GNM Course (General Nursing & Midwifery)

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GNM Course

The Healthcare industry is filled with an array of career opportunities for those who want to work towards ensuring the health and well-being of society. There is a plethora of specialised diploma and degree courses offered in Medical Science that you can choose from. One such specialised course is a GNM course. General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) course is a job-oriented diploma program that aims to train individuals in advanced skills in nursing with a focus on midwifery services as well. The duration of this course is three and a half year and enables students with the knowledge of maternity care. This article details the specifics of a GNM course and the career prospects you can explore after completing the course.

Types of Program Diploma
Program Name General Nursing and Midwifery
Short Name GNM
Duration 3.5 Years
Eligibility 10+2 (Science Stream)with minimum 50% marks
Admission Process Merit or Entrance Exam Based
Course Fee Up to 2.5 Lakhs
Popular Employment Sectors Hospitals
Nursing Homes
Universities
Private Clinics
NGOs
Job Roles Clinical Nurse Specialist
Legal Nurse Consultant
Forensic Nursing

What is GNM (General Nursing & Midwifery)?

The GNM course is a variant of a nursing course and is geared towards addressing the essential need for qualified nursing professionals that are well-versed in all aspects of nursing, maternity care, post-trauma care, rehabilitative care, mental care amongst others. It prepares an individual with the necessary technical know-how and practical training to help them enter the healthcare industry. It also imparts students with essential communication, administrative and leadership skills which are significant for pursuing a career in General Nursing and Midwifery.

The components of a GNM course are specifically curated to train students to become fully-fledged nursing professionals. Though all courses differ slightly, the course generally runs for 3 years with six months of practical experience included or additionally. This ensures a well-needed blend of theory and on-the-ground training. The first year tries to build a strong foundation about Medical concepts and Fundamentals of Nursing. The last two years focus on giving a holistic understanding of the discipline of Nursing. 

GNM Types

Here is a list of different types of GNM courses for students to pursue:

  • Auxiliary Nurse & Midwife (ANM)
  • General Nursing & Midwifery (GNM)
  • B.Sc. Nursing / B.Sc. Hons. Nursing / Post Basic B.Sc. Nursing
  • MSc in Nursing
  • MPhil in Nursing
  • PhD in Nursing

GNM Nurse: Skills Required

After the GNM diploma, the graduates are lodged as RNRM (Registered Nurse Registered Midwife). This work requires administering the patients and assisting doctors in rendering care. Here are the basic skills required for the job:

  • While dealing with patients, the Nurse should have the endurance to empathize with patients. 
  • The Nurse should demonstrate skills like excellent communication and compassion while working with doctors, patients, and other hospital administration. 
  • A nurse should be skilled enough to interact both in medical jargon (with doctors) and in laymen’s terms (with patients). 
  • A nurse should have strong organizational and management skills as a nurse is also liable for managing patient documentations.

Also Read: Diploma in Physiotherapy

General Nursing & Midwifery  Curriculum

The course curriculum followed during a GNM course is meticulously planned to cover important topics like Mental Health Nursing, Child Nursing, Maternal Care, amongst others. Institutes in India follow the curriculum layout set by the India Nursing Council (INC).

Subjects Covered in First Year

  • BioSciences
    • Anatomy and Physiology
    • Microbiology
  • Behavioral Sciences
    • Psychology
    • Sociology
  • Nursing Foundations
    • Fundamentals of Nursing
    • First Aid
  • Community Nursing
  • Environmental Hygiene
  • Health Education and communication skills
  • Nutrition
  • English 
  • Computer Education
  • Co-curricular Activities

Subjects Covered in Second Year

  • Medical-Surgical Nursing
  • Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing
  • Child Health Nursing
  • Co-curricular Activities

Subjects Covered in Third Year

  • Midwifery and Gynaecological Nursing
  • Community Health Nursing
  • Co-Curricular Activities
  • Nursing Education
  • Introduction to Research and Statistics
  • Professional Trends and Adjustments
  • Nursing Administration and Ward Management

Clinical Areas in General Nursing & Midwifery

The following clinical areas are where students are commonly posted during a GNM course to get hands-on practical experience in the field of Nursing. 

  • Medical-Surgical Nursing
  • Community Health Nursing
  • Child Health Nursing
  • Midwifery and Gynaecological Nursing
  • Mental Health Nursing

Note: To know more about the hours of study and the breakup between theory and practical portions and any other relevant information, you can view the official INC syllabus for GNM course.

Must Read: Hospital Management Course 

Eligibility Criteria for a GNM Course

To enrol in a GNM course at any institute in India, prospective students need to fulfil the minimum eligibility criteria set by the INC. These essential requirements help in maintaining the quality of standards required for nurses. Familiarity with computers is also desirable. The prescribed eligibility criteria for a GNM course are:

  • Age Limit: 17-35 years
  • Educational Requirements: Candidates need to have at least 40% in their 10+2 exams from any stream though science students are preferred. It is also mandatory for students to have passed in the English subject. Open School candidates are also eligible provided they fulfil other requirements.
  • Those with 40% marks in 10+2 with English in a vocational Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM) program recognised by the INC or vocational stream and healthcare science from CBSE board are eligible.
  • Registered ANMs with passing marks are also eligible.

GNM Fee Structure in India

College Total Fees
Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore INR 70,000
Christian Medical College (CMC), Ludhiana INR 2,40,000
Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (IPGMER), Kolkata INR 45,000
KIIT Bhubaneswar INR 30,000
Government Medical College, Kozhikode INR 15,000
Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh INR 1,20,000
TD Medical College, Alappuzha INR 1,80,000
Maharajah’s Institute of Medical Sciences, Vizianagaram INR 51,000
Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, Faridkot INR 60,000

GNM Colleges in India

Students from all streams are qualified to pursue the GNM  course, though Science students with Biology as a subject, are chosen over commerce and art students. Few top GNM colleges require a minimum of 60% results in Class 12th though most other colleges require 50% marks. Here is a list of GNM Colleges as per NIRF Rankings in India:

NIRF Medical Colleges College Name Location Fees (INR)
3 Christian Medical College (CMC) Vellore 35,000
14 St. John’s Medical College Bangalore 5,00,000
25 Government Medical College and Hospital Chandigarh 25,000
31 SRM Institute of Science and Technology Chennai 55,000
32 KIIT Bhubaneswar 1,50,000

GNM Course Entrance Exams

Colleges publish a credit list based on competitors’ performance in the 12th examination. Some institutes also administer their entrance exams for these programs or select students based on state-level diploma entrance examinations. Those applicants who pass the entrance exams will be accepted for admittance to the GNM course. Some of the famous entrance exams for the GNM course are:

  • AIIMS Nursing Entrance Exam
  • BHU Nursing Entrance Exam
  • JIPMER Nursing Entrance Exam
  • PGIMER Nursing
  • MGM CET Nursing
  • IGNOU OpenNet
  • RUHS Nursing Entrance Exam

State Wise Entrance Exams for GNM Course

Every state also has its entrance examination for entrance into GNM courses. These are some famous GNM entrance examinations administered in the states of India:

Exam Name Conducting Body
Andhra Pradesh GNM Exam Directorate of Medical Education
Assam State GNM Exam SRM Institute of Science and Technology
Bihar GNM Exam Ambedkar Institute of  Higher Education
Gujarat State GNM Exam Gujarat Nursing Council
Himachal GNM Exam Directorate of Medical Education and Research
Jharkhand GNM Exam Jharkhand Combined Entrance Competitive Examination Board
Karnataka GNM Exam State Diploma in Nursing Examination Board
Kerala GNM Exam Directorate of Medicine Education
Madhya Pradesh GNM Exam Madhya Pradesh Nurses Registration Council
Maharashtra GNM Exam State Nursing Council
Meghalaya GNM Exam Department of Health and Family Welfare
Mizoram GNM Exam Mizoram College of Nursing
Odisha GNM Exam Directorate of Nursing
Rajasthan GNM Exam Directorate of Medical and Health Services
Tamil Nadu GNM Exam Health and Family Welfare Department
Uttar Pradesh GNM Exam University of Medical Science
West Bengal GNM Exam Health Department

Career Prospects After GNM Course

After completing a GNM course, there are a variety of paths a graduate can take in order to pursue a career in Nursing. Recruiting organisations include hospitals, nursing homes, NGOs, dispensaries, first-aid clinics, nurse teaching companies, etc.. Some of the major career prospects in Nursing are mentioned below.

  • Midwife Nurse
  • Clinical Nurse
  • Emergency Care Nurse
  • Legal Nursing Consultant
  • Mental Health Carer
  • Nursing Educator
  • Child Nurse
  • Social Worker
  • Community Nurse
  • Forensic Nurse
  • Health Promotion Official

Employment Sectors for General Nursing & Midwifery

Some of the standard jobs where an ANM & GNM graduate can employ their skills are given here:

  • Rural Health Centres
  • Government hospitals
  • NGOs
  • Old age homes
  • Government health schemes
  • Community Health Centres
  • Government dispensaries
  • Nursing Homes
  • Private hospitals/clinics

GNM Course Salary

GNM diploma bachelors can anticipate a starting pay ranging from Rs 8,000 to Rs 12,000. But with practice and achievement of additional educational qualifications, they can make Rs 3.2 L per annum to 7.8 L per annum. The pay may alternate depending on the employer’s association and hospital.

Job Profile Average Annual Salary
Clinical/Hospital Nurse INR 4,50,553
Legal Consulting Nurse INR 5,30,989
Teachers INR 9,13,657
Forensic Nurse INR 4,94,720
Home Nurse INR 2,37,186

Thus, a GNM course is a perfect program for those who want to become a part of the medical community by pursuing the field of Nursing. When considering a specialised degree in Medical Science such as nursing or physiotherapy programs, it is only but natural to feel unsure about the career prospects it provides.

However, these are quickly developing fields and the demand for committed individuals is always there. The AI-based algorithm at Leverage Edu can help you browse through a wide range of courses in specialisations of Medical Science and to choose an ideal one that aligns with your interests and aspirations.

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