What are Nouns? Check Definition, Types & Examples

5 minute read

Nouns are a fundamental part of our English language. It is a word that generally functions as the name of a specific object or set of objects. There are different types of nouns such as common, proper, collective, and abstract. They are one of the important topics of Verbal ability in competitive & government examinations as well. This blog will explore different noun rules and usage with some examples!

What are Nouns? – Definition

Your name, the place you live, the dish you are eating, the pen you are writing with & even your mood. All the words that are used to describe a name, place, animal, or thing are called nouns. Example – Damini, Akash, pen, Thai curry, New Delhi, pen, paper, etc.


Common Examples of Nouns

Here are some examples you can glance at in the image and table below:

Examples of Noun
PersonJohn, Mary, teacher, doctor
PlaceNew York, beach, school, park
Thingcar, book, computer, phone
Idea/Conceptlove, freedom, democracy, happiness
Eventparty, wedding, concert, meeting
Sportsoccer, basketball, tennis, swimming
Furnituretable, chair, sofa, bed
Clothingshirt, dress, hat, shoes
LanguageEnglish, Spanish, Mandarin, French
Timeday, year, morning, century
Organizationcompany, government, school, hospital
Feelingjoy, anger, sadness, excitement

Improve your English Speaking and Listening Skills by Watching Series and Movies

Types of Nouns

They are classified into eight to nine different categories. Here are the noun types you can master with the help of some examples.

Types of nouns
  • Common – It is used to describe a specific category or class & not a single or particular entity. Examples- mother, father, boy, children, woman, man, etc.
  • Proper- Something that can have a particular name or clearly state something specific. For Example – Ram, London, New York.
  • Collective- Something that describes a group of things, people, animals, etc. Examples – pack, flock, set.
  • Concrete- Something that describes materials or your senses. Example – smell, taste, chair, house.
  • Abstract- Something that can not be categorized or identified with the help of your senses. For example – Courage and happiness can not be tasted, seen, or heard.
  • Material- Something that is used to describe things that are made from some material. Examples – wood, water, air, silver, and gold.
  • Countable – They can be counted in numerical terms & occur in both singular & plural forms. Example – coin, cup, plate, dollar
  • Uncountable – Something that can not be counted. It is also known as a mass noun. Example – air, water, money.

Learn more about all these types here!

Common NounWhat are Singular Nouns?
Plural NounsCollective Nouns
Countable and Uncountable NounsWhat are Possessive Nouns?
What are Material Nouns?Abstract Nouns
Compound NounsHow to Use Nouns

Rules of Nouns

The next important step is to understand the rules. Look at the following rules:

Rule 1 – Some singular nouns that are used as plural will always take plural verbs.

  • Where are my clothes?
  • People are eating in the cafeteria.

Rule 2 – Nouns sometimes will take singular words.
For example –

  • Chemistry is my least favourite subject.
  • The painting of Goa Beach is amazing.

Rule 3 – some in the plural form will use plural verbs.
Example –

  • Where is my pair of socks?
  • I need new spectacles, the old ones are broken.

Rule 4 – Collective nouns can be used in singular and plural forms.

  • The team is doing great at championships.
  • Their company is growing rapidly.

Rule 5 – when the definite numeral precedes nouns describing the number, measure, length, etc. The nouns will remain unchanged.

  • I bought a dozen of bananas.
  • She is 5 feet tall.

Rule 6 – Don’t use articles in front of any material nouns.

  • My sister likes gold jewellery.
  • This bed is made of wood.

Rule 7 – Collective nouns are treated as neuter nouns.

  • A pack of lions protects their cubs.
  • The dance society performed well in the annual function.

Other Types of Nouns

They can also be classified based on gender, plural forms, singular forms, and neuter. These types can also be under advanced English grammar. Here are all the types for you to understand better-

  • Singular-They describe a single person or thing. This can be categorized into numbers. For example – Bird, dog, chair
  • Plural – They describe more than one person or thing, this can be categorized into numbers. Example – Birds, Dogs, Chairs, etc.
  • Gender– They are used to describe gender. For example – Man, bears are Masculine & Cat, the lioness is feminine Noun.
  • Neuter – They describe non-living beings. For example – Chair, table.

Improve your English Vocabulary for IELTS Writing and Speaking

Exercises for Practise

Here are some questions for your practice:

Select the noun in the following sentences & identify them:

  1. She could not control her happiness.
  2. His name is Naman.
  3. She needs to know the truth
  4. The class has 40  students
  5. My team won the championship
  6. They are a bunch of intelligent teenagers
  7. It is made of wood.
  8. My jewellery is made of silver
  9. Paris is famous for its romantic vibe.
  10. There is milk in the fridge

Check Your Answers Here!

  1. Happiness – abstract
  2. Naman – proper
  3. Truth – Abstract
  4. Class & students – Countable
  5. Team – Collective
  6. Bunch – Collective
  7. Wood – Material
  8. Silver – Material
  9. Paris – Proper
  10. Milk – Uncountable

Explore more exciting grammar reads below!

Adjectives in English Grammar!Tenses Rule with Examples
Degree of Comparison RulesPrepositions
Article RulesPrecis Writing
Sentence Correction QuestionsConfusing Words in English
Jumbled Words QuestionsSpotting Errors
Poetic DevicesCloze Test


What is the difference between uncountable & countable nouns?

Nouns that can be counted are countable nouns & nouns that can’t be counted are uncountable nouns.
Example – There is water in the fridge (Uncountable Nouns)
                -There is one bottle in the fridge (Countable Nouns)

How many types of noun cases are there?

There are 5 types of noun cases.

Pack, the team can be categorized into which nouns?

Pack & team are collective nouns.

Are Names of people and places a common noun?

No, common noun is used to describe a group or class. Names of people & places are proper nouns.

Is noun important for students preparing for government exams?

Yes, Noun is a part of the verbal ability section of various government exams.

Are feeling & emotion also nouns?

Happiness, lie, and wisdom are some examples of abstract nouns.

We hope this blog has helped you to understand everything related to nouns.  If you have any questions regarding higher education abroad and careers, let Leverage Edu be at your service.

Leave a Reply

Required fields are marked *