Molecular Biology

6 minute read
Molecular biology

Molecular biology is referred to as the field of biology which studies the composition, structure, and interactions of cellular molecules such as nucleic acids and proteins which carry the biological processes which are essential for the maintenance and functioning of the cell. With the evolution of the double helix structure of DNA, molecular biology was discovered which has become one of the top booming careers in the world. This blog brings you a complete guide on Molecular Biology courses, eligibility, universities, jobs, and more!

What is Molecular Biology?

Molecular Biology is the study of science that involves studying chemical structures and processes of biological phenomena that involve the basic unit of life, molecules. It is primarily concerned with understanding the interactions between the various systems of a cell including the interrelationship of DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis, and knowing how these interactions are regulated. It plays a vital role in understanding formations, actions, and regulations of various parts of cells that can be used to efficiently target new drugs as well as understand the physiology of the cell. 

Basically, this field of biology seeks to understand the three-dimensional structure of biological macromolecules through techniques such as X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy. Such biologists try to map the location of genes on specific chromosomes, associate these genes with particular characters of an organism and use genetic engineering to isolate, sequence, and modify specific genes.

Top Molecular Biology Courses

Molecular Biology is commonly a part of programs in Genetics, Microbiology, Biochemistry, etc. and often this specialization is offered in combination with such fields! Here are the most popular Molecular Biology courses:

  • BSc in Genetics
  • BSc in Molecular Biology, Genetics and Bioengineering
  • BSc in Microbiology 410
  • BSc Biology
  • Bachelor in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
  • MSc in Molecular Biology
  • MSc in Biomolecular Sciences
  • Master in Cellular and Molecular Biology
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Molecular and Cellular Biology

Must Read: BSc Microbiology Syllabus

Top Abroad Universities

Here are the top universities for studying courses in Molecular Biology:

Must Read: Scope of Microbiology

Top Indian Universities for M.Sc In Molecular Biology

  • Jamia Millia Islamia
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University
  • Delhi University
  • University of Hyderabad
  • Aligarh Muslim University
  • Indian Institute of Science
  • TATA Institute of Fundamental Research
  • IIT Kharagpur
  • BITS Pilani
  • Bangalore University
  • Indian Agriculture Research Institute
  • Kannur University

Eligibility Criteria

If you are applying for a degree in Molecular Biology, you need to qualify certain admission requirements and some of the major eligibility criteria are as follows:

  • Official Academic Transcripts
  • The applicant must have completed their bachelor’s degree in biology from a recognized academic institution with the minimum marks required by the chosen university.
  • In order to be eligible for carrying out research work in the field, one must qualify the CSIR-UGC-NET exam or the ICMR JRF examination taking Life Science. Engineering or Pharm graduates with Biotechnology as a subject of study, having qualified in GATE 410 examination with a minimum of 85 percentile can also apply for Research Fellowship subject to qualifying the written test and/or interview.
  • If you plan to apply abroad then you will have to submit English language proficiency scores such as IELTS/TOEFL, etc. You can prepare for the tests with us at Leverage Live!
  • Statement of Purpose (SOP) 
  • Letters of Recommendation (LORs)

B.Sc Molecular Biology Syllabus

1 Semester
Sr. No.Subjects to Study
2Cell Structure & Dynamics
4Biophysics & Instrumentation
5Introduction to Computer
6Macromolecular Structure & Analysis
7Practicals: BMI, Biochemistry, Basic Microscopy & Instrumentation, Chemistry, Introduction to Computer
2 Semester
2Gene Expression and Gene Regulation
3Introduction to C-Programming & Digital Logic
4Organic Mechanisms in Biology
5Principles of Microbiology
6Principles of Transmission Genetics
7Practicals: Chemistry, Cytogenetic, Techniques, Introduction to C-Programming & Digital Logic, Microbiology
3 Semester
2Genome Organization
3Introduction to Data Structure & Computer Organization
4Microbial Genetics
5Principles of Immunology
6Plant and Animal Tissue Culture Techniques and applications
7Practicals: Chemistry, Immunology, Introduction to Data Structure & Computer Organization, Tissue Culture Techniques
4 Semester
1Biodiversity & Taxonomy
3Computational Biology & Bio-informatics
4Introduction to DBMS, Computer Network & Numerical Analysis
5Molecular Genetics
6Tools for analyzing Gene Expression
7Practicals: Bio-informatics, Chemistry, Introduction to DBMS, Computer Network & Numerical Analysis, Molecular Biology Techniques
5 Semester
1DNA Typing, Proteomics & Beyond
2Environmental Biotechnology
3Genetic Modification in Agriculture, Food & Industry
4Recombinant DNA Technology
5Practicals: Analysis of Gene Expression, Genetic Engineering Techniques
6 Semester
1Medical Molecular Biology
2Molecular Human Genetics
3Molecular Technology: Social, Legal & Ethical Issues
4Model Organisms in Human Genome Project
5Practicals: Dissertation on Molecular Biology, Project on Biodiversity

M.Sc Molecular Biology Syllabus

Semester ISemester II
BiostatisticsApplied Molecular Biology
BiomoleculesConcepts of Immunology
Fundamentals of Molecular BiologyMetabolism of Carbohydrates and Lipids
Computer ApplicationsElective I
EnzymologyInterdisciplinary Course I
Practical in BiochemistryPractical in Molecular biology
Semester IIISemester IV
Metabolism of Proteins and Nucleic AcidsClinical Biochemistry
Physical Biochemistry and Biochemical TechniquesSeminar
Elective IIElective IV
Elective IIIInterdisciplinary Course III
Interdisciplinary Course IIResearch Techniques
Practical in Immunology

Explore the Branches of Biology!

Jobs and Scope

Molecular biology is a rare field of science with a lot of potential and thus the competition is much less as compared to other fields of basic and applied sciences. Jobs in this field require you to work with advanced lab equipment, like cloning kits, DNA synthesizers, electronic guns. They regularly emphasize deductive reasoning and critical thinking in their tasks, as they attempt to enact change to processes and reinforce new methodology in solving problems.

Molecular biologists have an opportunity to get themselves a job at private industries, universities for research work or government agencies. Such biologists can also act as a consultant of specific scientific problems. There are a lot of research opportunities available in government agencies as well as universities.

The US Bureau of Labour Statistics estimated a growth of about 6% in this field in the next ten years which means this is the best time to seize the opportunity.  A fresher with a molecular biology degree can earn anywhere between INR 6,00,000- INR 8,00,000 and this is just for the beginning which surely goes up with experience.

Popular Industries for Molecular Biologists:

  • Consulting Services
  • Research and Development
  • Pharmaceutical Manufacturing

List of Top Microbiology Courses

Top Molecular Biology Companies

  1. Thermo Fisher Scientific
  2. Editas Medicine
  3. Benchling
  4. Aarhus University
  5. Promab Biotechnologies
  6. Elitech
  7. T2 Biosystems
  8. Freenome
  9. Genewiz
  10. Promega

Check Out: Microbiology Jobs


Is molecular biology a good course?

Due to the rarity of Molecular Biology as a subject of research, competition is projected to be lower than in other sectors of basic and applied sciences. The job, on the other hand, is both demanding and fulfilling. Only those with strong interests and relevant academic credentials can pursue a career in molecular biology.

What is a career in molecular biology?

Plants, animals, and human genetics, as well as their variation and relationships, are studied by molecular biologists. Molecular biologists use their knowledge of chemistry, physiology, genetics, physics, and biology to deal with DNA and RNA from humans, plants, animals, and other creatures.

How long does it take to be a molecular biologist?

A Ph. D. is required for most molecular biologists. Molecular biology doctoral programs, unlike many other professions, accept candidates who have completed a bachelor’s degree rather than a master’s degree. It can take up to six years to finish this process.

We hope that this blog was able to familiarize you with different aspects of molecular biology in general as well as in terms of a career. Confused about finding the right university? Connect with our Leverage Edu experts and we will help you find the right course and university as per your interests and preferences!

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