Driving on a highway or while walking on a bridge ever wondered what it takes to be a designer behind these massive constructions? Civil engineers discuss real-world challenges and work on dynamic technical developments. Are you someone who has an interest in planning and constructing new buildings? Get involved and make an impact through your designs and constructions. It is important to assess the scope of a field before pursuing a career in that direction, here is all the information you need on the scope of civil engineering.
Scope of Civil Engineering: Areas of Study
Civil engineering is a widely structured discipline to study the concept of design, construct and maintain infrastructure systems and projects. The field is broken down into various branches, increasing the scope of civil engineering. A degree in civil engineering prepares an individual to work with the construction industry as well as in managing the business and finance section. Below is a list of major subdivisions in the study of civil engineering:
Building, Planning, and Construction
In this area of study, students are taught the methods by which constructional projects are built according to the plans and specifications. Out of all the structures, construction of a building such as residential, schools, colleges, hospitals, government offices, industrial towers, etc. is of prime importance because of the increasing population and growth of any country.
This involves advance planning and techniques for the design and construction of bigger projects like bridges, tunnels, dams, ports, power stations etc, to ensure their stability and durability. A detailed study of this subject widens the scope of civil engineering in construction.
Structural analysis and designing of slabs, columns, beams etc for constructional projects which requires calculation and the use of advanced computing software fall under the category of structural engineering.
Town Planning is an essential concept of dividing a town into different land use zones such as residential, commercial, recreational and industrial zones to ensure a better environment for the people of the town.
It is the field of civil engineering which deals with collection and testing of soil samples. Geotechnical engineers design and construct well foundations, pile foundations, cofferdams, tunnels, caissons, and earth-related constructions.
Water Resources Engineering
Water Resource Engineering includes designing hydraulic structures like canals, barrages, dams, hydropower stations, pipe networks etc to measure, utilise and develop water resources for municipal, agriculture and power generation purpose. It also includes water harvesting techniques, watershed planning, soil conversation etc.
Due to increased human activities it is very important to safeguard the natural world. This field deals with public health engineering and pollution control through the construction of a sewerage system, water distribution plant and also solid waste management.
Scope Of Civil Engineering: Merits
- You work in an exciting learning environment of planning and designing to help bring projects to life.
- There is a wide range of undergraduate courses and postgraduate programmes to choose from.
- An industry placement during the course can help you gain hands-on experience.
- It is very rewarding, due to the practical nature of the subject that involves a lot of project work.
- If you are someone who takes a keen interest in the applied aspects of maths and physics the civil engineering might be an ideal course for you.
Scope Of Civil Engineering: Courses To Explore
Civil engineers are professionals who are skilled to maintain the basic facilities in the society in order to build a livable community. With a growing demand for efficiently trained civil engineers, a list of courses are mentioned below that will equip you to meet these demands :
Degree Courses in Civil Engineering
- B.Sc. or Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering
- B.E. Bachelor of Engineering in Civil Engineering
- B.E. (Hons.) in Civil Engineering
- B.Tech. or Bachelor of Technology in Civil Engineering
- M.Sc./M.S. or Master of Science in Civil Engineering
- M.E. or Master of Civil Engineering
- M.Tech. or Master of Technology in Civil Engineering
- M.Phil. or Master of Philosophy in Civil Engineering
- PhD or Doctor of Philosophy in Civil Engineering
Diploma Courses in Civil Engineering
- Diploma in Civil Engineering
- Advance Diploma in Civil Engineering
- Post Graduate Diploma in Civil Engineering
Certificate Courses in Civil Engineering
- Construction Engineering
- Structural Engineering
- Transportation Engineering
- Municipal or Urban Engineering
- Environmental Engineering
- Geotechnical Engineering
- Water Resources Engineering
- Coastal Engineering
- Material Engineering
Also Read: Career Objectives for Engineers
Scope of Civil Engineering: Top Universities/Colleges
An individual needs skill and hard work to be a civil engineer. Getting an opportunity to study in a good university offers the unique experience of not just boosting your educational qualifications but also equips you with the skills necessary to meet the challenges of the industry.
Below is a list of the top universities that offer a degree in this course thus increasing the scope of civil engineering:
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology
- Stanford University
- University of Alberta
- McGill University
- The University of British Columbia
- Imperial College London
- University Of Cambridge
- Technical University of Munich
- University of Toronto
- University of Windsor
- The University of Melbourne
- University of Ottawa
- National University of Singapore
- The University of Sydney
- Georgia Institute of Technology
Scope of Civil Engineering: Job Outlook
Let us look at some of the job opportunities for professionals in this field:
- Construction Managers
- Civil Engineering Technicians
- Assistant Engineer
- Project Manager
- Senior Engineer
- Chief Engineer
- City Engineer
- Division Leader and Head
- Deputy Engineer
- Director of Public Work
- Urban and Regional Planners
- Environmental Engineers
- Professor and Teachers
Also Read: MBA in Construction Management
At its heart, civil engineering is all about using the concept of science and technology to find creative practical solutions. When looking at courses that you can pursue in a certain field it is natural to feel apprehensive about your ability to pursue that course. It is tricky to choose the best college and course for yourself but with the help of the experts at Leverage Edu you can figure out which course is best suited for your abilities.