Branches of Philosophy

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Branches of Philosophy

Do you become curious about things and ponder over their existence for hours altogether? Do you possess a knack for reasoning and get yourself entangled in questions of Philosophy?  If so, then it is time you enrol for a proper academic degree. Throughout a course in Philosophy, you will discover hundreds of philosophers and understand the contemporary world through their perspective, which will further help you in overcoming your own real-life problems. Philosophy is today a major subject, which has over the years crept into different disciplines. Universities across the world are now offering study programs in different branches of Philosophy. In this blog, we will enumerate all the important details associated with Philosophy so you can easily pinpoint which aspect of Philosophy suits you best.

What is Philosophy?

To put it exactly, Philosophy is an exhaustive activity which is undertaken mainly because of the unyielding desire to search for the truth and equally an effort to know the hidden realities truths about themselves. As an academic discipline, Philosophy is hardly any different. Students who are in Philosophy programs are engaged in a pursuit of asking, answering, and resolving problems. In a sense, Philosophy is a type of Science, a reservoir of knowledge which can only be understood through rigorous investigation and study. To streamline it in a more systematic way universities have devised different branches of Philosophy.

What are the 7 Branches of Philosophy?

Branches of Philosophy

To unburden a student from the discouraging task of going through fat books and dense literature on every concept of Philosophy, experts of this field came up with the idea of creating various branches of Philosophy. In this blog, we have collated a list of major and much-discussed branches of Philosophy, which have triggered some famous debates in this field. Here are the 7 main branches of Philosophy:

  1. Axiology
  2. Metaphysics
  3. Epistemology
  4. Ethics
  5. Aesthetics
  6. Logic
  7. Political Philosophy

Let’s now explore some of these branches of Philosophy in detail.

Axiology

Also referred to as the theory of value, Axiology explores the nature of value and its metaphysical aspects. Value Theory is often interchangeably used as Axiology and this branch of Philosophy peruses upon the value of goodness. To put it simply, Axiology looks at the concept of value in terms of its philosophical terms and argues questions about nature and what actually is valued.

Metaphysics

Metaphysics has been a primary area of philosophical debate. It is mainly concerned with explaining the nature of being and the world. Traditionally, it has two different study areas, including Cosmology and Ontology. Cosmology is focused on understanding the origin, evolution, and the eventual fate of the universe, which include laws that keep it in perfect order. On the other hand, Ontology investigates various types of things that exist and their relationship with each other. Much before the discovery of modern science, all the science-related questions were asked as a part of Metaphysics.

Epistemology

Another major component of Philosophy is Epistemology. Going back into history, this term originated from the Greek word episteme which literally means knowledge, and the other half of the word ‘logy means ‘the study of’. Basically it is about the study of knowledge. What can we know? A fundamental question concerning Epistemology is, what is knowledge? It also asks questions like, can knowledge ever be absolute? Is there a limit for humans to know certain things? If we are living in a world of simulation, how can we know it? These are some of the essential questions Epistemology seeks answers for.

Ethics

Everyone in their day to day life tries to conduct themselves according to some established ethical norms. This philosophical concept has different applications in a person’s real life. For instance, there are certain organizations that have ethical committees which lay down rules of behaviour for its employees. Ethics is concerned with the definition of right and wrong. It elucidates schools of thought that instruct us how to act in a given situation, which has always been a matter of contention between philosophers. Every philosopher has defined it according to their own subjective understanding.

Political Philosophy

Combining the two fields of Politics and Philosophy, Political Philosophy studies political government, laws, liberty, justice, rights, authority, political states and systems, ethics, and more. It explores the concepts of why we need governments, the role of played by governments, what are its constituents, amongst others.

Aesthetics

Every person defines beauty as per his or her own perspectives. This philosophical subject is wholly devoted to defining the different aspects of beauty, even its contours. How do we find something beautiful? Is beauty always subjective or can it be objective too? Can everyone find a thing beautiful? It also examines individual taste and attempts to provide answers about these things in a scientific manner. Aesthetic Philosophy’s primary topic of investigation is beauty and art. It is often debated inside its classrooms. It also talks about performing arts like music.

Logic

We use this word in our commonplace conversations, so we are all aptly familiar with it. People constantly ask each other, “where is the logic behind this or that?”. People even acknowledge a good thought or act by calling it logically correct. Hence, the question arises, what does Science of logic has to do with Philosophy? In logic, we usually construct two sentences which are called premises, and they are used to make a conclusion. This sort of logic is called a syllogism, pioneered by Aristotle.

Branches of Philosophy Slideshare

Courtesy: Wahida Lisqis, Slideshare

In conclusion, we hope that we have meticulously provided you with all the relevant content about branches of Philosophy, along with other important details. Aiming to pursue your higher studies in Philosophy at a top-notch educational institution? Then what are you waiting for? Book your free 30 minutes of e-counselling with the Leverage Edu experts who will facilitate your overseas educational journey and help you choose best-matched career & higher education options. 

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