Grammar for Class 10

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Grammar for Class 10

One of the most crucial stages in the lives of students is when they enter class 10 and begin gearing up for the board examinations. Unfortunately, under the covers of other important subjects in CBSE class 10 syllabus such as Mathematics, Science And Social Studies, students often tend to neglect English which is a vital part of the fundamental language studies at senior secondary level. Though comprising a balanced mix of reading and writing section focusing on varied aspects of the language. Therefore to ease your endeavours to some extent, this blog would discuss everything you need to know about Grammar for class 10.

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Topics Covered in Grammar for Class 10

Section B of English exam tests both writing and grammatical skills of the students and constitutes of grammar. We have elaborated the core concepts covered under grammar for class 10 in the following sections.  


Tenses refer to the state or time of a verb or action. It comprises of 3 major tenses- Past, Present and Future. Let us take an example to understand the grammar for class 10 better.

  • Past Tense: The actions that have already occurred. It is indicated by adding “-ed” after the infinitive verb or adding words like “was” or “were”.

For example, 

  • Kriti played football.
  • He was going to the market yesterday.
  • Present Tense: The actions which are currently happening, or when a fundamental fact is stated. It is generally indicated by adding “-s” after the infinitive verb, but not necessarily, such as hear, tear, play, etc.

For example, 

  • Kriti plays football.
  • I read books.
  • Future Tense: The actions that haven’t occurred yet. Generally, the words like “will” added between subject and an infinitive verb are indicative of future tense.

For example,

  • I will go to the fair tomorrow.
  • They will go to the market.


Modal is one of the challenging yet easiest topics in grammar for class 10. It is a form of helping verb which is incorporated in a sentence to depict ability, possibility, permission or obligation. Some of the common modals used are- can/could/is able to, shall/should, will/would, may/might, must/have to, etc. Let us consider some questions for better clarification of the concept.

Question: _______ you pass me the ketchup? 

  1. Will
  2. Do
  3. Should
  4. May 

Answer: Will you pass me the ketchup?

Question: Keith promised that he  _______ smoking.

  1. stop
  2. will stop

Answer: Keith promised that he will stop smoking.

Use of Passive Voice 

Under the subjects of grammar for class 10, passive voice is used for when we want to shift the emphasis on the action or verb from the subject in a sentence. For example, The ball was thrown by the cricketer.

Subject-verb Concord

It means that the subject and verb should be matched in such a way so that meaningful sentences are created. In other words, when the subject is singular, the verb will also be singular, or when the subject is plural, the same goes with the verb too. Being one of the most interesting topics in grammar for class 10, let us look at an example below.

  • Incorrect: A bouquet of red roses lend freshness in the air.

Correct: A bouquet of red roses lends freshness in the air.


Reporting is done when we represent the speech of some other person or ourselves. Reporting can come in 3 types- Commands And Requests, Statements, Questions. Let’s consider an example to understand this part of grammar for class 10 better.

  • She said, “I have been to Australia twice.”

Reported speech: She said she had been to Australia twice.


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A clause is mainly termed as a group of words that constitute a subject as well as a predicate. Each sentence contains at least one clause. The students studying grammar for class 10 study 3 types of clauses- Noun Clauses, Adverb Clauses, Relative Clauses. For example, 

  • James cooked.
  • Jennifer played.


The topic of Determiners in grammar for class 10 is referred to those words that are always placed ahead of a noun or adjective in order to make it clear that what the noun refers to. For example, 

  • I ate the chocolate cake at the party.
  • The plastic cans are non-recyclable.


Prepositions mainly refer to a word or rather a group of words that are put before a noun, pronoun, etc. in order to show its relation with another in a sentence. The use of prepositions is mainly done in relation to time, place, direction, means, position etc. For example,

  • I went to school today.
  • Riya went out of the room.

Grammar for Class 10: Important Reference Books

While mastering the above-mentioned concepts for Grammar for class 10, there are an array of preparatory guides and reference books that can provide you with practice sheets and sample questions papers. We have enlisted these reference books for English Class 10th below:

Name Publisher
High School English Grammar and Composition Book- Buy it here Wren and Martin
Xam Idea Complete Course English for CBSE Class 10- Buy it here VK Global
English Language and Literature- Buy it here Together With
English Communication- Buy it here Oswaal

Hence, we hope that this blog has familiarized you with the major components of grammar for class 10. If you are puzzled about which stream to take in 11th, take assistance of our Leverage Edu experts and we’ll guide you in selecting a suitable domain which aligns with your skills and interests and can assist you in advancing towards your dream career.

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