Government Exams after 12th Science

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Government Exams After 12th Science

Completing your 12th examination is a milestone in itself, a phase to venture into the real world and build your career. Who doesn’t wish for a smooth, hassle-free life? We have often heard our parents motivating us to go for various government exams.

When it comes to preparing for competitive exams, there are a plethora of fields to get into, and deciding on one can be a tricky task. This blog post elucidates different government competitive exams after 12th Science to help you make a concise decision. 

List of Government Exams after 12th Science

For a student, the 10+2 examination is considered to be a threshold to the world of higher education with plenty of government opportunities for students to explore right after they step out of school. The Government of India recruits talented and qualified youth every year in several sectors.

We have listed down some of the popular government exams after 12th Science.

Railways Recruitment Exams Defence ExamsAssistant Loco Pilot, Railway Clerks, Railway Constables, and likewise.
-SSC Stenographer Exam
-SSC GD Exam
Lower Divisional Clerk (LDC)/ Junior
Secretariat Assistant (JSA)/Postal Assistant/
Sorting Assistant; Stenographer; General Duty Constables; Multi-tasking staff
Defense ExamsNDA & NA (I)Army, Navy, and Air Force wings of the NDA 
Indian NavyIndian Navy Direct Entry ExamsSubmarine Officer, Pilot, Officer
Information Technology,
Inspection Officer, Naval Armament Officer,
Hydrographic Officer, Technical Assistant, among others
Indian AirforceIndian Airforce Common Admission TestGroup Y Medical Assistant Trade Category
Security Force Border Security Force (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)

Also Read: List of 10th Pass Govt Jobs

Now, let’s elucidate some of these government competitive exams after 12th science in further detail:

Railway Exams After 12th

Amongst the prominent government exams after 12th science, Railway Recruitment Board (RRB) exams are conducted for a varied range of clerical, assistant, and constable posts in the Indian Railway.

RRB exams aim to shortlist the best candidates for technical and non-technical positions through three main examinations:

RRB NTPC:For non-technical posts
RRB ALP:For vacancies for Assistant Loco Pilot
RRC/RRB Group D Level 1:For various assistant posts

The basic eligibility criteria for these RRB exams is that the candidate must have completed their 12th (specific requirements might vary as per different vacancies and job posts) while one must complete their graduation with an Engineering degree to apply for RRB JE exam for Junior Engineer vacancies.

Also Read: RRB NTPC Books

SSC Exams

SSC exams are organized to select candidates for different posts in Group B and Group C vacancies under the ministries and departments of the Indian government. For students looking for government exams after 12th Science, the major exams you can apply for are:

The minimum eligibility requirement for these exams is that the candidate must have passed the 12th standard from a recognized board. Further, take a look at the following table to understand the recruitment posts for each of these exams:

SSC CHSLPostal Assistants/Sorting Assistants (PA/SA), Court Clerks,
Data Entry Operator (DEO), Lower Division Clerk (LDC)
SSC StenographerStenographer Grade-D (Group-C); Stenographer Grade-C (Group B-Non-Gazetted)
SSC GDConstable/General Duty
SSC MTSMulti-tasking staff

Also Read: General Intelligence and Reasoning Syllabus For SSC

Indian Navy Direct Entry Exams

The Indian Navy is a well-balanced and cohesive 3-dimensional force, capable of operating under, above, and on the surface of the oceans efficiently. It possesses highly sophisticated ships, submarines, and aircraft which are operated by sailors who are trained at various intervals during their service.

This naval branch of the Indian Armed Forces offers excellent career opportunities for both Metric and Senior Secondary passed students.

The Indian Navy DE Exams are held twice a year with a total of 2700 vacancies in several departments and comprised of two important factors that include Physical Fitness and Written Ability. The exam questions are generally bilingual and objective-type and the duration of the exam is of 1 hour.

Students looking for government exams after 12th Science can consider appearing for The Indian Navy Direct Exams for the following posts:

  • Sailor
  • General Service Officer
  • Submarine Officer
  • Pilot
  • Officer Information Technology
  • Inspection Officer
  • Naval Armament Officer
  • Hydrographic Officer
  • Technical Assistant
  • Coast Guard 
  • Engineer 
  • Lab engineer

Eligibility Criteria

Students who are aspiring to appear for The Indian Navy DE Exams after 12th Science are required to fulfil the following conditions:

Age 17-20 years
Nationality Citizen of India
Gorkha subjects of Nepal are also eligible
Marital StatusUnmarried Male Candidates 
Educational Qualification The applicant should have passed class 10th with 55% or above in Science and Maths or 10+2 with 55% or above in Maths and Physics.
Moreover, candidates with working computer knowledge are preferred.
Physical StandardsMinimum height of 157 cm for 18 years of age.
Weight should be proportionate to height (plus and minus 10% accepted).
Without glasses, better eye vision is 6/6 and worse eye vision is 6/9.
Good mental and physical health, free from any disease.

Also Read: How to Join the Indian Navy?

Indian Air Force Common Admission Test

The Indian Air Force is the air wing of the Indian Armed Forces. Its complement of personnel and aircraft assets ranks fourth amongst the air forces in the world. Its primary mission is to secure Indian airspace and to conduct aerial warfare during the armed conflict.

Moreover, it overwhelms the adversaries with an application of aerospace power in defence of the nation. The IAF comprises various subordinates working in three branches, namely Aircraft, Helicopters, and Fighter Planes.

For effective command and control, the IAF has 7 commands under which there are different stations and units located at various places throughout the country. The Air Force recruits officers at each level to post at these places and units nationally.

The IAF AFCAT (Air Force Common Admission Test) is a national-level entrance exam conducted once a year for recruiting officers in flying, ground-level duty, and technical and nontechnical help support branches. 

Students looking for government exams after 12th Science can appear for the Indian Airforce Common Admission Test for the following posts:

  • Commissioner Officer
  • Airmen
  • Technical Engineer
  • Non-Technical Engineer
  • Air Commander 
  • Flying Officer
  • Flying Lieutenant 
  • Group Captain
  • Wing Commander 
  • Aircraftsman
  • Sergeant 
  • Corporal 

Eligibility Criteria

Students who are aspiring to appear for the Indian Airforce Common Admission Test after 12th Science are required to fulfil the following conditions:

Age18-21 years
Educational QualificationThe applicant should have passed class 10th with 50% or above in Science and Maths or 10+2 with 50% or above in Maths and Physics.
Mandatory Medical StandardsMinimum height of 157 cm.
Weight should be proportionate to height (plus and minus 10% accepted).
However, a minimum weight of 55 kg is accepted.
Without glasses, better eye vision is 6/6 and worse eye vision is 6/9.
Permanent body tattoos are not permitted.
Good mental and physical health, free from any disease
Nationality Citizen of India
Gorkha subjects of Nepal
Marital StatusUnmarried Candidates

Also Read: How to Become Pilot After 12th?


Indian Space and Research Organisation is the national space agency of the Government of India. Its vision is to harness space technology for national development while pursuing space science research and planetary exploration.

With a reputation of being one of the most renowned space research organizations in the world, ISRO provides opportunities for Science students to contribute to the progress of the country in terms of space programs.

It recruits 90 candidates each year in several departments divided into scientists and engineers.

Students looking for government exams after 12th Science can apply for the following technical and non-technical positions in ISRO:

  • Electrician 
  • Mechanical Engineer
  • Operational Engineer
  • Air Conditioning Engineer
  • Chemical Engineer
  • Scientist – Electrical
  • Scientist – Mechanical 
  • Scientist – Computer Science
  • Scientist – Autonomous Body

Eligibility Criteria

Students who are aspiring to get recruited at ISRO after 12th Science are required to fulfil the following conditions:

Educational QualificationCandidates are required to score 75% or above with a CGPA of 7.5 or above.
Age 18-40 years
Nationality Citizens of India

Also Read: High Salary Courses After 12th Science

Other Government Exams After Class 12th Science 

Apart from the above-mentioned government competitive exams after 12th science elaborated below are the exams that can appear after completing graduation. 

UPSC Exam After 12th

Every year the Union of Public Service Commission conducts the IAS as well as a bunch of other exams to recruit Indian nationals for central-level administrative jobs. Candidates are asked to qualify for two written examinations along with a personal interview to acquire the civil service job. Once you qualify for the exam, you will be allotted esteemed departments and ministries such as Indian Administrative Services, Indian Revenue Services, Indian Engineering Services, Indian Police Service, etc.

Important NCERT Books For UPSC ExamsHow to Prepare for UPSC?UPSC Syllabus
UPSC ExamsHow to go about IAS preparation?IAS Eligibility
IAS BooksLife of an IAS OfficerIAS Interview Guide: Exam Pattern With Tips & Tricks

Combined Defense Services Examination 

The CDS Exam is considered to be a prestigious National Level examination that allows one to make their way through the defence services.

Aspirants who are looking forward to joining the Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, Indian Air Force Academy, or Officers Training Academy must qualify for this government exam after 12th science. 

CDS ExamCDS SyllabusCDS Exam Pattern


The Indian Air Force organizes the AFCAT exam through which it selects potential candidates for various positions in the force.

Whether you are looking forward to acquiring technical positions or ground duty officer positions, qualifying for the AFCAT examination that is conducted twice a year is necessary. 

AFCAT Exam: Eligibility, Syllabus, And DatesAFCAT Exam Pattern

Public Service Commission 

Just as UPSC exams provide one with high-end government jobs at the central level, the PSC Exam enables one to secure similar jobs at the state level.

The exam pattern, as well as the syllabus of this examination, is similar to that of UPSC exams. 

Also Read: Top Courses after 12th PCB: Know Your Options

Insurance Exams

Insurance Exams are one of the best public-sector job opportunities. Over the last few decades, the insurance industry has been on the rise. Candidates can take this test as a career choice after graduation. The following are a few essential themes linked to the different Insurance Exams:

NIACL AO examNIACL Assistant

Bank Exams

Bank Exams are another excellent job choice for those seeking a safe and well-paid government position. Every year, a number of tests are held by various banking industry testing bodies around the country.

SBI RecruitmentSBI Clerk

IBPS POIBPS Specialist Officers
RBI Grade B ExamRBI Assistant Exam

High Salary Government jobs after 12th Science

The following are the top high-salary government jobs after the 12th:

Job Profiles Salary in INR
ISRO Scientist 7 Lakh
DRDO Scientist 8 Lakh
RBI Jobs6 Lakh
IFS Officers13 Lakh

High Salary Government Jobs After 12th for Female

The following are the high-salary jobs for females after the 12th:

Post Exam Name Salary
SSC CHSL Data entry operator, junior assistantINR 20,200 – 52,000
SSC StenographerStenographer, Grade C, Grade DINR 34,800
DSSSB Clerk Clerk INR 34,800
ICAR TechnicianTechnicianINR 27,000


What are the government competitive exams after 12th science?

After finishing their 12th grade, candidates can apply for government jobs such as RRB ALP, SSC CHSL, SSC MTS, SSC Stenographer, SSC GD, Indian Coastal Guard, and others.

Which insurance firm hires people with a 12th-grade diploma?

Candidates with a 12th-grade diploma can apply for positions as Multi Tasking Staff and Stenographers at ESIC.

How do candidates find out about upcoming government exams?

Candidates can obtain thorough information about the test they desire to take by visiting the official websites of the examination conducting bodies for the individual examinations.

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There are various other government competitive exams after 12th science, but choosing the right career path is not an easy task, there are various obstacles that are faced during the journey,

With the help of our experts at Leverage Edu, you can achieve your goal effectively. Get in touch with us and kickstart your career today!

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