Tense can be defined as a word form used to indicate the time of occurrence of an incident with reference to the moment of speaking. It indicates the completion or continuance of an activity. Whether you are a school student or someone preparing for competitive examinations or any other English proficiency test, good knowledge of Tenses is definitely going to help you score better. Let us explore different tenses rules and usage with some examples!
This Blog Includes:
- All Tenses Rules
- Types of Tenses
- Past Tense Rules
- Present Tense Rules
- Future Tense Rules
- Tenses Rules & Application
- Tenses Rules Practice Questions
- Passive voice and Active Voice Rules
All Tenses Rules
In most of the competitive & government exams, tenses are one of the vital parts of the English section. Applicants can score perfectly if they are aware of the tenses rules & avoid mistakes. To memorize & understand the Tenses rules here is a tabulated representation.
|Past simple tense||Subject + V2 + Object|
|Past Perfect tense||Subject + had + V3 + Object|
|Past Continuous tense||Subject + was + V1 + ing + Object (Singular) Subject + were + V1 + ing + Object (Plural)|
|Past perfect continuous tense||Subject + had been + V1 + ing + Object|
|Present Simple tense||Subject + V1 + s/es + Object (Singular) Subject + V1 + Object (Plural)|
|Present Perfect tense||Subject + has + V3 + Object (Singular) Subject + have + V3 + Object (Plural)|
|Present Continuous tense||Subject + is/am/are + V1 + ing + object|
|Present perfect continuous tense||Subject + has been + V1 + ing + Object (Singular)Subject + have been + V1 + ing + Object (Plural)|
|Future Simple tense||Subject + will/shall + V1 + Object|
|Future Perfect tense||Subject + will have/shall have + V3 + Object|
|Future Continuous tense||Subject + will be/shall be + ing + V1 + Object|
|Future Perfect Continuous tense||Subject + will have been + V1 + ing + Object|
V1 = first form of the verb
V2 = second form of the verb
V3 = third form of the verb
We will now discuss each category with different types of tenses, the tenses rule and their examples.
Also Read: English for Bank Exams,
Types of Tenses
There are three types of tenses.
These tenses can further be categorized into 4 types:
- Simple Tense
- Continuous Tense
- Perfect Tense
- Perfect Continuous Tense
Past Tense Rules
Past tense is used to describe a past activity or action. It is a form of the verb that defines the events that have already occurred. Examples
- Reema attended the wedding functions.
- He left before I reached.
- Priya wrote a letter to her friends from camp.
Simple Past Tense Rules
Subject + V2 + Object
Rita went to school.
Minty ate food.
Past Continuous Tense Rules
Subject + was + V1 + ing + Object (Singular) Subject + were + V1 + ing + Object (Plural)
I was eating pudding.
Sia was writing a letter to the editor.
Past Perfect Tense Rules
Subject + had + V3 + Object
He had taken the token.
I had brushed my teeth.
Past Perfect Continuous Tense Rules
Subject + had been + V1 + ing + Object
He had been standing in the rain the whole night.
I had been eating diet food for the whole summer.
Present Tense Rules
The present tense is used to describe the current or present being, situation, or event. It is a form of the verb that defines the events that are currently happening. Examples
- I am going to the office
- She has been part of this group for 4 years now.
- The concert is amazing.
Simple Present Tense Rules
Subject + V1 + s/es + Object (Singular)
Subject + V1 + Object (Plural)
The Sun rises in the East.
Rita goes to school.
Past Continuous Tense Rules
Subject + is/am/are + V1 + ing + object
I was eating pudding.
Sia was writing a letter to the editor.
Present Perfect Tense Rules
Subject + has + V3 + Object (Singular)
Subject + have + V3 + Object (Plural)
He has just eaten food.
I have just read the book.
Present Perfect Continuous Tense Rules
Subject + has been + V1 + ing + Object (Singular)
Subject + have been + V1 + ing + Object (Plural)
I have been cleaning regularly since Monday.
She has been using the night cream for several months.
Future Tense Rules
The future tense is used to describe the future events that haven’t occurred but possibly will occur in the future. It is a form of the verb that will occur in the future & not exist currently. Examples
- She will be dancing to classical music.
- We will be shifting to the house upstate tomorrow morning.
- The train will leave in 10 minutes.
Simple Future Tense Rules
Subject + will/shall + V1 + Object
I shall go to school tomorrow.
My mother will feed me.
Future Continuous Tense Rules
Subject + will be/shall be + ing + V1 + Object
He shall be writing his exam.
We will be going to the zoo.
Future Perfect Tense Rules
Subject + will have/shall have + V3 + Object
I shall have started writing by that time.
We will have reached Goa by then.
Future Perfect Continuous Tense Rules
Subject + will have been + V1 + ing + Object
By next year we will be graduating.
They shall be serving food in the slum area tomorrow.
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Tenses Rules & Application
Sometimes understanding tenses can be confusing, to sort it out & make it easier we have represented a tabulated version of tenses rules & where they are applied with the help of examples.
|Past simple tense||Past Events||She cooked dinner for everyone last month|
|Past Perfect tense||Prior events happened before past events||She cooked dinner for everyone last night before shifted to Mumbai|
|Past Continuous tense||Past Events related to the occurrence of other events||She was cooking dinner for everyone when she ran out of gas.|
|Past perfect continuous tense||Past events relating to a past moment||She was cooking for dinner & needed some rest.|
|Present Simple tense||Facts & truths||She hosts dinner for everyone a lot.|
|Present Perfect tense||Events of past & continuing or expected to continue in present.||She has hosted a lot of times & left with one more dinner|
|Present Continuous tense||Current Actions||She is cooking dinner for everyone|
|Present perfect continuous tense||Past events, continued & finished in the current moment||She cooked dinner for everyone & now needs some rest.|
|Future Simple tense||Events completed in future||She will cook dinner for everyone next month.|
|Future Perfect tense||Current events completed in the given time frame in future||She will be cooking dinner for everyone by 8:00 PM next Saturday|
|Future Continuous tense||Future events & expected to continue||She will be hosting a lot of dinner parties next year.|
|Future Perfect Continuous tense||Tasks continue in the future & highlighting the duration||The dinner she will be cooking will take 3 hours to finish.|
Tenses Rules Practice Questions
Now you know all about the types & tenses rules. Here are some practice questions to test your knowledge.
- Riya _____ (wants/ wanting)to be a pilot.
- The dinner ______ (smells/smelling) great.
- She _______ (has been crying/cried) since last night.
- I _______ (will be lying, will lie) on the beach with my friends.
- Give me a call when you ______ (have, had) time.
- I _______ (spent/spend) all my teenage years at math camp.
- When we were in the hostel we _____ (made/make) our own breakfast.
- Sandhya is ________ (running/ran) for student election this semester.
- He _____ (plays/playing) tennis most of his evening.
- When you called, I was______ (taking/took) a shower.
- Has been crying
- Will be lying
There are two voices in grammar, Active Voice & Passive Voice. Subjects in active voice are direct & clear on the other hand subjects in passive voice are actions indicated by the verbs. We generally use active voice & passive voice are used to highlight the object in the sentence. It is important to know about the rules of active & passive voice before answering or practicing questions. Examples of active & passive voice are
|Active Voice||Passive Voice|
|I cook dinner every Saturday||Every Saturday dinner is cooked by me|
|Two little girls are singing the Christmas song||Christmas song was sung by two little girls|
|Beyonce donated the money to charity||Money was donated to charity by Beyonce.|
There are three types of tenses past, present, and future that can be further divided into Simple Tense, Continuous Tense, Perfect Tense & Perfect Continuous Tense.
shall/ will + be + verb + ing is the correct formula for future continuous tense rule.
In the present tense, the task should be completed in a certain time frame.
According to the tenses rules, future simple tense should be used in predictions.
Based on tenses rules, in this case, the present perfect tense should be used.
Referring to tenses rules, past simple tense should be used in the case of historical events
We hope this article gave you a clear idea about the tenses, its types and tenses rules. If you have any questions regarding higher education abroad and careers, let Leverage Edu be at your service. Consult our professional counsellors by books a 30-minutes free counselling session.