MBBS Subjects

MBBS Subjects

There is no better work than serving mankind and doctors are playing a crucial role in curing a wide range of diseases, enhancing global healthcare by diagnosing and healing. These professionals work hard towards eradicating the healthcare emergencies that arise due to many reasons like pandemics, traumas, war injuries, accidents, and maternity, etc. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, popularly known as MBBS is an undergraduate program that offers a study of a wide range of subjects under the MBBS Syllabus. To seek admission to the degree program, you need to have passed 12th class exams with BiPC subjects. Here is the blog that elucidates the key attributes such as MBBS subjects, course highlights, and top universities

MBBS Subjects Overview

The Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery or MBBS is a professional degree program that trains you in the field of Medical Sciences. The duration of the program can stretch 5-6 years. Considered one of the most popular degrees, MBBS requires hard work and dedication throughout the course of study and during practice. The undergraduate course is the amalgam of a range of topics that include surgical procedures, studying human anatomy, medicine, and pediatrics. The MBBS syllabus is stretched over 9-11 semesters with each semester of 6 months. In the final year of the degree, you are required to complete the mandatory internship program at a hospital to sharpen your skills in the field. 

Find out the ways to pursue MBBS from Abroad!

19 Subjects of MBBS

There are nineteen subjects in the entire course of MBBS. Here are the subjects:

Anatomy Psychiatry
Biochemistry Dermatology
Physiology Obstetrics and Gynecology
Community Medicine Paediatrics
Forensic Medicine Surgery and allied subjects
Pathology Clinical postings
Pharmacology Anesthesiologist
Microbiology Radiology
Clinical postings Ophthalmology

MBBS Syllabus

The MBBS syllabus is very vast and comprehensively covers the core concepts of both Medicine and Surgery. The curriculum is designed to impart extensive knowledge in an array of medical-related topics and equip the students with the skills relevant to the industry thus helping you prosper in the field of Medicine.

Pre-Clinical: The first two semesters of an MBBS degree program form the pre-clinical studies. It includes syllabus like Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology, Biophysics, etc. The introductory phase will help you in getting started with intensive learning by covering the majority of basic concepts and the fundamentals of the healthcare profession. It is mandatory to qualify the first pre-clinical phase of the degree to enter the second phase.

Para-Clinical: The next phase of the degree program is thepara-clinical level which runs for 3 semesters. The subjects taught at this level include Community Medicine, Forensic Medicine, Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Clinical postings, OPDs, etc.

Clinical: The final academic portion of the MBBS syllabus comprises the clinical phase. This level stretches from the 5th to 9th semester where the core focus is placed on studying the specializations in both medicine and surgery. The MBBS syllabus taught in the clinical phase consists of medicine allied subjects like Psychiatry, Dermatology, Obstetrics, and Gynaecology and Paediatrics. Apart from these, it also includes Surgery allied subjects like anesthesiology, ENT, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics. 

MBBS Course Structure

The duration of MBBS is 5.5 years in India which is divided into 9 semesters of 6 months each followed by Internship or Professional Training of 12 months in India. The MBBS course structure abroad can vary to great extend as per the country you choose. Get in touch with Leverage Edu experts to check the country-wise MBBS course structure. Let us explore the MBBS course structure in India: 

Name Semester Subjects
Pre Clinical  Semester 1 – 2 Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology
Para Clinical Semester 3 – 5 Community Medicine, Forensic Medicine, Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Clinical postings, OPDs
Clinical Semester 6 – 9  Community medicine and allied subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology), Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pediatrics, Surgery and allied subjects, Clinical postings

12 months Rotatory Internship

The clinical phase marks the end of the theoretical aspect of the degree and is followed by the mandatory internship program. It provides a platform for students to put their learned skills in practice. The internship period lasts for one year at the end of which the MBBS degree is awarded to the students. Under the guidance of your supervisor, you are apprenticed to a senior doctor in a hospital where you learn practical concepts on a number of specializations like Medicine, Surgery, Pediatrics, Gynaecology, etc. MBBS subjects that are a part of the Internship Schedule are given below: 

Subject Name Duration
Medicine 1.5 Months
Ophthalmology 15 Days
Surgery 1.5 Months
Anaesthesiology 15 Days
Paediatrics 1 Month
Obstetrics and Gynaecology 1 Month
Rural 3 Months
Casualty 1 Month
Elective  2 Months

The course structure and topics are subjected to change as per from university to university.

MBBS Subjects [Topic-Wise List]

The MBBS syllabus includes an array of subjects that not only strengthens the basic knowledge about different medical courses but also provides training in ethical practices. Listed below are some of the essential subjects taught in one of the most popular Medical Science courses:

MBBS Phase I Syllabus

Subject Topics
Biochemistry Biological cell, Biomolecules, Enzymes, Metabolic pathways,
their regulation and metabolic interrelationships,
Food assimilation and nutrition, Hormones, Molecular Biology,
Molecular Biology, Immunology, Environmental biochemistry.
Anatomy Microanatomy, Gross anatomy, Embryology and Genetics, Neuroanatomy
Physiology General Physiology, Nerve–Muscle, Blood, Respiratory System,
Cardiovascular System, Gastrointestinal System, Nutrition,
Environmental Physiology, Reproduction, Kidney, Neurophysiology, Yoga

MBBS Phase II Syllabus

Subject Topics
Community Medicine Ineffective dermatoses, Infective dermatoses, Infestations,
Melanin synthesis, Allergic disorders, Drug eruptions, urticaria,
erythema multi-forme, Vesiculo-bullous diseases, Epidermopoisis,
Psoriasis, Pathogenesis, Syphilis, Gonococcal and Non-gonococcal infections,
HIV infection, Dermatological Emergencies
Forensic Medicine& Toxicology Forensic Medicine, Toxicology
Pathology General Pathology, Systemic Pathology, Practical
Pharmacology General Pharmacology, Autonomic nervous system &
The peripheral nervous system, Central nervous system, Autacoids,
Cardiovascular system, Gastrointestinal and respiratory system,
Hormones, Chemotherapy, Miscellaneous
Microbiology Neck region, Arteries, Veins, Breast, Oesophagus,
Stomach and duodenum, Small intestine, Colon and rectum,
Appendix, Acute abdomen, Urology, Skin

MBBS Phase III Syllabus

Subject Topics
Anesthesiology Preoperative evaluation & optimization, Skills I/V, Cannulation, Oropharyngeal/Nasopharyngeal Airway insertion,
Bag-Mask Ventilation, Attaching pulse oximeter, BP cuff
and ECG electrodes and setting up a monitor
Dermatology and Venereology Behavioral Sciences, Health Education, Environment,
Biostatistics, Epidemiology, Nutrition, Rehabilitation,
Epidemiology of Communicable Diseases And
Non-communicable Diseases, Important National Health
Programs, Occupational Health, Health Administration,
Health Economics, Geriatrics, Counselling Maternal & Child Health
Medicine Clinical Pharmacology, Nutritional and metabolic disorders,
Water, electrolyte and acid-base imbalance, Critical care Medicine,
Pain management and palliative care, Medical Psychiatry,
Poisonings, Specific environmental and occupational hazards,
Immune response and Infections, Cardiovascular system
Obstetrics and Gynaecology Basic Sciences, Obstetrics, Gynaecology, Contraception,
Neonatology and Recent Advances
Ophthalmology Microbiology in relation to eye, Pathology in relation to eye,
Pharmacology in relation to eye, Disorders of the Lid,
Disorders of the Lacrimal Apparatus, Conjunctivitis &
Ophthalmia Neonatorum, Trachoma & Another chronic conjunctivitis,
Keratitis and corneal ulcers, Corneal ulcer, Scleritis & Episcleritis
Orthopaedics Pediatric orthopedics, Orthopaedic Oncology,
Management of Trauma, Sports Medicine, Physical Medicine
and Rehabilitation, Orthopedic Neurology, Disorders of Spine,
Radiology, Fracture
Paediatrics Vital statistics, Growth and development, Nutrition, Immunization,
Infectious diseases, Hematology, Respiratory system,
Gastro-Intestinal Tract, Central Nervous System, Cardiovascular system,
Genito-Urinary System, Neonatology, Pediatrics Emergencies,
Fluid-Electrolyte, Genetics, Behavioral Problems, Pediatrics Surgical
Problems, Therapeutics
Otorhinolaryngology Oral cavity and oropharynx, Ear, Instruments, Operative Procedures,
Surgery Bacteriology, Bacterial Staining, and Cultivation, Common
Tests for Bacterial identification, parasitology, Virology,
Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Infection, Mycology,
Common Laboratory Methods for Diagnosis of Fungal Infections,
Collection of Transport of Samples, Host-Parasite relationship,
Bacterial and Viral Genetics, Immunity to infection, Immunodiagnosis,
Vaccines, Sterilisation, and disinfection, Bacteriology of water and air, Microorganisms associated with gastrointestinal infections,
Gastrointestinal infections caused by parasites, Microbiology
Psychiatry Behavioural Sciences, Emotion and its application to health,
Cognitive process and memory, psychiatric disorders,
personality disorders, Schizophrenia, Bipolar disorders,
Depression, Anxiety neurosis, phobia and OCD Head

Here is a description of popular MBBS subjects that are an essential part of this course:

Neuroanatomy, Microanatomy, and Genetics all are comprehensively dealt with in the Anatomy course. Here, the student learns about the tissues and organs, their types, their internal structure and learn about various relationships among them in the human body. This MBBS course also deals extensively with the central nervous system’s basic composition. Genetic configuration, inheritance, and mutations are some of the other topics.

Genetics is so vast that it deserves a whole course. Cell division, DNA, chromosomes, gene classification, sex determination, abnormalities and birth-related diseases, genital development from conception till birth and syndromes connected to genetic mutations and are all discussed under the head of genetics. Genetical research is still expanding and there is huge scope for students willing to make a career in it.

MBBS students in the subject of biochemistry are primarily taught about cell structure and the components within the cell. It is concerned with the chemical composition and function of biomolecules. It also deals with body enzymes, metabolism and the molecular makeup of antibodies in the body. Environmental hazards and their effects are also given an introduction.

One of the core subjects of the entire MBBS course, this instructs students on the basic systems of the human body such as the respiratory system, cardiovascular system, reproduction, nerves and muscles, blood, and much more. Practical sessions on blood, nerves, muscles, special senses etc are conducted to give much-needed insight into how these organs actually function.

Forensic Medicine
With the integration of medicinal techniques into criminology and forensics, there has emerged a steadily developing and necessary field. Students are taught about death, and types of deaths, procedures of medical examination, postmortem technique and medicolegal aspects of cases. The basic rationale behind is to help law enforcement with any help related to a case.

Infections and diseases caused by foreign particles are discussed under the head of microbiology. A student learns about types of infections, host-parasite relationship, the transmission of infections, immunity towards a specific infective body and other important specifics in order to perform preventive and curative measures.

Also Read: Career in Microbiology

Under pathology, an MBBS student learns in detail about cell injury, cell inflammation and repair and various diseases and disorders. Starting from common diseases like dysentery and fungal infections, it covers serious and life-threatening conditions like AIDS, rheumatic heart disease, tumours and herpes. 

This is the study of drug or medicine administration. A doctor needs to be well aware and judge the patient, the disease, dosage, its effects and side effects before suggesting a particular drug. Here, a student is given training in the selection of a drug, its effects on the body and how to take into account various patient profiles so that side effects may be minimised. Practicals undertaken are extremely significant in this phase.

Community Medicine
A doctor practices medicine for the treatment and betterment of the community. Towards the community, he must practice with a sense of utmost responsibility and commitment. He must propagate the importance of cleanliness, sanitation, health and hygiene in the community. He may also collect and study the prevalent conditions of his community and better understand the extent of health hazards.

All MBBS students are provided with a foundational understanding of various surgical procedures and conditions. They are taught about when surgical conditions become necessary, tests to be carried out before operations and how to deal with complex situations involving pregnancy, haemorrhages, severe burns, septic shocks, etc.

MBBS Books

MBBS is a comprehensive course and you need different books for each subject. Let’s see some of the important books that can help you during your education in MBBS:

Top Universities

Medical College THE World University Rankings 2021 QS World Ranking 2022
University of Oxford #1 #2
Stanford University #2 =3
Harvard University #3 #5
Massachusetts Institute of Technology #5 #1
University of Cambridge #6 =3
Yale University  #8 =14
University of Chicago #10 #10
Imperial College London #11 #7
Johns Hopkins University #12 #25

How to get Admission to MBBS Course

In order to get admission to MBBS courses in India or abroad, you need to follow similar procedures:

  • You must have passed Class 12th with PCB or Physics, Chemistry and Biology with at least 50% marks.
  • Your minimum age in India should be 17 years and the maximum age limit in India is 25 years.
  • You need to take NEET exam as it is compulsory for getting admission in any medical college in India or abroad. 
  • For MBBS abroad, especially in English speaking countries, you need to pass the english proficiency test like IELTS, TOEFL, PTE, etc.

Which Country is Best for MBBS?

There are several other choices to pursue MBBS from abroad. Given below is the list of popular study destinations for MBBS:

MBBS Scope

Once you have completed the rigorous course of MBBS, you will have several opportunities and scopes in your career. You can work in different sectors and industries like:

  • Hospitals
  • Clinics
  • Research Labs
  • Medical Colleges
  • Pharmaceutical Companies
  • Biotechnology Companies
  • Nursing Homes

Aldo Read: Is MBA after MBBS a good option?

MBBS Career Opportunities

MBBS provides several career options that you can choose from. However, you need to do an MD for most of these career paths:


How many subjects are there in MBBS?

There are various subjects in MBBS such as Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology, Microbiology, Forensic Medicine, Genetics, Community Medicine etc. The course structure followed in MBBS includes three phrases: Pre-Clinical, Para-Clinical and Clinical.

Is MBBS difficult?

Yes, MBBS is one of the toughest courses in the world.

What are the subjects in first year MBBS?

Subjects like Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry are taught in the first year of MBBS in India.

Is there Physics in MBBS?

Yes, Physics is a vital part of MBBS in India along with Biology and Chemistry.

Hope this blog helped you to acquire all the necessary information regarding the MBBS subjects if you also want to become a medical doctor  and are confused about how to proceed to get in touch with experts at Leverage Edu that will not only help you to prepare for this prestigious exam but also will help you to find the right university where you can make your dream come true

Loading comments...
10,000+ students realised their study abroad dream with us. Take the first step today.
Talk to an expert for FREE

You May Also Like