Engineering Branches

Engineering Branches

Every year, millions of students pursue a Bachelor of Engineering or BTech to start a career in one of the most opted degree courses after 12th Science. Engineering is a discipline that requires the application of mathematical methods, scientific theories, and empirical evidence to create, analyze, and design technological solutions. However, one of the most important questions to ask yourself when deciding to pursue Engineering is: ‘Which branch suits my career and personal needs the best?’ Most of the time, students end up choosing a branch that is considered popular instead of going for a field that suits their professional and personal aspirations. This usually occurs when one does not have all the required resources or knowledge to come to an informed decision. So, here are all the details about the different Engineering branches to help you make the right choice!

Understanding the Diverse Engineering Branches  

We tend to believe the myth that choosing Mechanical or Civil Engineering is the only way of ensuring high paying jobs. In order to clear your confusion, it is important that you understand how to choose the right one from different Engineering branches.

  • Figure out what interests you, the domains that you are inclined towards, and the types of work profile or responsibilities that attract you.
  • Facts like the number of hours spent by a professional in this job and the scope for growth in that profile must be considered while choosing one of the Engineering branches.
  • Don’t follow the herd and rather, identify your strengths and weakness and choose a course accordingly.

List of Engineering Branches

Major Engineering Branches
Major Engineering Branches

With different types of industries on a rise, the need for engineers with specific skill sets and understanding of a particular industry has increased. We have listed down the types of Engineering branches that you can choose from: 

Aeronautical Engineering Textile Engineering Mechatronics Engineering
Civil Engineering Robotics Engineering Power Engineering
Aerospace Engineering Mechanical Engineering Structural Engineering
Industrial Engineering Marine Engineering Petroleum Engineering
Automobile Engineering Production Engineering Metallurgical Engineering
Ceramic Engineering Biomedical Engineering Construction Engineering
Electronics Engineering Marine Engineering Tool Engineering
Telecommunication Engineering Environmental Engineering Transportation Engineering
Communications Engineering Biotechnology Engineering Electrical Engineering
Computer Science Engineering Chemical Engineering Mining Engineering

Mechatronics Engineering

This Engineering discipline is closely interlinked to other branches. Mechatronics Engineering includes subjects like Electronics, Telecommunications, Control Systems, and Mechanical Engineering. The subject focuses on different Engineering aspects such as real-time computer interfacing, controllers and actuators, sensors and modelling. A Mechatronics engineer has the liberty to work in any sector suitable, including Artificial Intelligence.

Computer Science Engineering

This branch is known for the designing and prototyping of different computing devices and related systems. It mainly deals with different methods of incorporating computing logic into physical systems after being translated properly. Computer Science Engineering deals with mapping information through the systematic study of algorithmic methods. The mapped information includes design, theory, application, implementation, and efficiency. Further, it also deals with the study of designing and the implementation of environments that are distributed for making multimedia into a stream of data. 

Mechanical Engineering

This branch of Engineering encompasses all the machines and systems and studies their designing, manufacturing, operation, and maintenance processes. The field of Mechanical Engineering is evolving with technological development in sectors such as manufacturing, machine design, aerospace systems, energy conservation, and fluid mechanics. Industries like air conditioning, power plants, heavy industrial machines, automobiles, and even the simplest of household appliances, come under Mechanical Engineering. Not only restricted to MS in Mechanical Engineering, but you can also explore various courses after Mechanical Engineering to build a flourishing career!

Electronics Engineering

Electronic engineers are required to design, research and help in the development of electronic components as well as equipment in different industries such as manufacturing (industrial machinery and programmable logic controls) and communications like radio, mobile phones, TV, and satellite communication along with data communication like ATM machines, laptop, etc. You are also required to work on medical instruments as well as transportation devices like navigation, etc. Home appliances also come under the expertise area of electronics engineers. 

How is it Different from Electrical Engineering?

This branch is completely different from Electrical Engineering which deals with concepts related to devices and systems of electrical systems as well as the usage of electricity. The Electrical Engineering syllabus imparts knowledge in relation to concepts such as electromagnetism for the transmission, generation, storage, processing, control, and conversion of energy as well as valuable information. 

Civil Engineering

This Engineering branch deals with construction as well as designing of different physical structures. It is considered as one of the oldest Engineering branches. Civil Engineering also includes learning and working on projects like canals, roads, bridges, buildings, and dams. All different branches like Biomechanics, Structural Engineering, Atmospheric Sciences, Environmental Engineering, Water Resources Engineering, Materials Engineering, Municipal Engineering, Control Engineering, Geophysics, and Transportation Engineering fall under this branch and can thus be categorised into different types of Civil Engineering!

Aerospace Engineering

One of the most sought-after engineering branches, Aerospace Engineering deals with the designing and construction of spacecraft and aircraft. It is subdivided into two different Engineering branches, namely Astronautical Engineering and Aeronautical Engineering. While Astronautical engineering is involved in crafts that operate outside the earth’s atmosphere, Aeronautical Engineering deals with the crafts that operate within the earth’s atmosphere. Basically Aerospace Engineering is involved in designing, maintenance, construction, testing, and development of rockets, aeroplanes, helicopters, and satellites. Not only restricted to USA or Australia, but you can also explore Aerospace Engineering in Germany!

Automobile Engineering

One of the key Engineering branches, Automobile Engineering deals with the designing and construction of transportation of vehicles. It is a branch derived from Mechanical Engineering. Automobile Engineering deals with the development, designing, production, manufacturing, repairing, testing, management, and control of cars and their engines along with fuel management. The entire process right from the conceptual phase to the production stage is overseen by an automobile engineer. 

Biotechnology Engineering

BTech Biotechnology deals with the field of Applied Biology and Chemical Engineering principles. It involves the study of living organisms in medicine, engineering technology, and various other applications. Since this branch encompasses concepts of Genetic Engineering along with Cell and Tissue Technologies, the scope of Biotechnology is vast. It basically studies different technologies which are applied to various living cells, which is then used to produce products or enhance an existing product for its quality. 

Software Engineering

Software Engineering basically deals with a detailed study of design, development, maintenance and basic engineering of different software. It teaches you to deal with issues like low-quality software projects. As a software engineer, it is important that the application built is consistent, on time and corrects within the specified requirements. You are also expected to develop products that can be used by end-users and develop features that attract more users. The demand for software engineers is increasing to cater to the rapidly changing requirements of different users as well as the changing environment of the working application. 

Credits – Explorist (Youtube)


Which is considered as the best engineering branch?

1. Mechanical Engineering
2. Computer Science Engineering
3. Civil Engineering
4. Electrical and Electronics Engineering
5. Aerospace Engineering
6. Aeronautical Engineering
7. Software Engineering
8. Chemical Engineering
9. Engineering Physics

Which are the most trending engineering branches?

1. Robotics and Automation Engineering
2. Nanoscience Engineering
3. Biomedical Engineering
4. Textile Engineering
5. Mechatronics Engineering
6. Biomechanical Engineering
7. Environmental Engineering
8. Materials Science Engineering
9. Paper Engineering
10. Engineering Management

Which engineering branches have high demand?

1. Biotechnology
2. Mechanical Engineering
3. Civil Engineering
4. Computer Science Engineering
5. Electronic and Communication Engineering

Hopefully, this blog elaborating on the major Engineering branches helped you understand the different fields that you can choose from. If you are unsure about which branch of Engineering is the right one for you, Leverage Edu experts can help you in finding an ideal course that aligns with your passion for Engineering to build an incredible career in this field.

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  1. I would like to thank the author of this post for giving thorough information on engineering and its various branches, as it is very helpful for aspiring engineering graduates. CMR University – School of Engineering & Technology offers various courses in different fields such as civil engineering, mechanical engineering, IT, ECE, CSE and more. The programmes are carefully designed to bridge the gap between industry and curriculum. The curriculum is also designed according to the industry requirements. The faculty includes eminent industry leaders who visit the campus to share their experiences. For more information on CMR engineering programmes, you can click on link Top Engineering colleges in Bangalore

    1. Hi Bishu!

      The minimum criteria for diploma in Engineering is 10 + 2 with Maths, Physics and Chemistry with minimum 50 % from a recognised board. Hope this helps!

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