Anatomy is a branch of medicine that includes the study of the physical structure of humans and animals. It involves dissection, observation, and identification of a complete living body. MD in Anatomy is the post-graduate level of study. It prepares the specialists who become the researchers and professors of this advanced field. According to The Scientist Magazine, “scientists have revealed new parts of the human body and overturned previous misconceptions.”. This is done with the use of advanced methods and tools. These types of researches by scientists have made this field a lot more desirable and pursuable among medical students.
|Eligibility Criteria||M.B.B.S. with 55% aggregate|
|Scope after MD Anatomy||Army, Healthcare, Nursing, Research|
|Average Salary||INR 10 LPA (depending upon sector)|
This Blog Includes:
- MD in Anatomy
- Syllabus and Subjects
- Eligibility Criteria
- Top Universities for MD in Anatomy Abroad
- Top Universities for MD Anatomy in India
- Syllabus and Course Structure
- Application Process
- Documents Required
- Courses after MD Anatomy
- Scope of MD Anatomy in India and Abroad
- Career Prospects
- Popular Books for MD Anatomy
- MD Anatomy vs MS Anatomy
MD in Anatomy
Anatomy is made from two words, ‘ana’ and ‘tome’, which means ‘a cutting’. Hence, it deals with the study of living structures, whether humans, animals, or plants by dissecting them.
MD Anatomy is the post-graduate course that makes successful researchers of the field. It gives knowledge about different subcategories like embryology, histology, anthropology, etc.
It is a vast hub of medical knowledge and research. You should pursue this field if you have an academic bent of mind and are ready to work hard to realize your goals.
Syllabus and Subjects
This field is divided into various categories
|Immunology||Radiology, surface marking||Histochemical methods|
|Gross anatomy||Cytogenetics||Applied anatomy|
- The candidate must have an M.B.B.S. degree with a minimum of 55% aggregate or equivalent CGPA.
- Some colleges or universities have their own entrance exams for admission.
- National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test (NEET) is such an entrance examination that is held for different medical courses at different levels.
- To apply for International colleges, MCAT is one entrance exam.
Also Read: Medical Courses Without NEET
Top Universities for MD in Anatomy Abroad
Following are some of the top universities you can consider along with the QS World Rankings.
|University of Oxford, UK||4|
|University of Cambridge, UK||2|
|Stanford University, USA||3|
|Columbia University, New York, USA||22|
|Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore,USA||24|
|University of Toronto, Canada||34|
|UCL, London, UK||8|
|Duke University, Durham, USA||50|
|University of California, Los Angeles, USA||44|
|McGill University; Montreal, Canada||46|
Also Read: UCLA vs USC
Top Universities for MD Anatomy in India
|All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi||1|
|Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh||2|
|Christian Medical College, Vellore Tamil Nadu||3|
|National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bangalore Karnataka||4|
|Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow UP||5|
|Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi UP||6|
|Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Kochi Kerala||7|
|Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry Puducherry||8|
|Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Karnataka||9|
|King George’s Medical University, Lucknow UP||10|
Syllabus and Course Structure
|PAPER I General: Anatomy|
|Tissues of the body|
|Muscle & Fascia|
|Principles governing arterial, venous and lymphatic pathways|
|Innervations of blood vessels|
|Detailed gross anatomy of the human body, including cross sectional anatomy, anatomical basis of clinical conditions|
|Embalming and museum techniques|
|Principles involved in plain radiography|
|Special investigative procedures and newer imaging techniques such as ultrasound, C-T scans, M.R.I, PET|
|PAPER II: Embryology|
|Special embryology of all the systems of the body including variations and congenital anomalies|
|Structures of chromosomes|
|Structure of genes|
|Basic molecular genetics|
|Common genetic disorders|
|Histological and museum techniques|
|Microscopes all types|
|Care and maintenance of light microscope|
|Special histology of the systems of the body including their electron microscopic appearance|
|Preparation and processing of tissue for histological study|
|PAPER III: Neuroanatomy|
|Structural organization of various parts of nervous system with particular reference to their connections and functions|
|Localization and effect of lesions in different parts of the central nervous system and nerve injuries|
|Cross section of brain at various levels|
|Ventricles of brain|
|Cranial nerves, connections, functions and distributions|
|PAPER IV: Applied anatomy including radio anatomy and recent advances|
|Applied aspects of human anatomy including surgical approaches to various structures and organs|
|Principles of newer imaging techniques|
|Determination of age, sex and race from skeletal remains|
|Determination of age of a living individual|
|Application of anatomical knowledge in fertility control|
|Immunological basis of tissue typing and organ transplant|
|Principles and interpretation of CT Scan, Sonographer and M.R.I.|
|Recent advances in medical sciences.|
|Embalming techniques including medico-legal aspects|
After completing MBBS, candidates appear for the NEET PG entrance examination for admissions in India. On clearing this exam, rounds of NEET counseling are held and you can get your desired college based on your rank. For overseas students, the MCAT exam is held after graduation. Later, certification and license are required to work.
For admissions in the USA, you need an MBBS degree and you need to apply for MCAT exam. You need to apply individually on each college website. You may need to pass an English Proficiency Test. Depending on the university’s requirement, you may be required to submit IELTS or TOEFL score. You will be called for an interview if you are shortlisted. If you clear the interview, just submit the requisite fee, and you are all set to join your Anatomy masters course in the USA.
Following documents are required to seek admission in the course.
- Academic transcripts
- Mark sheet with high school certificate
- Graduation certificate
- Migration certificate
- ST/SC certificate (if any)
- Provisional Degree if appeared for final exams
Also Read: Here’s a List of Important Documents Required to Study Abroad
Courses after MD Anatomy
After doing MD Anatomy successfully, you can join for Ph.D. (Anatomy) or MSc. You can also give the GRE exam, and go for higher degrees abroad.
Scope of MD Anatomy in India and Abroad
- This course provides a better understanding of human growth and development.
- It gives good insight into plants and animal organs too.
- There is a lot of scope in radiology and embryology.
- This field gives huge innovations in medicine and diagnosis.
- It opens various options for employment in institutions or self-practice.
- Similarly, there are multiple opportunities abroad too.
- Some of these include allergists, urologists, etc.
Top Employment Areas
There are various sectors where a post-graduate in Anatomy can be employed. These are:
- Healthcare sector
- Nursing homes
- Research sector
- Clinical services
Job Profiles and Salaries
Following are the prospective job opportunities after doing MD Anatomy and indicative starting salaries.
|Job Profile||Average Salary in India|
|Medical Coder||INR 3 LPA|
|Public Health Specialist||INR 8.19 LPA|
|Anatomy Reader||INR 6 LPA|
|Medical Transcriptionist||INR 2.98 LPA|
|Lecturer||INR 3 LPA|
The course uses educational methods and procedures to train medical students and paramedical staff, and it exhibits sufficient managerial abilities to create strong team leaders for teams working on both teaching and research projects.
The course offers a thorough understanding of all the body’s organ systems’ ontologies as well as the crucial stages of human growth and development.
Anatomy provides the door to lucrative job opportunities across a range of healthcare specialties, including optometry, chiropractic, and medicine, among others. Anatomy and physiology postgraduates who are successful may choose to work as instructors at colleges and universities.
Operating room technicians, allergists, genetic counsellors, physician assistants, acupuncturists, urologists, and cardiologists are just a few of the jobs they are hired for.
Country-wise Average Salary
If you hold an MD degree, following are the average salaries you can expect to earn in different countries.
|Country||Average Annual Salary|
|India||INR 10 Lakhs|
|Australia||AUD 200,000 (INR 1.07 cr)|
|New Zealand||NZD 149,000 (INR 76 Lakhs)|
|USA||USD 222,000 (INR 1.68 cr)|
|UK||GBP 97,000 (INR 97.10 Lakhs)|
|Canada||CAD 273,000 (INR 1.60 cr)|
Popular Books for MD Anatomy
There are various worthy books to attain a good knowledge of anatomy. They are listed below:
|Atlas of Human Anatomy||Frank H. Netter|
|Anatomy: A Photographic Atlas||Rohen|
|Clinical Anatomy: Applied Anatomy For Students and Junior Doctors||Harold Ellis, Vishy Mahadevan|
|The Anatomy Coloring Book||Wynn Kapit, Lawrence M. Elson|
|Moore’s Clinically Oriented Anatomy||Keith L. Moore|
|Thieme Anatomy: An Essential Textbook||Anne M. Gilroy|
|Color Atlas of Anatomy: A Photographic Study of the Human Body||Johannes W. Rohen , Chihiro Yokochi , Elke Lutjen-Drecoll|
|Grays Anatomy for Students||Adam Mitchell|
|Sobotta Atlas of Human Anatomy||Friedrich Paulsen, Jens Waschke|
MD Anatomy vs MS Anatomy
|MD Anatomy||MS Anatomy|
|Physician specialist degree||Surgery specialist degree|
|More of drug prescription||More of surgical duties|
|DM can be done after MD||MCh. can be done after MS|
The candidate must be holding an M.B.B.S. degree with minimum 55%.
National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) – PG is the entrance test for the national level. MCAT- If you are applying in the United States, Australia and Canada
One can pursue Ph.D. in Anatomy after MD. Also one can join a job as per his/her interest.
The best countries are United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia, Singapore, Gulf Countries, New Zealand, Canada and USA.
There has been a tremendous increase in innovations in medical science. This has been possible only because of researchers who have completed a doctorate. Anatomy as a field is developing due to tremendous research opportunities available. Hence, choosing a career in this field can prove to be a huge development personally as well as for society.The team at Leverage Edu is the best source of expert opinion. Click on the following link to choose the top colleges based on the AI course finder tool at Leverage Edu.