BSc Physics Syllabus and Subjects

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BSc Physics Syllabus

A career in Physics takes intense dedication and determination to grasp hardcore principles and theories. BSc Physics is a popular choice among students willing to explore and study this field. But before pursuing a course, it is important to know the syllabus to comprehend what it will entail. This blog explains all the information about the BSc Physics syllabus and BSc Physics Honours syllabus along with the major subjects and concepts.

Course NameBSc Physics
Education levelUndergraduate
Basic Eligibility Criteria10+2 with Science Stream from a recognised board
of education
Duration3 years
Career ProspectsIT Consultant, Software Engineer, Software Developer, Quality Control Manager, Radiologist, Statistician, etc.

BSc Physics Syllabus

Following is the overview of the syllabus for Bsc physics:

Semester 1Semester 2
Mechanics & Properties of MatterOptics
Foundation Course in MathsCalculus
Physics Lab-1Physics Lab-2
Semester 3Semester 4
Solid-state PhysicsBasic Electronics
Electricity and magnetismNuclear Physics
Classical Mechanics & RelativityElectromagnetic Theory
Semester 5Semester 6
Quantum MechanicsRenewable Energy
Oscillations & WavesInstrumentation
Statistical MechanicsAtomic & Molecular Physics

BSc Physics Semester-Wise Syllabus

We have listed down all the subjects as per each semester to give you a clear view and understanding of the BSc Physics syllabus:

Semester 1

BSc Physics SubjectsBSc Physics Syllabus
Introduction to Mathematical PhysicsVector Calculus, Multiple Integrals, Dirac Delta Function, Special Integrals, etc.
MechanicsThis subject includes fundamentals of concepts such as force, motion, gravity, and elasticity to give students an in-depth understanding of engineering along with Mechanical Engineering.

Topics include Fundamentals of Dynamics and Rotational Dynamics, Gravitation, Work and Energy, Collision, Elasticity, etc.
ChemistryThis subject involves organic chemistry and bonding solid forces to help students understand chemical functions, structures of
thermodynamics and kinetics.

Semester 2

BSc Physics SubjectsBSc Physics Syllabus
Electricity & MagnetismElectric Circuits, Magnetic Fields, Properties of Matter, Electromagnetic Induction, etc.
Oscillations & Waves Collinear Harmonic oscillations, Wave Optics & Motion, Interference, Diffraction, etc.
Technical Writing and
Communication in English
Technical writing is important to equip students with the knowledge of gathering, interpreting and documenting technical information for making logical and ethical structures.

Semester 3

BSc Physics SubjectsBSc Physics Syllabus
Digital ElectronicsAnalog and digital circuits, Boolean Algebra, Integrated Circuits, CRO, Timers, Shift Registers, etc.
Computer Programming and
Programming languages such as C++, control statements, and array structures help students with identifying different elements and functions of contemporary microprocessing.
Thermal PhysicsThermodynamics, Kinetic Theory of Gases, distribution of velocities and consists of key concepts of thermal physics like thermodynamic systems, atmosphere, and properties.

Semester 4

BSc Physics SubjectsBSc Physics Syllabus
Mathematical Analysis
and Statistics
This subject focuses on the analysis of sequences and series uniform
convergence and intelligence integration. All these concepts enable
students to gain knowledge of basic functions and methods used to understand the complexity of Beta and Gamma functions.
Modern PhysicsPlanck’s Quantum, Two slit interference, Radioactivity, Quantum Mechanics, Fission & Fusion, etc.
Analog Systems & ApplicationsSemiconductor Diodes, Bipolar Junction transistors, Sinusoidal Oscillators, Amplifiers & Operational Amplifiers, Conversion, etc.

Semester 5

BSc Physics SubjectsBSc Physics Syllabus
Atomic and Molecular PhysicsCrystal Structure, Dielectric Properties, Band Theory, Superconductivity, Lattice Dynamics, etc.
Quantum MechanicsTime-dependent & independent Schrodinger equation, bound states, hydrogen-like atoms, etc.
ElectiveCan vary based on choice

Semester 6

BSc Physics SubjectsBSc Physics Syllabus
Electromagnetic TheoryEM Wave Propagation, Maxwell Equations, Optical Fibres, Polarization, etc.
Statistical PhysicsThe classical & quantum theory of radiation, Bose-Einstein statistics, and Fermi-Dirac Statistics.
ElectiveCan vary based on the chosen subject

BSc Physics Syllabus DU

Following is the syllabus for BSc physics from Delhi University :

Semester 1

Semester 2

Semester 3

  • Mathematical Physics -II
  • Thermal Physics 
  • Digital System and Application 
  • Lab 5
  • Lab 6
  • Lab 7

Semester 4

  • Mathematical Physics – III
  • Elements of Modern Physics
  • Analog Systems and Applications
  • Lab 8
  • Lab 9
  • Lab 10

Semester 5

  • Quantum Mechanics and Applications
  • Solid State Physics 
  • Lab 11
  • Lab 12

Semester 6

  • Electromagnetic Theory
  • Statistical Mechanics 
  • Lab 13
  • Lab 14

BSc Physics Syllabus IGNOU

Here is a PDF of the BSc Physics syllabus for IGNOU:

BS in Physics Syllabus IIT 

In place of a BSc in Physics, IIT offers a related course BS in Physics. The general duration of a BSc in Physics is 3 years but these courses last for 4 years. Stated below is the syllabus of it-

Semester 1

Semester 2

  • MTH 102
  • PHY 103 / PHY 102
  • CHM 101 / PHY 101 (Laboratory)
  • CHM 102
  • Computing / [Engineering Graphics + Life Sciences]
  • Physical Education

Semester 3

  • Optics Theory + Lab PHY 224
  • Engineering Science Option / Science Option Elective
  • Engineering Science Option / Science Option Elective
  • HSS I
  • TA 202
  • COM (Web)

Semester 4

  • Quantum Physics PHY 204 (PSO 201)
  • Thermal Physics (Modular) PHY 210a
  • Relativity (Modular) PHY 226b
  • Open Elective / Engineering Science Option ESO 202
  • Introduction to Electronics ESC 201
  • Introduction to Manufacturing Processes TA 201
  • PHY COM (Web)

Semester 5

  • Modern Physics Laboratory PHY 315
  • Classical Mechanics PHY 401
  • Mathematical Methods I PHY 421
  • Quantum Mechanics I PHY431
  • SO / ESO

Semester 6

  • Statistical Physics PHY412
  • Computational Physics PHY 473
  • Electrodynamics PHY 552
  • Department Elective DE-1 / Open Elective OE-2
  • HSS-3 (Level 2)

Semester 7

  • Experimental Physics PHY 461
  • Open Elective OE-2 / Department Elective DE 1
  • Department Elective DE 2
  • Open Elective OE 3
  • Open Elective OE 4
  • HSS 4 (Level 2)

Semester 8

  • Department Elective DE 3
  • Department Elective DE 4
  • Open Elective OE 5
  • Open Elective OE 6
  • HSS 5 (Level 2)

BSc Physics Syllabus IISC

Download this PDF to get handy with the syllabus of BSc Physics by IISC:

List of BSc Physics Subjects [Year Wise]

A vast variety of BSc Physics subjects are taught in various universities and colleges. The combination of these subjects makes it an interesting branch of Science. The accompanying sections will give you an idea about the significant Bsc Physics subjects for every year:

BSc Physics Subjects: 1st Year

In the first year, you will get to study the subjects like:

Semiconductor DevicesComputer Programming and Thermodynamics
Wave and Optics IClassical Mechanics and theory of relativity
Properties of Matter and Kinetic Theory of GasesPhysics Lab
Mechanics & Properties of MatterPhysical Chemistry- I

BSc Physics Subjects: 2nd Year

The BSc Physics subjects for the second year are:

Electricity Magnetism and Electromagnetic TheoryQuantum and Laser Physics
Wave and Optics IINuclear Physics
Atomic & molecular physicsDigital Electronics
InstrumentationStatistical Physics

BSc Physics Subjects: 3rd Year

The subjects in the third year will be:

Quantum mechanicsApplied optics
Statistical mechanicsOscillations & waves
Solid-State and Nano PhysicsAtomic and Molecular Spectroscopy
Wave and Optics IIIPhysics lab II

BSc Physics: Major Subjects

If you are thinking that how many subjects are there in BSc Physics then you must know that generally, each semester of BSc Physics comprises 3 core subjects. While the first semester focuses on building fundamental concepts of Physics, 3rd and 4th-year subjects impart advanced knowledge through electives like Physics of Devices and Communication, Astrophysics, Nuclear Physics, Nano Materials and Applications, etc. Moreover, hands-on experience is also provided through lab work and skill development courses like Electrical circuits and Network Skills, Technical Drawing, Instrumentation Techniques, etc. Below we have elaborated on some of the major BSc Physics subjects:

Mathematical Physics

Mathematical Physics focuses on diverse interdisciplinary applications of Physics in the mathematical context. Students get to learn about the various topics of Mathematics in the context of how they can be applied in the discipline of Physics. It is one of the key subjects in the BSc Physics syllabus and includes the following topics:

  • Calculus
  • Vector Algebra
  • Orthogonal Curvilinear Coordinates
  • Dirac Delta function
  • Vector Calculus

Electricity and Magnetism

Encompassing the study of electric field and electric force, this discipline in the BSc Physics syllabus focuses on exploring the nature and properties of electric and magnetic fields. The following pointers elucidate upon the key topics included under Electricity and Magnetism:

  • Electric Field and Electric Potential
  • Dielectric Properties of Matter
  • Magnetic Field
  • Magnetic Properties of Matter
  • Electromagnetic Induction
  • Electrical Circuits
  • Network theorems

Thermal Physics

In the BSc Physics syllabus, Thermal Physics is taught to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of its applications in the different thermodynamic systems like refrigerators, engines and the atmosphere. The major sub-disciplines under Thermal Physics are as follows:

  • Zeroth and First Law of Thermodynamics
  • Second Law of Thermodynamics
  • Entropy
  • Maxwell’s Thermodynamic Relations
  • Kinetic Theory of Gases
  • Thermodynamic Potentials
  • Molecular Collisions
  • Real Gases

Digital Systems and Applications

The chief objective of this discipline under the BSc Physics syllabus is to impart students with a comprehensive understanding of the functioning of different digital systems, their operational circuits as well applications. Here are the major sub-topics under Digital Systems and Applications:

  • Integrated Circuits
  • Digital Circuits
  • Boolean algebra
  • Timers
  • Arithmetic Circuits
  • Data processing circuits
  • Sequential Circuits

Quantum Mechanics

While exploring the BSc Physics syllabus, Quantum Mechanics is a prominent subject you will come across. Students get to learn about the basics of Quantum Mechanics and its applications as well as how it relates to linear algebra. Check out the following topics that you will study in Quantum Mechanics:

  • Time-independent Schrodinger equation
  • General discussion of bound states in an arbitrary potential
  • Quantum theory of hydrogen-like atoms
  • Atoms in Electric and Magnetic Fields
  • Electron atoms

Statistical Physics

Statistical physics is a subfield of physical science that studies in detail the enormous collections of associating objects. Generally, the objects of study under this field are particles, atoms, magnetic spins, or volumes of liquid, etc. Apart from these science-oriented objects, lately, different kinds of interfacing groups of objects like species in environments, traders in monetary markets, etc. have been evaluated by physicists. By utilizing different numerical strategies, you will learn how to study or interpret the microscopic behaviour of such groups of objects without even knowing the individual characteristics of the objects. 

Nuclear Physics

Nuclear physics is all about the study of the tiny particles that are present at the centre of a nucleus of an atom called protons and neutrons. In this subject, you will be familiarized with the intricate structure of atoms via various influential models and experiments. Out of all the BSc Physics subjects, you will definitely enjoy this one, if you are looking forward to exploring the role of these minute particles in a vast set-up of space. 

Classical Mechanics and Theory of Relativity

Relativity is identified as a connection to essential concepts of mechanics, for example, inertia, speed, Newton’s latent capacity, Kepler movement and state of matter. Coming under the list of BSc Physics Subjects, you will be familiarized with general and special relativity right from Newton to Einstein’s explanations and infinite worked models. Classical mechanics is one of the most interesting subjects of physics that has been concluded as the reason behind various black hole theories. On your journey of BSc Physics, Classical Mechanics will let you have an answer to intriguing questions like what is the path of a flying ball? What is the electromagnetic field while pulling a magnet and much more?

Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy

Spectroscopy is a crucial subject of the course that teaches about the investigation of electromagnetic radiation and its communication with solids, fluid, gas and plasma. It is one of the generally utilized investigative methods to examine the structure of particles and atoms. By learning this method, you will be able to utilize the acquired data about particles because of their distinct spectra. The quick spreading field of spectroscopic applications has made an imperative effect on numerous orders, including vitality research, concoction preparation, ecological security and medication

Quantum and Laser Physics

Quantum physics is an important part of BSc physics subjects that is based on the quantum mechanics theory of photons. The subject is designed to conceptualise the fundamental origin of the laser and photon systems in the branch of physics. The subject involves the use of various mathematical equations derived to prove the relationship between laser mechanics and photon physics. It is an interesting subject to study from the Bsc Physics syllabus. There are many books written on the nature of Quantum mechanics by various scientists.

List of Electives in BSc Physics

Apart from the compulsory subjects, there is a wide range of electives that constitute an integral part of the undergraduate course. Here is a list of electives in the BSc Physics syllabus:

  • Embedded Systems
  • Experimental Techniques
  • Verilog and FPGA-based system design
  • Biological Physics
  • Medical Physics
  • Advanced Mathematical Physics

Note: The number of electives per semester and the structure can vary from one college/university to another.

BSc Physics Honours Syllabus

The BSc Physics Honours subjects are assigned based on current BSc Physics Honours career trends and recruiter criteria. The table below illustrates the courses covered in the BSc Physics Honours syllabus, which gives a foundational grasp of ideas and a deeper comprehension of BSc Physics Honours subjects and other components.

First Year 

Semester ISemester II
Communication Skills-ICommunication Skills-II
Generic Elective 1Electricity And Magnetism
Generic Elective 1Thermal Physics
Mathematical Physics-IElectricity And Magnetism Laboratory
Mathematical Physics-I LaboratoryEnvironmental Studies
MechanicsGeneric Elective 2
Thermal Physics Laboratory

Second Year 

Semester IIISemester IV
Generic Elective 3Elements Of Modern Physics
Mathematical Physics-IIElements Of Modern Physics Laboratory
Mathematical Physics-II LaboratoryGeneric Elective 4
Pathway Elective 1Mathematical Physics-III
Waves And OpticsMathematical Physics-III Laboratory
Digital Systems And ApplicationsAnalog Systems And Applications
Digital Systems And Applications LaboratoryAnalog Systems And Applications Laboratory
Waves And Optics LaboratoryPathway Elective 2

Third Year 

Semester VSemester VI
Department Elective 1Department Elective 3
Quantum Mechanics LaboratoryInternship
Solid State PhysicsPathway Elective 4
Solid State Physics LaboratoryStatistical Mechanics
Department Elective 2Department Elective 3 Lab
Department Elective 2 LabDepartment Elective 4
Pathway Elective 3Electromagnetic Theory
Quantum Mechanics And ApplicationsElectromagnetic Theory Laboratory

BSc Physics Honours Subjects

Subjects in BSc Physics Honours are classified into core and elective subjects, respectively. Students can choose elective subjects based on their interests, career choices, or future goals.

Core Subjects

  • Mathematical Physics-I
  • Elements of Modern Physics
  • Mechanics
  • Electricity and Magnetism
  • Waves and Optics
  • Thermal Physics

Elective Subjects

  • Advanced Mathematical Physics I
  • Advanced Dynamics
  • Communication Electronics
  • Astronomy and
  • Astrophysics
  • Nuclear and Particle Physics
  • Advanced Mathematical Physics II 


  • Understanding the impact of Projectiles
  • The Physics of Levitation
  • Double Pendulum and its Application
  • Study on the effect of solar power
  • Making and studying high-TC superconductors

BSc Physics Honours Syllabus PDF

BSc Physics Honours Syllabus by UGC

BSc Physics Honours Syllabus by DU

BSc Physics Common Entrance Exam

Some colleges and universities conduct a separate entrance exams for BSc Physics admission. The most common entrance exams for BSc Physics are:

  • CUET (Common University Entrance Test)
  • JEE Main
  • IISER Aptitude Test (IAT)
  • NEET

BSc Physics Entrance Exam Syllabus 

The CUET 2022 UG Syllabus is divided into three sections:

Section I- Languages (Section IA and Section IB)Reading Comprehension is based on different types of passages like Literary, Narrative, and Factual.
Section II- Domain-Specific SubjectMCQs ( based on the Class 12th syllabus)
Section III- General TestGeneral Knowledge, Current Affairs, General Mental Ability, Numerical Ability, Quantitative Reasoning, Simple application of basic mathematical concepts, and Logical and Analytical Reasoning.

B.Sc Physics Reference Books

As shown in the table below, the following is a list of the most suggested books for a B.Sc. Physics course:

OpticsG. Kaur and G.R. Pickrell
Modern PhysicsJohn R. Taylor, Chris D. Zafiratos
Quantum PhysicsE.H. Wichman
Waves and OscillationsN K Bajaj
Concepts of Modern PhysicsArthur Beiser

Eligibility for BSc Physics

Planning to pursue BSc in Physics? Let us just take a quick look at what it requires to enter the program-

  • For BSc physics,  you must have practised 10+2 with MPC subjects or BiPC subjects from a recognised institution
  • You must attain the required SAT exam score
  • A good score in English proficiency tests like IELTS, TOEFL, etc 
  • LOR and SOP  in the determined format
  • To pursue this course in India, you should have studied either BiPC subjects or MPC subjects in 10+2
  • Admissions are done based on the marks secured in the 12th boards

Admission Process

The admission process for BSc Physics varies from college to college. However, the general admission process is as follows:

  • Select the preferred university and visit the official website to initiate the application process.
  • Check and fulfil the eligibility criteria. The eligibility criteria for BSc Physics Admission
  • You can apply for admission to the college of your choice. The application process usually involves submitting an application form, paying the application fee, and providing your academic transcripts and other required documents.
  • Wait for the admission decision. The colleges will release the admission decisions in August or September.
  • If you are accepted, you will need to pay the tuition fee and register for the course.

Documents Checklist

Here is the list of documents that you need to submit at the time of the admission process in BSc Physics:

  • Address Proof
  • Passport Size Photograph
  • Application form
  • Entrance Exam
  • Academic Transcripts

Top Universities for BSc Physics India and Abroad

There are numerous universities and colleges around the world which offer BSc Physics and courses after Bsc Physics along with reputable master’s degrees in the specialisations.

Here are some leading universities wherein you can study the aforementioned BSc Physics subjects while pursuing the course:

Popular universities for BSc Physics in India are:

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay
  • Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur
  • Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) Mumbai
  • University of Delhi (DU)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur
  • Indian Institute of Space Science & Technology (IIST), Trivandrum

Tip To Cover BSc Physics Syllabus

Along with knowing the detailed BSc syllabus, it is very important for the candidates to know certain tips to prepare and cover the entire syllabus:

  1. Divide the entire syllabus into smaller sections and prepare accordingly.
  2. Keep your mind relaxed in your free time.
  3. Make sure to cover a topic in a single time stretch.
  4. Make sure to make notes while studying the topics for easy revision later.
  5. Give time to yourself. Do not just get yourself engrossed in studies.


Is BSc physics good for the future?

You will have access to a wide range of job options after finishing your BSc in Physics, including those as a research analyst, instructor, lab assistant, etc. However, you can become a scientist and apply for the CSIR NET Exam if you continue your education by pursuing an MSc degree, an MSc and PhD dual degree, or joint MSc and PhD courses.

Is BSc in physics tough?

No, not unless you enjoy math and physics. You will have a difficult time understanding physics if you dislike math or have trouble understanding it.

Is BSc physics a good career?

Your career as a scientist with a BSc in physics may take you to various government agencies. You can work for ISRO, INCOSPAR, or any other government organization, where you can make a good living while continuing your research. For those who don’t want to pursue a career in engineering, it is one of the best fields.

We hope that this article on the BSc Physics syllabus helped you with some of your doubts. If you want to pursue BSc in Physics abroad and are exploring the right university for this course, let the study abroad mentors at Leverage Edu help you find an ideal university best suited for your interests, goals, aspirations, and skills. Call us immediately at 1800 57 2000 for a free 30-minute counselling session.

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