PhD in Biotechnology

5 minute read
PhD in Biotechnology

Biotechnology or the art of modern science is concerned with the manipulation, alteration and cloning of genes are done to produce cost-friendly products for the benefits of the society. It is a rapidly growing industry in the world with a bunch of fascinating career opportunities. In the rising field of biotechnology, more and more candidates are now stepping into establishing a career in biotechnology and try their hands on core research. If you are eager to learn about this exciting field of study, then, pursuing a PhD in Biotechnology will be one of the best options. Read through the blog and know about the details of the program. 


Full-Form Doctor of Philosophy Biotechnology
Average Course Fee INR 10,000 to INR 1,50,000
Duration 3-5 years
Eligibility MSc Biotechnology
Entrance Exam UGC-NET, UGC-CSIR-NET.
Average Salary INR 4,00,000 to INR 20,00,000.
Best Institute in India Stella Maris College

PhD in Biotechnology Overview

PhD in Biotechnology is designed to teach the student with cutting edge bioengineering techniques to alter the genes to produce valuable goods and products beneficial for the population. The course structure mainly consists of studying research methodology, scientific process, recent trends in biotechnology and bioinformatics to complete the thesis. It is a doctorate level course that takes 3-5 years to complete the program. Some universities also demand candidates to undergo crucial examinations to prove their supremacy in the domain chosen. 

Eligibility Criteria 

If you are planning to pursue a PhD in Biotechnology, you should be familiar with the eligibility criteria for this course. Doctorate degrees in biotechnology expect a candidate to have relevant background in the respective field from a certified school or college. The basic eligibility criteria for admission in PhD in biotechnology are listed below-

  • A recognized bachelor’s degree like BTech Biotechnology, BSc Biotechnology or in some other related field
  • Candidates must have a masters degree biotechnology or bioinformatics like MSc Biotechnology  from any recognised university
  • Minimum prescribed score in GRE 
  • A good score in English proficiency tests like IELTS, TOEFL, etc 
  • SOP and LOR are required to be eligible for admission 

Subjects Covered in PhD in Biotechnology 

As the course name suggests, most of the subjects covered under PhD in biotechnology are centred towards scientific disciplines of Biology and engineering. Arising from this, there are many interdisciplinary subjects, like Hormone Biochemistry, genetic engineering Molecular Biology and Biochemical Techniques. Here are some of the commonly offered subjects in Phd biotechnology:

Molecular Biology Bioinformatics and Biostatistics Statistics and Probability Theory 
Protein Biotechnology Electrophoresis and DNA Sequencing Genomics
Bioprocessing Technique Molecular Biology Cellular Biotechnology
Biosciences Environmental Microbiology Bioinformatics

Also Read: Medical Science Courses

Top Universities

Being a doctorate course, PhD in biotechnology is offered across numerous leading universities across the world. As Biotechnology is inter-disciplinary and technical, the quality of education offered at a prospective university impacts the student’s overall learning experience, thus you must carefully choose amongst the top universities in the world that are offering this degree. Make sure you do not forget to research about the scholarships for fundings available especially for PhD students as they prove out to be really advantageous during the course. Here are some of the top universities offering PhD biotechnology: 

University Country QS Ranking
Harvard University USA  2
University of Cambridge UK 7th
Swinburne University of Technology Australia 372
Lancaster University UK 135th
University of Technology Sydney Sydney 133
University of Oxford US 4
Monash University Australia
Queensland University Australia 48
University of California US 28
University of Alberta Canada 119
King’s College London  UK 31

Colleges in India

There are various colleges in India that offer PhD in Biotechnology with a number of research opportunities and resources. Here are the top colleges in India that cater to courses for Doctor of Philosophy Biotechnology. 

  • St. Xavier’s College
  • Stella Maris College 
  • Women’s Christian College 
  • Kishinchand Chellaram College 
  • Maharani Lakshmi Ammanni College for Women 
  • Ramaniranjan jhunjhunwala College
  • Jaipur National University
  • DAV College 
  • Mount Carmel College

PhD in Biotechnology in USA

With ample global universities providing excellent training and research opportunities, the USA ranks among the top countries for pursuing a PhD In Biotechnology. Here are the top universities for pursuing PhD in Biotechnology in the USA.

  • Harvard University
  • Stanford University
  • University of California – Davis
  • The University of Pittsburgh
  • Tufts University
  • University of California – Berkeley
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Clarkson University
  • The University of Alabama in Huntsville
  • Texas A and M University-College Station

PhD in Biotechnology in Canada

Canada is another top country for pursuing PhD in Biotechnology with a variety of courses and many research fields to choose from. Here are the top universities for PhD in Biotechnology n Canada.

  • University of Ottawa
  • Brock University
  • Lakehead University
  • University of Toronto
  • Simon Fraser University
  • The University of British Columbia
  • The University of Calgary
  • McGill University
  • University of Alberta
  • McMaster University

PhD in Biotechnology in Germany

Germany has progressed into becoming the best country for technology and its related courses. The country has many leading universities with numerous biotechnology-focused companies and research institutions. Here are the top universities in Germany for PhD in Biotechnology.

  • University of Freiburg
  • University of Wuerzburg
  • Technical University Munich
  • Free University of Berlin
  • University of Bonn
  • Heidelberg University
  • University of Muenster
  • Technical University Dresden

Career and Job Prospects after PhD in Biotechnology

Earning a PhD in Biotechnology in the advancing field of study, there are a plethora of opportunities that arise for students after they finish the course. You can find a variety of professional profiles in various employment areas such as Bioinformatics, medical field, education sector, agriculture and pharmaceutical companies, etc. But majorly candidates go on to pursuing their research projects. Some of the selected career  sectors and job profiles are listed below:

  • Biomedical Engineer
  • Biochemist
  • Medical Scientist
  • Microbiologist
  • Process Development Scientist
  • Biomanufacturing Specialist
  • Product Strategist

Scope of PhD in Biotechnology

Biotechnology is a very diverse subject with increasing scope in the industry and has also connected many MNCs. With many discoveries and progress in medicine, the medical field has advanced in clinical testing and introduced novel practices and the production of pharmaceutical products. These are a few sectors that have increased requirements for students who have completed their PhD in Biotechnology in India.

  • Bio-processing industries
  • Agricultural Sciences
  • Environment Control
  • Public Funded Laboratories
  • Energy Management
  • Food Processing
  • Dairy Technology
  • Waste Management
  • Drug and Pharmaceutical Research


With a number of career options in Biotechnology, there is a vast scope for students to cover. However, before pursuing their PhD, it is important that students make their minds about whether they want to complete research or make a career. The average salary for a Doctor of Philosophy Biotechnology in India is ₹607k per year. Given below are a few jobs and their salary after PhD in Biotechnology.

Source: PayScale


What is the average salary of PhD Biotechnology?

The average starting salary for PhD in Biotechnology is INR 607k p.a.

Why should you choose Biotechnology as a career option?

If you have an inclination towards medicine, biology, technology, or pharmacy, Biotechnology is a suitable option for you with increasing demand in government organizations, private sectors, or clinical laboratories which are expected to increase in future.

Which countries are the best for studying PhD in Biotechnology?

USA, UK and Australia are among the top countries for pursuing PhD Biotechnology courses.

What is the eligibility for PhD Biotechnology?

You must complete your MSc Biotechnology with a minimum of 50%- 55% and clear the entrance exams.

Thus, we hope this blog was helpful in guiding you about the PhD in Biotechnology. If you are planning to pursue a PhD in Biotechnology but are unsure about selecting the right university, our Leverage Edu experts are just a click away. Sign up for a free career counselling session with us and we will help you explore the best universities as per your preferences and interests! 

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