MCh Degree

MCh Degree

MCh Degree full form is Master of Chirurgiae (General Surgery) which comes from the Latin word Magister Chirugiae. Considered the highest master’s degree in Surgical Science, the Master Chirurgiae (MCh) is an extremely advanced and selective postgraduate/doctoral degree after Master of Surgery that equips an individual with a technical understanding of complex surgical procedures. It includes a heavy amount of research and practical training as graduates are expected to work in a highly demanding environment. If you have recently completed your MS in Surgery and want to delve deeper into the field, the MCh degree is the right one to pursue. In this article, we will explore the specifics of this course such as eligibility criteria, course structure, offered concentrations, amongst others.

Degree MCh
Full formMaster of Chirurgiae
Course TypePost Graduate
Course Duration5 Years after MBBS
3 Years after MD
Qualifying ExamNEET SS
Seats in India1499

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What is MCh

MCh degree is tailor-made to suit the different specialisations. Generally, the it focuses on providing research and technical knowledge related to the relevant concentration. Universities employ tools like seminars, long-term placements, assistance programs, study advisors, research projects and dissertations, etc to equip an individual with the required skills of working in ICUs, operation theatres, emergency, and trauma care. 

Types of MCh

While there is only one type of MCh degree, there are two different ways you can take the MCh degree. If you already have an MBBS, your MCh course can be for 5 years but if you also have an MD, your MCh degree is for a 3-year duration.

Difference Between MS and MCh

Before delving into the details about this postdoctoral degree in Surgery, it is important to point out the differences between an MS (Surgery) and MCh degree.

  • An MS degree is only offered as a postgraduate degree which can be pursued by MBBS graduates. On the other hand, an MCh is offered as a doctoral or postdoctoral program that can be pursued either after completing an MBBS or MS.
  • In India, the duration is typically 6 years in the case of the former and 3 years for the latter. However, international universities generally have a varying duration in terms of postdoctoral degree programs in Surgery.

MCh Degree: Offered Specialisations

Students pursuing an MCh degree are required to select a specialisation based on which they are assigned course tasks, clinical placements, amongst others. The chosen field shapes the course and the candidate’s career orientation is based on it as well. Some of the popular concentrations offered have been listed below:

Neurosurgery– It is amongst the sought-after and challenging specialisation under Medicine and Surgery and demands extensive expertise. Neurosurgery is a branch of medicine which deals with the surgical treatment of the brain, spinal cord and nerves. 

Cardio-Thoracic Vascular Surgery– This field deals with surgical expertize of organs located in Thorax

Plastic Surgery– THis type of surgery deals with altering physical features, restoring or reconstructing human body. Plastic surgery is of two types: cosmetic surgery and reconstructive surgery

Pediatic Surgery- This type of surgery is specialized for children in their infant, fetus, child, adolescent age

Urology– This field of study focuses on the diseases related to urinary tracts of males and females, and the male reproductive systeṃ

General Surgery
Hand Surgery
Surgical Gastroenterology
Cardio-Thoracic Vascular Surgery
Surgical Oncology

MCh Admissions

Admission in MCh is offered through an entrance exam NEET SS- NEET Super Speciality, but those who wish to apply at AIIMS and JIPMER, they need to take the college’s own entrance tests. The NEET SS Exam is conducted every year by the National Board of Examinations. Candidates are allotted seats depending on their ranking in the exam. For your MCh Admission, you need to have:

Duration of an MCh Degree

In order to pursue an MCh degree in various countries including India, a person needs to at least an MS degree recognized by the Medical Council of India. For an MBBS, the program is for 5 years but for an MD, the course is for 3 years. The degree program can extend to a longer period of 6 years.

Eligibility Criteria

Just like any other Medical Science courses, there are certain parameters that need to be fulfilled by the prospective student.

  • The admission process is done through the National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test NEET-SS [Super Speciality Courses] score which is conducted by the National Board of Examination [NBE].
  • You must provide certain documents before taking the exam:
    • Photocopy of SMC/MCI Registration (permanent / provisional)
    • Admit card with your photo attached
    • A valid ID like Pan Card, Aadhar Card, Voter ID, Driver’s License
  • While Indian candidates need to be registered with the Medical Council of India, foreign candidates have been exempted from it.
  • Furthermore, the course duration (a few courses may have a duration of 1 to 2 years as well) and eligibility criteria can differ depending on the course and institution.

Courses under MCh Degree

  • M.Ch. (Cardio-Thoracic Vascular Surgery) 
  • M.Ch. (NeuroSurgery)
  • M.Ch. (Urology)
  • M.Ch.(Pediatric Surgery)
  • M.Ch.(Plastic Surgery) 
  • M.Ch.(Surgical Oncology)

MCh Colleges in India

If you are wondering that how many MCh seats are there in India then as per the current estimates of MCI, there are in total 1499 seats across 126 colleges in India. Enlisted are some of the best colleges that offer MCh degree in India:

  • PGIMER, Chandigarh
  • Armed Force Medical College, Pune
  • Lady Hardinge Medical College
  • Guntur Medical College
  • Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi
  • King’s George Medical University, Lucknow
  • Sher E Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences
  • National Institute of Mental Health & Neuro Sciences, Bangalore
  • Institute of Medical Sciences[BHU]

Top Universities for Offering MCh Degree Abroad

There are diverse options abroad for pursuing an MCh degree although the course can have variants. The eligibility criteria for pursuing MCh degree abroad will vary and it is thus advised to go through the university website. Academic Institutions that run this program or related courses have been mentioned below.

National University of Ireland Galway1 year; full-time
University of Melbourne, Australia2 years; full-time
Royal College of Surgeons, Ireland1 year; full-time
Monash University, Canada1.5 years; full-time
The University of Sydney, Australia1-2 years; full-time

Career Options After MCh Degree

“What should I do after MCh?” is a question that bothers many. After an MCh degree, successful graduates generally prefer to work in surgical assignments at specialised medical care centres, ICUs, emergency care, etc. A few highly-qualified surgeons may take up research activities simultaneously. Further, a handful of surgical consultants, after the considerable experience, may shift towards policy-making and work in governments to evaluate and develop industry regulations for the health industry.

An MCh salary can anywhere between INR 20,000 to INR 5,00,000 per month depending on the course you take.


What does MCH degree mean?

MCH (Magister Chirurgiae) or Master of Surgery is a higher-level qualification in Surgery and is often pursued after MS in Surgery to gain an expert-level or advanced-level understanding of this field. It is mainly offered as a 2-3 year doctoral degree course around the world.

What is difference between MS and MCH?

MCh is actually a higher-level qualification than MS. For MBBS graduates, MCh can be pursued as a 5-year degree while for MS graduates, it is offered as a 3-year course.

Can MCH be done after MBBS?

Yes, MCh can be pursued as a 5-year degree program after MBBS with the major eligibility requirement that the student is a registered doctor with MCI or state medical council.

Hence, an MCh degree has a globally acclaimed and well-established reputation amongst all other degrees in Medicine and Surgery. Get in touch with our experts at Leverage Edu: +91-8826200293 and we’ll help you choose an ideal university for pursuing this course along with assisting you in the application process and bringing you closer to your dream career in Surgery.

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