Career in Biotechnology


Before jumping on to the recipe for building a successful career in Biotechnology, let’s understand what exactly is biotechnology. Biotechnology allows us to combine engineering technologies with biological sciences so that we can regulate biological systems and living organisms to fabricate creative products that are related to our food, pharmaceuticals, environment control, agriculture, medicine, and healthcare. There are a plethora of career opportunities in Biotechnology from the research and development sector to the industrial development and administrative sector. This blog takes you through the key essentials of pursuing a career in Biotechnology, from the top courses and universities as well as the rewarding job prospects it offers!

Quick Read: Career in Microbiology

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Why Pursue a Career in Biotechnology?

Here are the top reasons why choosing a career in Biotechnology can help you explore exciting career avenues and wide range of opportunities across diverse sectors!

Why Pursue a Career in Biotechnology
Why Pursue a Career in Biotechnology?

How to Become a Biotechnologist?

To follow the career path of a Biotechnologist, you must be familiarized with the educational qualifications, skills and professional training required to become one. So, we have summarized a step-by-step guide on becoming a biotechnologist below:

Pursue a Bachelor’s Degree

The first step towards pursuing a career in Biotechnology is to get the foundational understanding of this field with a bachelor’s degree. There are several undergraduate degrees available in Biotechnology and with interdisciplinary specialisations like Molecular Biotechnology, Chemical Biotechnology, Biotechnology Engineering, to name a few. Further, you can also pursue a bachelor’s degree in any of its related field like Biology, Chemistry, Biomedical Engineering, etc. to attain the fundamental concepts of this discipline.

Explore Training and Internship Opportunities

While studying an undergraduate program in Biotechnology, it is also essential to explore training and internship opportunities at research institutes or in the medical science or technology sector to furnish your skills and learn about this field through real-world exposure. Training and internships will also add to your resume and exhibit your professional exposure in this field thus helping you fit the job role of Biotechnologist better.

Gain a Specialisation with a Master’s Degree

Since the career path of a Biotechnologist will need to you have a specialised understanding and expertise, it is important to gain a postgraduate qualification in this field. You can pursue a master’s in Biotechnology or its related specialisations like Applied Biotechnology, Medical Biotechnology, Industrial and Environmental Biotechnology as it will also impart you with the necessary research opportunities and skills you need to pursue a successful career in Biotechnology.

Discover Suitable Employment Areas

Completing a master’s degree in Biotechnology, you will be ready to explore employment opportunities as a Biotechnologist. If you are aspiring for a career in research or academia, then you can also pursue a doctorate degree in this field. Here are the major employment areas for biotechnology graduates:

  • Bio-processing Industries
  • Chemical Industries
  • Waste Management
  • Research Institutes and Universities
  • Drug and Pharmaceutical Research
  • Food Processing and Technology

List of Biotechnology Courses

There is a wide range of courses available for those interested in building a career in Biotechnology. From short-term and online courses to full-fledged bachelor’s and master’s degree programmes, you can choose from diverse course offering at top universities across the globe. Here is a list of top Biotechnology courses that you must consider:

  • Diploma in Biotechnology Engineering
  • Diploma in Biotechnology
  • BTech in Biotechnology
  • BSc Biotechnology
  • BTech in Biomedical Engineering
  • Bachelor’s in Biology and Genetics
  • Bachelor’s in Molecular Biotechnology
  • Bachelor’s in Chemical Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Biotechnology
  • PG Diploma in Biotechnology
  • MSc Biotechnology
  • MTech in Biotechnology
  • Masters in Biotechnology of Environment and Health
  • Master in Biotechnology
  • Masters in Applied Biotechnology
  • Masters in Medical Biotechnology
  • Master of Science in Molecular Biology
  • Masters in Industrial and Environmental Biotechnology
  • MSc in Marine Biodiversity and Biotechnology
  • Masters in Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
  • Masters in Molecular Biotechnology
  • PhD in Biotechnology
  • PhD in Molecular Biology and Biotechnology

Our Top Read: Scope of Bioinformatics

Eligibility Criteria

Though the specific eligibility requirements might vary as per the course and university, the basic eligibility criteria for Biotechnology courses are as follows:

  • The applicant must have completed their 10+2 with PCB subjects from a recognised board of education and with the minimum percentage of marks specified by your chosen university.
  • If you are planning to study biotechnology abroad, you will be required to provide language proficiency test scores such as IELTS, TOEFL, etc. along with an SOP and LORs. Some universities might also ask you to submit GRE scores for master’s level programmes in Biotechnology.

Note: The aforementioned criteria only indicates general eligibility requirements. Actual course requirements might differ as per the programme and university.

Top Universities for Biotechnology Courses

For the aforementioned programmes, there are numerous universities and colleges across the globe offering immense research exposure and specialised academic course offerings in Biotechnology. Below we have compiled the list of top universities you must consider for pursuing a career in Biotechnology:

Apart from these, here are the top Biotechnology colleges and universities in India:

  • Benaras Hindu University
  • University of Allahabad
  • Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar
  • Kumaun University
  • University of Pune
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
  • Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla

Career Prospects in Biotechnology

Aiming for a career in Biotechnology, graduates can choose from a plethora of sectors and interdisciplinary roles and specialised job prospects! Owing to the immense scope of Biotechnology, you can explore a career in research or industrial development or even pursue career opportunities in scientific or administrative sectors. Here are the different job sectors for a career in Biotechnology:

  • Waste Management
  • Drug and pharmaceutical research
  • Bio-processing industries
  • Agricultural Sciences
  • Environment Control
  • Public funded laboratories
  • Energy Management
  • Food Processing
  • Dairy Technology

Top 10 Jobs to Make a Career in Biotechnology

Now, let’s take a look at some of the major Biotechnology jobs which you can discover after completing a degree or diploma in this field:

  1. Biomedical Engineer
  2. Biochemist
  3. Medical Scientist
  4. Clinical Technician
  5. Microbiologist
  6. Process Development Scientist
  7. Biomanufacturing Specialists
  8. Product Strategist
  9. Sales in a Biopharma Company
  10. Government Sector

Biomedical Engineer

Biomedical Engineer generally fuses biological and engineering skills to construct solutions for the problems related to medicine and biology. You can pursue a bachelor’s or master’s in Biotechnology or Biomedical Engineering and related field to pursue this career profile. The aim of a Biomedical Engineer is to develop and design better quality biomedical devices, equipment, artificial organs, diagnostic machines, and software for healthcare.

Read more at Biomedical Engineering Jobs


A Biochemist studies the chemical attributes of biological processes and living things that include various diseases, heredity, and cell growth or destruction. Such biochemists mostly spend time in the labs because of the complex research. They analyze, isolate, and synthesize fats, proteins, carbohydrates, DNA, and other molecules in order to know the effect of such things to our body. Once they see a positive impact, they build a product for the welfare of society. In order to follow the career path of a Biochemist, you must have a master’s degree in any of the major fields like Chemistry, Biochemistry, Biology, Medical Chemistry, etc.

Medical Scientist

Medical scientists scratch every corner of the research to improve patients health by investigating different types of disease and their prevention methods. They constantly thrive to analyze and prepare medical samples to know the causes and treatments of chronic diseases, pathogens, and toxicity. In addition to this, they standardize drug dozes, methods, and potency to help in the process of manufacturing & distribution of medicinal compounds and various drugs on a large scale. Pursuing any of the major Medical Science Courses, you can explore this career opportunity across varied sectors.

Clinical Technician

These clinical technicians are also known as biological technicians or medical laboratory scientists. They gather samples, conduct tests, and analyze results of human body bacteria, tissues, fluids, and other so many substances. Highly technical laboratory instruments like specialized computer software, advanced robotics, automated equipment are used by them to analyze, model, and collect experimental information. There are varied diploma and specialised courses available for those wanting to become a Clinical Technician and you can also explore degree programs in Clinical Technology and Medical Technology to pursue this job prospect.


As a Microbiologist, you will need to study the immune system, bacteria, and distinctive viruses to create industrial and biomedical related products. A series of complex researches are conducted to find treatment for various infectious diseases. Completing a BSc Microbiology can make you ideal for this role and you can also further opt for a Master’s in Microbiology to steer towards a career in Microbiological research.

Process Development Scientist

Process Development Scientist tends to supervise the manufacturing process in an organization’s laboratory. They always look for pathways that elevate the efficiency and quality of the product. Once a product has been developed and production begins, these scientists build creative methods to scale up the products keeping in mind the standardized form of the product. The minimum educational qualification required to become a Product Development Scientist is a bachelor’s degree in Biotechnology, Biology, Chemistry or Pharmacy, etc.

Biomanufacturing Specialists

Such specialists utilize methods and tools to match the quality of the product up to the mark of purity, potency, and safety. Moreover, the process of biomanufacturing also includes the production of a large-scale protein that is used to cure human illness. Along with such scientific skills, they also have knowledge of state, federal, and industry regulatory standards. Majorly, to apply for the profile of a biomanufacturing specialist, you need to be a graduate in Biotechnology, Medical Engineering or Biomedical Engineering.

Business Development Manager

A Business Development Manager represents a highly researched market analysis and competitive intelligence to assist biotechnology companies. Their primary aim is to execute and formulate the growth & investment strategies of the companies. They help companies to expand, assess, acquisition, indulge in collaborative research, and tie-up with other biotechnology organizations to gain business growth. If you aim to explore the arena of business and management, you can simply apply for this job position after completing a diploma or bachelors in Biotechnology.

Product Strategist

A Product Strategist is accountable for the creation and enforcement of the commercialization strategy of the biotechnological products. Such product strategists take care of the product launch, development, marketing, logistics, sales, growth, and profitability while keeping a check on regulatory and quality needs. In order to become a product strategist in the biotechnology arena, you can opt for a degree in the same field or related specialisations like Biomedical Engineering, Biomanufacturing, amongst others.

Sales in a Biopharma Company

If you are one of those students who want to know work in the field of Biophrama but not in the core, then signing up for a management job is a perfect option for you. A management career in Biotechonlogy lets you work in non-scientitifc jobs like medical representatives or sales executive. Panacea Biotec Limited, Novozymesm Biocon, Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Limited are some of the popular companies in this field. Meeting with doctors, researches, students, technicians and scientists will be a regular activity for you.

Government Sector

Just like research and development opportunities in the private sector, there are several government departments which conduct the same activities at a national level. These researches are controlled by Ministry of Science and Technology. All the biotech developments are under the Department of Biotechnology. Vacancies are released as per the need by the government and the application process is majorly online. Keep checking the official website for the same.

FAQs about Career in Biotechnology 

What are the opportunities for a career in Biotechnology?

Biotechnology consists of vast fields. The most in-demand careers in Biotechnology include Medical Sciences, Clinical Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Microbiology, Medical Engineering, Process Development Science, and Clinical Research.

What is the eligibility for pursuing a career in Biotechnology?

For pursuing a career in Biotechnology, the minimum eligibility is that the candidate should have passed class 12th with Maths, Biology, and Chemistry from a recognized board. 

What is the duration of Biotechnology Engineering?

The courses for pursuing a career in Biotechnology engineering include:

Bachelors in Biotechnology Engineering – 4 years
Diploma course in Biotechnology – 6 months to 2 year
Postgraduate course in Biotechnology – 2 years 

What is the admission process of getting into Biotechnology Engineering?

Candidates who want to pursue a career in Biotechnology are required to qualify entrance examinations conducted at state, university and national levels.

Are you ready to be an innovator? The primary benefit of choosing your career in Biotechnology is the absorption of such power that allows you to multiply your growth. A single product of yours can make a difference for you and society. Wait, you want to take the first step towards a successful career in Biotechnology? Well, get in touch with our experts at Leverage Edu and we would love to map your career in Biotechnology today.

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