Aeronautical Engineering is counted among the elite Engineering branches and involves the study of the design, construction as well as maintenance of aircraft. Attracting scores of prospective engineers from all around the world, the field offers rewarding career opportunities. From constructing ingenious aircraft designs and fighter jets to envisaging spacecraft missions, the job of an Aeronautical Engineer is highly demanding and exciting at the same time. This blog has been crafted for you to particularly understand the list of Aeronautical Engineering subjects offered as a part of the course.
Also Read: Aircraft Maintenance Engineering Colleges
This Blog Includes:
- What is Aeronautical Engineering?
- Aeronautical Engineering Subjects: Specialisations
- Curriculum Breakdown of Aeronautical Engineering Subjects
- B Tech Aeronautical Engineering Syllabus
- What does an Aeronautical Engineer do?
- Course Overview
- List of Courses in Aeronautical Engineering
- Top Universities & Colleges Offering Aeronautical Engineering Courses
- Eligibility Criteria
- Scholarships for Aeronautical Engineering
- Aeronautical Engineering: Job profiles and Salary
- Aeronautical Engineering Subjects: Career Scope
What is Aeronautical Engineering?
A prominent branch of Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering aims to study the design, development and manufacturing of aircraft and propulsion systems as well as the functioning of aircraft and rockets. In simple terms, it explores the operational systems and structures of aircraft and related equipment and technology. Here are the core Aeronautical Engineering subjects:
- Materials Sciences
- Aircraft Performance and Aircraft Structures
- Fluid Dynamics
- Structural Analysis
- Automatic Control & Guidance
- Solid Mechanics
Aeronautical Engineering Subjects: Specialisations
Given below are some of the Aeronautical Engineering subjects which are available as specialisation options for students across the world.
- Aircraft Transportation Systems
- Aerospace Propulsion
- Fluid Dynamics
- Navigational and Guidance Control Systems
- Aircraft Materials
- Electronic Systems
- Ground Vehicle Systems
Curriculum Breakdown of Aeronautical Engineering Subjects
Aeronautical structures are a unique blend of computational accuracy, precise instrumentation and elegant design. Individuals are given appropriate training in a host of Aeronautical Engineering subjects so that they are able to establish a solid grasp of fundamental concepts as well as build a diverse understanding of the discipline. Mentioned below is a summarized list of various subjects included in Aeronautical Engineering:
|Aerospace Engineering Systems||Introduction to Design, Solid Modelling,
Computer-aided Simulation, Microcontrollers,
Embedded Programming, Signals and Sensors,
Computer-aided Design, Simulation and Fabrication.
|Solid Mechanics and
|Aerospace Structural Components,
Stress and Strain Measures
and Transformation, Axially Loaded Bars,
Failure and Fracture Criteria,
Beam Theory and Torsion of Bars.
|Computer-Aided Design||Computer Generation of Geometric Models,
Design Parameters, Trade-off Diagrams,
Finite-element Modelling and Analysis,
Computer Designing for Dynamics and Fluids.
|Aircraft Design||Aircraft Design Process, Aircraft Polars,
High Lift Devices, Drag Estimation,
Design Speeds, Propeller Design,
Level Flight and Trim, Aircraft Structural Design,
Aeroelasticity and Wing Divergence.
and Fluid Dynamics
|Conservation Laws, Fluid Properties,
One-dimensional Flows, Shock and Expansion Waves,
Molecular and Continuum Concepts,
Flows in Nozzles and Thermodynamics Laws.
|Fluid Dynamics||Equations of Motion for Flight Vehicles,
Computer Simulation of Flight Vehicles,
Flight Vehicle Dynamics and
Control and Flight-oriented Models.
|Aircraft Propulsion||Combustion Processes, Air-breathing Propulsion,
Rocket Propulsion, Advanced Propulsion,
Thermodynamics, Turbojets, Turbofans,
Nuclear Propulsion Systems and Rocket Engines.
|Aerodynamics||Fundamental Concepts, Potential Flow, Lift,
Turbulence, Compressibility Boundary Layers,
Airfoil Design, Aerodynamics of 3D Design
and High-speed Aerodynamics.
|Aircraft and Spacecraft
|Equations of Linear Elasticity, Boundary Value Problem,
Deformation of Structural Elements: Shafts, Bars, Plates
etc, Mechanics of Structural Stability,
Structural Vibration and Numerical Methods.
|Aircraft Dynamics||Dynamic Equations of Motion, Linear Systems Theory,
Aircraft Lateral Flight Dynamics, Stability Derivatives
and Modern Computational Tools.
|Aircraft Control||Stability Analysis, Effect of Delay and Zeros,
State-space Models, Observers,
Coupled-axis Control, Effect of Nonlinearities,
Application to Aircraft and Spacecraft.
|Finite Elements in Mechanical
and Structural Analysis
|Virtual Work Energy Formulations,
Linear Finite Elements-based Upon Displacements,
Applications to Structures like Trusses,
Beams, Shells, General Solids and
|Solid and Structural Mechanics||Linear Elasticity, Boundary Value Problem
Formulation and Solution Techniques,
Thin-walled Aerospace Structures
and Small Strain Elasto-plasticity.
Apart from the above mentioned topics, a few more Aeronautical Engineering subjects have been mentioned below.
- Composite Materials
- Engineering Physics and Chemistry
- Material Sciences
- Computer Programming
- Aircraft Performance
- Theory of Vibrations
- Rockets and Missiles
- Reliability Engineering
- Stress Analysis
- Space Mechanics
- Smart Materials
- Guidance and Navigation
- Aircraft Safety and Regulations
- Artificial Intelligence
- Product Design and Development
B Tech Aeronautical Engineering Syllabus
Here are the subjects in the B.Tech Aeronautical Engineering syllabus:
- Engineering Physics
- Aircraft Structures
- Flight Dynamics
- Engineering Chemistry
- CAM and Manufacturing Laboratory
- Experimental Stress Analysis
- Numerical Methods
- Aircraft Design Project
- Aircraft Systems
- Control Engineering
- Computer Programming
- Environmental Science and Engineering
- Engineering Graphics
- Aircraft Structures
- Computer Practices
- Communication and Soft Skills
- Principles of Management
- Physics and Chemistry Laboratory
- Composite Materials and Structures
- Transforms and Partial Differential Equations
- Vibrations and Elements of Aeroelasticity
- Manufacturing Technology
- Aero Engineering Thermodynamics
- Aircraft Materials and Processes
- Fluid Mechanics and Machinery
- Aero Engine and Airframe
- Avionics Thermodynamics
- Computational Fluid Dynamics
- Aircraft Systems and Instruments
What does an Aeronautical Engineer do?
There is a diverse set of roles and responsibilities carried out by Aeronautical Engineers as they are not just part of the aviation industry but also the air force of the country, or the defence sector. Aeronautical Engineers mainly design aircraft and propulsion systems, carry out extensive research and development of civil and military aircraft as well as maintain and test them to ensure their optimum performance. They devise different types of aircraft and utilise Computer-Aided Design (CAD) to design aircraft, their equipment as well as related avionics. The aircraft can range from commercial aeroplanes, helicopters, and airbuses to military aircraft.
Whether it is a BSc Aeronautics, Diploma in Aeronautical Engineering or BSc Aviation, Aeronautical Engineering subjects are highly advanced and require intensive mathematical coursework. Along with encompassing multiple disciplines such as Instrumentation and Control Engineering and Robotics and Automation Engineering, it requires a high degree of creativity as well as an understanding of practicality and feasibility. To support and complement the theoretical development of students, suitable practical labs and simulations are conducted as a part of the course curriculum.
Also Read: Aviation Courses after Graduation
List of Courses in Aeronautical Engineering
Mainly offered at the undergraduate as well as diploma level, Aeronautical Engineering is amongst the choicest specializations for those wanting to pursue a career in aviation. Before elaborating on the Aeronautical Engineering subjects, let’s first take a look at some of the major degree programs offered in this field:
- Bachelor’s in Aeronautical Engineering
- BEng Aerospace Engineering
- BSc Aeronautics
- BTech in Avionics
- BE/BTech in Aeronautical Engineering
- BE in Aircraft Engineering
- Diploma in Aeronautical Engineering
- MEng in Aeronautical Management
- Master’s in Aerospace Engineering
- Master’s in Aeronautical and Aerospace Engineering
- MTech in Space Engineering and Rocketry
- PhD in Aeronautical and Automobile Engineering
Top Universities & Colleges Offering Aeronautical Engineering Courses
There is a wide range of educational institutions across the globe that offer Aeronautical Engineering courses. Below we have listed down the prominent Aeronautical Engineering colleges as well as universities around the world that you must consider for your chosen degree or diploma in this field:
|S. No||University Name||Rankings||Program||Course||Duration||Tuition Fees (INR)|
|1||Massachusetts Institute of Technology||1||Undergraduate||Bachelor of Science in Aerospace Engineering||4 Years||44,08,000|
|2||Stanford University||2||Undergraduate||Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering||4 Years||38,37,000|
|3||University of Cambridge||3||Undergraduate||Aerospace and Aerothermal Engineering||4 Years||34,09,000|
|4||The University of California, Berkley (UCB)||6||Undergraduate||Aerospace Engineering||4 Years||18,43,000|
|5||Imperial College London||8||Undergraduate||MEng in Aeronautical Engineering||4 Years||33,69,000|
|6||University of Michigan – Ann Arbor||12||Undergraduate||Aerospace Engineering||4 Years||40,73,000|
|7||Georgia Institute of Technology||14||Undergraduate||Aerospace Engineering||4 Years||24,00,000|
|8||California Institute of Technology||17||Undergraduate||Aerospace Minor||4 Years||43,13,000|
|9||Purdue University||20||Undergraduate||Aeronautics and Astronautics Engineering||4 Years||12,56,000|
|10||The University of Manchester||29||Undergraduate||BEng Aerospace Engineering||3 Years||24,01,000|
|11||University of California, Los Angeles||32||Graduate||MS Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering||1.5 Years||16,30,000|
|12||Northwestern University||33||Graduate||MS Aerospace Engineering||1.5 Years||45,96,000|
|13||McGill University||34||Undergraduate||B.Eng. – Minor Aerospace Engineering||4 years||29,34,000|
Along with these, here is a list of some of the major Aeronautical Engineering colleges in India:
- Indian Institute of Technology (Madras, Kharagpur & Mumbai)
- Madras Institute of Technology, Anna University
- Punjab Engineering College, Chandigarh
- Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram
- Manipal Institute of Technology
- Vellore Institute of Technology
- Delhi Technological University
There are certain requirements you need to fulfil before opting for a degree or diploma in Aeronautical Engineering or its related fields. While the exact criteria might differ as per the course and university, the basic prerequisites for Aeronautical Engineering include,
- The candidate must have completed their 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as the core subjects.
- Some universities might conduct their own entrance exams for Aeronautical Engineering courses such as AME CET which you need to qualify to pursue a program in this field in India.
- To study these courses abroad, you will be required to provide English proficiency scores of IELTS, TOEFL, PTE etc. along with submitting an SOP and LORs.
Note: The above-mentioned eligibility requirements are only for indicative purposes and the actual criteria might vary as per the course and university.
Scholarships for Aeronautical Engineering
There are various scholarships offered to international students to study Aeronautical Engineering abroad. Some of the scholarships provided by the top institutes are given below:
|The University of Sheffield||Engineering Excellence Scholarship||£1,000 each subsequent academic year|
|The University of Windsor||Undergraduate Entry Scholarships||Between CAD $250 – CAD $4,000 per semester|
|University of Portsmouth||Vice Chancellor’s Global Development Scholarship||A fee reduction of £1,600 will be applied to the first year of study|
|University of Leeds||The International Undergraduate Science and Engineering Scholarship||Up to £6,000 is awarded per student per year|
Aeronautical Engineering: Job profiles and Salary
Here is the average salary for the top job profiles and their average salary after completing your degree in Aeronautical Engineering:
|Role||Average Salary (USD)|
|Aircraft Maintenance Manager||95,982|
|Aircraft Design Engineer||81,505|
|Aircraft Instrumentation Engineer||107,830|
|Professor – Aviation||90,000|
Aeronautical Engineering Subjects: Career Scope
Aerospace Engineering is filled with exciting career opportunities in terms of development as well as remuneration in the field of Aviation and the Airforce. Amongst the above-mentioned specialisations listed under Aeronautical Engineering subjects, you can discover the following career paths:
- Aeronautical Engineer
- Aircraft Design Engineer
- Aerospace Engineer
- Aircraft Production Engineer
- Mechanical Design Engineer
- Aircraft Instrumentation Engineer
- Technical Officer
- Thermal Design Engineer
- Aerospace Design Checker
Also Read: Kickstart a Reputable Career in Airforce
The subjects required for Aeronautical Engineering courses are Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics in 12th with a Science stream. The minimum marks mainly vary from one university to another and you will also need to submit JEE Mains & JEE Advanced scores to get admission into Aeronautical Engineering courses in Indian universities.
After completing 12th, you can opt for a diploma in Aeronautical Engineering or BTech/BEng in Aeronautical Engineering to study this field in detail. The main requirements for undergraduate programmes in Aeronautical Engineering is that the students must have completed their 10+2 with Science Stream and PCM subjects are compulsory. Many graduates also opt for higher studies after completing their bachelor’s degree in Aeronautical Engineering as you can gain expertise in a specific specialisation and build your career in the same.
Aeronautical Engineering subjects cover a highly specialised area of Advanced Sciences which requires heavy coursework as well as substantial industry exposure. If you’re interested to build a career in Aeronautics, our experts at Leverage Edu can help you in taking the first step towards this rewarding career.