Microbiology is one of the most popular courses after BiPC and as a prominent branch of Biology which involves the study of bacteria, fungi, viruses, and other microscopic organisms that cannot be seen with the naked eye. A microbiologist identifies and examines the behaviour of certain microbes in given conditions and the impact they can have. Encompassing the elements of various other disciplines such as genetics, immunology, and molecular biology, the scope of Microbiology is huge. Read this blog to know all about the scope of microbiology, branches, careers, courses, salary, jobs and more!
This Blog Includes:
- Branches of Microbiology
- Scope of Microbiology
- Careers in Microbiology
- Microbiology Courses
- Eligibility Criteria
- Top Universities for Microbiology Programs
Branches of Microbiology
As discussed, the scope of Microbiology is very broad as it consists of various specializations under it which cover different aspects of this very field. Here are the most sought-after branches of microbiology:
|Branch||What Does it Study?|
Apart from these, the major branches of Microbiology as per the application are:
- Soil Microbiology
- Food Microbiology
- Milk Microbiology
- Industrial Microbiology
- Medical Microbiology
- Gem Microbiology
Scope of Microbiology
Microbiologists today are in huge demand in a number of industries and sectors across the world. Not being limited to just one, here are the most in-demand fields and areas where the scope of microbiology is visibly high:
- Food Microbiology
- Environmental Science
- Healthcare and Medicine
- Genetic Engineering
- Agrochemistry biotechnology
- Pollution control boards
- Research Centres
- Forensic Labs
Microorganisms in food industries are used in preparing various other food products, such as pickles, cheese, vinegar, alcohol, bread, green olives, etc.
The scope of microbiology in this sector is vast. From understanding and using the microbes(primary decomposers) and bioremediation to pest control, microbiologists can work on an array of issues prevalent in this field.
Bacteria and other microbes are used to manufacture various Antibiotics and synthesize vitamins which is essential for the body. They are also used for gene therapy for treating genetic diseases. This is why the scope of microbiology in this field is increasing.
The scope of microbiology in this discipline is vast due to the increasing popularity of the field. The genes of the microbes are manipulated in order to produce useful and valuable products such as hormones, enzymes, etc.
Careers in Microbiology
With the constant awareness of the usefulness of Microbiology, many people are flocking towards this field to pursue some of the high salary courses after 12th science. Here are the top careers in Microbiology:
|Food Microbiologist||5,00,000 INR|
|Medicinal Chemist||5,50,000 INR|
|Biomedical scientist||5,81,325 INR|
|Water quality laboratory technician||1,83,126 INR|
|Food technologist/Scientist||7,50,000 INR|
|Cosmetic Scientists||4,70,400 INR|
|Clinical Research Associate||3,44,254 INR|
|Sales or technical representative||4,30,000 INR|
|Research assistant||3,73,000 INR|
|Clinical and veterinary Microbiologist||6,75,078 INR|
|Quality assurance technologists||5, 54,000 INR|
With an aim to devise and create products that can be used in scores of applications, a Biotechnologist carries extensive research on the physical, chemical, and genetic characteristics of microbes and produce user-friendly products. From agriculture and pharmaceutics to genetics and food sciences, the scope of microbiology while working as a biotechnologist is broad.
When we talk about the scope of microbiology, food microbiologist is a work profile that is very popular. These professionals work towards preventing foodborne diseases by conducting extensive research on the disease-causing microbes, their conditions, packaging of food, food poisoning, legislation, etc. You can work in educational institutes, NGO’s, government and private agencies, etc under this profile and can further amp up your knowledge by pursuing a Career in Food Biotechnology or related disciplines.
With an aim to identify, design, and optimize drugs using chemical compounds, medicinal chemists play a pivotal role in the pharmaceutical sector. As a Medicinal Chemist, the scope of MIcrobiology is not only restricted to developing new drug formulations but also extends to devising new techniques through which drugs can be made. For those who want to establish a Career in Biochemistry, this can be an ideal role.
As discussed, the scope of microbiology is not only restricted to certain specific fields but has applications in other sectors too. A pharmacologist is one such profession where microbiologists are in demand. Identifying and analyzing the link between living components and substances so as to formulate new medicinal products is the main task of such professionals.
With applications in almost every sector, nanotechnology courses encompass the elements of chemistry, biology, physics, pharmacology, microbiology, etc. From identifying and finding solutions to infectious diseases to water and sewage treatment, the scope of Microbiology by working as a Nanotechnologist is immense.
In the beer production industry, technical brewers are senior-level professionals who through their managerial and technical knowledge, oversee, manage and maintain the brewing process and equipment. Such experts should be adept in concepts related to biochemistry, microbiology, etc.
A marine biologist is one who studies marine life and identifies the causes disrupting the same. With various microorganisms like fungi, bacteria, algae forming an essential part of marine life, these professionals examine the physiological and behavioural processes of various marine species and can also work on taxonomy and fossil microbiology.
Working in hospitals, clinics, laboratories, and research institutes, clinical scientists strive to use their knowledge in the field of medicine and biomedical research, that help the growth of living organisms, along with developing various medications and treatments for it. To know more, explore our exclusive guide on How to Become a Scientist!
Normally working in the laboratories, a biomedical scientist collaborates with healthcare professionals such as doctors or pharmacists to diagnose and manage various diseases, through a collection of various fluids, biopsies, and other samples.
The scope of microbiology is also visible in Forensic Sciences. These professionals apply analytical and scientific knowledge and techniques to inspect the evidence from the crime scenes and prepare a legal statement for the court cases. They are mostly involved in either laboratory analysis or crime scene investigations.
Now that you are familiarised with the key career profiles and opportunities you can explore avail the vast scope of Microbiology, here are the major undergraduate, postgraduate and doctorate programmes you can explore in this field.
- BSc Hons Biology (Microbiology)
- BSc Microbiology
- BSc in Applied Microbiology
- BSc in Industrial Microbiology
- BSc in Food Microbiology
- BSc in Clinical Microbiology
- BSc in Cell & Molecular Biology
- Master of Applied Science (Microbiology)
- Master’s in Drug Delivery and Microbiology (Research)
- MSc in Clinical Microbiology
- MSc in Medical Microbiology
- Master’s in Molecular Biology & Biotechnology
- Master’s in Microbiology
- MSc in Microbial Genetics and Bioinformatics
- PhD in Microbiology
- DMed in Medical Microbiology
- PhD in Drug Delivery and Microbiology (Research)
- PhD in Microbiology & Immunology
- Agricultural Microbiology
- Industrial Microbiology
- Evolutionary Microbiology
- Nano Microbiology
- Cellular Microbiology
- Soil Microbiology
- Veterinary Microbiology
- Generation Microbiology
- Water Microbiology
- Pharmaceutical Microbiology
- Microbial Genetics
- Environmental Microbiology
Here are the key eligibility requirements for a career in Microbiology:
- For Microbiology courses after 12th, the applicant must have completed 10+2 with Science especially BiPC subjects.
- For Microbiology courses at the master’s level, you must have a degree in Biology, Microbiology or any related specialisation and universities in India might also ask for scores of NEET PG/AIIMS PG/JIPMER, etc.
- If you want to pursue Microbiology courses abroad, you might be required to submit ACT/SAT scores for bachelor’s level courses and GRE scores for master’s level courses. Additionally, you must also provide English proficiency scores like IELTS/TOEFL, etc. as well as an SOP and LORs.
Top Universities for Microbiology Programs
Apart from offering a healthy study environment and quality education, the following universities in the world are popular for their world-class educational infrastructure. Further, with their well-structured courses and industrial exposure offered for a deeper understanding of the concepts, the scope of microbiology increases.
- Harvard University
- Imperial College London
- University of Tokyo
- University of California -Berkeley
- Yale University
- University of Cambridge
- The University of Queensland
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology
- University of Hong Kong
- McGill University
- University of Oxford
- Erasmus University Rotterdam
- University of Copenhagen
- Seoul National University
Microbiology is an applied science with significant implications in genetics, biochemistry, food science, ecology, immunology, agriculture, medicine, and a variety of other fields. Despite their modest size, they are the most important biotechnological resource.
The 8 fields of microbiology are enlisted below:
Bacteriology: the study of bacteria.
Immunology: the study of the immune system. It looks at the relationships between pathogens such as bacteria and viruses and their hosts.
Mycology: the study of fungi, such as yeasts and moulds.
Nematology: the study of nematodes (roundworms).
Parasitology: the study of parasites. Not all parasites are microorganisms, but many are. Protozoa and bacteria can be parasitic; the study of bacterial parasites is usually categorized as part of bacteriology.
Phycology: the study of algae.
Protozoology: the study of protozoa, single-celled organisms like amoebae.
Virology: the study of viruses.
Microbiology is a burgeoning discipline with promising job possibilities for competent individuals. The majority of the applied research initiatives in which microbiologists are involved need the participation of scientists from a variety of disciplines, including geology, chemistry, and medicine.
Microbiologists’ employment is expected to expand 5% between 2020 and 2030, slower than the average for all occupations. Despite slow job growth, roughly 2,000 new positions for microbiologists are expected to emerge each year on average over the next decade.
A doctor who has completed a medical degree specialises in microbiology and treats patients who have infections. Microbiologists, both physicians and non-doctors, work in this laboratory to assist supervise the work and evaluate the results.
Thus, the scope of microbiology is visible in almost all prominent sectors. Needless to say, with scores of universities available, choosing the right educational institute and course combination can be a daunting task. Take the assistance of Leverage Edu’s AI tool which will curate a list of the most suitable institutes based on your professional goals.