Grammar for Class 10

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Grammar for Class 10

One of the most crucial stages in the lives of students is when they enter class 10 and begin gearing up for the board examinations. Unfortunately, under the covers of other important subjects in CBSE class 10 syllabus such as Mathematics, Science And Social Studies, students often tend to neglect English which is a vital part of the fundamental language studies at the senior secondary level. Though comprising a balanced mix of reading and writing sections focusing on varied aspects of the language. Therefore to ease your endeavours to some extent, this blog would discuss everything you need to know about Grammar for class 10.

Also Read: Grammar for IELTS

Grammar is a crucial component of language mastery, and Class 10 is a pivotal stage for students to strengthen their grammar skills. It encompasses various aspects, including parts of speech, tenses, sentence structures, subject-verb agreement, punctuation, and more. Class 10 grammar lessons focus on refining students’ understanding of these concepts and applying them effectively in their writing and communication. Topics like active and passive voice, direct and indirect speech, and clauses are also explored. By studying grammar in Class 10, students develop the ability to express themselves accurately, enhance their writing fluency, and communicate with clarity, which are essential skills for academic success and beyond.

Topics Covered in Grammar for Class 10

Section B of the English exam tests both the writing and grammatical skills of the students and constitutes of grammar. We have elaborated on the core concepts covered under grammar for class 10 in the following sections.  


Tenses refer to the state or time of a verb or action. It comprises of 3 major tenses- Past, Present and Future. Let us take an example to understand the grammar for class 10 better.

Source: Pinterest
  • Past Tense: The actions that have already occurred. It is indicated by adding “-ed” after the infinitive verb or adding words like “was” or “were”.

For example, 

  • Kriti played football.
  • He was going to the market yesterday.
  • Present Tense: The actions which are currently happening, or when a fundamental fact is stated. It is generally indicated by adding “-s” after the infinitive verb, but not necessarily, such as hear, tear, play, etc.

For example, 

  • Kriti plays football.
  • I read books.
  • Future Tense: The actions that haven’t occurred yet. Generally, the words like “will” added between subject and an infinitive verb are indicative of future tense.

For example,

  • I will go to the fair tomorrow.
  • They will go to the market.


Modal is one of the challenging yet easiest topics in grammar for class 10. It is a form of helping verb which is incorporated in a sentence to depict ability, possibility, permission or obligation. Some of the common modals used are- can/could/is able to, shall/should, will/would, may/might, must/have to, etc. Let us consider some questions for better clarification of the concept.

Source: ESL Forums

Question: _______ you pass me the ketchup? 

  1. Will
  2. Do
  3. Should
  4. May 

Answer: Will you pass me the ketchup?

Question: Keith promised that he  _______ smoking.

  1. stop
  2. will stop

Answer: Keith promised that he will stop smoking.

Use of Passive Voice 

Under the subjects of grammar for class 10, passive voice is used when we want to shift the emphasis on the action or verb from the subject in a sentence. For example, The ball was thrown by the cricketer.

Subject-verb Concord

It means that the subject and verb should be matched in such a way that meaningful sentences are created. In other words, when the subject is singular, the verb will also be singular, or when the subject is plural, the same goes with the verb too. Being one of the most interesting topics in grammar for class 10, let us look at an example below.

  • Incorrect: A bouquet of red roses lend freshness in the air.

Correct: A bouquet of red roses lends freshness in the air.


Reporting is done when we represent the speech of some other person or ourselves. Reporting can come in 3 types- Commands And Requests, Statements, and Questions. Let’s consider an example to understand this part of grammar for class 10 better.

  • She said, “I have been to Australia twice.”

Reported speech: She said she had been to Australia twice.


A clause is mainly termed as a group of words that constitute a subject as well as a predicate. Each sentence contains at least one clause. The students studying grammar for class 10 study 3 types of clauses- Noun Clauses, Adverb Clauses, and Relative Clauses. For example, 

  • James cooked.
  • Jennifer played.


The topic of Determiners in grammar for class 10 is referred to those words that are always placed ahead of a noun or adjective in order to make it clear what the noun refers to. For example, 

Source: 7ESL
  • I ate the chocolate cake at the party.
  • The plastic cans are non-recyclable.


Prepositions mainly refer to a word or rather a group of words that are put before a noun, pronoun, etc. in order to show its relation with another in a sentence. The use of prepositions is mainly done in relation to time, place, direction, means, position etc. For example,

Source: Javatpoint
  • I went to school today.
  • Riya went out of the room.

Grammar for Class 10: Important Reference Books

While mastering the above-mentioned concepts for Grammar for class 10, there are an array of preparatory guides and reference books that can provide you with practice sheets and sample question papers. We have enlisted these reference books for English Class 10th below:

High School English Grammar and Composition Book- Buy it hereWren and Martin
Xam Idea Complete Course English for CBSE Class 10- Buy it hereVK Global
English Language and Literature- Buy it hereTogether With
English Communication- Buy it hereOswaal


What are prepositions?

Prepositions mainly refer to a word or rather a group of words that are put before a noun, pronoun, etc. in order to show its relation with another in a sentence. The use of prepositions is mainly done in relation to time, place, direction, means, position etc.

What are the grammar topics for class 10?

Use of Passive Voice.
Subject-verb Concord.

How to prepare grammar for class 10?

Exam Pattern & Syllabus
Follow the Right Book for CBSE Class 10th English
Practice Regularly
Solve previous year papers/sample papers
Time Management
Stay Focused & Healthy

Hence, we hope that this blog has familiarized you with the major components of grammar for class 10. If you are puzzled about which stream to take in 11th, take the assistance of our Leverage Edu experts and we’ll guide you in selecting a suitable domain which aligns with your skills and interests and can assist you in advancing towards your dream career.

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