BSc Physics Syllabus

BSc Physics Syllabus

A career in Physics takes intense dedication and determination to grasp the hardcore principles and theories. BSc Physics is a popular choice among students willing to explore and study this field. But before pursuing a course, it is important to know the syllabus to comprehend what it will entail. This blog explains all the information about the BSc Physics syllabus along with the major subjects and concepts.

Course Name BSc Physics
Education level Undergraduate
Basic Eligibility Criteria 10+2 with Science Stream from a recognised board
of education
Duration 3 years
Career Prospects IT Consultant, Software Engineer, Software Developer,
Quality Control Manager, Radiologist, Statistician, etc.

BSc Physics Syllabus

Semester 1 Semester 2
Mechanics & Properties of Matter Optics
Foundation Course in Maths Calculus
Physics Lab-1 Physics Lab-2
Semester 3 Semester 4
Solid-state Physics Basic Electronics
Electricity and magnetism Nuclear Physics
Classical Mechanics & Relativity Electromagnetic Theory
Semester 5 Semester 6
Quantum Mechanics Renewable Energy
Oscillations & Waves Instrumentation
Statistical Mechanics Atomic & Molecular Physics

BSc Physics Semester-wise Syllabus

We have listed down all the subjects as per each semester to give you a clear view and understanding of the BSc Physics syllabus.

Semester 1

BSc Physics Subjects BSc Physics Syllabus
Introduction to Mathematical Physics Vector Calculus, Multiple Integrals, Dirac Delta Function, Special Integrals, etc.
Mechanics This subject includes fundamentals of concepts such as force, motion, gravity, and elasticity to give students an in-depth understanding of engineering along with Mechanical Engineering.

Topics include Fundamentals of Dynamics and Rotational Dynamics, Gravitation, Work and Energy, Collision, Elasticity, etc.

Chemistry This subject involves organic chemistry and bonding solid forces to help students understand chemical functions, structures of
thermodynamics and kinetics.

Semester 2

BSc Physics Subjects BSc Physics Syllabus
Electricity & Magnetism Electric Circuits, Magnetic Fields, Properties of Matter, Electromagnetic Induction, etc.
Oscillations & Waves Collinear Harmonic oscillations, Wave Optics & Motion, Interference, Diffraction, etc.
Technical Writing and
Communication in English
Technical writing is important to equip students with the knowledge of gathering, interpreting and documenting technical information for making logical and ethical structures.

Semester 3

BSc Physics Subjects BSc Physics Syllabus
Digital Electronics Analog and digital circuits, Boolean Algebra, Integrated Circuits, CRO, Timers, Shift Registers, etc.
Computer Programming and
Programming languages such as C++, control statements, and array structures to help students with identifying different elements and functions of contemporary microprocessing.
Thermal Physics Thermodynamics, Kinetic Theory of Gases, distribution of velocities and consists of key concepts of thermal physics like thermodynamic systems, atmosphere, and properties.

Semester 4

BSc Physics Subjects BSc Physics Syllabus
Mathematical Analysis
and Statistics
This subject focuses on the analysis of sequences and series uniform
convergence and intelligence integration. All these concepts enable
students to gain knowledge of basic functions and methods used to understand the complexity of Beta and Gamma functions.
Modern Physics Planck’s Quantum, Two slit interference, Radioactivity, Quantum Mechanics, Fission & Fusion, etc.
Analog Systems & Applications Semiconductor Diodes, Bipolar Junction transistors, Sinusoidal Oscillators, Amplifiers & Operational Amplifiers, Conversion, etc.

Semester 5

BSc Physics Subjects BSc Physics Syllabus
Atomic and Molecular Physics Crystal Structure, Dielectric Properties, Band Theory, Superconductivity, Lattice Dynamics, etc.
Quantum Mechanics Time-dependent & independent Schrodinger equation, bound states, hydrogen-like atoms, etc.
Elective Can vary based on choice

Semester 6

BSc Physics Subjects BSc Physics Syllabus
Electromagnetic Theory EM Wave Propagation, Maxwell Equations, Optical Fibres, Polarization, etc.
Statistical Physics The classical & quantum theory of radiation, Bose-Einstein statistics, Fermi-Dirac Statistics.
Elective Can vary based on the chosen subject

BSc Physics Syllabus DU

Semester 1

  • Mathematical Physics -I
  • Mechanics 
  • Lab 1 
  • Lab 2

Semester 2

  • Electricity and Magnetism 
  • Waves and Optics
  • Lab 3 
  • Lab 4

Semester 3

  • Mathematical Physics -II
  • Thermal Physics 
  • Digital System and Application 
  • Lab 5
  • Lab 6
  • Lab 7

Semester 4

  • Mathematical Physics – III
  • Elements of Modern Physics
  • Analog Systems and Applications
  • Lab 8
  • Lab 9
  • Lab 10

Semester 5

  • Quantum Mechanics and Applications
  • Solid State Physics 
  • Lab 11
  • Lab 12

Semester 6

  • Electromagnetic Theory
  • Statistical Mechanics 
  • Lab 13
  • Lab 14

BSc Physics Syllabus IGNOU

Here is a PDF of BSc Physics syllabus for IGNOU

BS in Physics Syllabus IIT 

In place of BSc in Physics, IIT offers a related course BS in Physics. The general duration of BSc in Physics in 3 years but this courses lasts for 4 years. Stated below is the syllabus of it-

Semester 1

  • MTH 101
  • PHY 102 / PHY 103
  • PHY 101 / CHM 101 (Laboratory)
  • [Engineering Graphics + Life Sciences] / Computing
  • English / Humanities and Social Sciences
  • Physical Education

Semester 2

  • MTH 102
  • PHY 103 / PHY 102
  • CHM 101 / PHY 101 (Laboratory)
  • CHM 102
  • Computing / [Engineering Graphics + Life Sciences]
  • Physical Education

Semester 3

  • Optics Theory + Lab PHY 224
  • Engineering Science Option / Science Option Elective
  • Engineering Science Option / Science Option Elective
  • HSS I
  • TA 202
  • COM (Web)

Semester 4

  • Quantum Physics PHY 204 (PSO 201)
  • Thermal Physics (Modular) PHY 210a
  • Relativity (Modular) PHY 226b
  • Open Elective / Engineering Science Option ESO 202
  • Introduction to Electronics ESC 201
  • Introduction to Manufacturing Processes TA 201
  • PHY COM (Web)

Semester 5

  • Modern Physics Laboratory PHY 315
  • Classical Mechanics PHY 401
  • Mathematical Methods I PHY 421
  • Quantum Mechanics I PHY431
  • SO / ESO

Semester 6

  • Statistical Physics PHY412
  • Computational Physics PHY 473
  • Electrodynamics PHY 552
  • Department Elective DE-1 / Open Elective OE-2
  • HSS-3 (Level 2)

Semester 7

  • Experimental Physics PHY 461
  • Open Elective OE-2 / Department Elective DE 1
  • Department Elective DE 2
  • Open Elective OE 3
  • Open Elective OE 4
  • HSS 4 (Level 2)

Semester 8

  • Department Elective DE 3
  • Department Elective DE 4
  • Open Elective OE 5
  • Open Elective OE 6
  • HSS 5 (Level 2)

BSc Physics Syllabus IISC

Download this PDF to get handy with the syllabus of BSc Physics by IISC-

List of BSc Physics Subjects [Year Wise]

A vast variety of BSc Physics subjects are taught in various universities and colleges. The combination of these subjects makes it an interesting branch of Science. The accompanying sections will give you an idea about the significant Bsc Physics subjects for every year-

BSc Physics Subjects: 1st Year

In the first year, you will get to study the subjects like-

Semiconductor Devices Computer Programming and Thermodynamics
Wave and Optics I Classical Mechanics and theory of relativity
Properties of Matter and Kinetic Theory of Gases Physics Lab
Mechanics & Properties of Matter Physical Chemistry- I

BSc Physics Subjects: 2nd Year

The BSc Physics subjects for this year are-

Electricity Magnetism and Electromagnetic Theory Quantum and Laser Physics
Wave and Optics II Nuclear Physics
Atomic & molecular physics Digital electronics
Instrumentation Statistical Physics

BSc Physics Subjects: 3rd Year

The subjects in the third year will be-

Quantum mechanics Applied optics
Statistical mechanics Oscillations & waves
Solid-State and Nano Physics Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy
Wave and Optics III Physics lab II

BSc Physics: Major Subjects

If you are thinking that how many subjects are there in BSc Physics then you must know that generally, each semester of BSc Physics comprises 3 core subjects. While the first semester focuses on building fundamental concepts of Physics, 3rd and 4th-year subjects impart advanced knowledge through electives like Physics of Devices and Communication, Astrophysics, Nuclear Physics, Nano Materials and Applications, etc. Moreover, hands-on experience is also provided through lab work and skill development courses like that in Electrical circuits and Network Skills, Technical Drawing, Instrumentation Techniques, etc. Below we have elaborated some of the major BSc Physics subjects:

Mathematical Physics

Mathematical Physics focuses on diverse interdisciplinary applications of Physics in the mathematical context. Students get to learn about the various topics of Mathematics in the context of how they can be applied in the discipline of Physics. It is one of the key subjects in the BSc Physics syllabus and includes the following topics:

  • Calculus
  • Vector Algebra
  • Orthogonal Curvilinear Coordinates
  • Dirac Delta function
  • Vector Calculus

Electricity and Magnetism

Encompassing the study of electric field and electric force, this discipline in the BSc Physics syllabus focuses on exploring the nature and properties of electric and magnetic fields. The following pointers elucidate upon the key topics included under Electricity and Magnetism:

  • Electric Field and Electric Potential
  • Dielectric Properties of Matter
  • Magnetic Field
  • Magnetic Properties of Matter
  • Electromagnetic Induction
  • Electrical Circuits
  • Network theorems

Thermal Physics

In BSc Physics syllabus, Thermal Physics is taught to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of its applications in the different thermodynamic systems like refrigerators, engines and atmosphere. The major sub-disciplines under Thermal Physics are as follows:

  • Zeroth and First Law of Thermodynamics
  • Second Law of Thermodynamics
  • Entropy
  • Maxwell’s Thermodynamic Relations
  • Kinetic Theory of Gases
  • Thermodynamic Potentials
  • Molecular Collisions
  • Real Gases

Digital Systems and Applications

The chief objective of this discipline under BSc Physics syllabus is to impart students with a comprehensive understanding of the functioning of different digital systems, their operational circuits as well applications. Here are the major sub-topics under Digital Systems and Applications:

  • Integrated Circuits
  • Digital Circuits
  • Boolean algebra
  • Timers
  • Arithmetic Circuits
  • Data processing circuits
  • Sequential Circuits

Quantum Mechanics

While exploring BSc Physics syllabus, Quantum Mechanics is a prominent subject you will come across. Students get to learn about the basics of Quantum Mechanics and its applications as well as how it relates to linear algebra. Check out the following topics that you will study in Quantum Mechanics:

  • Time independent Schrodinger equation
  • General discussion of bound states in an arbitrary potential
  • Quantum theory of hydrogen-like atoms
  • Atoms in Electric and Magnetic Fields
  • Electron atoms

Statistical Physics

Statistical physics is a subfield of physical science that studies in detail the enormous collections of associating objects. Generally, the objects of study under this field are particles, atoms, magnetic spins, or volumes of liquid, etc. Apart from these science-oriented objects, lately, different kinds of interfacing groups of objects like species in environments, traders in monetary markets, etc. have been evaluated by the physicists. By utilizing different numerical strategies, you will learn how to study or interpret the microscopic behaviour of such groups of objects without even knowing the individual characteristics of the objects. 

Nuclear Physics

Nuclear physics is all about the study of the tiny particles that are present at the centre of a nucleus of an atom called protons and neutrons. In this subject, you will be familiarized with the intricate structure of atoms via various influential models and experiments. Out of all the BSc Physics subjects, you will definitely enjoy this one, if you are looking forward to exploring the role of these minute particles in a vast set up of space. 

Classical Mechanics and Theory of Relativity

Relativity is identified as a connection to essential concepts of mechanics, for example, inertia, speed, Newton’s latent capacity, Kepler movement and state of matter. Coming under the list of BSc Physics Subjects, you will be familiarized with general and special relativity right from Newton to Einstein’s explanations and infinite worked models. Classical mechanics is one of the most interesting subjects of physics that has been concluded as the reason behind various black hole theories. On your journey of BSc Physics, Classical Mechanics will let you have an answer about intriguing questions like what is the path of a flying ball? What is the electromagnetic field while pulling a magnet and much more!

Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy

Spectroscopy is a crucial subject of the course that teaches about the investigation of electromagnetic radiation and its communication with solid, fluid, gas and plasma. It is one of the generally utilized investigative methods to examine the structure of particles and atoms. By learning this method, you will be able to utilize the acquired data about particles because of their distinct spectra. The quick spreading field of spectroscopic applications has made an imperative effect on numerous orders, including vitality research, concoction preparing, ecological security and medication

Quantum and Laser Physics

Quantum physics is an important part of BSc physics subjects that is based on the quantum mechanics theory of photons. The subject is designed to conceptualise the fundamental origin of the laser and photon system in the branch of physics. The subject involves the use of various mathematical equations derived to prove the relationship between laser mechanics and photon physics. It is an interesting subject to study from the Bsc Physics syllabus. There are many books written on the nature of Quantum mechanics by various scientists.

List of Electives in BSc Physics

Apart from the compulsory subjects, there is a wide range of electives that constitute an integral part of the undergraduate course. Here is a list of electives in the BSc Physics syllabus:

  • Embedded Systems
  • Experimental Techniques
  • Verilog and FPGA based system design
  • Biological Physics
  • Medical Physics
  • Advanced Mathematical Physics

Note: The number of electives per semester and the structure can vary from one college/university to another.

Eligibility for BSc Physics

Planning to pursue BSc Physics, let us just take a quick look at what all it requires to enter the program-

  • For BSc physics,  you must have practised 10+2 with MPC subjects or BiPC subjects from a recognised institution
  • You must attain the required SAT exam score
  • A good score in English proficiency tests like IELTS, TOEFL, etc 
  • LOR and SOP  in the determined format
  • To pursue this course in India, you should have studied either BiPC subjects or MPC subjects in 10+2
  • Admissions are done based on the marks secured in 12th boards

Top Universities for BSc Physics India and Abroad

There are numerous universities and colleges around the world which offer BSc Physics and courses after Bsc Physics along with reputable master’s degrees in the specialisations. Here are some leading universities wherein you can study the aforementioned BSc Physics subjects while pursuing the course-

Popular universities for BSc Physics in India are-

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay
  • Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur
  • Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) Mumbai
  • University of Delhi (DU)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur
  • Indian Institute of Space Science & Technology (IIST), Trivandrum

We hope that this article on BSc Physics syllabus helped you with some of your doubts. If you want to pursue BSc Physics and are exploring the right university for this course, let the Leverage Edu mentors help you in finding an ideal university that is best suited for your interests, goals, aspirations, and skills. 

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