Types of Engineering Courses

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Types of Engineering

Engineering is an umbrella term that involves the study and application of scientific principles to invent, build, and design structures, machines, tools, processes, computers, etc. With its applications in almost every field, there are scores of Engineering branches that have emerged over the years. Furthermore, apart from conventional degree programs, some of the best Engineering courses for the future like Nanotechnology and Telecommunications has also gained popularity. However, to become a successful engineer, you need to have scientific acumen, field-specific knowledge, and interest. So, here is a blog that will shed light on different types of Engineering programs that you can consider!

Engineering as a Degree

Engineering as a field has grown exponentially and the need for specialized courses has surged. To cater to the rising demand for highly skilled professionals, universities around the world have started to offer highly advanced programs to help students meet the challenges in the field. A bachelor’s degree in Engineering which spans over 3-4 years can be pursued after the 12th, while for masters, a bachelor’s degree is a prerequisite. Besides this, to study abroad in top technical colleges offering the best Engineering courses, a student needs to get a valid score on GRE other than language tests such as IELTS, TOEFL, or PTE.

What are the Different Types of Engineering?

As discussed, Engineering is a broad field that encompasses a wide variety of subjects and offers scores of specialization to pursue. Available in the form of diplomas and degrees, here are some of the popular types of Engineering courses:  

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Computer Engineering
  • Electrical/Electronics Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Engineering Management

Aerospace Engineering

Dealing with the study of aircraft, satellites, and spacecraft, Aerospace Engineering is one of the most sought after degree courses. and systems for defense. The subjects covered under this domain focus more on the Mechanical part and impart knowledge in areas like Thermodynamics and Propulsion, Flight and Spacecraft Mechanics, Flight Controls, Testing, and Dynamics, etc. Some of the popular universities to pursue this type of Engineering course are: 

Aeronautical Engineering

Often confused with Aerospace Engineering, this branch deals with formulating designs and creating vehicles that are to be used within the earth’s atmosphere i.e. Helicopters, Drones, Missiles, etc. Some of the major Aeronautical Engineering subjects include Solid Mechanics, Aircraft Propulsion, CAD, Fluid Mechanics, etc. For pursuing this type of Engineering, here are the universities you can consider:

Civil Engineering

Civil Engineering deals with the planning and development of infrastructure projects. As a student, you will gain knowledge related to the architectural, structural, geotechnical, and environmental-related aspects of the discipline. Upon graduating with the degree, you will be equipped in designing and supervising large construction projects, including roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and systems for water supply and sewage treatment. Enlisted are some of the Civil Engineering colleges for you to consider: 

Environmental Engineering

Considered as one of the popular types of Engineering, Environmental Engineering is the study and application of principles of engineering, soil science, biology, and chemistry to develop solutions to complex environmental problems. You will further gain knowledge and skills on how to improve the recycling process, public health, waste disposal, and water and air pollution control. The main objective of this course is to apply scientific and engineering principles to improve and maintain the environment to protect human health and beneficial ecosystems. 

Computer Science Engineering

Dealing with the research, design, development, and testing of computer equipment such as chips, circuit boards, and routers, Computer Science Engineering is one of the most popular types of Engineering courses. Not just restricted to computer software and hardware, this degree program also focuses on Electrical Engineering subjects like those on chips and ICS and has thus become a popular Computer course after 12th. Microcontroller, Microprocessor Systems, VHDL, Computer Architecture Design, etc are some of the subjects that you will study under this program. 

Engineering Management

Counted amongst the most unique types of Engineering, Engineering Management is an interdisciplinary field that encompasses the scientific principles of Engineering with the latest business practices. Laying emphasis on both theoretical and practical components, this course imparts extensive knowledge in areas like Finance, Material Management, Human Resources, techniques to improve structures and devices, etc. Apart from communication skills, improving managerial and leadership qualities will also be paid special focus on. Some of the universities offering this course have been given a rundown below:

Other Kinds of Engineering

  • Agricultural Engineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Hardware Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Health and Safety Engineering
  • Industrial Engineering
  • Marine Engineering
  • Materials Engineering
  • Mining and Geological Engineering
  • Nuclear Engineering
  • Petroleum Engineering

Which is the Best Field in Engineering?

With so many distinct engineering areas, it’s reasonable to wonder which one is the greatest. While most differences exist in terms of work environment, compensation, education, and career advancement, the answer to this question is entirely dependent on the person. For example, someone who wants to work in a medical institution will have a different desired engineering sector than someone who wants to work with geology outside.

Understanding your individual background and professional aspirations might go a long way toward determining which engineering sector you are most interested in. Prior to acquiring the requisite schooling, successfully matching your ambitions with the proper field might be your first step.

Life as an Engineer

Graduates with an Engineering degree can work in a wide range of sectors, including automotive, defence, energy, pharmaceuticals, and rail. Whatever job path you choose after graduation, you must be prepared to deal with continual problem solving, teamwork, communication, and leadership. You’ll run across challenges for which you don’t have an immediate solution and will need to collaborate with a variety of Engineers from other disciplines as well as non-technical colleagues to complete. Many businesses look for persons who want to inspire and help others.These are the engineers who can bring new ideas and cost-effective solutions to the table, and who are driven to produce a solution that effectively solves the problem! Many people have upgraded their skills by using the Covid lockdown. Perhaps this is also something for you?

Best Engineering Course with High Salary

Mentioned below are the fields pursuing which you can get high salary jobs-

  • Computer Science
  • Civil Engineering
  • Software Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Marine Engineering
  • Information Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electronics and Communication Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering

20 Best Engineering Jobs for the Future 2022

Engineering offers a plethora of work options and prospects that are both in great demand now and in the future. According to a 2018 estimate by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, almost 140,000 new positions in the area of engineering are predicted to be created between 2016 and 2026, supporting employment growth. As per the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, here are the topmost demanding engineering jobs in Engineering which will increase even more in the future:

Role Average Salary in India
(Payscale)
Civil Engineer ₹3,08,747
Mechanical Engineer ₹3,50,334
Solar Photovoltaic Installer ₹4,85,877
Wind Turbine Service Technician ₹5,00,000
Industrial Engineer ₹4,05,963
Electrical Engineer ₹3,66,801
Electronics Engineer ₹3,99,537
Petroleum Engineer ₹8,00,000
Software Developer ₹4,98,024
Robotics Engineer ₹4,37,857
Environmental Engineer ₹4,46,835
Computer Hardware Engineer ₹2,46,439
Aerospace Engineer ₹8,36,782
Chemical Engineer ₹4,89,511
Health and Safety Engineer ₹3,95,430
Biomedical Engineer ₹3,59,625
Marine Engineer ₹7,09,859
Naval Architect ₹6,72,299
Mining and Geological Engineer ₹5,87,968 – ₹15,50,000
Materials Engineer ₹7,02,464
Agricultural Engineer ₹4,90,819

Scope of Engineering

Engineers now have a plethora of job alternatives because of the globalization and openness of the business. Engineering is in high demand both in India and internationally. Engineering graduates have historically had high job prospects. Engineers can work in a variety of settings, including the private sector, the public sector, and the government. Because these courses are filled in the first rounds of counseling, securing a place in one of the top engineering fields necessitates hard effort and great grades in the corresponding engineering admission test. The career prospects after completing these courses are excellent, and some of the most reputable companies hire both fresh graduates and experienced engineers in this industry.

With so many types of Engineering programs available, choosing the one which aligns with your skills and interest can be a challenging task. Reach out to our experts at Leverage Edu who will not only help you select a course based on your likes but will also provide assistance in completing the admission formalities for the same!

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