Scope of Biotechnology

7 minute read
Scope of Biotechnology

The current boom in the arena of research and development led by Biotechnology is nothing short of a revolution across different fields of Medical Science. Be it the growth in Biochemical Engineering, making bioprinting more accessible, or generation of energy through bio-sources, biotechnologists are at the forefront of constant evolution and innovation. While the past decade has observed some staggering and monumental rates of growth when it comes to the scope of biotechnology and its allied sectors, in the future, it may become one of the prominent industries to watch out for in the next one.

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Scope of Biotechnology: Brief Overview of Pathways

An individual looking to make a successful career in Biotechnology can explore a variety of short-term and long-term Biotechnology courses. This includes the traditional bachelor’s degree like BSc Biotechnology and the master’s degree, i.e. MSc Biotechnology. For an advanced and professionally oriented career, pursuing a postgraduate program is recommended. Further, under the vast scope of biotechnology, one can also choose to pursue doctoral courses like PhD to build a vibrant career in research. Some more programs you must surely keep in mind have been stated below:

*This is a policy-based course and organizations hiring public health experts may require significant years of experience in the health sector. 

Why Pursue a Career in Biotechnology?

Career Scope of Biotechnology

As discussed, owing to the immense scope of biotechnology and the growth of opportunities in this sector touches a wide variety of aspects. Refer to our blog on a career in Biotechnology for an elaborative analysis of the popular job profiles offered across industries as well as other related information. 

As stated earlier as well, biotechnology is a rapidly growing field of study. As breakthroughs in science and technology open up new areas of inquiry and growth, new subfields continue to emerge. Biotechnology careers include jobs in R&D, regulatory affairs and quality assurance, manufacturing, and policymaking. Let’s take a look at the major areas where you can explore job opportunities as a Biotechnology graduate:

Here is a list of the most prominent job opportunities offering immense career scope in Biotechnology:

  • Forensic Science Technicians
  • Medical Scientists
  • Microbiologists
  • Environmental Biotechnologist
  • Geneticist
  • Molecular Biotechnologist
  • Epidemiologist
  • R&D Scientist
  • Biochemist
  • Biophysicist
  • Biomanufacturing Specialist
  • Bioproduction Specialists
  • Medical Technician and Clinical Lab Technologist
  • Pharmaceutical Biotechnologist

Forensic Science Technicians

Aiding in criminal investigations through evidence collection, analysis and preservation, forensic scientists work across many fields like Toxicology, Digital Forensics, Forensic Chemistry, amongst others. As it is one of the major profiles in the varied scope of Biotechnology, typical work responsibilities of forensic science technicians may include performing biological and chemical experiments, analysis of DNA and other genetic material as well as consulting with other field experts.

Environmental Biotechnologist

With the focus on the environment, sustainability, and climate change growing each day, the need to solve these issues through tools of Biotechnology has parallelly developed. An environmental biotechnologist may now work across areas including but not limited to detection of pollutants and contamination, treatment or use of industrial waste and chemicals, energy creation through several biological methods, and constructing easily biodegradable materials. The scope of biotechnology with relevance to the environment is only going to increase and an advanced degree especially provides a fast-track to venture into the same.


Genetic Engineering draws heavily from biotechnology and with interested students can work across a range of industries such as pharmaceutical companies, food enterprises, research organizations, and institutions, amongst others. As a geneticist, you can expect to work on different subfields, e.g agricultural genetics and animal genetics along with dealing with issues like ecological effects of genetic modification, genetically altered products, pest control, and so forth.

Molecular Biotechnologist

A specialized field within biotechnology, molecular biotechnology relates to many diverse disciplines like microbiology, cell biology, cancer research, etc. Further, with the overall scope of biotechnology gaining momentum, career avenues are only going to increase. A Molecular Biotechnologist works on the analysis of nucleic properties of humans and animals, development of better drugs and tests as well as vaccine studies, amongst others. This field has applications in areas of aquaculture, textile manufacturing, and food processing as well.

Our Top Read: Microbiology Courses 

Pharmaceutical Biotechnologist

A relatively nascent area, Pharmaceutical Biotechnology specifically concerns itself with the application of biotechnology principles in the development of drugs. Availing the scope of Biotechnology in the field of pharmaceuticals, it involves understanding molecular structures, synthesis and purification, stability and toxicity, etc. Primary work responsibilities may include conducting clinical trials, formulating drug delivery systems and clinical trials. Typical companies hiring for pharmaceutical biotechnologists are pharma and drug companies although regulatory authorities also require their services.

Must Read: Masters in Pharmacy (MPharm)

List of Courses in Biotechnology

Owing to the vast scope of Biotechnology, numerous universities and colleges across the globe have started offering diplomas, certificates, bachelor’s, masters, and PhD programs in this field. To help you further in your research, we have listed down some of the popular Biotechnology courses you must check out:

Diploma/Certificate Courses [6 Months to 1.5 Years]

  • Diploma in Biotechnology
  • PG Diploma in Bioengineering Management
  • Certificate in Bioprocess Engineering
  • Certificate in Bioprocessing Technologies

Bachelor’s Degree [3-5 Years]

  • BSc Biotechnology
  • BTech Biotechnology
  • Bachelor’s in Chemistry & Biotechnology
  • Bachelor’s in Molecular Biotechnology
  • Bachelor’s in Chemical Biotechnology
  • Bachelor’s in Pharmaceutical Bioprocess Engineering
  • Bachelor of Biotechnology, Bachelor of Business
  • Bachelor of Biotechnology (Hons.)

Master’s Degree [1-3 Years]

  • MS/MSc Biotechnology
  • Master in Biotechnology of Environment and Health
  • Master in Biotechnology
  • Master in Applied Biotechnology
  • Master’s Degree in Research in Fundamental Biology & Medicine
  • Master’s Medical Biotechnology
  • Master’s in Microbiology & Microbial Biotechnology
  • MSc in Molecular Biology

Doctorate Level [Varies]

  • PhD Biotechnology
  • Doctorate in Molecular Biology & Biotechnology
  • Doctorate in Molecular Biology & Cellular Biotechnology

Top Universities for Biotechnology Courses

In order to avail the immense career scope of Biotechnology, acquiring a degree from a globally acclaimed academic institution will help you learn from an international-level faculty, explore colossal research opportunities, and much more. Here are the best Biotechnology universities and colleges in India and abroad:


Universities  QS World University Rankings 2021 (Biological Sciences) Location
Harvard University 1 United States
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) 2 United States
University of Cambridge 3 United Kingdom
Stanford University 4 United States
University of Oxford 5 United Kingdom
University of California, Berkeley 6 United States
ETH Zurich, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology 7 Switzerland
Yale University 8 United States
University of California, Los Angeles  9 United States
University of California, San Diego 10 United States


  1. Indian Institute of Technology, IITs
  2. Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University
  3. Manipal Academy of Higher Education
  4. Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology
  5. Birla Institute of Technology and Science, BITS
  6. University of Delhi, DU
  7. Banaras Hindu University, BHU
  8. Vellore Institute of Technology, VIT
  9. National Institute of Technology, NIT
  10. Delhi Technology University, DTU
  11. Netaji Subhash University of Technology
  12. Manav Rachna Institute of Research and Studies
  13. Amity University
  14. St. Xavier’s College
  15. Jamia Millia Islamia

Scope of Biotechnology in the Government Sector

In the same way that there are possibilities for research and development in the private sector, there are numerous government departments that undertake the same operations on a national scale. The Ministry of Science and Technology is in charge of these studies. The Department of Biotechnology oversees all biotech advances. The government posts vacancies as needed and the application procedure is mostly done online. Keep an eye on the official website for updates.

Salary Analysis 

According to the latest statistics from the Government of India, the biotech sector is currently growing at a 20% annual rate and is expected to reach USD 100 billion by 2025, thanks to various multinational corporations and research institutes that have consistently provided excellent career opportunities to qualified individuals. Biotechnologists’ salaries in India are primarily determined by their knowledge, abilities, and experience. There are now 12 major firms in India with the highest employment rate and compensation grades. Leading biotech firms pay an average yearly income ranging from INR 2.2 lakhs to INR 8.2 lakhs per year. As the need for biotech graduates grows, the numbers are expected to more than double.


What are the job opportunities for biotechnology?

There is an immense career scope in Biotechnology and some of the major job opportunities in Biotechnology include, Forensic Science Technicians, Medical Scientists, Microbiologists, Environmental Biotechnologist, Geneticist, Molecular Biotechnologist, Epidemiologist, R&D Scientist, Biochemist, Biophysicist, Biomanufacturing Specialist, Bioproduction Specialists, Medical Technician and Clinical Lab Technologist and Pharmaceutical Biotechnologist, etc.

Is biotechnology a good career?

Biotechnology is emerging as a sought-after career field owing to the vast scope it has on offer especially in the field of research. Biotechnology as a career offers a wide range of opportunities across the medical, healthcare, and pharmaceutical research and you will also get to work in Biochemistry, Biophysics, Genetics, Environmental Science, etc. which are some of the in-demand industries for Biotechnology graduates.

What is the scope and importance of biotechnology?

The scope and importance of Biotechnology is ever-increasing in contemporary times as it is applied across varied sectors like Molecular Biology, Biophysics, Genetic Engineering, Environment and Ecology as well as Life Science to invent better technologies and products to enhance our lives as well as facilitate environmental conservation and sustainable development.

Which field of biotechnology has more scope?

There are varied branches of Biotechnology filled with immense career scope and amongst these, Bioinformatics and Computational Biology are the most sought-after fields of Biotechnology.

Hence, we hope that this blog proved beneficial in understanding the specifics as well as the scope of biotechnology. If you wish to work as a research assistant or at multinational enterprises and intend to pursue a course in biotechnology or allied fields, consult the experts at Leverage Edu by signing up for a free 30-minute career counselling session and take a step towards building a rewarding career.

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  1. I have done my in biotechnology. But getting a job is very difficult. I don’t know what to do. I need help.

  1. I have done my in biotechnology. But getting a job is very difficult. I don’t know what to do. I need help.

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