BSc Biotechnology Syllabus, Subjects, And Scope

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BSc Biotechnology Syllabus

You will be fascinated to know that Biotechs use fermentation and harness biocatalysts such as yeast, enzymes, etc. to become microscopic manufacturing plants, helping to fuel the world! From breakthroughs in stem cell engineering to disease diagnosis through the point of care devices, Biotechnology opens the doors to all kinds of new discoveries. The BSc Biotechnology degree program includes a blended curriculum that encompasses the elements of Biology, Chemistry, and Mathematics combined with lab work, Computer Applications, and Research. But ever wondered what all is covered in this course? Let us take you through a detailed list of the BSc Biotechnology syllabus so that you can understand every aspect of the program.

BSc Biotechnology: Highlights

Course NameBSc Biotechnology 
Course levelGraduation
Eligibility Criteria (Abroad)– 10+ 2 qualification from BiPc Subjects and mathematics -A good score in IELTS/ TOEFL-Minimum required score in SAT/ ACT exam  
Eligibility Criteria (India)10+ 2 qualification from BiPc Subjects and mathematics with at least50 % marks 
Duration3-4 Years 
Average Salary3,20,000 – 4,20,000 Per Annum
Popular Job Profiles Biotechnology Expert, Laboratory Instructor, Senior Research Associate, etc
Majors Employers National Institute of Immunology, Tata Energy Research Institute, National Botanical Research Institute, Centre of Cellular and Molecular Biology, etc

What is Biotechnology?

Biotechnology is one of the branches of Biology that harnesses cellular and biomolecular methods to develop products and technologies that help improve our lives and the overall health of the planet. The concept of this field dates back to the times when biological processes of microorganisms were utilized to make and store useful dairy products such as cheese and bread. But how far has this reached? With the growth in Genetic Engineering and the advancement of research in Biotechnology, the scope of altering DNA to change the characteristics and functions of organisms has increased the chances of finding new alternatives. Not just this, Biotechnology has spread to different disciplines like Biochemistry, Genetics, Molecular Biotechnology, etc where new discoveries are being made through this natural science field. Before we move on to explain the BSc Biotechnology syllabus, let us first understand the degree in general and how has the study of Biotechnology lead to discoveries in medicine, agriculture or industrial biotechnology.

What is BSc Biotechnology?

Biotechnology combines engineering technologies with biological sciences to regulate systems and living organisms. This undergraduate degree program aims to teach advanced lessons in the biological processes meant for industrial and other purposes. Usually, the course spans over 3 to 4-year, however, at some universities the program duration may stretch to 5 years. Students with a scientific aptitude and keen interest in Biology are ideally suited for a career in Biotechnology.

BSc Biotechnology Syllabus

The BSc Biotechnology syllabus generally covers several aspects of Applied Biochemistry and biotechnology industries including entrepreneurship, commercializing technology and intellectual property. Students are exposed to lectures and case studies from business academics and leaders. In the later part of the degree, students can choose to conduct research in an industrial, medical or biotechnological setting within the campus or a partnered institution. 

Also Read: Food Biotechnology 

BSc Biotechnology Syllabus

With an aim to create products and technologies that reduce the environmental footprint; combat rare diseases; feed the hungry; use cleaner energy and efficient industrial manufacturing processes, Biotechnology courses impart knowledge in core subjects which helps students prepare for and meet pressing challenges. Here is a semester wise division of the BSc Biotechnology syllabus and Biotechnology subjects:

Bsc Biotechnology Syllabus: Year 1

Semesters Subjects 
Semester 1 -Cell Biology and Genetics
-Biophysical Chemistry 
-Fundamentals of Microbiology
-Introduction to Biotechnology and Cell Biology
-Biochemistry
– Physical and Chemical aspects
Semester 2 -Microbial Chemistry and Physiology
-Fundamentals of Biochemistry, Biocomputing, and Biostatistics
-Biomolecules-Organic Mechanisms in Biology
-Biomathematics
-Cytogenetic Techniques

Topics included in BSc Biotechnology Syllabus for the First Year – Macromolecular Structure and Analysis; Biophysics & Instrumentation; Cell Structure & Dynamics; Chemistry; Organic Mechanisms in Biology; Principles of Transmission Genetics; Proteins and Enzymes; Principles of Microbiology; Introduction to C-programming & Digital Logic and Biomathematics.

Bsc Biotechnology Syllabus: Year 2

Semesters Subjects 
Semester 3-Microbial Diversity
-Basic Aspect of Cellular Metabolism
-Fundamentals of Molecular Biochemistry
-Plant Biotechnology
-Principles of Immunology
-Microbial Genetics
Semester 4-Analytical Techniques and Bioinformatics
-Environmental Biotechnology
-Genes and Genomics-Integrative Cell Biology
-Protein Science
-Biodiversity & taxonomy
-Animal Biotechnology
-Molecular Biology Techniques

Topics included in BSc Biotechnology Syllabus for the Second Year – Microbial Genetics; Principles of Immunology; Plant and Animal Tissue Culture Techniques and applications; Plant Biotechnology; Introduction to Data Structure & Computer Organization; Molecular Genetics, Computational Biology & Bioinformatics, Biodiversity & Taxonomy, Animal Biotechnology and Introduction to Computer Network & Numerical Analysis & DBMS.

Bsc Biotechnology Syllabus: Year 3

Semesters Subjects 
Semester 5-Bioprocess and Biochemical Engineering
-Genetics & Molecular Biotechnology
-Immunology
-Recombinant DNA Technology
-DNA Typing, Proteomics & Beyond-Environmental Biotechnology
Semester 6-Medical Biotechnology
-Biotechnology
-Social, Legal & Ethical issues
-Principal of Biotechnology Applied to Plants and Animals 
-Analytical Techniques in Biotechnology
-Advanced Molecular Techniques & Bioinformatics

Topics included in BSc Biotechnology Syllabus for Third Year – DNA Typing, Proteomics & Beyond; Recombinant DNA Technology; Environmental Biotechnology; Industrial Biotechnology; Model Organisms in Human Genome Project; Elements of Management Introduction and Entrepreneurship; Medical Biotechnology and Biotechnology – Social, Legal and Ethical Issues.

Scope of Biotechnology

BSc Biotechnology is one of the most prominent courses in Biology after 12th except MBBS. After completing your graduation, you can definitely go for an MSc Biotechnology. The program is best for students who have a strong inclination to learn through practical education and explore new possibilities in the field of Biotechnology. From being employed as research agents and qualified professors to genetic engineers in clinical research and diagnostics; there are ample opportunities for students to consider after completing BSc Biotechnology. Listed below are the prominent career profiles available after BSc Biotechnology-

  • Research Associate
  • Assistant Research Analyst
  • Biotech Product Analyst
  • Biotechnology Expert
  • Laboratory Instructor

So, are you planning to discover the modern and latest frontiers of Science? Then, you can make the best use of BSc Biotechnology syllabus because having prior information can help you understand the subject in detail. It’s time to find you the perfect study abroad destination and what it’s like to learn in one of the top universities in the world! Take the opportunity to talk to our experts at Leverage Edu and we can help you with the course information and career advice in choosing the right university that can provide a base to sharpen your research and development skills. 

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