101+ One Word Substitutions PDF in English [with Examples]

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One Word Substitution

What is a One-Word Substitution? Word Substitution simply means using a specific word to replace a wordy phrase or sentence and making it shorter, more concise and clearer to understand. This way, the word becomes identical to the sentence thus providing the same meaning as the wordy sentence. The best way to master this concept is to learn their meanings by putting them in a particular sentence or visualising them through an interesting story.

One-word substitution questions frequently occur in many competitive exams such as SBI PO, UPSC, CAPF, CDS, RRB, SSC etc. Read this blog to find 100+ one-word substitutions with examples as well as practice questions and quizzes for competitive exams.

What is One Word Substitution in the English Language?

One-word substitution is the use of one word in place of a wordy phrase to make the sentence structure clearer and avoid lengthy sentences. The meaning, with the replacement of the phrase, remains identical while the sentence becomes shorter. 

Also Read: Antonyms: 110+ Antonym Words You Should Explore!

Why Do We Need One-Word Substitutions?

One Word Substitution

One-word substitutions are important as they make communication in the English language much more concise, lucid, and easy. People can remember words and communicate bigger meanings through simple words. For example, saying “She is someone who puts forth an idea which she doesn’t believe” is much harder as compared to just saying “She is a Hypocrite”. One-word substitutions make our sentences more precise and reduce complexity. These substitutions also help us to classify words based on the suffixes which makes it easy to categorize them and put similar words together.

How to Solve One-Word Substitution?

Before checking on the examples for one-word substitutions, let’s see how to solve them. These can be solved by identifying its ‘root word’ or core meaning and then identifying the prefix and suffix. Many words like Anthropology come from the root word anthrōpos which means humans (Here ‘Anthro’ is the prefix and ‘ology’ is the suffix). Hence anthropology means the study of humanity. To gain mastery in understanding root words, you should be familiar with the etymology and linguistics of the words.

Did you know?ology‘ is the most common suffix in science which means “a branch of knowledge“. (Example: Psychology, Biology).

Another common suffix is “cracy” which comes from the Greek word “kratia” which means “rule or government“. (Example: Autocracy, Democracy)

500+ Most Commonly Used Idioms in English: Meaning and Examples

Categories of One Word Substitution

There are different categories of One Word Substitution:

  • Study-related
  • Terms-related
  • Group/Collection
  • Government/Political Systems-related
  • People/Person
  • Profession/Occupation
  • Science/Research
  • Killing/Death-related
  • Sound/Event/Spots

Also Read: Add Insult to Injury Meaning, Examples, Synonyms

100+ One Word Substitutions with Examples

One Word Substitution

Here is the complete list of 100+ One Word Substitutions for competitive exams:

Listed below is the category of study with one word substitution examples:

Study-relatedOne Word SubstitutionExamples
Study of StarsAstronomyI love this book on Astronomy.
The study of statistics is known asDemographyThe demography of the whole town’s population has been mapped.
The study of ancient writing and scripturesPalaeographyThese three university professors have been immersed in the research and study of Paleography for over a decade.
The study of rocks and soilGeologyMy Geology homework is not going to be completed by the final submission date.
The ancient search for a universal panacea, and of the philosopher’s stone. The medieval version of the study of ChemistryAlchemyThe magician wanted to learn Alchemy to master some ancient spells.
The study of the evolution of mankindAnthropologyAnthropological research helps us trace our civilization.
The study of the Human MindPsychologyI am really interested in studying Psychology and how the mind works.
The practice of writing dictionariesLexicographyShe works in the Lexicography department of the publishing house.
The study of plantsBotanyHer interest in plants motivated her to pursue this course in Botany.
The study of rocks and soilsGeologyDo I need to study Geology before going rock climbing?
The study of languagesPhilologyHow many languages does Philology cover?


Listed below is the category of Government/Systems with one word substitution examples:

One Word SubstitutesGovernment/System
A state of disorder due to the absence or non-recognition of authority or other controlling systemsAnarchy
A form of government in which power is held by the nobilityAristocracy
A system of government by one person with absolute powerAutocracy
A self-governing country or regionAutonomy
A system of government in which most of the important decisions are taken by state officials rather than by elected representativesBureaucracy
A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representativesDemocracy
A state, society, or group governed by old peopleGerontocracy
A state or country run by the worst, least qualified, or most unscrupulous citizensKakistocracy
Government by new or inexperienced handsNeocracy
Government by the populaceOchlocracy
A small group of people having control of a country or organizationOligarchy
Government by the wealthyPlutocracy
Government not connected with religious or spiritual mattersSecular
A form of government with a monarch at the headMonarchy
A political system based on the government of men by GodThearchy

Also Read: Willy Nilly Idiom Meaning with Examples


Listed below is the category of Venue/Spot with one word substitution examples:

List of One-Word SubstitutionsVenue/Spot
A collection of historical documents or records providing information about a place, institution, or group of peopleArchives
A large cage, building, or enclosure to keep birds Aviary
A building where animals are butcheredAbattoir
A place where bees are kept; a collection of beehivesApiary
A building containing tanks of live fish of different speciesAquarium
A place or scene of activity, debate, or conflictArena
A collection of weapons and military equipmentArsenal
An institution for the care of people who are mentally illAsylum
A hole or tunnel dug by a small animal, especially a rabbit, as a dwellingBurrow
A collection of items of the same type stored in a hidden or inaccessible placeCache
A public room or building where gambling games are playedCasino
A large burial ground, especially one not in a churchyardCemetery
A room in a public building where outdoor clothes or luggage may be leftCloakroom
A place where a dead person’s body is crematedCrematorium
A Christian community of nuns living together under monastic vowsConvent
The nursery where babies and young children are cared for during the working dayCreche
A stoppered glass container into which wine or spirit is decantedDecanter
A room or building equipped for gymnastics, games, and other physical exerciseDormitory
The nest of a squirrel, typically in the form of a mass of twigs in a treeDrey
A room or building equipped for gymnastics, games, and another physical exerciseGymnasium
A storehouse for threshed grainGranary
A large building with an extensive floor area, typically for housing aircraftHangar
A box or cage, typically with a wire mesh front, for keeping rabbits or other small domesticated animalsHutch
A place in a large institution for the care of those who are illInfirmary
A small shelter for a dogKennel
A place where wild animals liveLair
A place where coins, medals, or tokens are madeMint
A collection of wild animals kept in captivity for exhibitionMenagerie
A building or buildings occupied by a community of monks living under religious vowsMonastery
A place where bodies are kept for identificationMorgue
A piece of enclosed land planted with fruit treesOrchard
A large natural or artificial lake used as a source of water supplyReservoir
A small kitchen or room at the back of a house used for washing dishes and other dirty household workScullery
A close-fitting cover for the blade of a knife or swordSheath
A room or building for sick children in a boarding schoolSanatorium
A place where animal hides are tannedTannery
A large, tall cupboard in which clothes may be hung or storedWardrobe


Listed below is the category of Profession/Research with one word substitution examples:

One Word SubstitutionProfession/Research
The medieval forerunner of chemistryAlchemy
A person who presents a radio/television programmeAnchor
One who studies the evolution of mankindAnthropologist
A person who is trained to travel in a spacecraftAstronaut
The scientific study of the physiology, structure, genetics, ecology, distribution, classification and economic importance of plantsBotany
A person who draws or produces mapsCartographer
A person who writes beautiful writingCalligrapher
A person who composes the sequence of steps and moves for a performance of danceChoreographer
A person employed to drive a private or hired carChauffeur
A person who introduces the performers or contestants in a variety showCompere
A keeper or custodian of a museum or other collectionCurator
The branch of biology concerned with cyclical physiological phenomenaChronobiology
A secret or disguised way of writingCypher
The study of statisticsDemography
The use of the fingers and hands to communicate and convey ideasDactylology
A person who sells and arranges cut flowersFlorist
A line of descent traced continuously from an ancestorGenealogy
The therapeutic use of sunlightHeliotherapy
One who supervises in the examination hallInvigilator
The theory or philosophy of lawJurisprudence
A person who compiles dictionariesLexicographer
The scientific study of the structure and diseases of teethOdontology
One who presents a radio programmeRadio Jockey
The art of effective or persuasive speaking or writingRhetoric
The branch of science concerned with the origin, structure and composition of rocksPetrology
One who studies the elections and trends in votingPsephologist
An artist who makes sculptures.Sculptor
The scientific study of the behaviour, structure, physiology, classification and distribution of animalsZoology

Listed below is the category of Group/Collection with one word substitution examples:

Group/CollectionOne Word SubstitutionExamples
A group of sheepFlockI saw a shepherd down the hill with a flock of sheep.
A family of young animalsBroodMr Styles like spending hours bathing the brood of horses in the stable.
A number of people travelling together in a big van or jeepCaravanA caravan of hippies just passed by.
A series of starsConstellationThis constellation looks like a burger!
A large group of peopleHordeA horde of college students was gathered around the voting booth.
A temporary police forcePosseJake went to arrest the criminal with his posse.
A group of cattle or sheepHerdKeep your herd of cows in the backyard.
Several people travelling together in a big van or jeepShoalI saw a shoal of mackerel on that side of the river.
A group of worshippersCongregationThe congregation will happen at St. Mary’s Church at 4pm tomorrow.

Must Read: 50 Common Difficult Idioms with Examples

Listed below is the category of people with one word substitution examples:

Person/PeopleOne Word SubstitutionExamples
The one who loves mankindPhilanthropistHe became a renowned philanthropist after joining Buddhism.
The one who looks at the brighter side of everythingOptimist
Louis has always been the biggest optimistic person I know.
The one who looks at the negative/dark side of everything. PessimistI am always on the edge of becoming a total pessimist.
The one who does not believe in God.AtheistI am neither an Atheist nor a religious person.
The one who eats human fleshCannibalThe police caught these cannibals from the jungle.
Someone who regards the world as their countryCosmopolitanGlobalisation will give rise to more cosmopolitans.
The one who loves good food and knows a lot about itGourmetI could have been a Gourmet if I liked spicy food!
Someone who lives in solitudeRecluseI want to become a recluse after I retire.
Someone who speaks more than one languagePolyglotI took up Turkish to become a Polyglot.
A person who boasts of one’s achievementsEgotistShe saw him as a thoughtless egotist.
People who can vote in an election: ElectorateLast year’s electorate comprised of many first-time voters.
A person who loves himself the mostNarcissistJohn is a narcissist and will never love anyone else but himself.
A person who draws mapsCartographerA cartographer can help you find the right way through a complex forest land through his mastery of maps.
A person who abandons his religionApostateWatching his daughter die of cancer made Steve become an apostate. 
A person was appointed to settle a dispute between two partiesArbitratorThe one who is all-powerful
The one who knows everythingOmniscientHe is such a know-it-all but he is not an omniscient.
The one who is all powerfulOmnipotentWe often stereotype a superhero as an Omnipotent but it’s important to have some flaws to make them human.
The one who is present everythingOmnipresentTechnology has become synonymous with omnipresent nowadays.
Someone who is eighty years old.OctogenarianMy grandpa is an octogenarian.
The one who settles in another country.ImmigrantIt isn’t easy being an immigrant in the USA.
Someone who cares about mankind.HumanitarianShe is known for her humanitarian efforts.

Listed below is the category of profession with one word substitution examples:

Person/PeopleOne Word SubstitutionExamples
Someone trained to travel and operate a spacecraft.AstronautKalpana Chawla is one of the greatest women astronauts.
The one who makes maps or chartsCartographerWe need a cartographer to decode these cryptic maps.
Someone who sells or grows flowers or studies or writes about flowers.FloristHarry is my favorite florist and I like how he gives unique facts about what every flower symbolises.
Someone with a beautiful handwritingCalligrapherI started as a calligrapher and then became a tattoo artist.
The supervising person during an examinationInvigilatorThe invigilator is too lazy to even check the students in the back.
Someone who presents or hosts a radio showRadio JockeyA radio jockey needs to have brilliant communication skills.
Someone who choreographs dances attuning certain sequences of steps and movements along musicChoreographerCan you find me a wedding choreographer?
Someone who is the custodian or the keeper of a museumCuratorI like being a curator as I get to meet artists from different parts of the world.
A person who doesn’t like humankind devoids himself of human societyMisanthropeGrinch wasn’t the mean-spirited misanthrope most of us took him to be.
A person who collects coins as a hobbyNumismatistAs a Numismatist, I have a huge collection of currencies from almost all the countries around the world.
Someone employed to drive a hired carChauffeurThe chauffeur will come by 4 pm to the venue.
Someone who walks by foot.PedestrianThis side of the road is for Pedestrians.
Someone who is reserved and shy.IntrovertI like being an introvert and I am happy with a small social circle.

Also Read: 50 Difficult Phrases with Meanings!

Listed below is the category of terms with one word substitution examples:

TermsOne Word SubstitutionsExample
Indefinite period of timeAeonThose days became boring, aeon and too long to pass.
Appreciation of beauty, by a set of principles.AestheticsI found this website quite appealing especially because of its aesthetics
Spartan snowstorms with uncontrollable winds BlizzardOn our way back to the hotel, we got caught in a blizzard.
An eccentric manner of livingBohemianShe felt embarrassed when her friends made fun of her bohemian clothing.
Huge fire for celebrationBonfireThe campers spent their night by the bonfire.
Dwarfed varieties of trees and shrubs in pots BonsaiHer room was filled with bonsai plants.
The remote regions of a country which are far away from the riversHinterlandHer cottage was situated in a hinterland deprived of any beautiful scenery.
Complex situation or a mix-upImbroglioThe romantic imbroglio happened when he met my landlords assuming they were my parents.
Make someone feel youngRejuvenateThis exfoliating scrub can completely rejuvenate your skin.
Not showing enough care and attentionRemissI realised that she was totally remiss in finishing her daily tasks.
A shelter for a DogKennelOur new pup spent all his day hiding inside the kennel.
Where wild animals liveLairI found a hidden lair in the forest but was too afraid to go inside it.
A place where coins are madeMintThis industrial facility is actually a mint which manufactures coins.
Ordinary and DullMundaneI am bored with the mundane life of the quarantined days.
Published after someone’s deathPosthumousMr Smith’s posthumous works brought him an immense number of accolades.
The profession of teaching or the approach or style of teachingPedagogyIt was his unique approach to pedagogy that made him every student’s favourite.
The symbols of royalty RegaliaThe queen was adorned in full regalia.
A political system solely based on the government of men by GodThearchyThe village was ruled by the system of thearchy.
A person promises to tell the truth in courtOathI couldn’t disrespect the oath and thus revealed everything.
Beginning to exist and evolveNascentBiotechnology bloomed from a nascent sector to a booming industry.
Ethically good behaviour one hasVirtuePatience is seen as the virtue of a man.
Humour that describes the weaknessesSatireGhasiram Kotwal is an incredibly written satire on the political scenario of Maharashtra in the early 20th century.
Changing the direction of one’s path suddenlyVeerHe veered the car in the other direction as the deer came in the way.
Enjoy something for an extended timeSavourDon’t forget to savour this delectable wine!
Someone who is wrongly blamed for things that others have doneScapegoatThey used him as a scapegoat to accuse him of the whole conspiracy
Space where animal hides are tannedTanneryThe leather for this coat has been skinned in the tannery.
Determined to achieve somethingTenaciousShe was tenacious enough to chase after her dream of becoming a film actor.
The sound of ParrotsScreechI woke up to the screeching of birds by the window.
Using a word or name that is inappropriateMisnomerIt’s quite a misnomer to call it a victory since he scored the lowest marks in the test. 
A government that has a monarch as the head  MonarchyWith a king ruling the country, the Monarchy is different from a democracy.
The sound of CamelsGruntIn the vastness of the desert, the only sound you can hear is the constant grunting of camels from far away.
Events manifested by festivitiesFiestaLast night’s party was a total fiesta.
The ranting of a personWhineAakriti is always whining about the weather.
An accolade or honour bestowed in recognition of an achievement: DestituteAjay grew up in a destitute existence.
Absolute freedom to act as one wishesCarte blancheExtremely poor people
A person who is unsure about God’s existenceAgnosticThough he was raised in a conservative Hindu family, he remained agnostic most of his life.

Her mother gave her carte blanche to follow the career path she wanted.
AgonyHe fell to the ground in agony.
Extreme physical or mental sufferingAikidoHe has mastered Aikido and his next goal is to learn Kung fu.
A soldier who fights for the sake of moneyMercenaryYou are a mercenary and you kill people with any guns!
ImmutableLaurelShe enjoyed the laurels of her acting achievements.
A person who behaves without moral principlesImmoralLying is completely immoral even if it is done for a good purpose.
Charging a politician with a serious crimeImpeachJapanese form of self-defence with the usage of locks holds
Government instructions that limit trade in some way EmbargoTrump was impeached recently but it didn’t affect his position as the president. 
Believer of fateFatalistWith the danger of the virus hovering over the whole world, an embargo on international trade was mutually decided upon.
Loves being social and enjoys the company of others GregariousGurleen is a gregarious girl and we often call her the social butterfly of our class!
Trees grow without underbrush.GroveI am a fatalist for I believe that our destiny has already been written.
An office with a high salary but no work SinecureAfter listening to the perks that Seema has at her office, Vishal assumes she works at a Sinecure. 
A person who betrays and descents an organisation or countryRenegadeIt is currently flashing in the news that a renegade policeman shot three innocent people. 
One who is much concerned about details and accuracyFastidiousVirat is fastidious about his hair. He makes sure that he visits the salon at regular intervals. 
A place for storage of arms and ammunitionArsenalThe officer informed the soldier about his new posting in Arsenal.
One who is expelled from a religious communityExcommunicateHis misconduct at the previous religious gathering led to his ex-communication. 
A person who eats too muchGluttonAs soon as the guests left, Riya didn’t miss a chance to call our cousin Glutton.
Something which can be copiedImmitableAs the captain’s approach for the finale was imitable, he is still called a legend.

Top 40 One-Word Substitutions Asked in Competitive Exams

Killing-relatedOne Word SubstitutionExamples
When someone kills their own fatherPatricideJean was arrested for patricide.
The act of killing a kingRegicideThe monarchy fell with the regicide.
The killing of a person by anotherHomicideHe went to jail on the charge of homicide.
The killing of one’s childFilicideThe police filed a report about filicide that happened in the C block.

One-Word Substitution Sample Questions

Now that you have understood the concept of one-word substitution, let us sample some sample questions so that you develop a strong command over it!

Q1. An individual who is unable to express or interact easily

A) Extrovert
B) Introvert
C) Ambivert
D) None of the Above

Q2. A stream of water moving very fast

A) Current
B) Tide
C) Torrent
D) Storms

Q3. Shikha spends a lot of money on clothes. Her cousins call her a:

A) Frugal
B) Economical
C) Miser
D) Spendthrift

Q4. Asmita works hard for the upliftment of poor children. She even donates half of her salary to NGOs. She is:

A) Philanthropist
B) Selfish
C) Tightfisted
D) None of the Above

Q5. It is impossible to see through it.

A) Translucent
B) Fragile
C) Opaque
D) Transparent

Q6. Aman is scared of thunderstorms. He suffers:

A) Acrophobia
B) Ophidiophobia
C) Nephophobia
D) Astraphobia

Q7. She caught the robbers

A) Courageously
B) Frightened
C) Cowardly
D) None of the above

Q8. Lalit has a good knowledge of Music. His father calls him:

A) Incompetent
B) Amateur
C) Maestro
D) Beginner

Q9. After attending a career counselling session, he understood that his ____ was cooking:

A) Niche
B) Supplant
C) Replacement
D) None of the above

Q10. You can’t park your truck here. It is:

A) Lawful
B) Allowed
C) Unauthorized
D) None of the Above


  1. B
  2. C
  3. D
  4. A
  5. C
  6. D
  7. A
  8. C
  9. A
  10. C

[BONUS] One Word Substitution Quiz

One Word Substitution Quiz

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Q1. How to learn one-word substitutes?

Ans. Techniques for One-Word Substitution:
1. Comprehend the whole meaning of a sentence or a group of words.
2. Look for terms that have a comparable meaning to the sentence and use them instead.
3. Discover the replacement words for the statement and keep the word in your memory for later usage.
4. Improving your vocabulary (synonyms and antonyms)

Q2. What is one-word substitution also known as?

Ans. One-word substitutions are also referred to as “Verbatim.” One-word substitution is a technique that substitutes a word for a context without altering the meaning of the original context.

Q3. What is a one-word substitution in English Class 7?

Ans. Single words used to represent a person, an item, a place, etc. instead of a set of words are known as one-word substitutions. Words that sound the same but have diverse meanings are referred to as homophones.

We hope that this blog was informative and helpful, whether you are preparing for a competitive exam, school-related examination, or olympiad. If you are preparing for IELTS, GMAT, SAT, or any other such competitive exam, connect with our experts at Leverage Edu by signing up for a free online session and we will help you prepare for the exam with the best study materials as well as mentoring classes to ensure that you clear it with flying colours!

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  1. Ok, so this is a great website to learn new words, one-word substitutions, phrases, antonyms, synonyms, and lots!! Great!! Keep providing more material, for the bright side of life!!

    1. Thank you for your comment, Pragathi! We appreciate your support, do sign up for our newsletter and watch our space for more blogs!

  1. Ok, so this is a great website to learn new words, one-word substitutions, phrases, antonyms, synonyms, and lots!! Great!! Keep providing more material, for the bright side of life!!

    1. Thank you for your comment, Pragathi! We appreciate your support, do sign up for our newsletter and watch our space for more blogs!