Do you often look at a majestic building or a uniquely designed room and wonder who came up with its design and structure? Every physical structure sprouted initially from the genius mind of an Architect who transformed the simplest idea into a wonderfully created structure! From the conception of the idea to its formulation as well as construction to enliven it, the architect remains engaged in all the details. Intrigued by the career path of an architect? If you have a knack for designing and an eye for detail, then you must consider studying Architecture. This blog brings you a comprehensive guide on how to become an architect, including the courses, universities as well as the career scope this field has on offer.
This Blog Includes:
- Who is an Architect?
- Skills Required
- How to Become an Architect?
- Top Universities for Architecture
- How to Become an Architect in India
- Top Colleges in USA
- Top Colleges in Canada
- Top Colleges in Australia
- Online Courses
- Career Options
|Architecture Courses||B.Arch, M.Arch|
|Entrance Exams||NATA, JEE, AIEEE|
|Average Fees||₹4 Lakhs- ₹10 Lakhs|
|Top Institution in India||NIMS University|
Who is an Architect?
An architect is involved in planning, designing and overseeing the construction of different structures such as offices, houses, malls, stadiums etc. The task of an architect is not easy, they have to make sure that the constructions adhere to different measures of public safety, quality, functionality and environmental protection. Therefore, the architect needs to have an understanding of all these factors along with a creative streak. Since architects need to work in teams, having great interpersonal and communication skills are a must for them.
Being an architect requires one to wear many hats. A person must have artistic hands and must be good with numerals at the same time. Here are the skills that are necessary for becoming an architect.
- Numerical Skills
- Creative Thinking
- Problem Solving Skills
- Computer Modelling
- Commericial Knowledge
- High Perceptual Skills
- Teamwork and Management
- Effective Communication Skills
- Intense Pursuit
How to Become an Architect?
Due to the great scope of a career in architecture, it has now attained huge popularity as a field of study among students. Wondering how to become an architect? Here is a step by step guide for you:
Opt for Science Stream after 10th
If you wish to pursue your career as an architect, you should begin by choosing the relevant subjects at the school level. It is essential that you go for the science stream after your 10th boards and make sure to choose mathematics as one of the major subjects since the understanding of many mathematical concepts is needed when planning the structure of a building. Also, architects also need to have a good grasp of the basic concepts of physics that are involved in construction. Additionally, drawing skills also come in handy while creating designs of structures on paper.
Pursue a Degree in Architecture
After completing your secondary education, you need to go for a Bachelor of Architecture (B. Arch) degree. Apart from the general BArch degree, you can also choose from specialised bachelor’s degree programs in Architecture such as:
- Bachelor’s in Engineering and Architectural Design
- Bachelor of Engineering in Landscape Architecture
- BSc/BA in Architecture Technology & Construction Management
- BA (Hons) in Interior Architecture & Design
The minimum qualification for a bachelor’s degree in Architecture is 10+2 and if you are planning to apply for Indian universities, then you will also be required to qualify NATA exam or any other university-specific exam. For students who want to pursue these courses abroad, you will additionally need to have a valid score in the required exams such as the ACT or SAT along with the English proficiency exams like TOEFL or IELTS. The B.Arch course is generally a 5-year degree and aims to equip the student with all the skills as well as the knowledge necessary to work as an architect in the construction sector. The course covers both theoretical and practical modules to produce highly qualified professionals in architecture.
If you aim to gain a higher-level qualification after graduation, you can opt for a Masters in Architecture (M.Arch) degree or specialised master’s level programs in Architecture. While many BArch graduates decide to pursue job opportunities after completing their bachelor’s degree, pursuing a postgraduate degree will help you gain expertise as well as get specialised in a specific field. Here are some of the major specialisations you can opt for the major master’s degree level Architecture courses:
- Installation Art
- Urban Design
- Interior Architecture
- Landscape Architecture
- Sustainable Architecture
- Naval Architecture
- Civil and Architectural Engineering
- Lighting Design and Management
- Urban Studies and Planning
- Real Estate Management
Work on your Skills through Training Programs
All architects need to go through a compulsory internship period (included in bachelor’s and master’s degree programs) before getting licensed as a professional. You will be required to work under a professional architect to not only get exposure to all the technicalities involved in construction but also to gain experience in working as an architect. In countries like the USA and Canada, there are regulated training programs for students of architecture who are preparing for their licensure exams. These programs are known as the Intern Development Program (IDP) in the USA and the Intern Architect Program (IAP) in Canada.
Get Registered/Licensed as an Architect
The final and most important step is to get registered or obtain a license to work as a professional architect. Although in some countries you can work as an architect even without a licence after completing a bachelor’s degree in this field, it is good to get a license since it makes you eligible for more job opportunities on a global level. In India, an architect needs to register with The Council Of Architecture (COA) with all the required documents in addition to obtaining a certificate from a recognised university. All countries abroad have their own departments for providing licenses to architects. For example, in the US, you have to pass the Architect Registration Examination (ARE) conducted by the National Council of Architectural Registration Boards (NCARB) to earn a professional license, while the Architects Registration Board (ARB) administers the license in the UK.
Top Universities for Architecture
While exploring the career map of how to become an architect, it is of utmost importance to also be familiar with the most popular universities where you can pursue a degree in architecture. Here is a list of some of the best Architecture colleges and universities according to the QS World University Rankings, 2020:
|Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)||United States||1|
|Delft University of Technology||Netherlands||2|
|University College London||United Kingdom||3|
|ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology||Switzerland||4|
|Harvard University||United States||5|
|The University of California, Berkeley (UCB)||United States||6|
|Politecnico di Milano||Italy||7|
|Manchester School of Architecture||United Kingdom||8|
|University of Cambridge||United Kingdom||9|
How to Become an Architect in India
There are many institutions in India that provide professional training in the field of architecture. These are the top colleges to pursue architecture in India.
- IIT Kharagpur
- IIT Roorkee
- National Institute of Technology (NIT’s)
- BIT Mesra
- School of Planning & Architecture
- Chandigarh College of Architecture
- Faculty of Architecture, Jamia Milia University
- SMVDU, Katra
- Sir J. J. College Of Architecture
Top Colleges in USA
The USA proves its architecture expertise through the highly artistic and grandiose buildings along with state-of-art premises. The following are the top colleges in the USA for architecture courses.
- Stanford University
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
- Harvard University
- University of California, Berkeley (UCB)
- Princeton University
- Yale University
- University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
- Columbia University
- University of Pennsylvania
- New York University
Top Colleges in Canada
Studying architecture in Canada provides students with a great foundation and the necessary skills. Here are the top colleges in Canada for architecture.
- University of British Columbia
- Memorial University of Newfoundland
- University of Calgary
- University of Manitoba
- University of Waterloo
- University of Toronto
- McGill University
- Ryerson University
Top Colleges in Australia
Another top country to pursue architecture is Australia with its unique courses and professional training. Australia also holds some of the world’s oldest structures which have been intricately designed. Here are the top colleges to pursue architect in Australia.
- University of Melbourne
- Queensland University of Technology
- University of New South Wales
- University of Adelaide
- University of Queensland
- University of Canberra
- RMIT University
- University of Technology Sydney
- Engineering Institute of Technology
Also Read: Top colleges in Australia
Apart from physical courses, there are various online courses that students can take and learn the basics. However, it is important to note that students must practice polishing their skills in this field.
- Udemy Architectural Post Production in Photoshop by DATEC studios
- edX The Architectural Imagination by Harvard University
- EDX Realistic Architectural 3D Modeling
- Coursera Roman Architecture by Yale University
- Architectural design and fundamentals Udemy
- Coursera Autodesk Certified Professional: Revit for Architectural design Exam by Autodesk
Being an architect comes with a huge job scope due to the ever-increasing urbanisation and the need for sustainable and eco-friendly living spaces. Now that you are aware of major steps you need to fulfil to become an architect, let’s take a look at the different career opportunities that you can choose from in this field:
- Interior Designer
- Town Planner
- Architectural Technologist
- Architecture Engineer
- Historic Buildings Inspector
- Building Surveyor
- Landscape Architect
- Production Designer
- Structural Engineer
A career as an architect provides you with a fair salary package along with additional benefits. The average salary of an architect in India is ₹348,423. The pay usually increases with one’s experience and additional skills. Tabulated below is the salary based on the various job profiles in architecture.
|Landscape Architect||INR 8,63,500|
These are the top Architecture companies in India are :
Architect Hafeez Contractor.
C.P. Kukreja Associates.
Somaya & Kalappa Consultants.
Oscar & Ponni Architects.
Kembhavi Architecture Foundation.
A career as an architect is one of the most lucrative careers in India as well as abroad.
Students who pursue architecture must be good at drawing and must know the basics of sketching.
We hope this blog cleared your doubts regarding the process of how to become an architect. Want to start your career in this field with a B.Arch degree? Reach out to our experts at Leverage Edu who can help you identify the best universities as per your requirements, along with assisting in the application process. Sign up for a free session today!