We live in a world where almost every year a new life-threatening disease is discovered and then the entire medical force dedicates itself to researching that disease and finding the cure for it. Did you know that there is a specific field of medical science which specialises in dealing with such outbreaks? And if yes, what’s it called? The branch of medical science which I am talking about is called Epidemiology. And in recent years it has become one of those lucrative career paths which not many know about yet. So, do you wish to try your hand at your career? Then sit tight because we are going to tell you all about how to become an Epidemiologist.
This Blog Includes:
- What does an Epidemiologist Do?
- Required Skills
- How to Become an Epidemiologist?
- List of Courses & Universities
- Job Prospects and Salary
What does an Epidemiologist Do?
Unlike other healthcare professionals who treat patients at individual levels, epidemiologists deal with a whole community. Responsible for evaluating the causes of disease, Epidemiologists play a crucial role in worldwide pandemics and are amongst the frontline warriors in a healthcare system. Their role involves visiting places that are hit by an outbreak where they meet people and collect food, water, and other samples that are later used in a rigorous research process. They work closely with marginalized communities and spend most of their time surveying and researching the possible causes of a disease outbreak. The data they collect is then used to develop vaccines and medicines against the disease. Epidemiologists are the first to respond in such situations and play a crucial role in containing diseases like polio, malaria, plague, etc.
To know how to become an Epidemiologist, it is quintessential to understand what skills you need to incorporate to follow this career path in Medical Science. The following are the skills you need to have as an epidemiologist:
- Comprehensive understanding of public health, global pandemics, and health hazards, amongst others.
- Excellent communication skills as you will be working with communities and informing the public healthcare system about imminent public health hazards.
- Incisive research and analytical skills to meticulously determine the best response measure to any public health emergency.
- Mathematical skills in drafting surveys and findings.
- Attention to detail
- Ability to work under pressure
Also Read: MBA Healthcare Management
How to Become an Epidemiologist?
Now that you are aware of what an Epidemiologist does and the skills you need to become one, here is a detailed career map on how to become an Epidemiologist:
Obtain a Degree in Public Health/Biostatistics/Health and Nutrition
While there are no specialised bachelor’s degrees in Epidemiology in India, the best way to get the foundational knowledge of this field is through a bachelor’s degree in Biostatistics, Public Health or Health and Nutrition. After graduating in any of these fields, you can further choose from the following master’s level and doctoral degrees to become an Epidemiologist:
- MSc Epidemiology
- Master of Public Health
- Post Graduate Diploma in Epidemiology and Health Management
- MD in Epidemiology
- PhD in Epidemiology
- Masters in Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology
- PhD in Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology
The eligibility criteria for these courses might differ as per the program and university. For master’s courses in Epidemiology/Public Health, you will be required to have a bachelor’s degree and qualify for the entrance exam specified by your chosen university such as HBNI EE, CUCET, etc. which are mainly for applying to universities in India.
If you are planning to study Epidemiology/Public Health abroad, universities might ask you to provide GRE scores along with language proficiency scores of IELTS/TOEFL/PTE, etc. You will also have to submit SOP and LORs as part of your application to a foreign university.
Intern at Research Institutes and Healthcare Organisations
While studying for your bachelor’s or master’s degree, the best way to implement your theoretical knowledge is by working at research institutes with senior epidemiologists or at healthcare organisations and getting involved with community health NGOs which will provide you with the real-world exposure you need.
Pursue Diploma/Certificate Courses
Since the job involves the processing of data and the use of technology, having a certificate course in computers and data analytics can be useful to set you apart from your peers in the field.
Explore Career Opportunities
Epidemiologists work independently as well as part of research teams and once you have gained the educational qualifications after finishing your master’s, you can either explore opportunities at research institutes or with healthcare institutions. There are different types of job roles you can explore to become an Epidemiologist such as,
- Community Health Workers
- Specialised Epidemiologist
- Research Scientist
- Statisticians and Surveyors
- Supervisory Epidemiologist
List of Courses & Universities
The next step in how to become an Epidemiologist is to know about Universities all over the world that are offering courses in Epidemiology. Depending on the country of origin, the course duration for the degrees varies. Here are some of the universities abroad that offer courses that will help you get started in your career as an epidemiologist.
|Curtin University, Australia||Bachelor of Science (Health Sciences) (Honours)||1 Year|
|Kent State University, USA||Bachelor of Science in Public Health||4 Years|
|Macquarie University, Australia||Bachelor of Advanced Science – with a specialization in Advanced Human Biology||3 Years|
|St. Francis Xavier University, Canada||Bachelor of Science in Human Nutrition (Honours)||4 Years|
|Indiana University -Bloomington, USA||Bachelor of Science in Public Health – Community Health||4 Years|
|University of Liverpool, UK||MD Epidemiology and Population Health||2 Years|
|The University of Sydney, Australia||Master of Medicine (Clinical Epidemiology)||1 Year|
|Lakehead University, Canada||Master of Public Health with Specialization in Epidemiology||2 Years|
|George Washington University, USA||Master of Public Health (M.P.H.) in Epidemiology||45 Credit Hours|
|University of Bristol, UK||MSc Epidemiology||1 Year|
|Western Sydney University, Australia||Master of Epidemiology||2 Years|
|Florida International University, USA||Master in Public Health – Concentration in Epidemiology||2 years|
Job Prospects and Salary
Now that you are aware of the courses and career map of how to become an Epidemiologist, let’s also explore the career opportunities in this field. Individuals can go on to work in laboratories and investigate outbreaks and new diseases. The job role may also include educating communities about harmful practices that lead to diseases and thus help a community in building basic healthcare infrastructure. They can work as experts with organizations like WHO etc.
Epidemiologists earn variable salaries depending upon the organization they work for and their job profile. Ideally, the salary for an epidemiologist in India ranges from 7 lac to 12 lac rupees. If you are planning to pursue a career in epidemiology abroad then the prospects for higher income are increased. Here are a few top job profiles that you can cater to if you want to become an epidemiologist-
|Job Profile||Average Salary (Entry to Senior-level)|
|Statisticians and Surveyors||₹2,00,000 – ₹8,90,000|
|Community Health Workers||₹1,60,000 – ₹9,00,000|
|Speciality Epidemiologists||₹3,00,000 – ₹10,20,000|
|Supervisory Epidemiologists||₹5,00,000 – ₹11,00,000|
|Data Analysts||₹1,00,000 – ₹9,65,000|
|Veterinary Epidemiologist||₹1,00,000 – ₹10,00,000|
|Molecular Epidemiologist||₹1,00,000 – ₹9,65,000|
We hope you have been familiarised with all the details regarding the career path of how to become an Epidemiologist. Planning to study Epidemiology abroad? Our Leverage Edu experts are here to assist you throughout the admission process of your dream university, from qualifying standardized tests like IELTS, TOEFL, GRE, etc. to drafting impressive SOP and LORs to ensure that you send a winning application! Sign up for a free session with us now!