BSc Environmental Science

6 minute read
BSc Environmental Sciences

In the last few decades, the threat to the environment in the form of global warming, ecological damage, glacier melting, and much more has seen an increase. This, in turn, has forced shareholders from vivid backgrounds to put in concerted rectification efforts, both academically and on the ground. Companies are working towards eco-friendly solutions, Governments are investing in sustainable energy, industries are formulating comprehensive policies, etc. Most importantly, Environmental Science courses are witnessing crowds much larger than before. Not restricted to only conventional programs, individuals are now also exploring other options like Environmental Law, Environmental Accounting, etc. Primarily catering to budding individuals with an interest in developing a solid understanding of what environmental concerns are along with prevalent tools to its address, the BSc Environmental Science course is an interesting mix of intensive learning and comprehensive subject grasp. Herein, we will discuss the major aspects of this particular course and what it entails.

BSc Environmental Science: Course Highlights

Course Level Undergraduate
Full-Form Bachelors of Science in Environmental Science
Duration 3 years
Admission Process Merit-Based or Direct
Course fee INR 20,000 – INR 300,000
Average Salary INR 3 LPA – INR 5 LPA
Job positions Environmentalist, Waste Management Officer, Pollution Control Officer, and Environment Consultant.
University of York

What is BSc Environmental Science?

The BSc Environmental Science is typically offered as a 3-4 year degree program depending on the location of study as well as the nature of course objectives. As it is a bachelor’s level course, the curriculum focuses not only on core environment-related subjects but also on basic geography, physical and earth sciences, etc. Individuals are encouraged to analyze and work on environment-related information, conduct research activities, and interpret data to resolve issues. Research projects, dissertations, and fieldwork are also stapled components of the course. Students who studied MPC subjects can choose to go for a BTech in Environmental Engineering.

Why Study a Bachelor of Science in Environmental Science?

BSc Environmental Science is an example of a program that will benefit students while simultaneously helping to enhance nature and protect natural resources. In India, environmental science is one of the required subjects.

  • Students will be able to study the intricacies of the environment and come up with solutions to diverse environmental problems.
  • Graduates will be eligible to participate in a variety of research projects aimed at bettering their understanding of nature. This will enable them to deal with a variety of global environmental concerns.
  • The topic is incredibly relevant in all aspects of society. This is because maintaining a clean atmosphere is a vital need in any industry.
  • Students will have good prospects for placement. They can work as environmentalists in a variety of government agencies. They can work in non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to solve and educate people about various environmental challenges.
  • They can also work for private firms to discover solutions for proper garbage disposal to decrease the amount of environmental harm. As freshers, they would be able to make an average income of roughly 3 LPA-5 LPA with all of these employment opportunities.

Must Read: Multidisciplinary Nature of Environmental Studies

BSc Environmental Science: Syllabus & Subjects

To give a brief overview of the types of topics you will come across during the degree program, here is a list of subjects you can expect to study in BSc Environmental Science:

  • Countryside and the Environment
  • Introduction to agricultural and food systems
  • Climatology
  • Practising Archaeology: methods and approaches
  • Biogeography and Conservation
  • Evolutionary Biology
  • Spatial Data in the Digital Age
  • Sustainable Resource Management
  • Water, agriculture, and irrigation
  • Carbon and Global Change
  • Contaminated land management
  • Urban Biodiversity
  • Environmental Law

BSc Environmental Science Entrance Exams

Certain universities conduct entrance tests to grant admissions to students in their Bachelor of Science Environmental Science course. Given below are some of the highly prevalent entrance exams.

BSc Environmental Science Eligibility

Students must meet the following eligibility standards to be eligible for a B.Sc in Environmental Science:

  • He or she must pass a recognized board’s 10+2 examination in science subjects.
  • In addition, the student must have received at least 50% in both the 10th and 12th grades. SC/ ST/ OBC/ PwD candidates would receive a certain amount of mark relaxation.

Application, and Admission Process

Possessing class 12th qualification or equivalent with at least one or two science subjects such as Physics, Mathematics, Chemistry, and Biology, with a minimum percentile [as per the university] is the most common requirement. However, actual entry requirements may vary. Furthermore, at the time of application for the BSc Environmental Science, you will be required to submit a Statement of Purpose (SOP), Letter of Recommendation (LOR) transcripts, and IELTS/TOEFL scorecard, among others.

BSc Environmental Science Course Comparison

Parameters BSc Environmental Science BTech Environmental Engineering
Full-Form Bachelor of Science in Environmental Science Bachelor of Technology in Environmental Engineering
Course Overview The scientific components of the environment are the focus of the Bachelor of Science in Environmental Science. It is a three-year undergraduate degree program. A bachelor’s degree in environmental engineering is a four-year program that teaches students how to apply new technology to improve the environment.
Eligibility Passed 10+2 from a recognized board Passed 10+2 from a recognized board and cleared the entrance test.
Admission Process Merit-based Entrance Test
Average Fee INR 20,000- INR 3,00,000 INR 3,00,000- INR 5,00,000
Average Salary 3 LPA- 5 LPA 5 LPA- 6 LPA

BSc Environmental Science Colleges in India

Here are the top colleges offering BSc Environmental Science Colleges in India:

  • University of Delhi, Delhi
  • Fergusson College, Pune
  • Mount Carmel College, Bangalore
  • Amity University, Noida
  • St. Xavier’s College, Ahmedabad
  • NIMS University, Jaipur
  • Benaras Hindu University, Varanasi
  • Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha College, Delhi
  • IIT Bombay

Top Universities Abroad

While the prestigious Ivy League Colleges are renowned for environmental and sustainability-related studies including BSc in Environmental Science, numerous institutions around the world offer similar degree options. Glance over the following table to have a more detailed understanding.

University Location QS World University Rankings Courses
University of Chicago USA 10 BA in Environmental and Urban studies and Environmental Science
Johns Hopkins University USA 24 BA in Environmental Studies
BS in Environmental Science
University of Toronto Canada 34 Bachelor of Science Honours – Environmental Science

Bachelor of Arts Honours – Environmental Studies

Cornell University USA 20 BSc in Design and Environmental Analysis

BSc in Environmental and Sustainability Sciences

National University of Singapore Singapore 11 Bachelor of Environmental Studies
The University of Melbourne Australia 33 Bachelor of Science (Major in Environmental Science)
The University of Hong Kong Hong Kong 21 Bachelor of Science in Environmental Science
McGill University* Canada 31 Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) – Major Environment – Atmospheric Environment and Air Quality 
Wageningen University and Research Centre The Netherlands 124 BSc in Environmental Sciences
Uppsala University Sweden 128 Bachelor of Science in Energy Transition – Sustainability and Leadership

BSc Environmental Science Scope

There is an immense career scope in both government and private sectors for BSc Environmental Science graduates. Here are the major employment areas you can explore after completing a bachelor’s in Environmental Science:

  • Urban Planning
  • Pollution Control
  • Waste Management
  • Sustainable Architecture
  • Forestry
  • Food Processing Industries
  • Food Technology
  • Media
  • Distilleries
  • Filmmaking
  • Environment NGOs


While pursuing MSc in Environmental Science is an interesting option for graduates, there are diverse career options one can explore upon completing the BSc Environmental Science degree program. These options have been given a rundown below: 

  • Environment Journalists
  • Conservation Hydrologist
  • Environmental Manager
  • Nature Conservation Officer
  • Waste Management Associate
  • Recycling Officer
  • Environmental Consultant
  • Catastrophe Modeler
  • Environment Photographers
  • Commercial Horticulturist
  • Environmental Chemist
  • Horticultural Therapist
  • Recycling Officer
  • Marine Biologist
  • Catastrophe Modeler
  • Environmental Health Practitioner
  • Landscape Architect
  • Sustainability Consultant

Salary after BSc Environmental Science

The average salary of BSc Environmental Science graduates is 3 Lakhs to 5 Lakhs per annum varying as per the sector or the profile you opt for. Here are the average salaries of some of the major careers after a BSc in Environmental Science:

Job Profile Average Annual Salary
Environment Journalists INR 3 – 4 LPA
Environment Photographers INR 3 – 4 LPA
Conservation Hydrologist INR 4 – 6 LPA
Waste Management Associate INR 5 – 6 LPA
Catastrophe Modeler INR 5 – 6 LPA

Pursuing the BSc in Environmental Science opens up a world full of opportunities. Needless to say, choosing the right course and university is immensely important.


Is environmental science a good career?

It is a responsible and challenging career. Employees of private and public organisations have the responsibility to create awareness, prevent environmental degradation, and introduce new and sustainable methods of preservation.

Is BSc in Environmental Science worth it?

This degree opens numerous job opportunities for graduates. They can help in the conservation of air, soil, water, and every other component of the environment, which is dwindling at a rapid rate.

What is the scope of BSc Environmental Science?

After completing this bachelor’s course, graduates can get jobs as environment journalists, catastrophe modellers, environment photographers, conservation hydrologists, and waste management associates.

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