As the saying goes, ‘Save one life, you are a hero, save thousands, you are a doctor’. A profession that shoulders the responsibility of saving lives, needs training and guidance of that stature. As one of the most respected and noble professions, being a doctor certainly is not as simple as it may seem. Right from studying zoology and botany courses in 11th and 12th standard to the preparation to the entrance test of medical education, to spending years on becoming an able doctor, the entire progression takes patience, perseverance, and hard work. The first step, however, of this honourable profession is the entrance exam called NEET.
What is NEET?
NEET – the National eligibility-cum-entrance test which was until 2013, called All India Pre-Medical Test. It was declared illegitimate by the Supreme Court in 2013 but brought back in April 2016. This is the entrance exam that students aspiring to be in the medical field have to undertake in order to start their education in the discipline. This entrance examination is held for both undergraduate as well as postgraduate programs, for both medical and dental courses.
This examination holds the key to admissions in both public and private medical colleges of India and certain universities abroad, too. Some private colleges organise their own admission assessments, even though NEET was proposed, to bring together all the medical entrance examination under one roof.
Until 2018, the NEET UG tests were managed by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) in collaboration with Prometric Testing Pvt Limited. Since 2019, the examinations are supervised by the NTA, i.e. National Testing Agency, which conveys the results back to Directorate General of Health Services at the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
However, due to the distinct laws under which they were authorised, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER), do not fall under the NEET umbrella.
Pattern and Structure of NEET
While the Medical aspirants throughout the country, gear themselves up for the esteemed exam, let us have a look at the examination pattern and structure of the same. The assessment is done in exactly 3 hours. It pen and paper based offline exam. This means that the students should be well-practiced and accustomed to marking on an OMR sheet. NEET was primarily set in the most commonly used languages of the country, i.e., English and Hindi up until 2016. For the convenience of the students, belonging to a vast number of states, speaking in over 121 local languages, the paper is now available in few local languages, namely, Tamil, Telugu, Assamese, Oriya, Kannada, Bengali, Gujarati and Marathi. This feature was introduced in 2017, so students could write the examination in nine diverse Indian languages apart from English. Although, the 2019 paper saw a drop in the number of students writing their exams in a regional language. The test paper has a total of 180 questions, with each question being awarded 4 marks, taking the total marks of the examination to 720. NEET paper is split in total of 3 parts, that is-
1. Physics with a total of 45 questions.
2. Chemistry with a total of 45 questions
3. Biology which is subdivided into two more categories viz:
a. Zoology containing 45 questions
b. Botany containing 45 questions
Each question that is answered correctly is awarded 4 marks, while each question answered incorrectly marked -1 (1 mark is deducted). There are no marks awarded to questions that are left unanswered or having more than one answer marked since the paper has Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ). The NEET test has no question which has multiple choices for a single question and neither does it have the luxury of changing the answer. The final score of the test is calculated in the following format:
Total no. of correct answers ×4 – Total no. of incorrect answers × (-1)
Syllabus for NEET
The NEET syllabus covers topics from both 11th and 12th standard physics, chemistry and biology (zoology and botany). The best school books for the same would be the NCERT books.
The biology syllabus for NEET includes:
From 11th Standard:
- Plant Physiology
- Human Physiology
- Diversity in Living World
- Structural Organisation in Plants and Animals
- Cell Structure and Function
From 12th Standard:
- Genetics and Evolution
- Biology and Human Welfare
- Biotechnology and its Application
- Ecology and Environment
The Physics syllabus for NEET includes:
From 11th Standard:
- Physical World and measurement
- Laws of motion
- Motion of Rigid Bodies System of Particles
- Work, Power, and Energy
- Properties of Bulk Matter
- Oscillations and Waves
- Kinetic Theory and Behaviour of Perfect Gas
From 12th Standard:
- Magnetism and Magnetic Effects of Current
- Current Electricity
- Alternating Current and Electromagnetic Induction
- Electromagnetic Waves
- Electronic Devices
- Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
- Atoms and Nuclei
The Chemistry syllabus for NEET includes:
From 11th Standard:
- Basic Concepts of Chemistry
- Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
- Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
- Structure of Atom
- States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
- Environmental Chemistry
- Redox Reactions
- s-block elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)
- Organic chemistry: Basic principles and techniques
- Some p-block elements
From 12th Standard:
- Solid States
- Chemical Kinetics
- Surface Chemistry
- Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
- General Processes and Principles of Isolation of Elements
- p-block Elements
- Coordination Compounds
- d and f-block Elements
- Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers
- Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acid
- Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
- Chemistry in Everyday Life
Eligibility for NEET
There are several eligibility norms that need to be followed for admission in colleges as well as writing the NEET examination. Higher Secondary or 12th standard marks should be according to the cut offset by the Medical Council of India (MCI). The council has set up qualifying marks in higher secondary for different categories, like:
a. General category: 50%
b. PWD: 45%
c. SC/ST/OBC: 40%
It is also essential that the student has opted for Physics, Chemistry, and Biotechnology or Biology in their 12th standard. Although there is no age limitation to appear for the examination, the candidate must complete the age of 17 years in the year they appear for their MBBS admission. There are no limitations on the number of attempts to write the NEET examination.
Cut off for NEET
For admission in a government college, which many students aspire to be in, the cut-offs are as follows (as of 2019) :
a. For general category: 50 percentile (marks can be in the range of 135 to around 705)
b. For general category physically handicapped: percentile (marks can be in the range of 135 to around 115)
c. For SC, ST and OBC and SC/ ST physically handicapped: 40 percentile (marks can be in the range of 135 to around 105)
It is to be kept in mind that a student who wishes to practice medicine in India, whether the student completes his/her education in India or abroad, needs to give the NEET examination.
FAQs About NEET Exam
What is the duration of the NEET examination?
The NEET examination is a 3-hour long exam.
What is the minimum qualification required to appear for NEET?
Candidates who are appearing for NEET examination are required to pass class 12 from a recognized school or board. Candidates are required to score 50% marks individually in physics, chemistry, and biology.
In how many languages can one give the NEET exam?
Apart from English, candidates can also give the NEET exam in Hindi, Assamese, Gujarati, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Bengali, Kannada, Odia, and Telugu.
What is the mode of NEET exam?
The NEET examination is an offline exam. It is been taken in assigned centres in different cities. NEET is a pen and paper-based examination.
How to correct the NEET application form?
NEET correction form is available on the official website of NEET. Candidates have to login and click on the link mentioned as NEET correction form download it. There is a specific deadline to make corrections, so be careful while filling the details.
What is the pattern of NEET?
The NEET examination contains a total of 180 objective type questions from Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. Each section comprises of 45 questions each.
What is the application fee for the NEET examination?
Application fee of NEET for General Category students is Rs, 1400. Application fee of NEET exam for Reserved categories (SC, ST, OBC, PWD) is Rs, 750.
What are the necessary documents required to apply for NEET?
The following documents are required to apply for NEET exam:
- A valid ID Proof
- Scanned images of candidate’s photographs
- Scanned images of candidate’s signatures
- School marksheets and certificates
The NEET examination is not restricted to applying for colleges only in India. There are several colleges outside the country that provide equally rewarding and enriching education in the medical field. There are several factors that determine one’s admission to their dream college through NEET. Let Leverage Edu, help you with that one leverage you need to turn the tables. Contact us today at +91-8826200293 to take the first step towards your medical career.