Home to cross-ethnic communities, lively city culture, and thriving businesses, Canada is a go-to place when it comes to overseas education. In addition to that, the world-renowned educational institutions and multifarious offered avenues of research establish Canada as a sought-after destination when it comes to Ph.D. courses. From Science to Fine Arts, the country offers an immense number of opportunities for research scholars to explore. If you are looking to pursue your Ph.D. in Canada at one of its leading universities, this blog will provide you with the key essentials from eligibility criteria to the application process.
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|Universities offering Ph.D. in Canada||98|
|Academic Year||September to April|
|Fees||4,000 to 20,000 CAD (INR 2,36,493 – INR 11,82,468)|
|Funding up to||Up to 40,000 CAD a year (INR 23,64,937)|
|Work-study opportunities||10 hours a week|
|PGWP Duration||At least 3 years|
This Blog Includes:
- One App for All Your Study Abroad Needs
- Study in Canada News 2022
- About PhD in Canada
- Top Universities for PhD in Canada
- Why Study PhD in Canada?
- Try Out The Most Reliable Study Abroad Expert
- Popular PhD Courses in Canada
- Intakes for PhD in Canada
- Eligibility Criteria
- Documents Required
- How to Apply for PhD in Canada?
- Finance Your Study Abroad Dream With Leverage Edu
- Cost of Studying PhD in Canada
- Cost of Living in Canada
- PhD in Canada with Scholarships
- Canadian Student Visa
- Post Study Work Permit in Canada
- Student Life in Canada
- PR After Study in Canada
- Scope of PhD in Canada
- World’s First & Largest Online University Fair Platform
Study in Canada News 2022
- Canadian universities are open for admissions for international students who wish to study in Canada for the upcoming September and May-June intakes 2022
- Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) is working towards issuing student visas to all international students and is allowing students to resume their education on campus.
- International students are required to quarantine for a period of 14 days after arriving in the country.
- To ensure that international students don’t suffer because of the ongoing pandemic, the Canadian government also announced temporary changes to its Post Graduate Work Permit Programme (PGWP), allowing international students to complete their studies online from abroad without affecting their PGWP eligibility.
- Some foreign national travellers who were previously allowed to enter Canada without being completely vaccinated will now be obliged to be fully vaccinated as of January 15, 2022, 00:01 (EST). Changes will also be made to testing and quarantine exemptions for certain travellers entering Canada, regardless of citizenship.
About PhD in Canada
Most Ph.D. programs require at least three years of full-time study and research, although it is common for students to take longer than that to get their degrees. The maximum amount of time you have to do your PhD in Canada is six years. It’s normally performed with the help of at least one academic advisor. You must submit a strong PhD thesis before the end of the semester. This will be sent to a panel of examiners, who will go through your study and provide recommendations. Your PhD will next continue to an oral defense, during which you will be cross-examined on the topic of your study and may be required to prepare a presentation to explain your work to them. Your overall performance as well as your thesis will aid you in acquiring your PhD.
Top Universities for PhD in Canada
Choosing to study in Canada is one of the best decisions you will make as it will open a world full of opportunities. The universities offer students ample opportunities to dive into a topic. Further, the best-in-class research facilities, renowned professors and academic scholars, and a diverse group of students help promote a creative culture and innovative thinking. A few of the universities which offer PhD degrees in fields ranging from management, economics, engineering to arts, culture, and society, and everything in between have been listed below.
- University of Toronto
- University of British Columbia
- McGill University
- McMaster University
- University of Montreal
- University of Alberta
- University of Ottawa
- University of Calgary
- University of Waterloo
- Western University
- Dalhousie University
- Laval University
- Queen’s University
- Simon Fraser University
- University of Manitoba
Take a quick look at some of the Best Courses in Canada For Indian Students
Why Study PhD in Canada?
Studying in Canada is no longer only a novelty; the country’s diversified society and hospitable government standards attract international students to enroll in Canadian universities. The incentives listed below entice students to pursue a PhD program available at one of the top universities in Canada:
- World-Class Universities: Around 3-4 universities in Canada make it to the top 150 list across the world. These top-ranking universities in Canada offer you cutting-edge research facilities and educators with the best academic knowledge.
- Post-Study Work Opportunities: You can stay back for up to three years through PGWPP after completing your PhD in Canada. It also paves your path to obtaining a Canadian PR. Not only that, but throughout the academic year, PhD students in Canada can work for about 10 hours each week. This enables you to fund and support your everyday costs while also learning and getting experience in the field.
- Affordable Tuition Fees: The fees of pursuing PhD in Canada range from 4,000 to 20,000 CAD. This is a lot lesser when compared with study destinations like the USA and UK.
- Scholarships: The number of scholarships for PhD in Canada for international students is humungous. Some of the popular scholarships are Ontario Trillium Scholarships, Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarships, Ontario Graduate Scholarships, and more. Some of these scholarships offer 15,000 to 40,000 CAD a year.
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Popular PhD Courses in Canada
Following is a list of some of the most common courses/fields of study taken by overseas students in Canada while pursuing their PhD:
- Natural Sciences
- Social Sciences
- Medicine & Health
- Business & Management
- Computer Science & IT
- Applied Sciences
- Environment Sciences
For all those who are planning to complete a Ph.D. in Canada, it is important to target the right semester as per the field and university of your choice. Canada mainly offers 3 semesters during the year and in all three semesters, it allows international students to seek admission to the universities of their choice. Here are the main three intakes in Canada–
- Winter- January to April
- Fall- September to December
- Summer- May to August
|Intakes in Canada||Durations||About the Intake|
|Fall Intake (Primary Intake)||September–December/early January||Among Indian students, this is a popular intake. The Fall semester begins in September and provides a large number of courses and degrees to foreign students.|
|Winter Intake (Secondary Intake)||January–May||The winter intake starts in January and is best for those students who did not enrol in September.|
|Spring/Summer Intake||May-August||Summer admission is generally available for a restricted number of programs and colleges and begins in April or May.|
Here’s an interesting read on 10 Biggest Culture Shocks for Students in Canada
Be it Canada or any other country, you need to fulfill certain eligibility conditions to study abroad. Although the eligibility criteria might vary from university to university, given below is general eligibility or admission requirements that candidates must fulfill to pursue their PhD in Canada:
- A postgraduate degree in closely-related field with consistent grades. Further, extracurricular activities and prior research experiences are also preferred. For select PhD degrees, such as an integrated masters-PhD program, a high ranking bachelor’s degree is also accepted.
- A research proposal and a letter of recommendation from your chosen supervisor at the university.
- Minimum English Language ability proof in the form of acceptable IELTS/TOEFL scores.
- Acceptable scores in ability-testing examinations such as the GRE or GMAT depending on the nature of the course.
- After submitting their exam scores, candidates might be called for a personal interview round by the university as well.
To help you get started with your PhD in Canada, pillow we have mentioned a list of documents that you will need during the application process-
- Transcripts of your previous courses
- Competitive exam score card
- Photocopy of your passport
- Detailed resume
- Letter of Recommendation
- Statement of Purpose
- Research proposal (Optional)
- Other important certificates and transcripts
- Canadian Study Permit
How to Apply for PhD in Canada?
Here’s a step-by-step guide is given for aspirants that will help them with the application process of pursuing PhD in Canada:
- Visit the official website of the university you are interested in .
- Check the course curriculum and the eligibility requirements.
- Click on the application form of the respective university.
- First, you need to create an account using your mobile number or email address.
- You will receive an email or SMS on your registered contact number with login details and verification.
- Use the login details provided and enter your personal details ( name, gender, date of birth)
- Enter your academic qualification and upload the required documents.
- Select the course and pay the application fee.
- The application fee is different for every university and can be paid through a debit/credit card or internet banking.
- Submit your application form, you can also track your application form through your account.
- Students that have been selected will be required to attend a virtual interview by some universities.
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Cost of Studying PhD in Canada
The table highlighted below shows the average estimated cost of studying PhD in Canada at the top Canadian universities:
|Universities||Estimated Average Fees in INR (Yearly)|
|University of Toronto||5 lakhs|
|University of British Columbia||5 lakhs|
|McGill University||10.6 lakhs|
|McMaster University||9 lakhs|
|University of Montreal||4.5 lakhs|
|University of Alberta||5.5 lakhs|
|University of Ottawa||4 lakhs|
|University of Calgary||7 lakhs|
|University of Waterloo||7.5 lakhs|
|Western University||6.5 lakhs|
Cost of Living in Canada
Given below is a breakdown of the different expenses which are important to consider while calculating the cost of studying and living in Canada for Indian students.
|Living Cost in Canada||Cost|
|Flight Expense||INR 1,00,000- 2,00, 000/- per flight|
|Study Permit Fees||$150 (INR 11,123)|
|Work Permit Fees||$155 (INR 11,493)|
|IELTS test Fees||INR 14,700|
|Accommodation||CAD 5,000 – CAD 10,000
(INR 2,67,000-INR 5,39,000) per annum
|Travel Costs||CAD 80 – CAD 110 (INR 4,300-INR 6,000) per month|
|Health Insurance||CAD 300-CAD 800 (INR 17,000-INR 44,000)|
|Food||CAD 300- CAD 400 [17,508 INR-23,344] (monthly)|
|Entertainment||CAD 750 [43,770 INR] (monthly)|
Get your personalized cost of living calculated for studying abroad with the help of our Cost of Living Calculator Tool!
PhD in Canada with Scholarships
Several scholarship schemes support meritorious students aspiring to pursue a PhD in Canada. From providing full financial support to stipends and accommodation assistance, they help individuals explore research opportunities comfortably. A few scholarships options have been mentioned below.
- Ontario Trillium Scholarship at Waterloo University
- Ontario Graduate Scholarship
- Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation Doctoral Scholarship
- Graduate Global Leadership Fellowship at University of British Columbia
- Banting Postdoctoral Fellowship
- NSERC Postgraduate Scholarship
- Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship
- University of Calgary Merit-based Scholarship
- Robert Hartog Graduate Scholarship
- University of Manitoba Graduate Fellowship
- UAlberta Izaak Walton Killam Memorial Scholarship
- UBC four-year Doctoral Scholarship
- Hira and Renu Ahuja International Graduate Scholarship
Canadian Student Visa
For international students looking forward to pursuing a PhD in Canada, it is mandatory to have a Canadian student visa before they enter the Canadian borders. Once they have secured their student visa for the country along with an acceptance letter from the university, candidates are all set to pursue the course. It is important to note that along with the student visa, candidates must have a study permit which is valid as long as the duration of their PhD course. To apply for a student permit under the process of Student Direct Stream, you need to fulfill some prerequisites which are given below:
- A letter of acceptance from a designated learning institution of post-secondary learning;
- Transcripts of recent secondary or post-secondary qualification;
- Proof of payment of first-year tuition fees.
- At the time of application of obtaining Canada visa for Indians, the candidate must be
- living outside Canada.
- Medical exam before applying (if needed).
- Police certificate before applying (if needed).
- Guaranteed Investment Certificate (GIC) of CAN $10,000.
- ‘Ministry of Immigration, Diversity and Inclusion’-issued ‘Certificate of Acceptance of
- Quebec (CAQ)’ (if you are planning to study in Quebec).
- Language Test Scores
- IELTS 6.0 or higher in each section (reading, listening, writing and speaking), or
- Test d’évaluation de français (TEF) score of 7.0 or higher in each section (reading,
- listening, writing and speaking) which is equal to the Canadian Language
- Benchmark (CLB).
Post Study Work Permit in Canada
You need to pursue a course for a minimum duration of 8 months to be eligible to stay back in Canada. Courses with a duration of fewer than 8 months do not allow a student to stay back and apply for Post Graduation Work Permit. If you pursue a course which is of duration less than 2 years, he/she is eligible for a post-graduation work permit of equivalent duration as the course. For Example:
- 8 months course = 8 months Post Graduation Work Permit;
- 2 years course (master or diploma) = 3 years Post Graduation Work Permit
- PhD in Canada = 3 years Post Graduation Work Permit
Student Life in Canada
Canada invests a huge amount of money in education and its facilities. This makes the country among the most caught-after study abroad destinations. Let’s briefly go through the dynamic student life in Canada.
- Canada is known to have a multicultural environment that gives students a global perspective and also helps them build a stronger network.
- The country is also known for welcoming the majority of the immigrants which contributes to the progressive nature of the people.
- Students can explore endless leisure activities in Canada. Being home to many world heritage sites and lively festivals, students can engage in various activities.
- Canada is also known to have the lowest crime rates in the world. Canadians experience less violent crimes, fewer break-ins, and police officers follow strict ethics which makes it safe for students.
PR After Study in Canada
After earning a degree from a prominent Canadian university, obtaining permanent residency and immigration becomes simple. The government offers a variety of options to help international students become permanent residents. The Post-Graduate Job Permit (PGWP) is an alternative for fresh graduates who want to obtain work experience in the business.
International students can also apply for Permanent Residency in Canada through the following avenues:
- Students must have completed two years of study and one year of work experience following graduation to be eligible for this class.
- Students must have a working knowledge of the French language and have completed a CEGEP programme at a Quebec-based university.
- Students who participate in the Provincial Nomination Program can obtain PR more quickly.
Scope of PhD in Canada
After earning your PhD in Canada, you have a variety of alternatives, ranging from teaching to conducting research with industrial giants. The occupations you pick or the research field you choose will be determined by the specialties of your project; as a result, the pay you will receive will vary depending on your choices. Having stated that the following are some of the most common research profiles in Canada, as well as the wages associated with them for PhD graduates:
|Job Prospects||Average Estimated Salary in INR|
|Principal Scientist||58.5 lakhs|
|R&D Director||79.9 lakhs|
|Medical Science Liaison||58 lakhs|
|Research Scientist||40.8 lakhs|
|Postdoctoral Research Associate||31.3 lakhs|
|Research Engineer||37.2 lakhs|
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No, a PhD in Canada costs between 4,000 and 19,000 Canadian dollars. However, you can study for a PhD in Canada if you can get a scholarship that covers your tuition and living expenses.
To pursue a Ph.D. in Canada, you may need to take the GRE. This criterion is strongly reliant on the university of choice.
Yes, Ph.D. students in Canada are eligible for a small stipend. However, the stipend mostly provides basic assistance, and the amount is modest. As a result, if you plan on relying on your stipend, it’s time to reconsider and consider other options.
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