Scope of Biotechnology

Scope of Biotechnology

The current boom in the arena of research and development led by Biotechnology is nothing short of a revolution across different fields of Medical Science. Be it the growth in Biochemical Engineering, making bioprinting more accessible or generation of energy through bio-sources, biotechnologists are at the forefront of constant evolution and innovation. While the past decade has observed some staggering and monumental rates of growth when it comes to the scope of biotechnology and its allied sectors, in the future, it may become one of the prominent industries to watch out for in the next one.

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Scope of Biotechnology: Brief Overview of Pathways

An individual looking to make a successful career in Biotechnology can explore a variety of short-term and long-term Biotechnology courses. This includes the traditional bachelor’s degree like BSc Biotechnology and the master’s degree, i.e. MSc Biotechnology. For an advanced and professionally-oriented career, pursuing a postgraduate program is recommended. Further, under the vast scope of biotechnology, one can also choose to pursue doctoral courses like PhD to build a vibrant career in research. Some more programs you must surely keep in mind have been stated below:

*This is a policy-based course and organisations hiring public health experts may require a significant years of experience in the health sector. 

Also Read: Branches of Biology

Scope of Biotechnology: Emerging Career Options

As discussed, owing to the immense scope of biotechnology and the growth of opportunities in this sector touches a wide variety of aspects. Refer to our blog on career in Biotechnology for an elaborative analysis on the popular job profiles offered across industries as well as other related information. Here, we will discuss a few of the emerging and challenging career paths.

Forensic Science Technicians

Aiding in criminal investigations through evidence collection, analysis and preservation, forensic scientists work across many fields like Toxicology, Digital Forensics, Forensic Chemistry, amongst others. As it is one of the major profiles in the varied scope of Biotechnology, typical work responsibilities of forensic science technicians may include performing biological and chemical experiments, analysis of DNA and other genetic material as well as consulting with other field experts.

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Environmental Biotechnologist

With the focus on environment, sustainability and climate change growing each day, the need to solve these issues through tools of Biotechnology has parallelly developed. An environmental biotechnologist may now work across areas including but not limited to detection of pollutants and contamination, treatment or use of industrial waste and chemicals, energy creation through several biological methods and constructing easily biodegradable materials. The scope of biotechnology with relevance to the environment is only going to increase and an advanced degree especially provides a fast-track to venture into the same.


Genetic Engineering draws heavily from biotechnology and with interested students can work across a range of industries such as pharmaceutical companies, food enterprises, research organisations and institutions, amongst others. As a geneticist, you can expect to work on different subfields, e.g agricultural genetics and animal genetics along with dealing with issues like ecological effects of genetic modification, genetically altered products, pest control and so forth.

Check Out: Genetic Engineering courses

Molecular Biotechnologist

A specialised field within biotechnology, molecular biotechnology relates to many diverse disciplines like microbiology, cell biology, cancer research, etc. Further, with the overall scope of biotechnology gaining momentum, career avenues are only going to increase. A Molecular Biotechnologist works on analysis of nucleic properties of humans and animals, development of better drugs and tests as well as vaccine studies, amongst others. This field has applications in areas of aquaculture, textile manufacturing and food processing as well.

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Pharmaceutical Biotechnologist

A relatively nascent area, Pharmaceutical Biotechnology specifically concerns itself with the application of biotechnology principles in the development of drugs. Availing the scope of Biotechnology in the field of pharmaceuticals, it involves understanding molecular structures, synthesis and purification, stability and toxicity, etc. Primary work responsibilities may include conducting clinical trials, formulating drug delivery systems and clinical trials. Typical companies hiring for pharmaceutical biotechnologists are pharma and drug companies although regulatory authorities also require their services.

Hence, we hope that this blog proved beneficial in understanding the specifics as well as the scope of biotechnology. If you wish to work as a research assistant or at multinational enterprises and intend to pursue a course in biotechnology or allied fields, consult the experts at Leverage Edu by signing up for a free 30-minute career counselling session and take a step towards building a rewarding career.

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