Career in Biotechnology

11 minute read

Before jumping on to the recipe for building a successful career in Biotechnology, let’s understand what exactly is biotechnology. Biotechnology is an interdisciplinary specialisation and a broad area of biology that uses biological systems, living organisms or their components and cellular and biomolecular process to make technologies that improve our lives. The applications of biotechnology are diverse and are most popularly utilised in health and medical sciences, biomedical engineering, agriculture, cell biology, immunology, seed technology, virology and plant physiology. It is filled with lucrative opportunities to work in the medical sector as well as research and development. This blog takes you through the key essentials of pursuing a career in Biotechnology, from the top courses and universities as well as the rewarding job prospects it offers!

Why Pursue a Career in Biotechnology
Why Pursue a Career in Biotechnology?

Best Biotechnology Careers

Here are the best biotechnology careers:

  • Biomedical Engineer
  • Biochemist
  • Medical Scientist
  • Clinical Technician
  • Microbiologist
  • Process Development Scientist
  • Biomanufacturing Specialist
  • Business Development Manager
  • Product Strategist
  • Biopharma Sales Representative
  • Medical Scientist
  • Biotechnological Technician
  • Epidemiologist
  • Microbiologist
  • Medical and Clinical Lab Technologist
  • Biomanufacturing Specialist
  • Bioproduction Specialist
  • R&D Scientist

Biomedical Engineer

The job of a Biomedical Engineer generally includes fusing biological and engineering skills to construct solutions for problems related to medicine and biology. You can pursue a bachelor’s or master’s in Biotechnology or Biomedical Engineering and related field to pursue this career profile. The aim of a Biomedical Engineer is to develop and design better quality biomedical devices, equipment, artificial organs, diagnostic machines, and software for healthcare.

Average Salary of Biomedical Engineer: $64,000 (INR 45,54,000)


A Biochemist studies the chemical attributes of biological processes and living things that include various diseases, heredity, and cell growth or destruction. Such biochemists mostly spend time in the labs because of the complex research. They analyze, isolate, and synthesize fats, proteins, carbohydrates, DNA, and other molecules in order to know the effect of such things to our body. Once they see a positive impact, they build a product for the welfare of society. In order to follow the career path of a Biochemist, you must have a master’s degree in any of the major fields like Chemistry, Biochemistry, Biology, Medical Chemistry, etc.

Average Salary of Biochemist: $87,120 (INR 63,99,400)

Medical Scientist

Medical scientists scratch every corner of the research to improve patients health by investigating different types of disease and their prevention methods. They constantly thrive to analyze and prepare medical samples to know the causes and treatments of chronic diseases, pathogens, and toxicity. In addition to this, they standardize drug dozes, methods, and potency to help in the process of manufacturing & distribution of medicinal compounds and various drugs on a large scale. Pursuing any of the major Medical Science Courses, you can explore this career opportunity across varied sectors.

Average Salary of Medical Scientist: $88,800 (INR 65,21,900)

Clinical Technician

These clinical technicians are also known as biological technicians or medical laboratory scientists. They gather samples, conduct tests, and analyze results of human body bacteria, tissues, fluids, and other so many substances. Highly technical laboratory instruments like specialized computer software, advanced robotics, automated equipment are used by them to analyze, model, and collect experimental information. There are varied diploma and specialised courses available for those wanting to become a Clinical Technician and you can also explore degree programs in Clinical Technology and Medical Technology to pursue this job prospect.

Average Salary of Clinical Technician: $53,120 (INR 39,01,800)


As a Microbiologist, you will need to study the immune system, bacteria, and distinctive viruses to create industrial and biomedical related products. A series of complex researches are conducted to find treatment for various infectious diseases. Completing a BSc Microbiology can make you ideal for this role and you can also further opt for a Master’s in Microbiology to steer towards a career in Microbiological research.

Average Salary of Microbiologist: $81,390 (INR 59,78,400)

Process Development Scientist

Process Development Scientist tends to supervise the manufacturing process in an organization’s laboratory. They always look for pathways that elevate the efficiency and quality of the product. Once a product has been developed and production begins, these scientists build creative methods to scale up the products keeping in mind the standardized form of the product. The minimum educational qualification required to become a Product Development Scientist is a bachelor’s degree in Biotechnology, Biology, Chemistry or Pharmacy, etc.

Average Salary of Process Development Scientist: $74,272 (INR 54,55,500)

Biomanufacturing Specialists

Such specialists utilize methods and tools to match the quality of the product up to the mark of purity, potency, and safety. Moreover, the process of biomanufacturing also includes the production of a large-scale protein that is used to cure human illness. Along with such scientific skills, they also have knowledge of state, federal, and industry regulatory standards. Majorly, to apply for the profile of a biomanufacturing specialist, you need to be a graduate in Biotechnology, Medical Engineering or Biomedical Engineering.

Average Salary of Biomanufacturing Specialists: $83,017 (INR 60,97,850)

Business Development Manager

A Business Development Manager represents a highly researched market analysis and competitive intelligence to assist biotechnology companies. Their primary aim is to execute and formulate the growth & investment strategies of the companies. They help companies to expand, assess, acquisition, indulge in collaborative research, and tie-up with other biotechnology organizations to gain business growth. If you aim to explore the arena of business and management, you can simply apply for this job position after completing a diploma or bachelors in Biotechnology.

Average Salary of Business Development Manager: $1,25,096 (INR 91,88,676)

Product Strategist

A Product Strategist is accountable for the creation and enforcement of the commercialization strategy of the biotechnological products. Such product strategists take care of the product launch, development, marketing, logistics, sales, growth, and profitability while keeping a check on regulatory and quality needs. In order to become a product strategist in the biotechnology arena, you can opt for a degree in the same field or related specialisations like Biomedical Engineering, Biomanufacturing, amongst others.

Average Salary of Product Strategist: $1,08,324 (INR 79,56,722)

Biopharma Sales Representative

If you are one of those students who want to know work in the field of Biopharma but not in the core, then signing up for a management job is a perfect option for you. A management career in Biotechnology lets you work in non-scientific jobs like medical representatives or sales executive. Panacea Biotec Limited, Novozymesm Biocon, Dr Reddy’s Laboratories Limited are some of the popular companies in this field. Meeting with doctors, researches, students, technicians and scientists will be a regular activity for you.

Average Salary of Sales in a Biopharma Company: $98,527. (INR 72,37,100)

Career in Biotechnology after 12th

If your interest is to build a career in Biotechnology, pursuing it right after your class 12th can be a great option for you. Here are some of the options that you can choose from to build a career in Biotechnology after Class 12

  1. BSc in Biotechnology (Molecular Biology)
  2. BSc in Bioinformatics
  3. BSc in Medical Biotechnology
  4. BTech in Chemical Engineering with Biotechnology Specialization
  5. BSc Majoring in Plant Biotechnology
  6. Bachelor of Biotechnology
  7. Bachelor of Applied Science 
  8. Bachelor Degree in Resource Biotechnology
  9. Bachelor of Applied Science Majoring in Molecular Biotechnology
  10. Bachelor of Biomedicine
  11. Diploma in Biotechnology
  12. Diploma of Laboratory Technology
  13. Diploma of Health Science in Molecular Genetics and Biotechnology
  14. Diploma in Molecular Biotechnology

Scope in Biotechnology

There is an immense career scope of Biotechnology as you can work on creative efficient medical equipment and technologies, healthcare innovations, pharmaceutical research and much more. Building a successful career in Biotechnology, you will be working at the forefront of research in food sustainability, agriculture, medical sciences and healthcare. Here are the most popular sectors where you can pursue a promising career in Biotechnology:

Scope of Biotechnology in Government Sector

Just like research and development opportunities in the private sector, there are several government departments which conduct the same activities at a national level. These researches are controlled by the Ministry of Science and Technology. All the biotech developments are under the Department of Biotechnology. Vacancies are released as per the need by the government and the application process is majorly online. Keep checking the official website for the same.

Along with the above-mentioned work sectors, here are some other popular employment sectors becoming a part of which you can kickstart your career in Biotechnology-

How to Start a Career in Biotechnology?

To follow the career path of a Biotechnologist, you must be familiarized with the educational qualifications, skills and professional training required to become one. So, we have summarized a step-by-step guide on becoming a biotechnologist below:

Pursue a Bachelor’s Degree like BTech or BSc in Biotechnology
The first step towards pursuing a career in Biotechnology is to get the foundational understanding of this field with a bachelor’s degree in Biotechnology and with interdisciplinary specialisations like Molecular Biotechnology, Chemical Biotechnology, Biotechnology Engineering, to name a few. Further, you can also pursue a bachelor’s degree in any of its related field like Biology, Chemistry, Biomedical Engineering, etc. to attain the fundamental concepts of this discipline.

Explore Training and Internship Opportunities
While studying an undergraduate program in Biotechnology, it is also essential to explore training and internship opportunities at research institutes or in the medical science or technology sector. Training and internships will also add to your resume and exhibit your professional exposure in this field thus helping you fit the job role of Biotechnologist better.

Gain a Specialisation with a Master’s Degree
It is important to gain a postgraduate qualification after graduating and you can pursue a master’s in Biotechnology or its related specialisations like Applied Biotechnology, Medical Biotechnology, Industrial and Environmental Biotechnology as it will also impart you with the necessary research opportunities and skills you need to pursue a successful career in Biotechnology.

Explore Suitable Jobs in Biotechnology
Completing a master’s degree in Biotechnology, you will be ready to explore employment opportunities as a Biotechnologist. Here are the major employment areas for biotechnology graduates:

If you are aspiring for a career in research or academia, then you can also pursue a doctorate degree like PhD in Biotechnology.

Biotechnology Courses after Bachelors

There is a wide range of courses available for those interested in building a career in Biotechnology. From short-term and online courses to master’s degree programs, you can choose from diverse course offering at top universities across the globe. Here is a list of top Biotechnology courses that you must consider:

  • PG Diploma in Biotechnology
  • MSc Biotechnology
  • MTech in Biotechnology
  • Masters in Biotechnology of Environment and Health
  • Master in Biotechnology
  • Masters in Applied Biotechnology
  • Masters in Medical Biotechnology
  • Master of Science in Molecular Biology
  • Masters in Industrial and Environmental Biotechnology
  • MSc in Marine Biodiversity and Biotechnology
  • Masters in Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
  • Masters in Molecular Biotechnology
  • PhD in Biotechnology
  • PhD in Molecular Biology and Biotechnology

Institutes Involved in Biotechnology Research

There are several institutes in the world that are involved in Biotechnology research. Some of these institutes are autonomous bodies while the others are owned by the government. If you are planning to build a career in biotechnology, research project in these institutes will be very helpful:

Institutes for Research in India

  1. Indian Council of Agriculture Research
  2. Department of Science and Technology
  3. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
  4. Constituent Research Labs of Department of Biotechnology
  5. Defense Research and Development Organization

Biotechnology Research Institutes in UK

  1. Babraham Institute 
  2. Institute of Food Research 
  3. Pirbright Institute 
  4. John Innes Centre
  5. Roslin Institute 

Biotechnology Research Institutes in US

  1. John Hopkins Institute 
  2. University of Pennsylvania
  3. Purdue University
  4. University of Georgia
  5. Columbia University

Who Can Study Biotechnology?

Though the specific eligibility requirements might vary as per the course and university, the basic eligibility criteria for Biotechnology courses are as follows:

  • The applicant must have completed their 10+2 with PCB subjects from a recognised board of education and with the minimum percentage of marks specified by your chosen university.
  • If you are planning to study biotechnology abroad, you will be required to provide language proficiency test scores such as IELTS, TOEFL, etc. along with an SOP and LORs. Some universities might also ask you to submit GRE scores for master’s level programmes in Biotechnology.

Note: The aforementioned criteria only indicates general eligibility requirements. Actual course requirements might differ as per the programme and university.

Biotechnology Colleges & Universities

For the aforementioned programmes, there are numerous universities and colleges across the globe offering immense research exposure and specialised academic course offerings in Biotechnology. Below we have compiled the list of top universities you must consider for pursuing a career in Biotechnology:

University of Pretoria National University of Singapore
KTH Royal Institute of Technology The University of British Columbia
University of Leon University of California, LA
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences University of Pennsylvania
University of Helsinki John Hopkins University
Jacobs University Bremen University of Wisconsin
University of Groningen Boston University
University of Kent University of Rhode Island
Purdue University Northwestern University
University of Georgia Columbia University
University of Tokyo University of Michigan
Bangor University Harvard University
Monash University Cornell University
Technical University of Munich Ghent University
Technical University Denmark The University of Queensland
Seoul National University University of Toronto

Apart from these, here are the top Biotechnology colleges and universities in India:

  • Benaras Hindu University
  • University of Allahabad
  • Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar
  • Kumaun University
  • University of Pune
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
  • Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla

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Credits: careersnz


Is biotechnology a good career?

Biotechnology is a great career option for those who wish to pursue if you are from the field of biology but do not want to pursue common courses like MBBS.

What are the 4 types of biotechnology?

The four types of biotechnology include:
Medical Biotechnology
Agricultural Biotechnology
Environmental Biotechnology
Industrial Biotechnology

Which country is best for biotechnology jobs?

Top countries to work in the field of biotechnology are:
1. United States of America
2. United Kingdom
3. Canada
4. Germany

What are the opportunities for a career in Biotechnology?

Biotechnology consists of vast fields. The most in-demand careers in Biotechnology include Medical Sciences, Clinical Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Microbiology, Medical Engineering, Process Development Science, and Clinical Research.

What is the eligibility for pursuing a career in Biotechnology?

For pursuing a career in Biotechnology, the minimum eligibility is that the candidate should have passed class 12th with Maths, Biology, and Chemistry from a recognized board. 

What is the duration of Biotechnology Engineering?

The courses for pursuing a career in Biotechnology engineering include:

Bachelors in Biotechnology Engineering – 4 years
Diploma course in Biotechnology – 6 months to 2 year
Postgraduate course in Biotechnology – 2 years 

What is the admission process of getting into Biotechnology Engineering?

Candidates who want to pursue a career in Biotechnology are required to qualify for entrance examinations conducted at state, university and national levels.

Are you ready to be an innovator? The primary benefit of choosing your career in Biotechnology is the absorption of such power that allows you to multiply your growth. A single product of yours can make a difference for you and society. Wait, you want to take the first step towards a successful career in Biotechnology? Well, get in touch with our experts at Leverage Edu and we would love to map your career in Biotechnology today.

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