Bachelor of Optometry

BSc Optometry

When our eyes are exposed to pollutants and damaging UV radiation, illnesses such as conjunctivitis, corneal ulcers, cataracts, glaucoma, and keratoconus can develop. Optometrists and optometrists are medical practitioners who specialise in vision problems. Optometry is a discipline of medicine that focuses on the treatment of eye problems as well as the creation of vision-improving devices (such as lenses and spectacles). If you’ve always been intrigued about how the human eye works, optometry courses can help you learn more about this specialised field of medicine. We’ll look at what a Bachelor of Optometry degree entails, the eligibility criteria you need to fulfil as well as the scope it offers. But first. Let’s have a quick glance at the Bachelor of Optometry course details.

Course Level Undergraduate
Course Name  Bachelors in Optometry
Short Form  B Optom
Duration 4 years
Examination Type Semester
Eligibility 50% in 10+2 in PCM stream 
Average Starting Salary INR 4 LPA
Top Recruiters Government and private hospitals, eye centres and hospitals, ENT clinics and opticians’ outlets, etc
Job Prospects  Optometrist, Trainee Optometrist, Optometry Researcher, Vision Care Associate, Vision Consultant, Private Practitioner, Optician

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Course Overview 

Optometry is defined as the study of assessing vision and treating all forms of visual impairments. B.Optom, or Bachelor of Optometry, is an undergraduate degree programme that focuses on eye and vision care. Generally offered as a 3-4 years long undergraduate program, the Bachelor of Optometry course equips students with a varied understanding of examination, diagnosis, and management of disorders and diseases of the visual system. By studying this course, you will get to know about the advanced clinical skills for professionally measuring eyesight, detecting eye diseases and prescribing corrective lenses. 

Why Pursue Bachelor of Optometry?

There are several advantages to doing a Bachelor of Optometry course. The following are some of the course’s advantages:

  • Respectable Profession: It will get you respect from society because you will be assisting with one of the human body’s most vital organs.
  • A Fantastic Future Study Scope: Students can pursue additional education by pursuing a Masters in Optometry, a Masters of Science in Optometry, or a PhD, depending on their interests.
  • Multiple Career Options: This degree allows you to work in a variety of professions. Candidates may find work in hospitals, eye clinics, and optical centres, among other places.
  • Opportunity to Learn a Wide Variety of Skills: Students acquire a wide range of skills in this course, including how to deal with patients, how to analyse lab tests, and how to operate sophisticated machinery, among other things.
  • Opportunity to Become an Entrepreneur: Students who complete a Bachelor of Optometry will be able to create their eye care showrooms and start their own businesses.

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Bachelor of Optometry Specializations

The Bachelor of Optometry degree is a speciality in the field of visual health and eye care in and of itself. Following that, the profession concentrates on routine vision care, including eye contact and prescription glasses, among other things. However, because eye health is a broad subject with many interconnections, the following specialities are occasionally available:

  • Optometry: A specialised study in optometry includes learning how to perform eye examinations, interpret and prescribe corrective eye lenses, diagnose and cure problems, and so on.
  • Operation Theatre Technology: Students in this specialisation learn how to manage and work in the operating room, including how to use surgical equipment, dress patients, and make other arrangements for an eye operation.
  • Ophthalmic Technology: A specialist education in Ophthalmic Technology focuses on eye care especially. Eye examination, ocular illnesses, visual impairments, corrective surgery, optics, and other topics are covered in the curriculum.

Note: With a specialisation course, the aspirant obtains specialised knowledge, which expands their future employment options.

Bachelor of Optometry Syllabus

The Bachelor of Optometry degree is extensive, with a programme that balances theoretical and practical knowledge so that students benefit in both directions. The following are some of the subjects that are generally covered in a Bachelor of Optometry programme:

Human Anatomy & Physiology including Refraction (including prescription, making & fitting of glasses) Mechanical Optics
Physical & Geometrical Optics Community Ophthalmology & Eye Bank Basic and Advanced Ophthalmic Instrumentation & Photography
General & Ocular Pharmacology including Pharmacy Investigations in Clinical Ophthalmology and Management of OT Environment & Ecology
Ophthalmic Instruments and Appliances Refraction and Contact Lenses Computer Fundamentals & Programming
Visual Optics Instrumentation & Procedure II Ocular Disease I (Anterior Segment Disease)
Ophthalmic & Optical Clinical Refraction Ophthalmic Lens & Dispensing Optics
Ocular Anatomy & Physiology Investigative Ophthalmology Community Ophthalmology
Ocular Pathology & Microbiology Clinical & Advanced Optics & Orthoptics Pediatric Ophthalmology & Orthoptics
General & Ocular Biochemistry Clinical & Advanced Refraction and Contact lenses Ophthalmic Theater Techniques

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Bachelor of Optometry vs. Bachelor of Science in Optometry

The most common bachelor degree programmes in the area of optometry are Bachelor of Optometry and Bachelor of Science in Optometry. While a Bachelor of Science in Optometry is more of a theoretical study of the discipline, a Bachelor of Optometry is more of professional training. The table below shows the significant differences between these two courses:

Parameters B Optometry BSc in Optometry
Full-Form Bachelor in Optometry Bachelor of Science in Optometry
Course Overview It’s a bachelor’s degree that will offer you a thorough grasp of how the eyes operate and how to treat them when they get infected. It’s an undergraduate degree that provides students with paramedical training, allowing them to have a thorough grasp of machines and eyes.
Eligibility Criteria 10+2 with a minimum 50% in science stream 10+2 with a minimum 50% marks in PCBM
Average Annual Salary INR 3 to 6 lakhs  INR 3 to 8 lakhs

Bachelor of Optometry Eligibility Criteria 

For any academic program, one needs to accomplish certain prerequisites set by the specific institution. Here is a list of general eligibility conditions that you must qualify in order to apply for a Bachelor of Optometry: 

  • The candidate must have completed their senior higher secondary education (10+2) in the Science stream with Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and/or Mathematics from a recognized board with a good percentage.
  • English language proficiency test scores such as IELTS/PTE/TOEFL are also required.
  • SAT or ACT scores are to be submitted as subject proficiency tests to apply for Bachelor of Optometry courses.
  • OAT (Optometry Admission Test) scores are also needed to qualify for this undergraduate degree in universities and colleges situated in the USA and Canada
  • If aspirants are planning to pursue a Bachelor of Optometry course in India, they are entitled to give entrance exams like NEET, AIIMS, CMC, BVP EYECET, GCET, and more. 

There is a wide range of academic institutions across the globe that offer Bachelor of Optometry and its equivalent degrees like BSc Optometry. Take a look at the following list which elucidates the top universities and colleges providing this course to students around the world:

Universities  Location 
University College London UK
University of Manchester UK
Cardiff University UK
Aston University UK
Ulster University UK
Anglia Ruskin University UK
University of London UK
University of New South Wales Australia 
Hong Kong Polytechnic University Hong Kong 
The University of Auckland New Zealand 
Deakin University Australia 
MCPHS University United States

Bachelor of Optometry Colleges in India 

Aside from foreign universities, several of India’s leading medical institutes and technical universities offer Bachelor of Optometry programmes to aspiring optometrists. We’ve included a few of them below.

  1. All India Institute of Medical Science
  2. Sharda University
  3. Ansal University
  4. ITM University
  5. NSHM Knowledge Campus
  6. Institute Management Studies
  7. George Group of Colleges
  8. Christian Medical College
  9. Manipal Academy of Higher Education (Kasturba Medical College)
  10. Shri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education
  11. SRM Institute of Technology
  12. Chitrakara University

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Future Scope

When it comes to knowing the scope of a Bachelor of Optometry in India and overseas, one can choose to work or continue their study with masters and doctoral degrees. The students and aspirants who wish to pursue higher studies in this field can opt for the, following courses:

Those who do not intend to continue their education or who choose to put the choice on hold, for the time being, can begin private practice as an optometrist or work as assistants in government or private hospitals’ eye specialist wards, where their experience will contribute to their qualifications. There are other industries that manufacture optical products and require professionals for quality testing and machine inspections, among other things.

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Job Prospects and Salary

Optometry is a challenging and dynamic healthcare profession that involves vision measurement, prescribing and fitting lenses to detect, treat various eye diseases and vision-related issues. Just like any other field of allied health sciences, those who have completed a bachelor of optometry can be employed in the following job prospects: 

Job Position  Annual Salary in INR 
Optometrist INR 3 to 3.5 lakhs
Optometry Researcher INR 4 to 5 lakhs 
Ophthalmologist INR 5 to 6 lakhs 
Optician INR 3 to 4 lakhs
Vision Consultant INR 2.5 to 3.5 lakhs 
Senior Optometrist INR 4 to 6 lakhs 

Hence, we hope that this blog has provided you with a better understanding of the many aspects of a Bachelor of Optometry degree. If you want to pursue this degree but don’t know where to start, call us at 1800572000 to schedule a free career counselling session with one of our Leverage Edu experts. We’ll walk you through the process of finding the right university for this programme that will provide you with the necessary knowledge and experience to launch a successful career in optometry.

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