Physics Project for Class 12

11 minute read
Physics Project for Class 12

Physics is a fascinating subject that studies the laws of nature and the elements of the universe that including light, matter, energy, force, etc. An important branch of science, the subject works on the principle of observation and experimentation. Right from the very beginning, the concepts of Physics are taught but it is only in Senior Secondary Education that a separate book is dedicated to Physics and is taught as a separate subject. CBSE Class 12 Physics chapters cover a broad range of concepts that reinforce a student’s understanding of the subject. But being a practical-oriented subject, it demands practical work and project work at the end of the course. If you are looking for Physics Project for Class 12, then below are some of the projects that you can consider.

Since you do not require to make hi-tech projects during in 12th class, simple and easy projects would be less time-consuming and easier to explain. Electric cars and electric motors are two of the most common projects. Given below are the details about them:

Electric Car

Making an electric car for your Physics project for class 12th will set you apart from your classmates. It is easy to make and fascinating to see it work which makes it a perfect option for a project. The electric car works on a simple principle where the transmission of force from the motor to a wheel is carried through two gears and the use of rubber bands is made which act as a belt. You will get to explore various concepts of physics like Aerodynamics, Conversion of Energy, and electriccircuitst besides design while working on the project. 

Materials Required: A Plastic Board for Car Chassis; 4 Wheels; 4 Tire Rings; Battery Holder; Battery; Motor Mount; Electric Motor; Rubber Bands; Transmission Pulley; Screws; Paper Clips; Straw.

You can also make a Physics class 12 project on Convex Mirror and Lens!

Electric Motor

Electric Motor is one of the most common and basic projects that you can think of. Though the concepts involved in the motor are complex but making an electric motor is relatively easy. With just a requirement of a coil of wire, a magnet, and a power source, it is a preferred choice for your Physics Project for Class 12 if you have limited time. 

Materials Required: Insulated Wire; Battery; Small Circular Magnet; Electric Tape; Modelling Clay; 2 Metal Sewing Needles; Knife.

Read our blog on Class 12 Physics Current Electricity to get more ideas on The physics class 12 syllabus!

How to Create a Visual Doppler

Aim: The following experiment is conducted to check what happens to sound waves by creating a visual model of what happens when a vehicle passes by. 

Theory: The explanation for the Doppler effect is that each successive wave crest is produced from a position closer to the observer than the crest of the previous wave, as the source of the waves is heading towards the observer. A visual simulation of what happens to the sound waves is created by this project to make them sound very different as the vehicle approaches than that when it exits.

Requirements: Ruler, Scissors, Tape, Toy car, Two pieces of colored construction paper, Some plain paper, and a marker or a camera. 

Et Discover

Buoyancy 101

Aim: The following experiment is to check and determine whether a rise in water density would cause a boat hull to sink deeper in the water to an observable degree as its temperature is elevated from 5 degrees C to 95 degrees C.

Theory: This showed that increasing water temperature allows water molecules to move further out, decreasing upthrust in turn, and causing more water to be displaced by a floating mass as its buoyancy is decreased. If the water molecules spread outward due to high temperature, a large rise in water temperature can produce a noticeable difference in the water’s surface or even a small floating-point

Requirements: 10 Identical Styrene Model Boats, 128 grams of steel , and a Digital Thermometer

Heat Transfer in an Incandescent Lamp

Aim: How much of the electrical power supply of an incandescent lamp is lost by thermionic emission from the filament? If these damages are large, the operational performance of incandescent lamps could be substantially increased by their elimination.

Theory: The power output can be decomposed into thermionic emission and thermal-radiation elements using electricity, filament temperature, and ambient-temperature details. The conduction is sequentially dependent upon the temperature of the filament (Fourier’s Law), but the exposure is proportional to the fourth power of the temperature of the filament (Stefan-Boltzmann Law).

Requirements: 25-watt evacuated light bulb, programmable power supply, two high-precision digital meters, and a precise digital thermometer.

Insulation Value

Aim: The experiment is to equate straw insulation with traditional forms of insulation, which are fiberglass and rigid foam panels, which are widely used today.

Theory: The most critical element in building an energy-effective contribution is adequate insulation. Insulation will hold the heat inside during cold days. Isolation will trap the sun outdoors on hot days. Insulation materials are structures that avoid the transmission of heat from a house inside and outside. To insulate walls, floors, and pipes, various materials may be used.

Requirements: Speakers, Insulation , and Digital Thermometer

Observations of Gas in the Infrared Spectrum

Aim: This project aimed to research the effect of gas chemical properties on its ability to process and transmit infrared radiation ts the transmission of infrared light. The primary aim was to mask a transmissive gas heating element.

Theory: The molecular structure of gas that specifically influences transmissivity in the infrared spectrum is confirmed by the evidence from both forms of the est. The air has high absorption zones, allowing areas of low transmittance that caused some obstructing in the infrared spectrum.

Requirements: PVC pipe, Spectroradiometer, 8-12 micron infrared camera with digital imagery, Blackbody, and gases.

Marvelous Magnetics

Aim: The purpose of this experiment was to decide how diamagnetism could influence levitation using graphite, paper, plastic, aluminum foil, or no substance.

Theory: IAbouthow many man-made objects today use magnetism or even diamagnetism, this study may even interact with the earth. The world’s fastest train, for instance, is in Japan and runs on magnetism.

Requirements: Levitation Pedestal, Graphite, Adjustment Screw, Paper, Aluminum foil, and Plastic in place of the Graphite. 

Long and Short Wavelength Colors

Aim: The aim of the project is that the houses were painted in both solid colors (red, blue, green, and orange) and mixed colors (red/blue and green/orange), this project examined the interior and exterior temperatures of houses and their insulation rates.

Theory: Data revealed that the order of internal temperature readings from peak to lowest matched the wavelengths of color from longest to shortest fairly closely. Combination ccolorhouses fell between their stable counterparts in general. Exterior temperature data shows that followed by red, red/blue, grey, blue, orange, and control, the green/orange house was the warmest. The highest insulation rate, followed by green, green/orange, red/blue, red, orange, and control, was obtained from the blue home.

Requirements: Oil paints, Control house painted white, and Digital and Infrared Thermometers.

Use and Impact of Recycled Materials for Thermal Insulation

Aim: Fiberglass, pine shavings, polystyrene, polyurethane, cellulose, perlite, polyethylene foil, or bubble wrap where the goal of this experiment is to find which recycling process would be an effective electricity insulator.

Theory: This could be an asset in the summer, but even time would be spent on heating the house in the winter. It also took a bit longer than the other materials to cool fiberglass and only averaged around 12 minutes to heat it. As it warmed easily and also trapped heat to save energy, fiberglass was by far the most powerful insulator.

Requirements: Particle Board, Digital thermometer, Light Bulb, and Cardboard boxes. 

Hydro Power

Aim: This following project is conducted to learn about the first-hand force of water.

Theory: At the foot of dams, hydropower plants are designed to take advantage of higher water pressure at the edge of a dam. The excess water is funneled into a tube called a penstock into the dam. The water is then concentrated on a turbine’s blades. The water pressure of the water transforms the engine, and a power generator turns the turbine.

Requirements: Half gallon paper milk carton, Gallon of Water, Awl or 10p nail, Masking Tape, Ruler, Magic Marker, Pair of Scissors and Pad of Paper and Pencil to make Notes

Salt Water vs Tap Water

Aim: This experiment would be about magnets and water. Since water is diamagnetic, I used the magnets to transfer water, which means it appears to move further from magnets and electromagnets. A cookie tray with the magnets equally spread along the inside circumference of it.

Theory: Someone who studies water is a hydrologist. The study of the dynamics of electrically conducting fluids is called magnetohydrodynamics (MHD for short). One of them is salt water. You could levitate a frog if you had a powerful enough magnet. Diamagnetic and paramagnetic are also compounds. In addition, this may be the data that I require. To see whether the water is flowing or not, I would have to use rubber duckies or food coloring

Requirements: Rubber, Magnets, Angel food pie tin, Food coloring Timer, and Tape.

Investigatory Project Class 12 Physics Suggestions by CBSE


List of 50 Physics Projects for Class 12

Besides a motor and electric car, there are several other concepts that you can set your project on. Depending on the time and the available resources, you can choose a project of your choice. Given below in a table are some of the ideas for the Physics project for class 12th:

S.No. Physics Project Topic
1. How to Create a Visual Doppler
2. Buoyancy 101
3. Heat Transfer in an Incandescent Lamp
4. Insulation Value
5. Observations of Gas in the Infrared Spectrum
6. Marvelous Magnetics
7. Long and Short Wavelength Colors
8. Use and Impact of Recycled Materials for Thermal Insulation
9. Hydro Power
10. Salt Water vs Tap water
11. Hooke’s Law
12. Proving Universal Gravitation by Warping Space-Time
13. Newton’s Third Law of Motion
14. The Comparison of Thermal Conductivity for Different Metals
15. Brass Instruments and Artificial Lips
16. An Analysis of Black Hole Thermodynamics
17. Marvelous Magnetics
18. Measurement of True Noon Time
19. Measuring the Speed of Light
20. Blackbody Thermal Emission
21. Changing the Speed of Light
22. Chemiluminescence
23. Colour vs. Heat Absorption
24. AC Generator
25. Automatic Electric Train Barrier
26. Light Dependent Resistance
27. Rectifier
28. Photoelectric Effects
29. Effect of Tension on The Pitch of a String
30. Effect of Pressure on Ball Bounce Height
31. Effect of Mass on Terminal Velocity
32. Effect of Mass on Terminal Velocity
33. Effect of Pressure on Water Velocity
34. Foam Thickness and Sound Attenuation
35. How Accurate is Parallax
36. Impact of Different Color Filters on the Energy of a Laser Beam
37. Neuronal Nonlinear Dynamics
38. Effect of Sugar Density on the Refractive Index of Water
39. Nonlinear Oscillations in Mechanical Systems
40. How Do Gases Behave in the Infrared Spectrum
41. Verification of Archimedes Principle
42. Hiding in Plain Sight
43. Heat Transfer in an Incandescent Lamp
44. Light Reflection and Refraction off Liquids
45. Insulation Value
46. Kinetic Energy
47. Murray’s Principle of Minimum Work
48. Long and Short Wavelength Colors
49. Living Color
50. Magnetic Force

Physics Projects on Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

  • To study the idea of a full-wave bridge rectifier and the idea of a coil’s self-inductance
  • To Research the Self-Designed Transformer Concept
  • To Research and Measure the AC Current’s Strength
  • To Research the AC/DC Converter (Full Wave Rectifier)
  • To investigate the magnetic induction in an AC generator
  • To examine how input and output voltage relate to one another
  • Physics Project for Grade 12: To Investigate the Tangent Galvanometer
  • A circuit using four diodes to provide full-wave rectification converts an AC voltage to a pulsating DC voltage and is used to study the many factors affecting internal resistance or EMF.

Physics Projects on Current Electricity

  • To learn about resistance and the Ohms law
  • To establish the RC circuit’s time constant
  • To investigate the idea of electrical resistance variation
  • The Future of Electricity: A Study of Wireless Energy
  • To research and discover novel electricity generating methods
  • To investigate the parallel and series combinations of resistors
  • Studying the operation of the Wheatstone Bridge Circuit and its use
  • To Research Current Variation Using an LDR: 12th-grade physics projects
  • To investigate the impact of different temperatures on the resistivity of insulators
  • To determine how the following factors affect an avalanche cell’s internal resistance 

Physics Projects on Electrostatics

  • To investigate how a series of capacitors charges and discharges
  • To Research and Build a Capacitor Storage Circuit LED
  • To Research and Build a Capacitor Charge Oscillator Circuit to Research the Electric Dipole Moment: Physics Project Subjects
  • To learn about Coulomb’s law of forces at two points
  • To research the electric field and the superposition principle
  • To investigate the dipole’s torque in a consistent electric field
  • To research dielectric materials for cutting-edge applications
  • Project for physics class 12: To Illustrate The Operation Of An Electrolytic Capacitor Using Its Charging And Discharging With The Aid Of An Audio Oscillator
  • To examine and contrast the two capacitors when used in series and parallel

Physics Projects on Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

  • To research the impact of applied voltage and magnetic field
  • To Research the Bar Magnet as a Comparative Solenoid
  • To research using magnetic levitation in elevators
  • Physics Investigational Project on the Moving Coil Galvanometer to Study the Magnetic Force on the Current-Carrying Conductor Physics Experiment with Galvanometer to Voltmeter
  • To investigate the torque that a current loop experiences in a consistent magnetic field.
  • Physics projects for the 12th grade: To Study the Magnetic Properties of Materials
  • To study the magnetic force between two parallel current-carrying conductors by experimenting with magnetic field lines surrounding them.

Physics Projects on Optics

  • How Does Distance Impact Light Intensity?
  • Study of the Impact of Space-Time Curvature
  • Changing the Speed of Light: Research and Analysis
  • To study the idea of reflection in the concave mirror, are there more cosmic rays at higher altitudes?
  • To Research the Reconstruction of the Cosmic Ray Shower Array To Research Light Refraction in a Rectangular Glass Slab
  • To Research and Observe the Gas in the Infrared Spectrum to Showcase the Total Internal Reflection Phenomenon

Physics Projects on Oscillations and Waves

  • To research the laws governing the sound reflection
  • Utilizing sound to gauge the temperature
  • To research and calculate the density of solids
  • To Calculate the Sound Speed at Room Temperature
  • To Measure the Speed of Sound at Room Temperature and Study the Doppler Effect and Fiber Gyroscope
  • To Research and Test the Sound Decay in Various Gases
  • To investigate mechanical systems’ nonlinear oscillations
  • To learn the distinction between longitudinal waves and transverse waves, ethnic groups’ voice frequencies were studied and analyzed.

Modern Physics Topics for Project

  • Modern Physics and the Study of the Photoelectric Effect
  • To research the assumptions and constraints of the Bohr atomic model
  • To learn about Henry Moseley’s law and its applications
  • To investigate the de Broglie Wavelength of Matter Waves Concept and Related Problems
  • To learn about the several forms of radioactivity in modern physics

Physics project for class 12 is an essential component of the assessment and it can be a part of your portfolio while applying for higher education at the universities abroad. To plan your future education, take help from our experts at Leverage Edu who will design a career map for you and prepare you in advance for the best universities in the world. 

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  1. Thanks a lot for sharing this knowledge. This is really good information. very helpful for everybody. undestanding blog.

    1. Thank you for the positive feedback! Do explore our blog site and subscribe to our newsletter to show support!

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