Almost inseparable from surgeries and operations, anesthesiologists form an integral part of a team of medical professionals. They assist in the administration of anaesthetic drugs that help patients in enduring and sustaining painful surgical procedures that otherwise might be inoperable when the patient is conscious. Further, they come to the aid of patients in various difficult operations. A BSc Anesthesia serves as a specialist route towards a rewarding career in anesthesiology and is generally opted by those who want to pursue a specialised field of Surgery.
This blog aims to provide you with the key essentials of what a medical field like Anesthesia entails as well as the eligibility criteria and specialisations offered in a bachelor’s degree program in this domain.
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Understanding the Discipline
The practice of anesthesia is medically termed as anesthesiology. Through injection or inhalation of specific drugs which leads to loss of consciousness and sensation, it helps doctors and surgeons perform medical operation with much accuracy and expeditiously. An anesthesiologist is well-versed in physiology, pharmacology and other relevant nuances to support highly technical operations concerning the vital organs of the body. In addition to having a basic understanding of Medicine and Surgery, anesthesiology also comprises the knowledge of:
- Existent airways, respiration and circulatory systems and how to manage and manoeuvre around or through them
- Methods of resuscitation in events of organ failure or collapse
- Interpretation of hemodynamic monitors.
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Types of Anesthesia
Anesthesia is available in 4 different types, namely:
- Local anesthesia (for blocking pain in a small but specific part of the body)
- Regional anesthesia (numbing relatively larger portion of the body and normally injected through spine)
- General anesthesia (to block conscious feelings)
- Monitored anesthesia care (twilight sleep).
Properties of Anesthesia
Anesthesia has the following properties or characteristics:
- Analgesia – relief and prevention from pain
- Paralysis – extreme muscle relaxation
- Amnesia – Loss of memory
Overview of BSc Anesthesia
Contrary to popular belief, BSc Anesthesia is a highly technical medical program spanning across the duration of three to four years depending on the place of study. Carrying alikeness to perfusion technology courses, it prepares an individual to handle the different aspects of patient care and assistance. During the starting years of the degree, you will be introduced to the fundamental aspects of medical and biological sciences, for instance, anatomy and pathology, with the aim of creating a solid foundational knowledge for advanced concepts of anesthesiology. During the latter years, the individual extensively learns about anesthesia technology, operation theatre techniques and medical technology along with clinical apprenticeships in hospitals and care centres.
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Concentrations Offered in BSc Anesthesia
Depending on the nature of the BSc Anesthesia course curriculum, you can specialise in several subfields. To master them, you may be required to undergo additional training and some years of patient care experience. A few of the concentrations offered in BSc Anesthesia are mentioned below:
- Critical Care Anaesthesia
- Cardiothoracic Anesthesia
- Neurosurgical Anesthesia
- Pediatric Anesthesia
- Hospice and Palliative Anesthesia
- Orthopedic Anesthesia
- Obstetric Anesthesia
Eligibility Criteria for BSc Anesthesia
Whether you aim to study in India or abroad, universities and colleges offering BSc Anesthesia accept students with a science background (Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics) in their 10+2 education level. Further, like many medical science courses, you might also be required to appear for NEET irrespective of studies in India or abroad. You can also apply for bachelors degree courses in countries like USA and UK where anesthesiology is a much more developed and recognised discipline offer students innumerable opportunities to grow and learn.
BSc Anesthesia Abroad: Top Universities
|University of Nottingham||UK|
|The University of Adelaide||Australia|
|University of New South Wales||Australia|
|University of Notre Dame||US|
|National University of Ireland Galway||Ireland|
|The University of Buckingham||UK|
|University of St Andrews||Scotland|
BSc Anesthesia in India: Top Universities
|All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)||Delhi|
|Mahatma Gandhi Mission Institute of Health Sciences (MGMIHS)||Mumbai|
|Indira Gandhi Medical College (IGMC)||Shimla|
|Aligarh Muslim University (AMU)||Aligarh (UP)|
|Government Medical College and Hospital||Chandigarh|
|KS Hegde Medical Academy||Mangalore|
|Armed Forces Medical College||Pune|
A BSc Anaesthesia prepares you for specialised roles in emergency care centres, trauma centres and hospitals amongst others. A few of these career prospects are given below:
Anesthesiologist are trained and certified medical professionals with expert knowledge of anesthetic administration. They are involved throughout the surgical procedure, not only in its preparation and during the operation but also after it is over.
An anesthetist is more inclined towards nursing and is also called nurse anesthetist. They are proficient in giving anesthesia injections, monitor signs and a host of other related procedures. Apart from the above options, you can also explore the following lesser-pursued career choices in Anesthesiology:
- Physician Anesthesiologist
- Anesthesia Technician
- Anesthesiology Physician
- General Anaesthetists
- Nurse Anaesthetist
- Anaesthesiologist Assistant
- Anesthesia Technologist
- Medical Consultant
A career in medical or patient treatment and care is highly rewarding, both in terms of remuneration and the opportunities of human service it offers. If you are looking to start a career in the medical field, the AI tool at Leverage Edu can help you make the right decision through algorithmically shortlisting course and university combinations based on your intrinsic strong points. This way you can take an informed first step towards a career of your choice.