Nouns: Nouns are a fundamental part of our English language. A noun is a word that generally functions as the name of a specific object or set of objects. There are different types of nouns such as common, proper, collective, concrete, etc. They are one of the important topics of Verbal ability in competitive & government examinations as well. In this blog, we will explore different noun rules and usage with some examples!
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What are Nouns?
Your name, the place you live, the dish you are eating, the pen you are writing with & even your mood. All the words that are used to describe a name, place, animal, or thing are called nouns. Example – Damini, Akash, pen, Thai curry, New Delhi, pen, paper, etc.
Examples of Nouns
Here are some examples of nouns tabulated below:
|Person||John, Mary, teacher, doctor|
|Place||New York, beach, school, park|
|Thing||car, book, computer, phone|
|Idea/Concept||love, freedom, democracy, happiness|
|Event||party, wedding, concert, meeting|
|Sport||soccer, basketball, tennis, swimming|
|Furniture||table, chair, sofa, bed|
|Clothing||shirt, dress, hat, shoes|
|Language||English, Spanish, Mandarin, French|
|Time||day, year, morning, century|
|Organization||company, government, school, hospital|
|Feeling||joy, anger, sadness, excitement|
Types of Nouns
They are classified into 8 different categories. Here are the types with the help of some examples.
- Common – It is used to describe a specific category or class & not a single or particular entity. Examples- mother, father, boy, children, woman, man, etc.
- Proper- Something that can have a particular name or clearly state something specific. For Example – Ram, London, New York.
- Collective- Something that describes a group of things, people, animals, etc. Examples – pack, flock, set.
- Concrete- Something that describes materials or your senses. Example – smell, taste, chair, house.
- Abstract- Something that can not be categorized or identified with the help of your senses. For example – Courage, happiness can not be tasted, seen, heard.
- Material- Something that is used to describe things that are made from some material. Example – wood, water, air, silver, gold.
- Countable – They can be counted in numerical terms & occurs in both singular & plural forms. Example – coin, cup, plate, dollar
- Uncountable – Something that can not be counted. It is also known as a mass noun. Example – air, water, money.
Rules of Nouns
The next important step is to understand the rules. Look at the following rules:
Rule 1 – Some singular noun that is used as plural nouns will always take plural verbs as well.
- Where are my clothes?
- People are eating in the cafeteria.
Rule 2 – Nouns sometimes will take singular words.
For example –
- Chemistry is my least favourite subject.
- The painting of goa beach is amazing.
Rule 3 – some are the plural form will use plural verbs.
- Where are my pair of socks?
- I need new spectacles, old ones are broken.
Rule 4 – Collective nouns can be used in both singular and plural forms.
- The team is doing great at championships.
- Their company is growing rapidly.
Rule 5 – when the definite numeral precedes nouns describing the number, measure, length, etc. The nouns will remain unchanged.
- I bought a dozen of bananas.
- She is 5 feet tall.
Rule 6 – Don’t use articles in front of any material nouns.
- My sister likes gold jewelry.
- This bed is made of wood.
Rule 7 – Collective nouns are treated as neuter nouns.
- Pack of lion protects their cubs.
- The dance society performed well in the annual function.
Other Types of Nouns
They can also be classified into categories based on gender, plural forms, singular forms, neuter. These types can also be under advanced English grammar. Here are all the types for you to understand better-
- Singular-They describe a single person or thing. This can be categorized into number Noun. For example – Bird, dog, chair
- Plural – They describe more than one person or thing, this can be categorized into numbers and nouns. Example – Birds, Dogs, Chairs.
- Gender- They are used to describe gender. For example – Man, bears are Masculine Noun & Cat, the lioness is feminine Nouns.
- Neuter – They describe non-living beings. For example – Chair, table.
Exercises for Practise
Here are some questions for your practice:
Select the nouns in the following sentences & identify them:
- She could not control her happiness.
- His name is Naman.
- She needs to know the truth
- The class has 40 students
- My team won the championship
- They are a bunch of intelligent teenagers
- It is made of wood.
- My jewellery is made of silver
- Paris is famous for its romantic vibe.
- There is milk in the fridge
- Happiness – abstract
- Naman – proper
- Truth – Abstract
- Class & students – Countable
- Team – Collective
- Bunch – Collective
- Wood – Material
- Silver – Material
- Paris – Proper
- Milk – Uncountable
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Nouns that can be counted are countable nouns & nouns that can’t be counted are uncountable nouns.
Example – There is water in the fridge (Uncountable Nouns)
-There is one bottle in the fridge (Countable Nouns)
There are 5 types of nouns cases.
Pack & team are collective nouns.
No, common nouns are used to describe a group or class. Names of people & places are proper nouns.
Yes, Nouns are part of the verbal ability section of various government exams.
Happiness, lie, wisdom are some of the examples of abstract nouns.
We hope this blog has helped you to understand everything related to nouns. If you have any questions regarding higher education abroad and careers, let Leverage Edu be at your service. For the latest updates around study blogs, you can follow us on Instagram, Twitter, Facebook and also subscribe to our newsletter. If you are planning to study abroad then register for a free trial session with Leverage Edu experts.