Those of you who are preparing for the 10th standard board exams are most likely surrounded by questions like which stream to choose? Whether to take a road less travelled or study subjects opted by many? And what are the career prospects in different fields? Self-introspection is the key to unlock the box of your queries! As you are aware, you can opt for either Science, Commerce or Arts stream after 10th standard. Before choosing a stream, you should conduct an in-depth analysis of your strengths and weaknesses and then select a stream that aligns with your interests and professional goals. While the Commerce and Arts stream subjects have their own advantages, methodologies, and career prospects, we, in this blog, will shed light on various Science stream subjects. But before that, let us try to understand the reasons for choosing this stream.
This Blog Includes:
- Why Pursue the Science Stream?
- Science Stream Subjects: Overview
- Learn the language of Computers
- Additional Subjects
- Advantages of Science Stream Subjects
- CBSE Science Stream Subjects Syllabus 2021 – 22
Why Pursue the Science Stream?
In the words of Edward Teller- “The Science of Today is the Technology of Tomorrow”. The Science stream subjects encompass the elements of both scientific theories and practical concepts. Not only do these subjects impart in-depth knowledge on the physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the universe but also equips students with analytical and problem-solving abilities. The subjects also help to understand the effects of natural and artificial processes on the world. Thus, the students who opt for the Science stream have a wide range of career opportunities. Bioinformatics, Dental Science, Space exploration, Computer Science, Metallurgy, Pharmaceuticals, Biotechnology, Nanotechnology, Mechanical Engineering, Forensic Science, are some of the many career paths you can choose after studying Science stream subjects.
Science Stream Subjects: Overview
The Science Stream is subdivided into 2 branches namely, the non-medical stream (PCM) and Medical stream (PCB). With Physics and Chemistry as common subjects, the difference between the two divisions lies in the selection of the third subject. While Maths is opted by students who want to kickstart their careers in professions like but not limited to Engineering, Architecture, and Commercial Pilot, Biology is chosen as a subject by those who want to pursue a career in Medical Science. Apart from the above-mentioned subjects, the students also have to study English or Hindi along with an elective subject. Informatics Practises, Physical Education, Computer Sciences, Engineering Drawing, Economics, Home Science, and Psychology are some of the popular electives. Given below is a comprehensive list of the Science stream subjects:
Welcome To The World Of Periodic Table!
Chemistry is simply the study of the building blocks of life, i.e. atoms and matter. This Science stream subject imparts in-depth knowledge on the properties, composition, and structure of matter. With the advancement in technologies, new areas have started emerging in the field of Chemistry like Biomolecules, Synthetic Materials, Industrial Chemistry, and Natural Resources. The theoretical concepts are accompanied by practical experiments to make concepts easy. With Organic and Inorganic Chemistry as the main sub-divisions, the subjects cover various concepts through topics like Surface Chemistry, Atomic Structure, Chemical Kinetics, and Chemical Bonding.
Work, Energy, and Power
Considered as one of the oldest academic fields, Physics is the study of motion, force, matter, and energy. With the advancement in technologies as well in areas like Nuclear Physics and Mechanics, studying this Science stream subjects will help you develop analytical, decision making, investigatory, and observational skills. Some of the topics taught in this subject include the Laws of Motion, Electrostatics, Electronic Devices, Thermodynamics, and Kinematics.
To understand this Science stream subject better, you can refer to our blog on Physics Syllabus for Class 11!
Let’s Coordinate Reasoning With Geometry
Mathematics, or what is also referred to as the study of numbers, imparts knowledge and clears concepts of quantity, structure, space. In this Science stream subject, you are taught to identify the flow of reason when solving a problem, understand the principles of underlying skills and processes and prove the results through the application of different methods. Calculus, Mathematical Reasoning, Algebra, Probability, and Linear Programming are some of the topics covered in this subject.
To know more about this Science stream subject, read out blog on Class 11 Maths Syllabus!
Study About The Living Organisms
Biology is one of the most famous Science stream subjects involved in the study of all living organisms. It imparts extensive knowledge on the different facets of organisms such as physiological mechanisms, molecular interactions, physical structures, evolution, and development. Some of the topics covered in this subject include Cell Structure and Functions, Structural Organisation in Plants and Animals, Human Physiology, and Plant Physiology.
Learn the language of Computers
Another popular Science stream subject is Computer Science which is very popular among students willing to pursue Engineering or make a career in technical fields. In class 11 Science, Computer Science subject focuses on a particular language like C++, C, JAVA, Python, etc. Students are taught the language over a span of 2 years ranging from basic to advanced level. They are expected to submit a working code at the end of class 12th as a project.
In case a student fails to score well in any main subject, he/she can count the marks of the additional subject can take admission. Many schools have a mandatory additional/optional subject to choose from. After an additional subject, the total no. of science stream subjects in classes 11 & 12 is 6. In the non-medical and medical stream physics, chemistry, mathematics, and biology are mandatory. Here are the optional subjects students can opt for:
Physical education is an optional subject and quite scoring. There is a 30 marks practical and 70 marks theory subject. The subject was introduced to bring changes and improvements in human bodies with regular exercises. The physical education practical included project work, track race, long jump, etc
Economics is a mandatory subject in the commerce stream but also a popular choice among the science stream as an optional subject. Economics is an interesting subject and focuses on national GDP, National incomes, micro, and macroeconomics, demand, and supply chain, etc. Economics is a great choice as a science stream subject optional.
Advantages of Science Stream Subjects
After class 10th the biggest decision students have to make is deciding the stream. Every stream has its own pros and cons. On average every year 33% of the students opt for the science stream. The Science stream is considered the stream with the toughest curriculum but comes with various plus points as well. Here are all the advantages of science stream subjects:
- Science stream subjects are not just about balancing the balance sheet every day. The Science stream is about discovering and learning from the human body to the whole universe. Scientific discoveries, understand how the world works and even the plants and animals around us.
- After choosing science stream subjects your career options are not restricted to engineering and MBBA. There are plenty of opportunities in related fields, such as research and development, architecture, data science, etc.
- One of the best advantages of choosing science stream subjects overs others is that if you want to switch your field from science to business management, journalism, or even law you will be eligible to apply for these courses. However, a student from the arts stream is not eligible to pursue MBBS because of its subjects.
- There is nothing scary or boring about science stream subjects if you have the interest to learn and grow every day. The skills required in science stream subjects help in developing students into more progressive and bright individuals.
- By choosing science stream subjects you will have an opportunity to contribute to mankind through your inventions. Science stream students are capable of developing cures, treating various diseases, and much more.
CBSE Science Stream Subjects Syllabus 2021 – 22
Every year CBSE releases a syllabus for every subject. For the academic year 2020 – 21, a reduction in the syllabus was observed due to the global pandemic Covid – 19. For the year 2021 -22, there is no reduction in the syllabus. For more information regarding the topics in science stream subjects, here is the CBSE syllabus of science stream subjects:
There are two streams Medical and Nonmedical. The subjects in the Non-medical stream are Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and in Medical subjects are Physics, chemistry, maths, biology. English is a common subject and students can select one more additional subject.
There is no such thing as easy. Both the subjects are quite difficult in their field and require hard work and dedication.
No, you should have Biology in your classes 11 &12 to become a doctor.
Science is a field that has diverse fields of study options and career options. The no. of employment will be increasing in future as well
The students are not restricted to engineering. Career Options after 12th Science PCM Other than Engineering are plenty. You can work in a merchant navy, defense, data scientist, aviation, etc
To know more about this, read our blog on Computer Science syllabus class 11!
Hopefully, this blog has given you an in-depth analysis of the Science stream subjects. If you want to pursue a career in this field but are confused about how to get started with it then the export mentors at Leverage Edu can lend a helping hand. Not only will the counsellors help you choose a career using our AI-enabled platform but they will help in completing the admission formalities.