Every year, millions of students pursue a Bachelor of Engineering or BTech to start a career in one of the most opted degree courses after 12th Science. Engineering is a discipline that requires the application of mathematical methods, scientific theories, and empirical evidence to create, analyze, and design technological solutions.
However, one of the most important questions to ask yourself when deciding to pursue Engineering is: ‘Which branch suits my career and personal needs the best?’ Most of the time, students end up choosing a branch that is considered popular instead of going for a field that suits their professional and personal aspirations. This usually occurs when one does not have all the required resources or knowledge to come to an informed decision. So, here are all the details about the different Engineering branches to help you make the right choice!
This Blog Includes:
- Understanding the Diverse Engineering Branches
- Eligibility for Engineering Courses
- List of Engineering Branches
- Engineering Entrance Exams
- Top Universities Abroad
- Top Colleges in India
- 5 top-paying branches in engineering
- Top Engineering Branch Eligibility Criteria
- Top recruiters for Engineering Students
Understanding the Diverse Engineering Branches
We tend to believe the myth that choosing Mechanical or Civil Engineering is the only way of ensuring high-paying jobs. To clear your confusion, you must understand how to choose the right one from different Engineering branches.
- Figure out what interests you, the domains that you are inclined towards, and the types of work profiles or responsibilities that attract you.
- Facts like the number of hours spent by a professional in this job and the scope for growth in that profile must be considered while choosing one of the Engineering branches.
- Don’t follow the herd rather, identify your strengths and weakness and choose a course accordingly.
Eligibility for Engineering Courses
Following is the eligibility for different engineering courses:
|BE/BTech||-Candidates must have passed the Class XII exam from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as core subjects.
-They must also have secured minimum aggregate marks of 60% in the above subjects combined
|BTech Lateral Entry||Candidates must have passed a three-year Diploma granted by the Board of Technical Examination of a State Government, with a minimum of 45% aggregate marks or equivalent|
|ME/MTech||Candidates who have completed their BE/BTech degree with a valid score in GATE are eligible for the ME/MTech degree course|
|Diploma||Aspirants must have passed Secondary School Leaving Certificate (SSLC)/tenth standard/equivalent examination, with at least 35% in Science and Maths subjects|
|PhD||Aspirants must have secured a minimum of 55% marks or 5.5 CPI marks in BTech/MTech or equivalent degree in appropriate branches|
List of Engineering Branches
With different types of industries on a rise, the need for engineers with specific skill sets and an understanding of a particular industry has increased. We have listed down the types of Engineering branches that you can choose from:
|Aeronautical Engineering||Textile Engineering||Mechatronics Engineering|
|Civil Engineering||Robotics Engineering||Power Engineering|
|Aerospace Engineering||Mechanical Engineering||Structural Engineering|
|Industrial Engineering||Marine Engineering||Petroleum Engineering|
|Automobile Engineering||Production Engineering||Metallurgical Engineering|
|Ceramic Engineering||Biomedical Engineering||Construction Engineering|
|Electronics Engineering||Marine Engineering||Tool Engineering|
|Telecommunication Engineering||Environmental Engineering||Transportation Engineering|
|Communications Engineering||Biotechnology Engineering||Electrical Engineering|
|Computer Science Engineering||Chemical Engineering||Mining Engineering|
This Engineering discipline is closely interlinked with other branches. Mechatronics Engineering includes subjects like Electronics, Telecommunications, Control Systems, and Mechanical Engineering. The subject focuses on different Engineering aspects such as real-time computer interfacing, controllers and actuators, sensors, and modelling. A Mechatronics engineer has the liberty to work in any sector suitable, including Artificial Intelligence.
Computer Science Engineering
This branch is known for the designing and prototyping of different computing devices and related systems. It mainly deals with different methods of incorporating computing logic into physical systems after being translated properly. Computer Science Engineering deals with mapping information through the systematic study of algorithmic methods. The mapped information includes design, theory, application, implementation, and efficiency. Further, it also deals with the study of designing and the implementation of environments that are distributed for making multimedia into a stream of data.
This branch of Engineering encompasses all the machines and systems and studies their designing, manufacturing, operation, and maintenance processes. The field of Mechanical Engineering is evolving with technological development in sectors such as manufacturing, machine design, aerospace systems, energy conservation, and fluid mechanics. Industries like air conditioning, power plants, heavy industrial machines, automobiles, and even the simplest of household appliances, come under Mechanical Engineering. Not only restricted to MS in Mechanical Engineering, but you can also explore various courses after Mechanical Engineering to build a flourishing career!
Electronic engineers are required to design, research and help in the development of electronic components as well as equipment in different industries such as manufacturing (industrial machinery and programmable logic controls) and communications like radio, mobile phones, TV, and satellite communication along with data communication like ATMs, laptop, etc. You are also required to work on medical instruments as well as transportation devices like navigation, etc. Home appliances also come under the expertise area of electronics engineers.
How is it Different from Electrical Engineering?
This branch is completely different from Electrical Engineering which deals with concepts related to devices and systems of electrical systems as well as the usage of electricity. The Electrical Engineering syllabus imparts knowledge about concepts such as electromagnetism for the transmission, generation, storage, processing, control, and conversion of energy as well as valuable information.
This Engineering branch deals with construction as well as designing different physical structures. It is considered one of the oldest engineering branches. Civil Engineering also includes learning and working on projects like canals, roads, bridges, buildings, and dams. All different branches like Biomechanics, Structural Engineering, Atmospheric Sciences, Environmental Engineering, Water Resources Engineering, Materials Engineering, Municipal Engineering, Control Engineering, Geophysics, and Transportation Engineering fall under this branch and can thus be categorized into different types of Civil Engineering!
One of the most sought-after engineering branches, Aerospace Engineering deals with the designing and construction of spacecraft and aircraft. It is subdivided into two different Engineering branches, namely Astronautical Engineering and Aeronautical Engineering. While Astronautical engineering is involved in crafts that operate outside the earth’s atmosphere, Aeronautical Engineering deals with the crafts that operate within the earth’s atmosphere. Basically, Aerospace Engineering is involved in the designing, maintaining, construction, testing, and development of rockets, aeroplanes, helicopters, and satellites. Not only restricted to USA or Australia, but you can also explore Aerospace Engineering in Germany!
One of the key Engineering branches, Automobile Engineering deals with the designing and construction of transportation of vehicles. It is a branch derived from Mechanical Engineering. Automobile Engineering deals with the development, designing, production, manufacturing, repairing, testing, management, and control of cars and their engines along with fuel management. The entire process right from the conceptual phase to the production stage is overseen by an automobile engineer.
BTech Biotechnology deals with the field of Applied Biology and Chemical Engineering principles. It involves the study of living organisms in medicine, engineering technology, and various other applications. Since this branch encompasses concepts of Genetic Engineering along with Cell and Tissue Technologies, the scope of Biotechnology is vast. It studies different technologies which are applied to various living cells, which are then used to produce products or enhance an existing product for its quality.
Software Engineering basically deals with a detailed study of the design, development, maintenance, and basic engineering of different software. It teaches you to deal with issues like low-quality software projects. As a software engineer, it is important that the application built is consistent, on time, and corrects within the specified requirements. You are also expected to develop products that can be used by end-users and develop features that attract more users. The demand for software engineers is increasing to cater to the rapidly changing requirements of different users as well as the changing environment of the working application.
Engineering Entrance Exams
Most of the engineering institutes in India select candidates for admission on the basis of entrance exam scores and ranks. While some technical institutes accept AIR (All India Ranks) secured in national level exams, some conduct their own entrance exam. Here are some of the popular engineering exams in India:
Top Universities Abroad
Following are some of the universities which offer admission into courses for engineers abroad according to THE:
|Engineering Rank 2022||University|
|3||University of California, Berkeley|
|4||Massachusetts Institute of Technology|
|5||University of Cambridge|
|6||University of Oxford|
|8||California Institute of Technology|
|10||National University of Singapore|
Top Colleges in India
Following are some of the universities which offer admission into courses for an engineer in India:
- (IIT)Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
- Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi
- (IIT)Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
- Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur
- (IIT)Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
- Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Roorkee
- (IIT)Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati
- Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Hyderabad
- National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli (NIT Trichy)
- National Institute of Technology, Surathkal, Karnataka
5 top-paying branches in engineering
|Engineering Branch||Expected Salary|
|Computer Science and Engineering||INR 2-8 LPA|
|Mechanical Engineering||INR 1.8-5 LPA|
|Electrical Engineering||INR 1.8-4.5 LPA|
|Civil Engineering||INR 3-5 LPA|
|Biotechnology Engineering||INR 3-8 LPA|
Top Engineering Branch Eligibility Criteria
Admission requirements for engineering programmes differ from institute to institute. One of the prerequisites is that students have completed class 12 with courses in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. Several institutes require a minimum percentage of class 12 marks, which varies by the institute. Furthermore, some institutes have an upper and lower age limit for admission to engineering programmes.
Medical clearance is also required for courses such as Marine Engineering and Aeronautical Engineering, which students must obtain before enrolling. Admission to engineering colleges is frequently done through a test. Candidates can view the complete list of qualification requirements here-
|BE/BTech||Candidates must have passed a recognised board’s Class 12 exam with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as core subjects.
They must also have obtained a minimum of 60% in all of the subjects listed above.
|BTech Lateral Entry||Candidates must have a three-year diploma from a State Government Board of Technical Examination with at least 45% aggregate marks or equivalent.|
|ME/MTech||Candidates who have completed their BE/BTech degree and have a valid GATE score are eligible for the ME/MTech degree programme.|
|Diploma||Applicants must have completed the Secondary School Leaving Certificate (SSLC)/tenth standard/equivalent examination with a minimum grade point average of 35% in Science and Math.|
|PhD||Aspirants must have a minimum of 55% or 5.5 CPI in BTech/MTech or an equivalent degree in applicable fields.|
Top recruiters for Engineering Students
The table below lists the various recruiters for Engineering Courses-
|Tata Motors||Royal Enfield||Larsen & Toubro Limited||Siemens|
|Wipro Lighting Corporate||The Godrej Group||Havells India Limited||Microtek|
|Neolex Cables||CESC Ltd.||HAL||NAL|
|DRDO||TATA||Robert Bosch||National Instruments|
|ISRO||Brigade Group||Mercedes Benz||DLF|
|Volvo||Hindustan Construction Company||Indian Oil Corporation (IOCL)||Coal India Limited (CIL)|
Engineering is the application of science and mathematics for making properties of matter and the sources of energy in nature useful to people.
There are different types of engineering streams such as Aerospace, Agricultural, Biomedical, Chemical, Civil (General and Structural), Computer, Control Systems, Electrical and Electronics, Industrial, Manufacturing, Mechanical, Mining, Nuclear, and Petroleum.
Engineers take abstract ideas and apply science and mathematics to build products to meet the needs of mankind.
Perhaps, Imhotep of Egypt was the first engineer as he built the Step Pyramid in 2250 BC.
Science is knowledge based on observed facts and tested truths whereas Engineering is the creative application of scientific principles. Engineering is used to plan, build, direct, guide, manage, or work on systems to maintain and improve the daily lives of people.
From the mass production of the automobile to space travel, the Telephone, and the Internet, and from bioengineered foods to clean water, engineers’ expertise has improved the quality of our lives.
Hopefully, this blog elaborating on the major Engineering branches helped you understand the different fields that you can choose from. If you are unsure about which branch of Engineering is the right one for you, Leverage Edu experts can help you in finding an ideal course that aligns with your passion for Engineering to build an incredible career in this field.