Aeronautical Engineering Subjects

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Aeronautical Engineering Subjects

Aeronautical Engineering is counted amongst the elite Engineering branches and involves the study of design, construction as well as maintenance of aircraft. Attracting scores of prospective engineers from all around the world, the field offers rewarding career opportunities. From constructing ingenious aircraft designs and fighter jets to envisaging spacecraft missions, the job of an Aeronautical Engineer is highly demanding and exciting at the same time. This blog has been crafted for you to particularly understand the list of Aeronautical Engineering subjects offered as a part of the course.

Also Read: Aircraft Maintenance Engineering Colleges

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What is Aeronautical Engineering?

A prominent branch of Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering aims to study the design, development and manufacturing of aircraft and propulsion systems as well as the functioning of aircraft and rockets. In simple terms, it explores the operational systems and structures of aircraft and related equipment and technology. Here are the core Aeronautical Engineering subjects:

  • Materials Sciences
  • Aircraft Performance and Aircraft Structures
  • Propulsion
  • Fluid Dynamics
  • Structural Analysis
  • Automatic Control & Guidance
  • Solid Mechanics

Aeronautical Engineering Subjects: Specialisations

Given below are some of the Aeronautical Engineering subjects which are available as specialisation options for students across the world.

  • Aircraft Transportation Systems
  • Aerospace Propulsion
  • Aerodynamics
  • Fluid Dynamics
  • Communication
  • Instrumentation
  • Navigational and Guidance Control Systems
  • Aircraft Materials
  • Electronic Systems
  • Ground Vehicle Systems

Curriculum Breakdown of Aeronautical Engineering Subjects

Aeronautical structures are a unique blend of computational accuracy, precise instrumentation and elegant design. Individuals are given appropriate training in a host of Aeronautical Engineering subjects so that they are able to establish a solid grasp of fundamental concepts as well as build a diverse understanding of the discipline. Mentioned below is a summarized list of various subjects included in Aeronautical Engineering:

Aeronautical Engineering
Topics Covered
Aerospace Engineering Systems Introduction to Design, Solid Modelling,
Computer-aided Simulation, Microcontrollers,
Embedded Programming, Signals and Sensors,
Computer-aided Design, Simulation and Fabrication.
Solid Mechanics and
Aerospace Structures
Aerospace Structural Components,
Stress and Strain Measures
and Transformation, Axially Loaded Bars,
Failure and Fracture Criteria,
Beam Theory and Torsion of Bars.
Computer-Aided Design Computer Generation of Geometric Models,
Design Parameters, Trade-off Diagrams,
Finite-element Modelling and Analysis,
Computer Designing for Dynamics and Fluids.
Aircraft Design Aircraft Design Process, Aircraft Polars,
High Lift Devices, Drag Estimation,
Design Speeds, Propeller Design,
Level Flight and Trim, Aircraft Structural Design,
Aeroelasticity and Wing Divergence.
Thermodynamics, Gas
and Fluid Dynamics
Conservation Laws, Fluid Properties,
One-dimensional Flows, Shock and Expansion Waves,
Molecular and Continuum Concepts,
Flows in Nozzles and Thermodynamics Laws.
Fluid Dynamics Equations of Motion for Flight Vehicles,
Computer Simulation of Flight Vehicles,
Flight Vehicle Dynamics and
Control and Flight-oriented Models.
Aircraft Propulsion Combustion Processes, Air-breathing Propulsion,
Rocket Propulsion, Advanced Propulsion,
Thermodynamics, Turbojets, Turbofans,
Nuclear Propulsion Systems and Rocket Engines.
Aerodynamics Fundamental Concepts, Potential Flow, Lift,
Turbulence, Compressibility Boundary Layers,
Airfoil Design, Aerodynamics of 3D Design
and High-speed Aerodynamics.
Aircraft and Spacecraft
Equations of Linear Elasticity, Boundary Value Problem,
Deformation of Structural Elements: Shafts, Bars, Plates
etc, Mechanics of Structural Stability,
Structural Vibration and Numerical Methods.
Aircraft Dynamics Dynamic Equations of Motion, Linear Systems Theory,
Aircraft Lateral Flight Dynamics, Stability Derivatives
and Modern Computational Tools.
Aircraft Control Stability Analysis, Effect of Delay and Zeros,
State-space Models, Observers,
Coupled-axis Control, Effect of Nonlinearities,
Application to Aircraft and Spacecraft.
Finite Elements in Mechanical
and Structural Analysis
Virtual Work Energy Formulations,
Linear Finite Elements-based Upon Displacements,
Applications to Structures like Trusses,
Beams, Shells, General Solids and
Quasi-static Displacement.
Solid and Structural Mechanics Linear Elasticity, Boundary Value Problem
Formulation and Solution Techniques,
Energy Methods,
Thin-walled Aerospace Structures
and Small Strain Elasto-plasticity. 

Apart from the above-mentioned topics, a few more Aeronautical Engineering subjects have been mentioned below.

  • Composite Materials
  • Engineering Physics and Chemistry
  • Material Sciences
  • Computer Programming
  • Aircraft Performance
  • Theory of Vibrations
  • Kinematics
  • Rockets and Missiles
  • Reliability Engineering
  • Combustion
  • Stress Analysis
  • Space Mechanics
  • Smart Materials
  • Robotics
  • Avionics
  • Aeroelasticity
  • Hydraulics
  • Guidance and Navigation
  • Aircraft Safety and Regulations
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Product Design and Development

B Tech Aeronautical Engineering Syllabus

Here are the subjects in B Tech Aeronautical Engineering syllabus:

  • Engineering Physics
  • Aircraft Structures
  • Mathematics
  • Flight Dynamics
  • Engineering Chemistry
  • CAM and Manufacturing Laboratory
  • Experimental Stress Analysis
  • Numerical Methods
  • Aircraft Design Project
  • Aerodynamics
  • Aircraft Systems
  • Control Engineering
  • Computer Programming
  • Environmental Science and Engineering
  • Engineering Graphics
  • Aircraft Structures
  • Laboratory
  • Computer Practices
  • Communication and Soft Skills
  • Principles of Management
  • Physics and Chemistry Laboratory
  • Composite Materials and Structures
  • Transforms and Partial Differential Equations
  • Vibrations and Elements of Aeroelasticity
  • Manufacturing Technology
  • Aero Engineering Thermodynamics
  • Aircraft Materials and Processes
  • Fluid Mechanics and Machinery
  • Aero Engine and Airframe
  • Avionics Thermodynamics
  • Computational Fluid Dynamics
  • Aircraft Systems and Instruments

What does an Aeronautical Engineer do?

There is a diverse set of roles and responsibilities carried out by an Aeronautical Engineer as they are not just the part of the aviation industry but also the airforce of the country, or the defence sector. Aeronautical Engineers mainly design aircraft and propulsion systems, carry out extensive research and development of civil and military aircraft as well as maintaining and testing them to ensure their optimum performance. They devise different types of aircraft and utilise the Computer-Aided Design (CAD) to design aircraft, their equipment as well as related avionics. The aircraft can range from commercial airplanes, helicopters, airbuses to military aircraft.

Course Overview

Whether it is a BSc Aeronautics, Diploma in Aeronautical Engineering or BSc Aviation, Aeronautical Engineering subjects are highly advanced and require intensive mathematical coursework. Along with encompassing multiple disciplines such as Instrumentation and Control Engineering and Robotics and Automation Engineering, it requires a high degree of creativity as well as an understanding of practicality and feasibility. To support complement theoretical development of students, suitable practical labs and simulations are conducted as a part of the course curriculum.

Also Read: Aviation Courses after Graduation

List of Courses in Aeronautical Engineering

Mainly offered at the undergraduate as well as diploma level, Aeronautical Engineering is amongst the choicest specializations for those wanting to pursue a career in aviation. Before elaborating the Aeronautical Engineering subjects, let’s first take a look at some of the major degree programs offered in this field:

  • Bachelor’s in Aeronautical Engineering
  • BEng Aerospace Engineering
  • BSc Aeronautics
  • BTech in Avionics
  • BE/BTech in Aeronautical Engineering
  • BE in Aircraft Engineering
  • Diploma in Aeronautical Engineering
  • MEng in Aeronautical Management
  • Master’s in Aerospace Engineering
  • Master’s in Aeronautical and Aerospace Engineering
  • MTech in Space Engineering and Rocketry
  • PhD in Aeronautical and Automobile Engineering

Top Universities & Colleges Offering Aeronautical Engineering Courses in India & Abroad

There are a wide range of educational institutions across the globe that offer Aeronautical Engineering courses. Below we have listed down the prominent Aeronautical Engineering colleges as well as universities around the world that you must consider for your chosen degree or diploma in this field:

Along with these, here is a list of some of the major Aeronautical Engineering colleges in India:

  • Indian Institute of Technology (Madras, Kharagpur & Mumbai)
  • Madras Institute of Technology, Anna University
  • Punjab Engineering College, Chandigarh
  • Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram
  • Manipal Institute of Technology
  • Vellore Institute of Technology
  • Delhi Technological University

Eligibility Criteria

There are certain requirements you need to fulfil before opting for a degree or diploma in Aeronautical Engineering or its related fields. While the exact criteria might differ as per the course and university, the basic prerequisites for Aeronautical Engineering include,

  • The candidate must have completed their 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as the core subjects.
  • Some universities might conduct their own entrance exams for Aeronautical Engineering courses such as AME CET which you need to qualify for pursuing a program in this field in India.
  • To study these courses abroad, you will be required to provide English proficiency scores of IELTS, TOEFL, PTE etc. along with submitting an SOP and LORs.

Note: The above-mentioned eligibility requirements are only for indicative purposes and the actual criteria might vary as per the course and university.

Aeronautical Engineering Subjects: Career Scope & Prospects

Aerospace Engineering is filled with exciting career opportunities in terms of development as well as remuneration in the field of Aviation and Airforce. Amongst the above-mentioned specialisations listed under Aeronautical Engineering subjects, you can discover the following career paths:

  • Aeronautical Engineer
  • Aircraft Design Engineer
  • Aerospace Engineer
  • Aircraft Production Engineer
  • Consultant
  • Researcher
  • Lecturer/Professor
  • Mechanical Design Engineer
  • Aircraft Instrumentation Engineer
  • Technical Officer
  • Thermal Design Engineer
  • Aerospace Design Checker

Also Read: Kickstart a Reputable Career in Airforce


What subjects are needed for aeronautical engineering?

The subjects required for Aeronautical Engineering courses are Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics in 12th with Science stream. The minimum marks mainly vary from one university to another and you will also need to submit JEE Mains & JEE Advanced scores to get admission into Aeronautical Engineering courses in Indian universities.

How can I become an aeronautical engineer after 12th?

After completing 12th, you can opt for a diploma in Aeronautical Engineering or BTech/BEng in Aeronautical Engineering to study this field in detail. The main requirements for undergraduate programmes in Aeronautical Engineering is that the students must have completed their 10+2 with Science Stream and PCM subjects are compulsory. Many graduates also opt for higher studies after completing their bachelor’s degree in Aeronautical Engineering as you can gain expertise in a specific specialisation and build your career in the same.

Aeronautical Engineering subjects cover a highly specialised area of Advanced Sciences which requires heavy coursework as well as substantial industry exposure. If you’re interested to build a career in Aeronautics, our experts at Leverage Edu can help you in taking the first step towards this rewarding career.

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