MS in India: Courses and Colleges

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MS in India

India is not just known for having the largest democracy in the world but also ranks among the top study destinations when it comes to pursuing masters degrees like MBA, MD or MS, it has managed to double and triple up the number of universities and colleges towards the end of the 20th century. Lakhs of international students flock up to the country in pursuit of gaining the best quality knowledge through some of the highly qualified faculty members. However, when it comes to pursuing post-graduate degrees in Medical Sciences, India is known for the best and high-quality Master of Surgery courses. Read on to know more about pursuing MS in India.

Master of Surgery (MS)

A Master of Surgery or MS is a 3-year postgraduate program in Surgery under the field of Medical Science for those aspiring to become future surgeons in the country. The coursework for an MS in India comprises various specializations within the Human Anatomy and students are provided with an in-depth analysis and detailed knowledge of human body parts, disease and surgical methods for treating them. Practical experience and training in the operation rooms are an important part of the curriculum, allowing students to develop clinical skills essential for surgical treatments.

Major surgical areas include Clinical Surgery, General Surgery, Plastic Surgery, Cardiac Surgery, Pediatric Surgery, Radiation Oncology, Otolaryngology, Thoracic Surgery, Vascular Surgery and Developmental Radiotherapeutics. MS in India is known to be a highly-specialized course which entails immense career opportunities and helps students secure respectable and reputed jobs in the top-notch organizations in the medical world.

Why Pursue MS in India?

Here are the major reasons why you must consider pursuing a Master in Surgery from India:

  • Excellent ward administration and postoperative management abilities may be learned.
  • Being a surgeon, the other disciplines of specialty provide individuals more respect because it is regarded as one of the most demanding master’s degrees.
  • As a surgeon, you can perform a wide range of procedures on a variety of patients. As a result, the area is so wide that a master’s degree is required.
  • A master of surgery can also aid with easier postings in semi-urban or metropolitan locations with a better compensation package.

Eligibility for MS in India

Getting into your dream medical college is not easy for everyone out there. Not only do you need the skills to pursue medical education but are also required to crack various medical entrance exams. Below listed are few of the important eligibility requirements that an applicant need to fulfil in order to pursue an MS in India:

  • Completed an MBBS from a medical college which is recognized by the Medical Council of India (MCI) or any of the state-council board and should have completed a 1-year internship. 
  • Secured at least 50% of aggregate marks in graduation (this may differ from college to college).
  • Upon graduation, it is mandatory to pass through the national or state level Medical entrance exams such as NEET, AIIMS PG Exam, AIPGMEE (All India Post Graduate Medical Entrance Exam), DUPGMET (Delhi University Post Graduate Medical Entrance Test), PGIMER, JIPMER, to name a few.

*(It is advised that the candidates go through the official website of the prospective medical college to get in-depth information about the eligibility criteria)

Top Universities for MS in India

With the growing demand for medical professionals in the country, more and more medical colleges have started introducing courses specializing in diverse aspects of MS in India. Here we have listed the top medical colleges in India that medical aspirants should aim for:

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)
  • Lady Hardinge Medical College
  • Armed Forces Medical College
  • Madras Medical College
  • Aligarh Muslim University
  • Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)
  • Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute
  • Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College
  • Savitribai Phule Pune University
  • Indian Institute of Technology
  • Bharti Vidyapeeth
  • Gauhati Medical College and Hospital
  • Deccan College of Medical Sciences
  • Government Kilpauk Medical College
  • Maulana Azad Medical College 

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MS in India Syllabus

Even though the course structure may vary as per the medical colleges, here is a general year-wise breakdown of an MS in India:

Year 1Year 2Year 3
General Surgery
Radiology and Radiotherapy
General Surgery
Plastic Surgery
Cardio Therapy
Pediatric Surgery
General Surgery
Intensive Coaching

Specializations under MS in India

The above-mentioned topics are quite general and students who wish to advance in their field of interest can consider opting for specialised programs. Some of these are:


This is one of the oldest branches of Surgery that is concerned with disorders or diseases pertaining to ear, nose and throat (ENT) of the human body. 


Orthopedics is a specialized field in Medical Science wherein the Orthopedic doctor focuses on diseases or injuries in the musculoskeletal system of the body, including nerves, bones, joints, tendons, ligaments and muscles.


Urology is the division of MS in India which specializes in any issue or disorder in the function of the urinary system of the body. 


A medical specialization of Surgery where the Eye Specialist conducts the medical examination and treatment of any such problem related to the vision of eyes of the human.

Both these fields are inter-related to each other. Where the Obstetrics covers pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period of a woman, Gynaecology deals with the well-being of the reproductive system of a female.

MS in India Career Scope and Salary

In today’s environment, when everyone’s major concern is health, the prevalence of MS in India and overseas is quite significant. People are increasingly turning to doctors who are experts in the field. In India, the Master of Surgery or MS in India program has a very broad and varied reach. It is determined by the particular aspirant’s talents, knowledge, calibers, and the location in which they practice. The MS program is particularly job-focused and its application benefits society. MS is a degree because after completing it, candidates gain not only financial benefits but also social worth and respect. Working as a surgeon is difficult and demanding, but it is also rewarding.

General Surgery

One of the most popular specializations among the students pursuing an MS in India, a General Surgeon concerns any such problems in the human body related to the abdominal tract, breast, skin, endocrine system, etc.

Obstetrics & Gynaecology

As the medical industry is growing at an exponential rate, there comes a constant demand for professionals who can perform surgeries and treat patients. The students pursuing an MS in India have doors open to some of the most respectable jobs in highly reputed medical organizations upon graduation, both in the private and government sector. 

Skills Required to Become a Good Surgeon

Surgery is an extremely lucrative and intellectually demanding career – with more people applying to become surgeons each year than there are available places. Those who wish to grow as a Surgeon should have the required educational qualification along with the right set of skills and personality for the job.

Let us have a look at some of the most important skills that make them a good surgeon below:

  • Exceptional Motor Skills
  • Teamwork
  • Critical Analytical Skills
  • Problem Solving Abilities
  • Stamina
  • Patience
  • Excellent Communication
  • Leadership Qualities
  • Emotional Resilience

Areas of Employment

Due to the rising economy of the country, the medical sector will never run out of the demand for medical professionals. Some of the most popular areas of employment where you would see a large chunk of graduates with an MS in India include:

  • Government and Private Hospitals
  • Medical Colleges
  • Health Centres
  • Laboratories
  • Non-Profit Organizations
  • Medical Foundations
  • Nursing Homes
  • Research Institutes
  • Polyclinics
  • Private clinics

Job Profiles

The field of Surgery offers an extensive range of specializations which the students can choose to pursue. Owing to choosing the choicest of the options, the students can go further in their surgical fields and can opt for the following job profiles:

  • Researcher
  • Lab Technician
  • University Professor
  • Vascular Surgeon
  • Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon
  • Orthopedic Surgeon
  • Neonatal Surgeon
  • Upper Gastro-Intestinal Surgeon
  • Ophthalmologist
  • Urological Surgeon

Average Salary

Mentioned below are the average salaries for a graduate with an MS degree in India:

Job Profile Average salary in INR (Annual) 
Pediatric surgeonINR 6-12 Lakhs 
ResearcherINR 4-8 lakhs 
Plastic SurgeonINR 10-15 Lakhs 
Vascular SurgeonINR 6-13 Lakhs 
Lab technicianINR 4-6 Lakhs 
OphthalmologistINR 15-27 Lakhs 
Neonatal SurgeonINR 7-14 Lakhs 
Trauma surgeonINR 15-30 Lakhs 
NeurosurgeonINR 20-30 Lakhs 
GynecologistINR 12-22 Lakhs 
ENT SurgeonINR 7-18 Lakhs 
General SurgeonINR 10-20 Lakhs 


Which is better MD or MS?

It is not possible to say that “MS is a higher level course than MD.” Both are postgraduate degrees with their own areas of expertise. There are distinctions between them, such as MS being a postgraduate degree in general surgery and MD being a postgraduate degree in general medicine. Both can be pursued after completing an MBBS.

Which college is best for surgery in India?

Top General Surgery Colleges in India are:
Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute.
IMS BHU Banaras.
Dr DY Patil Medical College Pune.
Dayanand Medical College and Hospital.
Christian Medical College Vellore.
MAMC Logo.
Kasturba Medical College.
KMC Mangalore.

What is MS in general surgery?

General Surgery, sometimes known as Master of Surgery in General Surgery, is a postgraduate surgical programme. Surgery is a discipline of medicine that uses surgical methods to treat disease or injury. The master’s degree in general surgery programme lasts three years and is divided into six semesters, including the test time.

Who earns more MS or MD?

There is also a significant disparity in the wage range. An MBBS graduate may expect to earn somewhere between INR 30,000 and INR 1 lakh per month, much as in most other areas. However, in India, an MD earns INR 2–20 Lakhs, whereas an MS earns INR 4–35 Lakhs.

Which is the highest degree in Doctor?

A Doctor of Medicine (MD) is the highest degree for physicians and surgeons.

Choosing a career in Surgery is very competitive so it is highly important that you are well prepared and make a decision strategically. Besides an MS in India, there are excellent opportunities for students planning to rotate abroad as medical students. And our team of experts at Leverage Edu can help you find a medical school that can provide the right platform to broaden your horizons in the field of Medical Science with the help of our AI Course Finder. Book your 30 minutes of free career counselling now!

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