Scope of Microbiology

Rating:
2.5
(2)
Scope of Microbiology

Microbiology is one of the most popular courses after BiPC and as a prominent branch of Biology which involves the study of bacteria, fungi, viruses, and other microscopic organisms that cannot be seen with the naked eye. A microbiologist identifies and examines the behaviour of certain microbes in given conditions and the impact they can have. Encompassing the elements of various other disciplines such as genetics, immunology, and molecular biology, the scope of Microbiology is huge. Read this blog to know all about the scope of microbiology, branches, careers, courses, salary, jobs and more!

Branches of Microbiology

Branches of Microbiology
Courtesy: General Microscience

As discussed, the scope of Microbiology is very broad as it consists of various specializations under it which cover different aspects of this very field. Here are the most sought-after branches of microbiology:

Branch What Does it Study?
Bacteriology Bacteria
Mycology Fungi
Protozoology Protozoa
Phycology Algae
Parasitology  Parasites
Immunology Immune System
Virology Viruses

Apart from these, the major branches of Microbiology as per application are:

  • Soil Microbiology
  • Food Microbiology
  • Milk Microbiology
  • Industrial Microbiology
  • Medical Microbiology
  • Biotechnology
  • Gem Microbiology

Scope of Microbiology

Microbiologists today are in huge demand in a number of industries and sectors across the world. Not being limited to just one, here are the most in-demand fields and areas where the scope of microbiology is visibly high:

  • Food Microbiology
  • Environmental Science
  • Healthcare and Medicine
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Agrochemistry biotechnology
  • Pollution control boards
  • Biorefineries
  • Hospitals 
  • Universities
  • Research Centres
  • Forensic Labs

Food Microbiology

Microorganisms in food industries are used in preparing various other food products, such as pickles, cheese, vinegar, alcohol, bread, green olives, etc.

Environmental Science

The scope of microbiology in this sector is vast. From understanding and using the microbes(primary decomposers) and bioremediation to pest control, microbiologists can work on an array of issues prevalent in this field.

Healthcare Sector

Bacteria and other microbes are used to manufacture various Antibiotics and synthesize vitamins which is essential for the body. They are also used for gene therapy for treating genetic diseases. This is why the scope of microbiology in this field is increasing. 

Genetic Engineering

The scope of microbiology in this discipline is vast due to the increasing popularity of the field. The genes of the microbes are manipulated in order to produce useful and valuable products such as hormones, enzymes, etc.

Careers in Microbiology

With the constant awareness of the usefulness of Microbiology, many people are flocking towards this field to pursue some of the high salary courses after 12th science. Here are the top careers in Microbiology

Career Salary
Biotechnlologist 4,80,000 INR
Food Microbiologist 5,00,000 INR
Medicinal Chemist 5,50,000 INR
Pharmacologist 8,00,000 INR
Immunologist 15,50,000 INR
Mycologist  4,33,536 INR
Microbiologist 3,12,740 INR
Biomedical scientist 5,81,325 INR
Professor 4,30,797 INR
Water quality laboratory technician 1,83,126 INR
Food technologist/Scientist 7,50,000 INR
Cosmetic Scientists 4,70,400 INR
Clinical Research Associate 3,44,254 INR
Sales or technical representative 4,30,000 INR
Research assistant 3,73,000 INR
Clinical and veterinary Microbiologist 6,75,078 INR
Ouality assurance technologists 5, 54,000 INR

Biotechnologist

With an aim to devise and create products that can be used in scores of applications, a Biotechnologist carries extensive research on the physical, chemical, and genetic characteristics of microbes and produce user-friendly products. From agriculture and pharmaceutics to genetics and food sciences, the scope of microbiology while working as a biotechnologist is broad. 

Food Microbiologist

When we talk about the scope of microbiology, food microbiologist is a work profile that is very popular. These professionals work towards preventing foodborne diseases by conducting extensive research on the disease-causing microbes, their conditions, packaging of food, food poisoning, legislation, etc. You can work in educational institutes, NGO’s, government and private agencies, etc under this profile and can further amp up your knowledge by pursuing a Career in Food Biotechnology or related disciplines.

Medicinal Chemist

With an aim to identify, design, and optimize drugs using chemical compounds, medicinal chemists play a pivotal role in the pharmaceutical sector. As a Medicinal Chemist, the scope of MIcrobiology is not only restricted to developing new drug formulations but also extends to devising new techniques through which drugs can be made. For those who want to establish a Career in Biochemistry, this can be an ideal role.

Pharmacologist

As discussed, the scope of microbiology is not only restricted to certain specific fields but has applications in other sectors too. A pharmacologist is one such profession where microbiologists are in demand. Identifying and analyzing the link between living components and substances so as to formulate new medicinal products is the main task of such professionals. 

Nanotechnologist

With applications in almost every sector, nanotechnology courses encompass the elements of chemistry, biology, physics, pharmacology, microbiology, etc. From identifying and finding solutions to infectious diseases to water and sewage treatment, the scope of Microbiology by working as a Nanotechnologist is immense. 

Technical Brewer

In the beer production industries, technical brewers are senior-level professionals who through their managerial and technical knowledge, oversee, manage and maintain the brewing process and equipment. Such experts should be adept in concepts related to biochemistry, microbiology, etc. 

Marine Biologist

A marine biologist is one who studies marine life and identifies the causes disrupting the same. With various microorganisms like fungi, bacteria, algae forming an essential part of marine life, these professionals examine the physiological and behavioural processes of various marine species and can also work on taxonomy and fossil microbiology. 

Clinical Scientist

Working in hospitals, clinics, laboratories, and research institutes, clinical scientists strive to use their knowledge in the field of medicine and biomedical research, that help the growth of living organisms, along with developing various medications and treatments for it. To know more, explore our exclusive guide on How to Become a Scientist!

Biomedical Scientist

Normally working in the laboratories, a biomedical scientist collaborates with healthcare professionals such as doctors or pharmacists to diagnose and manage various diseases, through a collection of various fluids, biopsies, and other samples.

Forensic Scientist

The scope of microbiology is also visible in Forensic Sciences. These professionals apply analytical and scientific knowledge and techniques to inspect the evidence from the crime scenes and prepare a legal statement for the court cases. They are mostly involved in either laboratory analysis or crime scene investigations.

Microbiology Courses

Now that you are familiarised with the key career profiles and opportunities you can explore avail the vast scope of Microbiology, here are the major undergraduate, postgraduate and doctorate programmes you can explore in this field.

Education Level Courses in Microbiology
Bachelor’s Level BSc Hons Biology (Microbiology)
BSc Microbiology
BSc in Applied Microbiology
BSc in Industrial Microbiology
BSc in Food Microbiology
BSc in Clinical Microbiology
BSc in Cell & Molecular Biology
Master’s Level Master of Applied Science (Microbiology)
Master’s in Drug Delivery and Microbiology (Research)
MSc in Clinical Microbiology
MSc in Medical Microbiology
Master’s in Molecular Biology & Biotechnology
Master’s in Microbiology
MSc in Microbial Genetics and Bioinformatics
Doctorate Level PhD in Microbiology
DMed in Medical Microbiology
PhD in Drug Delivery and Microbiology (Research)
PhD in Microbiology & Immunology

Eligibility Criteria

Here are the key eligibility requirements for a career in Microbiology:

  • For Microbiology courses after 12th, the applicant must have completed 10+2 with Science especially BiPC subjects.
  • For Microbiology courses at the master’s level, you must have a degree in Biology, Microbiology or any related specialisation and universities in India might also ask for scores of NEET PG/AIIMS PG/JIPMER, etc.
  • If you want to pursue Microbiology courses abroad, you might be required to submit ACT/SAT scores for bachelor’s level courses and GRE scores for master’s level courses. Additionally, you must also provide English proficiency scores like IELTS/TOEFL, etc. as well as an SOP and LORs.

Top Universities for Microbiology Programs

Apart from offering a healthy study environment and quality education, the following universities in the world are popular for their world-class educational infrastructure. Further, with their well-structured courses and industrial exposure offered for a deeper understanding of the concepts, the scope of microbiology increases. 

Thus, the scope of microbiology is visible in almost all prominent sectors. Needless to say, with scores of universities available, choosing the right educational institute and course combination can be a daunting task. Take the assistance of Leverage Edu’s AI tool which will curate a list of the most suitable institutes based on your professional goals. 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

4 comments
  1. Bsc microbiology degree … After completion how can i join to work related to this group.. and any opportunities for government jobs .and jobs for private industry… How can i approach to them ?

10,000+ students realised their study abroad dream with us. Take the first step today.
Talk to an expert for FREE

You May Also Like