MD in Anatomy

7 minute read
All About the MD Anatomy

Anatomy is a branch of medicine that includes the study of the physical structure of humans and animals. It involves dissection, observation, and identification of a complete living body. MD in Anatomy is the post-graduate level of study. It prepares the specialists who become the researchers and professors of this advanced field. According to The Scientist Magazine, “scientists have revealed new parts of the human body and overturned previous misconceptions.”. This is done with the use of advanced methods and tools. These types of researches by scientists have made this field a lot more desirable and pursuable among medical students.

Course MD Anatomy
Degree Post-graduate
Eligibility Criteria M.B.B.S. with 55% aggregate
Duration 3 years
Scope after MD Anatomy Army, Healthcare, Nursing, Research
Average Salary INR 10 LPA (depending upon sector)

MD in Anatomy

Anatomy is made from two words, ‘ana’ and ‘tome’, which means ‘a cutting’. Hence, it deals with the study of living structures, whether humans, animals, or plants by dissecting them.

MD Anatomy is the post-graduate course that makes successful researchers of the field. It gives knowledge about different subcategories like embryology, histology, anthropology, etc.

It is a vast hub of medical knowledge and research. You should pursue this field if you have an academic bent of mind and are ready to work hard to realize your goals.

Syllabus and Subjects

This field is divided into various categories

Embryology Histology Neuroanatomy
Immunology Radiology, surface marking Histochemical methods
Gross anatomy Cytogenetics Applied anatomy

Eligibility Criteria

  • The candidate must have an M.B.B.S. degree with a minimum of 55% aggregate or equivalent CGPA.
  • Some colleges or universities have their own entrance exams for admission.
  • National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test (NEET) is such an entrance examination that is held for different medical courses at different levels.
  • To apply for International colleges, MCAT is one entrance exam.

Also Read: Medical Courses Without NEET

Top Universities for MD in Anatomy Abroad

Following are some of the top universities you can consider along with the QS World Rankings.

University QS Rank
University of Oxford, UK 4
University of Cambridge, UK 2
Stanford University, USA 3
Columbia University, New York, USA 22
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore,USA 24
University of Toronto, Canada 34
UCL, London, UK 8
Duke University, Durham, USA 50
University of California, Los Angeles, USA 44
McGill University; Montreal, Canada 46

Also Read: UCLA vs USC

Top Universities for MD Anatomy in India

University NIRF Rank
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 1
Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 2
Christian Medical College, Vellore Tamil Nadu 3
National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bangalore Karnataka 4
Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow UP 5
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi UP 6
Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Kochi Kerala 7
Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry Puducherry 8
Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Karnataka 9
King George’s Medical University, Lucknow UP 10

Syllabus and Course Structure

PAPER I General: Anatomy
Tissues of the body
General Osteology
Muscle & Fascia
Nervous system
Principles governing arterial, venous and lymphatic pathways
Innervations of blood vessels
Gross anatomy
Detailed gross anatomy of the human body, including cross sectional anatomy, anatomical basis of clinical conditions
Embalming and museum techniques
Radiological anatomy
Principles involved in plain radiography
Special investigative procedures and newer imaging techniques such as ultrasound, C-T scans, M.R.I, PET
PAPER II: Embryology
General embryology
Special embryology of all the systems of the body including variations and congenital anomalies
Structures of chromosomes
Structure of genes
Chromosomal aberrations
Basic molecular genetics
Common genetic disorders
Histological and museum techniques
Microscopes all types
Care and maintenance of light microscope
General histology
Special histology of the systems of the body including their electron microscopic appearance
Preparation and processing of tissue for histological study
PAPER III: Neuroanatomy
Structural organization of various parts of nervous system with particular reference to their connections and functions
Localization and effect of lesions in different parts of the central nervous system and nerve injuries
Cross section of brain at various levels
Ventricles of brain
Cranial nerves, connections, functions and distributions
PAPER IV: Applied anatomy including radio anatomy and recent advances
Applied aspects of human anatomy including surgical approaches to various structures and organs
Principles of newer imaging techniques
Determination of age, sex and race from skeletal remains
Determination of age of a living individual
Application of anatomical knowledge in fertility control
Immunological basis of tissue typing and organ transplant
Sectional anatomy
Principles and interpretation of CT Scan, Sonographer and M.R.I.
Surface anatomy
Museum techniques
Recent advances in medical sciences.
Embalming techniques including medico-legal aspects

Application Process

After completing MBBS, candidates appear for the NEET PG entrance examination for admissions in India. On clearing this exam, rounds of NEET counseling are held and you can get your desired college based on your rank. For overseas students, the MCAT exam is held after graduation. Later, certification and license are required to work.

For admissions in the USA, you need an MBBS degree and you need to apply for MCAT exam. You need to apply individually on each college website. You may need to pass an English Proficiency Test. Depending on the university’s requirement, you may be required to submit IELTS or TOEFL score. You will be called for an interview if you are shortlisted. If you clear the interview, just submit the requisite fee, and you are all set to join your Anatomy masters course in the USA.

Documents Required

 Following documents are required to seek admission in the course.

Also Read: Here’s a List of Important Documents Required to Study Abroad

Courses after MD Anatomy

After doing MD Anatomy successfully, you can join for Ph.D. (Anatomy) or MSc. You can also give the GRE exam, and go for higher degrees abroad.

Scope of MD Anatomy in India and Abroad

  • This course provides a better understanding of human growth and development.
  •  It gives good insight into plants and animal organs too.
  • There is a lot of scope in radiology and embryology.
  • This field gives huge innovations in medicine and diagnosis.
  • It opens various options for employment in institutions or self-practice.
  • Similarly, there are multiple opportunities abroad too.
  • Some of these include allergists, urologists, etc. 

Top Employment Areas

There are various sectors where a post-graduate in Anatomy can be employed. These are:

  • Army
  • Healthcare sector
  • Nursing homes
  • Research sector
  • Clinical services

Job Profiles and Salaries

Following are the prospective job opportunities after doing MD Anatomy and indicative starting salaries.

Job Profile Average Salary in India
Medical Coder INR 3 LPA
Public Health Specialist INR 8.19 LPA
Anatomy Reader INR 6 LPA
Medical Transcriptionist INR 2.98 LPA
Lecturer INR 3 LPA

Career Prospects

The course uses educational methods and procedures to train medical students and paramedical staff, and it exhibits sufficient managerial abilities to create strong team leaders for teams working on both teaching and research projects.

The course offers a thorough understanding of all the body’s organ systems’ ontologies as well as the crucial stages of human growth and development.
Anatomy provides the door to lucrative job opportunities across a range of healthcare specialties, including optometry, chiropractic, and medicine, among others. Anatomy and physiology postgraduates who are successful may choose to work as instructors at colleges and universities.

Operating room technicians, allergists, genetic counsellors, physician assistants, acupuncturists, urologists, and cardiologists are just a few of the jobs they are hired for.

Country-wise Average Salary

If you hold an MD degree, following are the average salaries you can expect to earn in different countries.

Country Average Annual Salary
India INR 10 Lakhs
Australia AUD 200,000 (INR 1.07 cr)
New Zealand NZD 149,000 (INR 76 Lakhs)
USA USD 222,000 (INR 1.68 cr)
UK GBP 97,000 (INR 97.10 Lakhs)
Canada CAD 273,000 (INR 1.60 cr)

There are various worthy books to attain a good knowledge of anatomy. They are listed below:

Book Author
Atlas of Human Anatomy Frank H. Netter
Anatomy: A Photographic Atlas Rohen
Clinical Anatomy: Applied Anatomy For Students and Junior Doctors Harold Ellis, Vishy Mahadevan
The Anatomy Coloring Book Wynn Kapit, Lawrence M. Elson
Moore’s Clinically Oriented Anatomy Keith L. Moore
Thieme Anatomy: An Essential Textbook Anne M. Gilroy
Color Atlas of Anatomy: A Photographic Study of the Human Body Johannes W. Rohen , Chihiro Yokochi , Elke Lutjen-Drecoll
Grays Anatomy for Students Adam Mitchell
Sobotta Atlas of Human Anatomy Friedrich Paulsen, Jens Waschke

MD Anatomy vs MS Anatomy

MD Anatomy MS Anatomy
Physician specialist degree Surgery specialist degree
More of drug prescription More of surgical duties
DM can be done after MD MCh. can be done after MS


What are the eligibility criteria for MD Anatomy?

The candidate must be holding an M.B.B.S. degree with minimum 55%.

What is the entrance test for admission in MD Anatomy?

National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) – PG is the entrance test for the national level. MCAT- If you are applying in the United States, Australia and Canada

What is the further scope of MD?

One can pursue Ph.D. in Anatomy after MD. Also one can join a job as per his/her interest.

Which are some of the top countries for job prospects after MD Anatomy?

The best countries are United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia, Singapore, Gulf Countries, New Zealand, Canada and USA.

There has been a tremendous increase in innovations in medical science. This has been possible only because of researchers who have completed a doctorate. Anatomy as a field is developing due to tremendous research opportunities available. Hence, choosing a career in this field can prove to be a huge development personally as well as for society.The team at Leverage Edu is the best source of expert opinion. Click on the following link to choose the top colleges based on the AI course finder tool at Leverage Edu.

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