Engineering Branches

Engineering Branches

Every year millions of students enter the world of engineering through BE and B.Tech. Engineering is a discipline that requires the application of mathematical methods, scientific theories, and empirical evidence to create, analyze and design technological solutions. However, one of the most important questions to ask yourself, when deciding to pursue Engineering is: ‘Which branch suits my career and personal needs the best?’ Most of the times, students end up choosing a branch that is considered popular instead of going for a field that suits their professional and personal aspirations. This usually occurs when one does not have all the required resources or knowledge to come to an informed decision. There are numerous Engineering branches that are offered by universities, here are all the details about the different branches to help you make the right choice.

Also Read: Difference between BE and BTech

Understanding the Diverse Engineering Branches  

Every student wishes to have a successful and secure future. Instead of exploring and trying out new options, we usually prefer settling down for options that have been considered best for decades. We tend to believe the myth that choosing mechanical or civil engineering is the only way of ensuring high paying jobs. In order to clear your confusions, it is important that you understand why choosing from a diverse Engineering branch is necessary. You need to take some time and figure out what interests you, the domains that you are inclined towards and what kind of work profile or responsibilities attract you. Figuring out your interests and preferences might prove to be beneficial as it will help you in answering what engineering branch is best-suited for you. It is advisable that facts like the number of hours spent by a professional in this job and the scope for growth in that profile be kept in mind when making this decision. You should also not follow the herd and choose your passion and interest instead. This is why the decision of choosing the right engineering branch is an important aspect of building your career in this field. 

Also Read: Trending Courses After Engineering that you must consider

Exploring Different Engineering Branches

With different types of industries on a rise, the need for engineers with specific skill sets and understanding of a particular industry has increased. We have listed down the numerous engineering branches that you can choose from: 

Computer Engineering

This branch is known for the designing and prototyping of different computing devices and related systems. It mainly deals with different methods of incorporating computing logic into physical systems after being translated properly. However, this should not be confused with Computer Science Engineering. Computer Science Engineering deals with mapping information through the systematic study of algorithmic methods. The mapped information includes design, theory, application, implementation, and efficiency. Computer Engineering deals with the study of designing and the implementation of environments that are distributed for making multimedia into a stream of data. 

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Mechatronics Engineering (Robotics/ Automation)

This Engineering discipline is closely interlinked to other branches. It includes subjects like Electronics, Telecommunications, Control Systems, and Mechanical Engineering. The subject focuses on different Engineering aspects such as real-time computer interfacing, controllers and actuators, sensors and modeling. A Mechatronics engineer has the liberty to work in any sector suitable, including Artificial Intelligence.

Also Read: Robotics and Automation Engineering

Mechanical Engineering

This branch of Engineering encompasses all the machines and systems and studies their designing, manufacturing, operation and maintenance processes. This branch is evolving with technological development in sectors such as manufacturing, machine design, aerospace systems, energy conservation, and fluid mechanics. Industries like air conditioning, power plants, heavy industrial machines, automobiles and even the simplest of household appliances, come under Mechanical Engineering. 

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Electronics Engineering

This branch requires that you possess proficiency in technology, science and communication skills. Electronic engineers are required to design, research and help in the development of electronic components as well as equipment in different industries such as manufacturing (industrial machinery and programmable logic controls) and communications like radio, mobile phones, TV, and satellite communication along with data communication like ATM machines, laptop, etc. You are also required to work on medical instruments as well as transportation devices like navigation, etc. Home appliances also come under the expertise area of electronics engineers. 

This branch is completely different from Electrical Engineering. Electrical Engineering deals with concepts related to devices and systems of electrical kinds as well as the usage of electricity. It also deals with the different concepts of electricity such as electromagnetism for the transmission, generation, storage, processing, control, and conversion of energy as well as valuable information. 

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Civil Engineering

This Engineering branch deals with construction as well as designing of different physical structures. It is considered as one of the oldest Engineering branches. Civil Engineering also includes learning and working on projects like canals, roads, bridges, buildings, and dams. All different branches like Biomechanics, Structural Engineering, Atmospheric Sciences, Environmental Engineering, Water Resources Engineering, Materials Engineering, Municipal Engineering, Control Engineering, Geophysics, and Transportation Engineering fall under this branch.

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Aerospace Engineering

One of the most sought-after Engineering branches, Aerospace Engineering deals with the designing and construction of spacecraft and aircraft. It is subdivided into two different Engineering branches, namely Astronautical Engineering and Aeronautical Engineering. While Astronautical engineering is involved in crafts that operate outside the earth’s atmosphere, Aeronautical Engineering deals with the crafts that operate within the earth’s atmosphere. Basically Aerospace Engineering is involved in designing, maintenance, construction, testing and development of rockets, aeroplanes, helicopters, and satellites. 

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Automobile Engineering

One of the key Engineering branches, Automobile Engineering deals with the designing and construction of transportation of vehicles. It is a branch derived from Mechanical Engineering. Automobile Engineering deals with the development, designing, production, manufacturing, repairing, testing, management and control of cars and their engines along with fuel management. The entire process right from the conceptual phase to the production stage is overseen by an automobile engineer. 

Also Read: Diploma in Automobile Engineering  

Biotechnology Engineering

This branch of Engineering deals with the field of Applied Biology and Chemical Engineering principles. This means it is involved in using living organisms in medicine, engineering technology, and various other applications. This branch also encompasses Genetic Engineering along with Cell and Tissue Technologies. It basically studies different technologies which are applied to various living cells, which is then used to produce products or enhance an existing product for its quality. 

Also Read: Career in Biotechnology

Software Engineering

This branch basically deals with a detailed study of design, development, maintenance and basic engineering of different software. It teaches you to deal with issues like low-quality software projects. As a software engineer, it is important that the application built is consistent, on time and corrects within the specified requirements. You are also expected to develop products that can be used by end-users and develop features that attract more users. The demand for software engineers is increasing to cater to the rapidly changing requirements of different users as well as the changing environment of the working application. 

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Hopefully, this blog elaborating on the major Engineering branches helped you understand the different fields that you can choose from. If you are unsure about which branch of Engineering is the right one for you, Leverage Edu experts can help you in finding an ideal course that aligns with your passion for Engineering to build an incredible career in this field.

  1. I would like to thank the author of this post for giving thorough information on engineering and its various branches, as it is very helpful for aspiring engineering graduates. CMR University – School of Engineering & Technology offers various courses in different fields such as civil engineering, mechanical engineering, IT, ECE, CSE and more. The programmes are carefully designed to bridge the gap between industry and curriculum. The curriculum is also designed according to the industry requirements. The faculty includes eminent industry leaders who visit the campus to share their experiences. For more information on CMR engineering programmes, you can click on link Top Engineering colleges in Bangalore

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