Types of Civil Engineering

Types of Civil Engineering

Civil Engineering is a type of engineering which deals with the physical environment. It involves designing, maintenance, analysis and development of the physical environment. The physical environment can include roads, dams, bridges, canals, apartments, sewerage systems, hyperloop structures, railway bridges, caves, tunnels, and pipelines. There are other types of civil engineering as well. You can choose the right field on the basis of your interest. In this blog, we will take a look at civil engineering as a career option as well as the different types of civil engineering to help you gain clarity.

Benefits of Civil Engineering as a Career

Civil engineering as a career has many benefits, some of which are as follows-

  • Civil engineering is a rewarding career in terms of pay and other metrics. Engineers working on critical projects earn well and handsomely. As there are many types of civil engineering fields, you have a variety of choices to choose from.
  • If you are inclined towards creative pursuits, then this field is an interesting one to pursue. You can make your contributions in the way of creative infrastructure. You will also get appreciation from the people who will see your work.
  • Civil engineering gives you a great chance to contribute to the society. Civil engineers play an important role in building the infrastructure of a community which leads to its development. Skilled civil engineers can change the scenario of a city by building amazing infrastructure.
  • Civil engineers are always in high demand as infrastructure needs to be maintained and updated from time to time. They are required more in developing countries, as these countries intend to build infrastructure to facilitate development.
  • You will also get various travel opportunities to explore the world as a civil engineer. Your work will be difficult to replicate and can even find a chief place in world history.

Also read – Trending Courses After Engineering That You Must Consider

After exploring the beneficial aspects of a career in civil engineering, let’s take a look at different types of civil engineering fields:

Management and Construction Engineering

This type of Civil Engineering includes constructing structures and the management of all tasks related to construction engineering. This field has an increased business risk than other fields as civil engineers take up huge contracts that can give rewards and losses on the extreme end. The management of moving materials from one place to another also comes under this field.

Structural Engineering

This type of Civil Engineering is related to analyzing and designing the structures of physical infrastructures like bridges, overpasses, complex platforms for railway lines, offshore structures like oil, gas fields in the sea, etc. In analyzing and designing aspects of this field, a civil engineer has to make measurements and assumptions about the pressures and loads that the structures will have in its lifetime, its future impacts and how it can be safe for long-term use.

Transportation Engineering

It is concerned with designing transportation systems that are efficient in functioning and sustainable. The transportation system can be public or private. It includes transportation structures for streets, air transportation, tunnels, overpasses, railways, etc. It consists of fields like transportation planning, pavement engineering and infrastructure management.

Water Engineering

Water engineering is about understanding how natural water bodies react to human intervention. This can lead to the conservation of potable water which is depleting rapidly. Nowadays, it is focused on the prevention of floods, drought, and understanding the nature of coastal waters.

Geotechnical Engineering

Amongst the varied types of Civil Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering is concerned with exploring the ground properties on which a construction project is to be made. Checking the soil quality, the quality of the stones and will the construction be able to hold the project safely. It is the job of a geotechnical engineer to detect any vulnerabilities. After understanding all these aspects, a Geotechnical Engineering assesses the feasibility of a project.

Environmental Engineering

It involves the protection-related activities related to the environment like green engineering, pollution elimination, solid waste treatment, handling hazardous waste materials, protection of densely populated areas, and natural resources situated in densely populated areas, amongst others.

Coastal Engineering

Coastal engineering is concerned with the management and protection of coastal areas from floods, erosion and other environmental factors. A coastal engineer is expected to apply certain techniques that help in the protection of the area.

Earthquake Engineering

It involves producing and designing an infrastructure or a project in such a way that it can withstand the hazardous effects of an earthquake. Civil engineers are in huge demand in earthquake-prone areas like Japan.

Forensic Engineering 

This field comprises of the inspection of different types of materials that are used while constructing a physical infrastructure. It also involves retracing the process of construction to know what went wrong and where it went wrong so that it can be improved and avoided in the future.

Civil engineering has a wider scope because of the sheer number of the types of civil engineering fields you can explore. If you are still confused about which field of civil engineering is right for you, the Leverage Edu experts can assist you in finding a suitable field, applying for an ideal course and kickstarting your career in civil engineering from a renowned university.

  1. Nice informative, It is a field that deals with the application of mathematics, science, and technology to build projects which makes life easy and enjoyable.

    1. Well said Prashant, Civil Engineering definitely is an application of science, technology, mathematics and other related disciplines.

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