BSc Microbiology Syllabus

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BSc Microbiology Syllabus

Microbiology is the branch of Biology which deals with the scientific study of microorganisms and microbes. Anton van Leeuwenhoek is regarded as the Father of Microbiology. If you are a student of biology and interested in studying microorganisms, BSc Microbiology is an apt course for you to pursue after high school. A career in microbiology equips you to work intensively at studying the science of microorganisms. BSc Microbiology is a three-year undergraduate course that comprises the study of microorganisms, this includes various organisms like a unicellular, cluster of microscopic animals, viruses, bacteria, and fungi. This discipline is a key component of the various research in biochemistry and pathology. It has several subfields like virology, mycology, parasitology, etc. Also, microbiology is an essential part of pathology where it is used to combat various diseases that are caused by microorganisms. It also includes the study of immunology, one of the important subfields of this course. 

CourseBSc Microbiology
Duration3 Years
CollegesMount Caramel College, Bangalore
St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai
Jai Hind College, Mumbai
Fergusson College, Pune
BSc Microbiology SyllabusImmunology
Microbial Physiology
Microbial Genetics
Molecular Biology, etc.
ScopeBiochemist, Cellular Biologist, Immunologist, Bacteriologist
Salary3 Lakhs to 20 Lakhs

Semester-wise BSc Microbiology Syllabus

The BSc Microbiology syllabus is divided into a total of 6 semesters since it is commonly offered as a three-year bachelor’s degree program. BSc Microbiology subjects range from Molecular Biology, Enzymology, Biostatistics, Bioinformatics, Microbiology, Virology, and DNA technology, amongst others. The semester-wise BSc Microbiology subjects and syllabus is as follows:

BSc Microbiology subjects in 1st year include Introduction to Biology, Enzymology, Microbial Metabolism, etc.

BSc Microbiology Semester 1

  • Introduction to Microbiology and Microbial Diversity
  • Introduction to Biology
  • Microbial Diversity
  • Microbial Metabolism
  • Enzymology
  • Biostatistics
  • Lab

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BSc Microbiology Semester 2

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Microbiology
  • Mathematics
  • Mycology and Phycology
  • DNA Technology
  • Bioinformatics (GE)
  • Labs

BSc Microbiology subjects in 2nd year include Microbial Genomics, Virology, Immunology, Molecular Biology and lab practicals plus dissertation.

BSc Microbiology Semester 3

  • Virology
  • Microbial Physiology and Metabolism
  • Molecular Biology
  • Infection Immunity and Diagnostics
  • Microbial Genomics
  • Intellectual Property Rights and Ethical Issues
  • Labs

BSc Microbiology Semester 4

  • Recombinant DNA Technology
  • Immunology
  • Inheritance biology
  • Enzyme technology
  • Host-Pathogen Interaction
  • Microbial Genetics
  • Environmental Microbiology and Waste Management
  • Food Microbiology
  • Fermentation Technology
  • Dissertation- II (DSE)

BSc Microbiology subjects in 3rd year are Industrial Microbiology, Medical Bacteriology, Food and Dairy Microbiology, Microbial Technology, Parasitology and final year viva and dissertation.

BSc Microbiology Semester 5

  • Food and Dairy Microbiology
  • Industrial Microbiology
  • Environmental and Agricultural Microbiology
  • Industrial Microbiology
  • Research Methodology
  • Medical Bacteriology

BSc Microbiology Semester 6

  • Immunology
  • Medical Microbiology
  • Microbial Technology – Social, Legal &Ethical Issues
  • Pharmacology
  • Parasitology

Note: The aforementioned BSc Microbiology subjects constitute an indicative list only and can vary as per the program and university.

BSc Microbiology Syllabus: Major Subjects Covered

As you can see microbiology encompasses vast fields of research but at the same time, it is constituted of chief foundations that are imperative for understanding the scope of this science. Following are the major subjects under the BSc Microbiology syllabus:

  • Immunology
  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Microbial Physiology
  • Microbial Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biophysics and Instrumentation
  • Basic Microscopy and Instrumentation
  • Principles of Transmission Genetics
  • Tissue Culture
  • Chemistry
  • Bi-Statistics
  • Introduction to Data Structure
  • Computer Biology & Bioinformatics
  • Industrial Microbiology
  • Medical Microbiology
  • Environmental Biotechnology
  • Cell Structure
  • Microbial Technology

Here are some of the most popular subjects covered in the general Microbiology syllabus at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels:


Immunology is the study of the immune system of an organism and how it defends itself from parasites and other disease-causing organisms. Immunology is an essential part of microbiology because some of the fatal diseases that the human body suffers from are caused by bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms. Immunology helps in determining the damage caused by these organisms. Further,  it also works on developing a cure for these diseases and preventing them from spreading.

Molecular Biology

Molecular biology is the field of science that deals with the molecular basis of biology. It focuses on studying biomolecules like DNA, RNA, etc., their functions and importance in an organism.


Biotechnology is important as well as a contemporary branch of science that amalgamates technology and biology. This branch of biology has led to progress in the health sector with its work on creating antibiotics. Extensive research is conducted in biotechnology on inventions related to what affects the immune system as well as in the modification of various genetic models.

Must Read: Biotechnology Courses


Biochemistry can be referred to as the branch of biology that deals with the chemical aspects of any biological process. Biochemistry is an important branch of science in contemporary research because of the advent of synthetic substitutes instead of organic materials. This substitution has affected the health sector as well as the microbiology sector and brought significance to the field of biochemistry.

Our Top Read: MSc Biochemistry

BSc Microbiology Books

Looking for BSc Microbiology books? Here is a list of best books for BSc Microbiology:

BSc Microbiology Colleges and Universities

Here are the top BSc Microbiology Colleges in India:

  • Mount Caramel College, Bangalore
  • St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai
  • Jai Hind College, Mumbai
  • Fergusson College, Pune
  • Ethiraj College for Women, Chennai
  • Madras Christian College, Chennai
  • Bhaskaracharya College Of Applied Sciences
  • The Oxford College of Science, Bangalore

Here we have listed down the major colleges offering BSc Microbiology syllabus abroad:

BSc Microbiology Scope

Now that you are familiarized with the MSc Microbiology syllabus, here are the popular career opportunities you can pursue after graduating with this degree:

  • Biochemist: A biochemist studies various chemical aspects of biological processes. He/she works towards modifying various chemicals present in the human body like DNA, RNA, etc and enzymes to study and make changes in the biological processes. 
  • Cellular Biologist: A cellular biologist studies various functions of a cell, its structure and its physiological as well as metabolic properties. This field helps in conducting research in various fields when it comes to the study of a specific cell or unicellular organisms.
  • Immunologist: An immunologist is an expert in the field of immunology and usually deals with various problems related to immunity. They also help in researching and producing new drugs that affect the health of an organism.

Apart from these, you can also explore job prospects like:

  • Industrial Microbiologist
  • Bacteriologist
  • Mycologist
  • Virologist
  • Food Microbiologist
  • Medical Microbiologist

Government Jobs After BSc Microbiology

  • Junior Research Officer
  • Lab Technician
  • Medical Coder
  • Research Associate
  • Microbiologist

BSc Microbiology Salary

The starting salary of BSc Microbiology graduates in India is around 3 Lakhs p.a. and can even go upto 20 lakhs depending on the profile and company they are working with.

Courses after BSc Microbiology

There are numerous short-term and postgraduate level courses after BSc in Microbiology that graduates can pursue. Here are the most popular courses after BSc Microbiology:


Q1: What are the subjects in BSc microbiology?

The major subjects taught in BSc Microbiology include:
1. Microbial Physiology
2. Immunology
3. Microbial Genetics
4. Molecular Biology

Q2: Is BSc Microbiology a good course?

BSc Microbiology is an excellent program for those who are interested in studying microorganisms and their pathogenic potential. After graduating with this degree, you can work in various sectors including – medicine, pharmacy agriculture, food industry, research, environment, etc. There are innumerable specializations that you can pick for a master’s course as well!

Q3: What is BSc microbiology?

This is a bachelor-level course which deals with the biology of different microorganisms like fungi, protozoa, viruses, bacteria and protozoa. It is a 3-4 year-long program which deals with the effect of these organisms on the human body.

Q4: Is NEET required for BSc microbiology?

No, NEET is not required for this program!

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Hence, we hope that this blog elaborating on the BSc Microbiology syllabus helped you understand the essential concepts that you will be studying in this course. If you are unsure about the right university for pursuing a BSc in Microbiology, Leverage Edu experts can help you find the ideal university along with assisting you in building a great profile for the admission process. 

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  1. It was awesome !! I was able to gather essential and credible informations about microbiology through this blog .

    1. Hi Mudi!

      Maths is not compulsory for microbiology but a functioning knowledge of the subject can help you during your course. Hope this help, thank you!

    1. Hey Priya. Biochemistry, cell biology, microbiology, mathematics, mycology and phycology, DNA technology, bioinformatics (GE), microbiology and microbial diversity, biology,microbial metabolism, enzymology, and biostatistics are subjects you are required to study in the first year. Bsc Microbiology is a 3 year course. Hence, you would be required to study more subjects in the 2nd and 3rd year. To learn in detail about studying abroad consult the study abroad experts at Leverage Edu

    1. Hey Fatima. Bsc Microbiology consists of 6 semesters. Each semester has a minimum of 5 subject and a maximum of 10 subjects. The exact number of subjects depends on the university you are enrolling in, and the curriculum followed. Basically, a Bsc Microbiology has covers a total of major subjects. For example, Molecular Biology,Immunology, Bi-Statistics, etc. For further information consult the study abroad experts at Leverage Edu.You can also call us at:1800 57 2000 for detailed guidance.

  1. It was awesome !! I was able to gather essential and credible informations about microbiology through this blog .