Civil Engineering is a branch of engineering which deals with the physical environment. It involves designing, maintaining, analysing and developing the physical environment. The physical environment can include roads, dams, bridges, canals, apartments, sewerage systems, hyperloop structures, railway bridges, caves, tunnels, and pipelines. There are other types of civil engineering as well. You can choose the right field based on your interest. In this blog, we will take a look at civil engineering as a career option as well as the different types of civil engineering to help you gain clarity.
This Blog Includes:
Types of Civil Engineering
After exploring the beneficial aspects of a career in civil engineering, let’s take a look at different types of civil engineering branches:
- Construction and Management Engineering
- Geotechnical Engineering
- Structural Engineering
- Transport Engineering
- Water Engineering
- Environmental Engineering
- Coastal Engineering
- Earthquake Engineering
- Forensic Engineering
- Highway Engineering
- Civil Engineering with Architecture
Management and Construction Engineering
This type of Civil Engineering includes constructing structures and the management of all tasks related to Construction engineering. This field has an increased business risk than other fields as civil engineers take up huge contracts that can give rewards and losses in the end. The management of moving materials from one place to another also comes under this field.
This type of Civil Engineering is related to analyzing and designing the structures of physical infrastructures like bridges, overpasses, complex platforms for railway lines, offshore structures like oil, and gas fields in the sea, etc. In analyzing and designing aspects of Structural Engineering, a civil engineer has to make measurements and assumptions about the pressures and loads that the structures will have in their lifetime, their future impacts and how they can be safe for long-term use.
Transportation Engineering is concerned with designing transportation systems that are efficient in functioning and sustainable. The transportation system can be public or private. It includes transportation structures for streets, air transportation, tunnels, overpasses, railways, etc. It consists of fields like transportation planning, pavement engineering and infrastructure management.
Water engineering is about understanding how natural water bodies react to human intervention. This can lead to the conservation of potable water which is depleting rapidly. Nowadays, it is focused on the prevention of floods, and drought, and understanding the nature of coastal waters.
Amongst the varied types of Civil Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering is concerned with exploring the ground properties on which a construction project is to be made. Checking the soil quality, the quality of the stones and will the construction be able to hold the project safely. It is the job of a geotechnical engineer to detect any vulnerabilities. After understanding all these aspects, a Geotechnical Engineering assesses the feasibility of a project.
Environmental Engineering involves nature conservation and protection-related activities like green engineering, pollution elimination, solid waste treatment, handling hazardous waste materials, and protection of densely populated areas, and natural resources situated in densely populated areas, amongst others.
Coastal engineering is concerned with the management and protection of coastal areas from floods, erosion and other environmental factors. A coastal engineer is expected to apply certain techniques that help in the protection of the area.
It involves producing and designing an infrastructure or a project in such a way that it can withstand the hazardous effects of an earthquake. Civil engineers are in huge demand in earthquake-prone areas like Japan.
This field comprises the inspection of different types of materials that are used while constructing a physical infrastructure. It also involves retracing the process of construction to know what went wrong and where it went wrong so that it can be improved and avoided in the future.
The importance of roads, highways and tunnels is quite evident in our lives. Thus, a dedicated branch of Civil Engineering is created altogether to specialize in the making of these structures. Highway Engineering majorly deals with the construction of roads, highways and tunnels using basic techniques like planning, designing, constructing and operating. Roadways are one of the major means of transportation, thus, the safety and commutes of people and goods are in the hands of the constructors.
Types of Civil Engineering Projects
There are five branches in the projects of civil engineering. They include construction and management, structural, geotechnical, water, and architecture. All these projects require different expertise, and extensive knowledge of maths, and physics to make the overall projects a success.
Average Salary of Different Civil Engineering Fields
Each Civil Engineering field has a different concentration of work and hence a different package that professionals receive. Here is a table that shows the average salary of each Civil Engineering type for you:
|Average Salary in India(INR)
|Management and Construction Engineering
Types of Civil Engineering Courses
A wide array of programs are offered in different types of Civil Engineering for those who want to explore this field in detail. Here are the different types of Civil Engineering courses for building a rewarding career in this field:
- BSc/BTech in Civil Engineering
- Bachelor in Civil Engineering
- BEng in Civil Engineering
- Diploma in Civil Engineering
- Master in Structural Engineering
- MSc in Structural Engineering
- MEng in Civil Engineering
- PhD in Civil Engineering
Civil Engineering as a Career
Civil engineering as a career has many benefits, some of which are as follows-
- Civil engineering is a rewarding career in terms of pay and other metrics. Engineers working on critical projects earn well and handsomely. As there are many types of civil engineering fields, you have a variety of choices to choose from.
- If you are inclined towards creative pursuits, then this field is an interesting one to pursue. You can make your contributions in the way of creative infrastructure. You will also get appreciation from the people who will see your work.
- Civil engineering gives you a great chance to contribute to society. Civil engineers play an important role in building the infrastructure of a community which leads to its development. Skilled civil engineers can change the scenario of a city by building amazing infrastructure.
- Civil engineers are always in high demand as infrastructure needs to be maintained and updated from time to time. They are required more in developing countries, as these countries intend to build infrastructure to facilitate development.
- You will also get various travel opportunities to explore the world as a civil engineer. Your work will be difficult to replicate and can even find a chief place in world history.
Top Universities for Civil Engineering Courses
The table below shows the top Civil Engineering colleges and universities in the world as per the QS University Rankings for Civil and Structural Engineering 2023. Please note that as of now, the Civil and Structural Engineering rankings are available for the year 2023. We will update this article with the 2024 rankings once they are available.
|QS University Rankings 2023 for Civil and Structural Engineering
|Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
|Delft University of Technology
|University of Cambridge
|University of California, Berkeley
|Imperial College London
|Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore)
|ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology
|Politecnico di Milano
|National University of Singapore (NUS)
Ans. Here are the top 10 highest-paying jobs for Civil Engineers:
– Engineering Project Managers
– Senior Civil Engineer
– Engineering Managers
– Civil Engineer
– Engineering Inspectors and Regulatory Officers
– Civil Engineering Drafter
Ans. Civil Engineering is a vast field which can further be divided into many branches. Here are some of the popular divisions in the field:
1. Construction Engineering
2. Structural Engineering
3. Transportation Engineering
4. Geotechnical Engineering
5. Water Resources Engineering
6. Environmental Engineering
Ans. The 4 main types of engineering disciplines are Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Computer Science.
Ans. These are the popular countries offering the highest salaries to Civil Engineers:
Civil engineering has a wider scope because of the sheer number of types of civil engineering fields you can explore. If you are still confused about which field of civil engineering is right for you, the Leverage Edu experts can assist you in finding a suitable field. Many Indian students dream of pursuing education in foreign nations due to the exposure and career growth they offer. Consider joining a free counselling session with Leverage Edu if you plan to study abroad.