, development, and categorization. A zoologist is a person who specializes in the discipline of zoology. Some of the popular courses or programs to pursue in the field of zoology to make a career in science stream are mentioned below:

  1. B. Science (Hons) in Zoology
  2. B. Sc in Zoology and Animal Biotechnology
  3. B. Science in Aquaculture (Fishery Microbiology)
  4. B. Sc in Advanced Zoology and Biotechnology
  5. B. Sc in Zoology
  6. MSc Zoology

BSc Courses

If you want to delve deeper into the fundamentals of a specific subject, then BSc can be an excellent option in the Science stream. From Chemistry and Biotechnology to Computer Science and Dietetics, there are scores of options to choose from. Upon graduating, you can advance your knowledge by our using MSc courses or can change your line and opt for specialized programs like MBA. Here are some popular BSc courses after 12th Science which you can explore:

  1. BSc Biology
  2. BSc Maths
  3. BSc Agriculture
  4. BSc Animal Husbandary and Dairying
  5. BSc Forensic Science
  6. BSc Radiology
  7. BSc Nursing
  8. BSc Avionics
  9. BSc IT
  10. BSc Psychology
  11. BSc Nautical Science
  12. BSc in Audiology and Speech Therapy

Courses After 12th in Science

The Science field has grown tremendously in recent years as a result of technological advancements and an increase in research and development, throughout the world. After graduating from high school, the vast majority of students choose a career in the sciences. Students can study and choose from a plethora of courses and programs in different fields of science study ranging from healthcare and biotechnology to mathematics and chemistry. Click here to learn more about well-known courses after 12th to build a fantastic career in the science stream.

Also Read: Degree Courses After 12th Science [2022 List]

High Salary Jobs in Science Stream 

It is true that science is an enormously broad discipline with various subdivisions. Natural sciences (Physics, Chemistry, Biology), formal sciences (Mathematics, Theoretical Computer Science, Logic), Engineering, Medical Science, and even more advanced fields like data science, robotics, and blockchain are all available with a plethora of courses to pursue and choose from for students. Naturally, the spectrum of employment options in science is also quite broad and diverse. There are several excellent scientific professions to select from. Here are some of the high-paying professions in science that you should be aware of: 

Job Role Average Median Salary in INR
Machine Learning Engineer7-10 lakhs 
Data Scientist 7-17 lakhs 
Data Analyst 4-5 lakhs 
Full-Stack Developer 6-8 lakhs 
Blockchain Developer 8-12 lakhs 
Database Administrator8-22 lakhs 
Big Data Engineer 8-20 lakhs 

Note: the average median salary mentioned in the above-given table is based on job profiles in India. As the experience grows along with education and required skillset, the salary too increases. The salary is much more handsome abroad for the same job profile. 

Also Check Out: High Salary Courses After 12th Science PCM & PCB 2022

Other Fields for Building a Career in Science

Apart from the above-mentioned fields, there are various other specializations offering immense career prospects for those planning a career in Science stream. Here is a list of a few other fields of Science:

  • Plant Sciences
  • Food Technology
  • Mathematics
  • Psychology
  • Biochemistry
  • Computer Science

Career Scope in Science

For scientific students who have completed their 12th grade, there are several employment opportunities. The best aspect of studying science is that students may pursue various occupations such as arts, humanities, or even business.A graduation degree is required to establish a wonderful job. After receiving a bachelor’s degree, you can work in any industry.Candidates might also pursue additional education to broaden their work opportunities. Many colleges/universities in India offer advanced degree programmes in science.There are also career chances in defence for scientific students (PCM stream). After completing the 12th grade, one can apply straight to the Indian Army, Indian Air Force, or Indian Navy via the National Defence Academy (NDA). The NDA 2021 is held twice a year, in the months of April and September.


What can I pursue after 12th Science?

MBBS, Engineering, BDS, BHMS, BNYS, Architecture, BSc, Integrated BTech and MTech, BPharm, etc are some of the popular fields you can pursue after 12th Science.

Which Science stream jobs are in demand?

Generally, Commercial Pilots, Nuclear Engineers, MBBS/BDS degree holders, Psychologists, Hotel Management graduates, etc are some of the highest-paying jobs in the Science stream.

Which job is best for science students?

Some of the best and highest-paying jobs for science students are:
Machine Learning
Data Scientist
Data Analyst
Doctor or Medical Practitioner
Blockchain Developer
Forensic Pathologist
Software Developer and more.

Is science good for the future?

Science is a vast area with several employment possibilities and career routes. Whether you want to work with computers, the weather, or medicine (to name a few options), there will almost certainly be a job available in your field of interest in the future.

Which science is best for the future?

Let’s look at 9 emerging career options in sciences that are highly promising in this modern age:
Artificial Intelligence
Machine Learning
Big Data
Data Analytics
Data Science
Blockchain Technology
Ethical Hacking
Cyber Security
Food and Agriculture Science
Environmental Science and Sustainable Development.

Thus, a career in the Science stream is filled with a range of fields and prospects that you can explore and choose from. If you are unsure about which field of Science is ideal for you, Leverage Edu experts can help you discover different prospects in Science and find the right one that aligns with your interests and passions.

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  1. It’s good to see journals and articles being published on future skills such as Career in BBA. Would love to read more on this.
    Career in BBA gives you a wide chance of jobs in Technology Architect, Product Manager, Risk Analyst, Analyst Relations Manager, Front End Engineer, Business Analyst, Data Scientist

  1. It’s good to see journals and articles being published on future skills such as Career in BBA. Would love to read more on this.
    Career in BBA gives you a wide chance of jobs in Technology Architect, Product Manager, Risk Analyst, Analyst Relations Manager, Front End Engineer, Business Analyst, Data Scientist