Rules and List of Conjunctions

Rules and List Conjunctions

Conjunctions have been an important part of English grammar. Knowing a list of conjunctions will help you not only be clear with your sentences but also sound more knowledgeable. Conjunctions comprise crucial rules in English grammar. Knowing this list of Conjunctions will help you in many different competitive exams like GMAT, Banking Exams, SSC, etc. In this article, we will discuss conjunctions in detail.

What is a Conjunction?

A Conjunction is a word that joins two or more words, phrases or clauses in a single sentence. Conjunctions help us to share these ideas and make connections more easily. Without them, we would have to make lots of short, blunt little statements. The most common Conjunctions are ‘and’,’ or’, ‘but’ and ‘because’.

Usage Of Conjunctions

Let us understand the use of conjunctions with the help some practical and easy examples-

  1. She will visit her grandparents and she will go to her friend’s house afterwards.
  2. You can either be relaxed or tense but you cannot be both at the same time.

In the above sentences as we can see that the use of and in the first sentence creates a better flow and makes it easy to read and let’s see how it would sound if we don’t use,”she will visit her grandparents.she will go to her friend’s house afterwards.”

Without the use of and here the sentence sounds blunt and if we use and in the above sentence a better connection and flow is facilitated indeed.

In the second sentence, use of either,or and but shows clearly only one thing is possible and thus,it makes it easy for the reader to understand the sentence better.

Types of Conjunctions

There are mainly four types of conjunctions which are elaborated below-

1) Coordinating Conjunctions
  • Coordinating Conjunctions link equal parts of a sentence including phrases and causes. A comma is used when a coordinating Conjunction is used to join two independent clauses.
  • The most commonly used coordinating conjunctions are for,and nor,but,or,yet etc.
2) Subordinating Conjunctions
  • They help in Linking a dependent clause to an independent one.
  • The most commonly used Subordinating Conjunctions used are which, who after, when, where, while, before, though etc.
3) Correlative Conjunctions
  • These are paired Conjunctions that are generally used at two places in a sentence to connect two equal grammatical entities.
  • The most commonly used correlative conjunctions are neither.. nor, either…or, not only….but, whether..or etc.
4) Compound Conjunctions
  • The phrases which are used as conjunctions are called compound Conjunctions
  • Commonly used compound Conjunctions are so that, provided that, as well as, as soon as, such that, in order that etc.

Rules of Conjunctions

Here are the important rules of conjunctions that you must know about:

  • We use and, as well as, both..and, not only..but also to clearly emphasize the link between two things.
  • We use so…as and as… to show a comparison between two things, people etc
  • Although, though are followed by yet or comma(,)
  • Pairs such as no sooner…than, hardly..when, scarcely.. when should be used in the correct form
  • Lest is either followed by should or the first form of the verb. Since, lest is a negative word it should not be used with not, never
  • Until is time-oriented and unless is action-oriented and they are negative words and hence, should not be used with no, not, never etc.
  • In affirmative sentences, the phrases doubt and doubtful are followed by if or whether whereas in negative sentences, the phrases doubt and doubtful is followed by that.
  • The connectors not only…but also must be placed before the parts joined.
  • Between is followed by and from is followed by to
  • Neither of means none of the two; none of is used for more than two; either of means one of the two; when more than two are concerned, one of is used.
  • After rather/other, the subordinating conjunctions should be used.

List of Conjunctions

Here is the list of top used conjunctions that you can use in day-to-day life:

For Neither..nor
And Not only…but also
Nor Whether..or
But So that
Or Such that
Yet As soon as
So As well as
Also Provided that
As well as Whoever
Yet While
Still Until
Too Unless
Only Since
However As if
No less than No less than
Which Otherwise
Where In order that
Who Than
After As
Because Either.. or
Whoever Nevertheless
Though Else
Although If
If While
Till No sooner… than

Examples Of Conjunctions

  1. We went to play cricket but we couldn’t as it began raining.
  2. His brother and you look alike
  3. His intentions are not wrong; Only, he is a little thoughtless.
  4. We must water the plants; otherwise, they will die.
  5. He played both badminton and football when he was young.
  6. He is not only immature but also arrogant.
  7. He is as intelligent as you.
  8. Though he did not work hard, he passed the exams.
  9. Barely had he driven the car a mile when it broke down.
  10. Walk carefully lest you fall.
  11. Wait there until you receive my call.
  12. I am doubtful if he will pass the exam.
  13. He not only lied to them but also double-crossed them.
  14. You will have to choose between science and commerce.
  15. Neither of the children was hurt.
  16. He would rather buy a car than a scooter.

Also Read

Practice Exercises

Q. She was very exhausted___she didn’t stop working.

Ans: But

Q. I am going to work harder___i can be promoted.
So that
In spite of

Ans: So that

Q. Neera looks at her husband____she hasn’t seen him before.
As if

Ans: As if

Q. ____ she was walking along the garden, she found a very rare flower
Provided that
So that

Ans: While

Q. Mehul decided to give up smoking____he had had a heart attack two times
In case
Even if

Ans: Because

Q. ____ you are in top form, your coach always shows you respect
As long as
As if

Ans: As long as

7) The soldiers in the camp will be punished ____they don’t obey the rules
Even if

Ans: Because

Q. I don’t want to invite Kamal to the party____ he always talks about nonsense things

Ans: Because

Q. I have decided to buy a car____i can go to work easily
So that
Provided that

Ans: So that

That was all about List of Conjunctions. For more such informative content, read the Leverage Edu Blog. If you are planning to study abroad, our expert counsellors are here for you! Book your FREE Consultation Call Today!

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