Degree of Comparison Rules

4 minute read
Degrees of Comparison Rules

It is no doubt that the English Language is the most crucial part of most of the entrance exams in India. It forms a significant part of the High School syllabus too and is needed in many competitive exams like banking, SSC, CLAT, CAT, GMAT and proficiency tests. Students often consider English to be the easiest part of any entrance. Well, it can be so if practised smartly. The degree of Comparison is one of the most scoring parts of the English syllabus and it is always advised that students practise it sincerely to do well in their exams. Here, we shall discuss the Degree of Comparison rules.

The English Language section of various competitive tests includes a subject on “degree of comparison”.

Aspirants for various government examinations such as the Bank, SSC, RRB, and others must understand the degree of comparison norms and concepts, as English is a separate and important subject in all of these exams.

This article intends to provide a degree of comparison criteria, examples, and a list of degrees of adjectives for candidates to effortlessly ace the English Section.

What is Degree of Comparison?

Adjectives are employed or reused to characterise, quantify, change, or identify nouns/pronouns. Degrees of adjectives or degrees of comparison that compare one thing/person to another exist for adjectives.

There are three levels of comparison for adjectives:

  • Positive degree of adjectives
  • Comparative degree of adjectives
  • Superlative degree of adjectives

Forms of Adjective

Adjectives have three forms to be used for comparison: positive, comparative and superlative.

I. In the case of one item or person, the positive is used.
II. In the case of two items or persons, the comparative is used.
III. In the case of three or more three items or persons, the superlative is used.

Test Your English Proficiency with this Editing Quiz!

Rules of Degree of Comparison

Let’s now have a look at the basic rules of Degree of Comparison.

Rule 1

When the comparison is of a single entity between two people, more or most is to be used.

For eg:
Rita is smarter than Gita – Incorrect
Rita is more smarter than Gita – Correct

Rule 2

When the comparison is between two different qualities of one person or entity, more is used.

For eg:
He is wiser than shrewd – Incorrect
He is more wiser than shrewd – Correct.

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Rule 3 

Double comparatives or superlatives are not used anymore for comparison.

Rule 4

Comparison must be between two similar things.

For instance:
If we are comparing speeds, the comparison must be between the speeds of either a single entity or two or more entities. 

Rule 5

In the case where ‘than’ or ‘as’ is followed by a first person/second person pronoun, the verb can be omitted, but not in the case of third person. 

Example:
She is not as smart as her sister – Incorrect
She is not as smart as her sister is – Correct

Also Read: Top 30 Commonly Confusing Words in English!

Rule 6

Superlative degree should be used for comparing three or more, whereas comparative degree should be used for comparing two.

Rule 7

Two adjectives in different degrees of comparison when being used in the same sentence, must be complete in themselves.

Rule 8

A list of words mentioned below must be followed by ‘to’ and not by ‘than’.

  • Senior
  • Superior
  • Elder
  • Junior
  • Inferior
  • Preferable
  • Prefer

For eg: She is junior to me.

Also Read: English Vocabulary: Tips to Improve

Rule 9

We can’t use ‘More’ or ‘Most’ for adjectives that make absolute sense in themselves. For words like unique, parallel or universe.

These were the rules of degree of comparison. Now let’s have a look at the various examples: 

POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
big bigger biggest
Small  smaller smallest
good better best
brief briefer briefest
Beautiful  More beautiful Most beautiful
Busy Busier  Busiest 
bright brighter brightest
clean cleaner cleaner
Cheap  cheaper cheapest
expensive More expensive Most expensive
close closer closest
clear clearer clearest
dark darker darkest
deep deeper deepest
dry drier driest
dense denser densest
Cool  cooler coolest

Degree of Comparison Rules: Exercises

Now let’s take a look at our progress by solving a few questions.

1. Please take the ———- of the two routes.

  • Short
  • Shorter
  • Shortest

2. India is a —— country.

  • Big
  • More big
  • Bigger

3. She is —— than her sister.

  • Smart
  • Smarter
  • Smartest

4. Jahnvi is a —— girl.

  • Nice
  • Nicer
  • Nicest

5. Ishika is the ——————– girl in her class.

  • Most intelligent
  • Intelligent
  • More Intelligent

6. I am ——— than you.

  • Smartest
  • Smart
  • Smarter.

7. This is the ———————– article I have ever read.

  • Most interesting
  • Interesting
  • More interesting

8.  He speaks German ——-.

  • Better
  • Well
  • Best

Answers:

  1. B. shorter
  2. a . big
  3. B. smarter
  4. A. nice
  5. A. most intelligent
  6. C. smarter
  7. A. most interesting
  8. B. well 

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FAQs

What exactly is the comparative degree formula?

In general, the comparative degree is constructed by appending ‘-er’ to the end of the adjective, followed by ‘than’. This is true for monosyllable adjectives. In the case of polysyllabic adjectives, however, the adjectives remain the same and the word more is used before the adjective.

What is the positive degree rule?

When there is no comparison, an adjective is said to be in the positive sense. When an adjective is employed to compare two nouns or pronouns, it is said to be in the comparative degree.

What exactly is the degree of comparison concept?

To summarise, the degree of comparison is a mechanism for comparing one object to another. The phrase “positive degree” refers to a certain thing or person. The comparative degree contrasts two items or individuals. When comparing more than two items or individuals, the superlative degree is used.

So, this was all about the degree of comparison rules. Hope you found it to be helpful and informative. For more such content, stay connected to Leverage Edu!

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9 comments
  1. It is nice to I can understand it it is nice way learn this It’s a very good Formula to teach.I like this formula

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