Indian Freedom Fighters

Indian Freedom Fighters

Around 73 years ago, on the historic date of 15th August 1947,  India became free from British domination. It was the culmination of numerous movements and struggles that were rife throughout the time of British rule including the historic revolt of 1857. This independence was achieved through the efforts of many revolutionary freedom fighters, who took the lead in organising the struggle which led to India’s independence. Although they were of varied ideologies ranging from moderates to extremists, their contribution to India’s freedom struggle has been immortalized in the minds of every Indian. Take a look at this blog to learn more about the Indian freedom fighters to whom we owe our independence. 

Indian Freedom Fighters

People from every corner of the country participated in the struggle for ousting the British from India. Many of them sacrificed their lives to free India from the tyrannical rule of the British. Let us take a look at some of the great personalities without whose efforts we would probably be still under British rule today:

  • Mahatma Gandhi
  • Kunwar Singh
  • Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
  • Dadabhai Naoroji
  • Tantia Tope
  • K. M. Munshi
  • Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Ashfaqulla Khan
  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
  • Lala Lajpat Rai
  • Ram Prasad Bismil
  • Bal Gangadhar Tilak
  • Rani Lakshmi Bai
  • Bipin Chandra Pal
  • Chittaranjan Das
  • Begum Hazrat Mahal
  • Bhagat Singh
  • Lal Bahadur Shastri
  • Nana Sahib
  • Chandra Shekhar Azad
  • C. Rajagopalachari
  • Abdul Hafiz Mohamed Barakatullah
  • Subhash Chandra Bose

Important Indian Freedom Fighters and Their Contributions

Indian Freedom Fighters Chart
Credit: Pinterest
Mahatma GandhiFather of the Nation
Civil Rights Activist in South Africa
Civil Disobedience Movement
Quit India Movement
Kunwar SinghIndian Rebellion of 1857
Vinayak Damodar SavarkarLeading figures of Hindu Mahasabha and formulator of Hindu Nationalist Philosophy
Dadabhai NaorojiUnofficial Ambassador of India
Tantia TopeIndian Rebellion of 1857
K. M. MunshiFounder of Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan
Jawaharlal NehruPreeminent fighter
First Prime Minister of India
Ashfaqulla KhanMember of Hindustan Republican Association
Sardar Vallabhbhai PatelCivil Disobedience Movement and Quit India Movement
Unification of India
Lala Lajpat RaiPunjab Kesari
Against Simon Commission
Ram Prasad BismilFounding Member of Hindustan Republican Association
Bal Gangadhar TilakThe Maker of Modern India
Swadeshi Movement
Rani Lakshmi BaiIndian Rebellion of 1857
Bipin Chandra PalFather of Revolutionary Thoughts
Swadeshi Movement
Chittaranjan DasLeader in Non-cooperation Movement from Bengal and Founder of Swaraj party
Begum Hazrat MahalIndian Rebellion of 1857
Bhagat SinghOne of the Most Influential Revolutionary
Lal Bahadur ShastriWhite Revolution
Green Revolution
Second Prime Minister of India
Nana SahibIndian Rebellion of 1857
Chandra Shekhar Azadreorganised the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) under its new name of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association
C. RajagopalachariLast Governor General of India
Leader of Indian National Congress
Abdul Hafiz Mohamed BarakatullahRevolutionary Writer
Subhash Chandra BoseWorld War II
Indian National Congress

Mahatma Gandhi

Indian Freedom Fighters - Mahatma Gandhi

Born on 2nd October 1869, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is revered as Father of the Nation for his immense sacrifices for India. He not only ushered India towards freedom, but he also became the inspiring figure for many independence struggles and rights movements across the world. Popularly called Bapu, Gandhi introduced the doctrine of non-violence in India. According to him, independence was to be achieved through a combination of non-violent movement and non-co-operation with the British. His credit lies in the fact that he was able to bring the masses into the freedom struggle. The historic Non-Cooperation movement, Dandi March and the Quit India movement were all started under his leadership.

  • Born: 2 October 1869, Porbandar
  • Full name: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
  • Assassinated: 30 January 1948, New Delhi
  • Famously Known As Bapu

Want to know about the struggles of Indian Freedom Fighters?
Refer to our blog – Best Books for Indian History!

Subhash Chandra Bose

Subhas Chandra Bose was born on 23rd January 1897. He was a radical nationalist and his ultimate patriotism carved a hero out of him. Bose belonged to the extremist section of the Indian freedom fighters. He was the leader of a radical youth wing of Congress from the early years of the 1920s till the end of 1930. Bose disagreed with the ideals of non-violence promoted by Gandhi, instead of believing that only armed revolt could oust the British from India. The founder of the Forward Bloc, he escaped the eyes of the British to ultimately reach Germany during the second world war. He raised the Indian National Army (INA) and with Japanese help, was able to free a portion of Indian territory from the British in Manipur, but was ultimately defeated due to Japanese surrender to the British. Although he is believed to have died in a plane crash in 1945, his death remains shrouded in mystery till date.

  • Born: 23 January 1897, Cuttack
  • Famously Known As Netaji
  • Died: 18 August 1945, Taipei, Taiwan
  • Education: Scottish Church College (1918), Presidency University

Contribution of Subhas Chandra Bose in the Independence of India is significant.
Just like these Indian Freedom Fighters, there are several other global heroes who laid their lives for their nations.
To know more read our blog Popular Struggles and Movements!

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Vallabhbhai Patel was born on 31st October 1875. A senior leader of the Indian National Congress, he had immense contribution to the Indian freedom struggle and the integration of India into a united country. He was one of the most influential leaders of Gujarat, who organised peasant movements against the British based on Gandhi’s ideals of non-violence. One of the first congress leaders to have accepted the British plan of partition for India, he is remembered for his role in integrating the princely states into the dominion of India. His efforts led to the integration of around 562 princely states. After independence, he served as the first home minister and deputy prime minister of India.

  • Born: 31 October 1875, Nadia
  • Died: 15 December 1950, Mumbai
  • Full name: Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel
  • Famously Known As Sardar, Iron Man Of India

Jawaharlal Nehru

Indian Freedom Fighters - Jawaharlal Nehru

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14th November 1889. He was the single child of Motilal Nehru and Swarup Rani Nehru. Nehru was one of the most renowned barristers and was known for his intellectual capabilities which soon made him one of the greatest politicians India had ever seen. Nehru, under the approval of Gandhi, his mentor, rose to become one of the most dominant figures in Indian politics from the 1930s onwards. Nehru, after much deliberations, accepted the partition proposal for India in 1947 and took oath as the First Prime Minister of India after attaining independence. His birthday on 14 November is widely celebrated in India as Children’s day.

  • Born: 14 November 1889, Prayagraj
  • Died: 27 May 1964, New Delhi
  • Spouse: Kamala Nehru (m. 1916–1936)
  • Parents: Motilal Nehru
  • Famously Known As: Chacha Nehru, Pandit Nehru

Know more about Indian Freedom Fighters through our blog on Indian National Movement!

Lal Bahadur Shastri

Indian Freedom Fighters - Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on 2nd October 1904 in the state of Uttar Pradesh. He was conferred with the title of Shastri which in English is termed as Scholar. At the age of only sixteen, he left his studies to join the non-cooperation movement at the call of Gandhi. Later, he graduated with a first-class degree from Kashi Vidyapeeth, a national institution of higher education inaugurated by Gandhi. He was a proactive freedom fighter and participated in various movements such as the Quit India movement, Civil Disobedience movement and other satyagrahas led by Mahatma Gandhi. Lal Bahadur Shastri was incarcerated by the British for considerable periods during his lifetime. Post attaining independence, he first became the Home Minister and later was made the Prime Minister of India in the year 1964.

  • Born: 2 October 1904, Mughalsarai
  • Died: 11 January 1966, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
  • Party: Indian National Congress
  • Famously Known As: Man of Peace

Bhagat Singh

Indian Freedom Fighters - Bhagat Singh

Born in 1907, Bhagat Singh was among the extreme revolutionary Indian freedom fighters. He was a largely controversial, though respected figure in the freedom struggle of India. This revolutionary hero was born in a Sikh family in the undivided state of Punjab and carried the legacy of his family and clinched to his patriotism till his death. He was involved in a plot in 1928 to assassinate James Scott, a British police superintendent to exact revenge for the death of Lala Lajpat Rai. The plot failed when they mistakenly killed another young police officer and Singh fled to Lahore to escape from punishment. The following year, he, along with his associates hurled a bomb at the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi in protest against the implementation of the Defence of India Act and surrendered to the police. This great Indian freedom fighter was sentenced to death by hanging by the British, and executed at the age of only 23. 

  • Born: 28 September 1907, Banga, Pakistan
  • Died: 23 March 1931, Lahore Central Jail, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Education: National College, Lahore, National College of Arts, Dayanand Anglo-Vedic Schools System
  • Famously Known As: Shaheed Bhagat Singh

Dadabhai Naoroji 

Born on 4th September 1825, was mathematics and natural philosophy professor. He was educated at the Elphinstone College in Bombay. He turned towards politics later in life and became very active in the field. Dadabhai Naoroji gained popularity for his famous opinion on the economic consequences of British rule in India. His opinion was unfavourable and he felt that the British rule would leave and cause irreparable damage to the Indian economy. In the years 1886, 1893 and 1906, Dadabhai Naoroji had the privilege of presiding over the annual sessions of the Indian National Congress. This later led to the nationalist movement in India. His popular writings include the article named Poverty and Un-British Rule in India (1901). In this article, he was of the strong belief and opinion that India was taxed at a very high rate and all of India’s wealth was being drained to England.

  • Born: 4 September 1825, Navsari
  • Died: 30 June 1917, Mumbai
  • Organizations founded: Indian National Congress, Zoroastrian Trust Funds of Europe, National Congress, London Indian Society
  • Famously Known As: ’Grand Old Man of India’ and ‘Unofficial Ambassador of India’

Tantia Tope

Tantia Tope | Military Wiki | Fandom

Tantia Tope was one of the famous revolutionaries of the Rebellion of 1857. Born in 1814, he led his soldiers to fight against the dominance of the British rule. He made General Windham leave Kanpur and helped Rani Lakhsmi Bai in reinstating Gwalior.

  • Born: 1814, Yeola
  • Died: 18 April 1859, Shivpuri
  • Full name: Ramachandra Pandurang Tope

Bipin Chandra Pal

Bipin Chandra Pal Biography

Bipin Chandra Pal was a revolutionary born in 1858 during the Biggest revolution against the British Army. He was a significant part of the Indian National Congress and encouraged the abandonment of foreign goods. He formed a trio with Lala Lajpat Rai and Bal Gangadhar Tilak to be known as Lal-Bal-Pal where they executed several revolutionary activities.

  • Born: 7 November 1858, Habiganj District, Bangladesh
  • Died: 20 May 1932, Kolkata
  • Education: St. Paul’s Cathedral Mission College, Presidency University
  • Famously Known As: Father of Revolutionary Thoughts

Lala Lajpat Rai

Famously known as Punjab Kesari, he was one of the extremist members of the indian National Congress. He formed a trio with Bipin Changra Pal and Bal Gangadhar Tilak to be known as Lal-Bal-Pal where they executed several revolutionary activities. He led the Punjab Protest against the Jallianwala Incident and Non-Cooperation Movement. He fought against the Simon Commission Protest and lost his life because of lathi charge by the Britishers 

  • Born: 28 January 1865, Dhudike
  • Died: 17 November 1928, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Famously Known As: Punjab Kesari

 Bal Gangadhar Tilak 

Bal Gangadhar Tilak was a remarkable freedom fighter born in 1856. Famously known for his quote, ‘Swaraj is my Birthright’.  He published several rebellious newspapers and built schools to defy the British Rule. He was the third member of the Lal-Bal-Pal along with Lala Lajpat Rai and Bipin Chandra Pal.

  • Born: 23 July 1856, Chikhali
  • Died: 1 August 1920, Mumbai
  • Famously Known As Lokmanya Tilak

Ashfaqulla Khan 

Ashafaq Ulla Khan

Born on 22nd October 1900, in the district of Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh, Ashfaqulla Khan grew up with the non-cooperation movement going on at the forefront, led by Mahatma Gandhi. Just when he was a young gentleman, Ashfaqulla Khan became acquainted with Ram Prasad Bismil. He was one of the main conspirators in the Chauri Chaura incident, which took place in Gorakhpur. He was a strong advocate of independence and wanted the British to leave India at any cost. Ashfaqulla Khan was a popular freedom fighter, known for his true friendship with Bismil, was sentenced to death for the Kakori train robbery. It was popularly known as the Kakori Conspiracy of 1925.

  • Born: 22 October 1900, Shahjahanpur
  • Died: 19 December 1927, Faizabad
  • Organization: Hindustan Socialist Republican Association
  • Famously Known As:Ashfaq Ulla Khan

Women Indian Freedom Fighters

There were several women freedom fighters responsible for the independence of India, let’s read about them.

Rani Lakshmi Bai

A Woman To Remember: The Queen Of Jhansi, Rani Lakshmi Bai
Logical Indian

The Queen of Jhansi was born in the year 1828. She was one of the most fierce members of the Revolution of 1857. She inspired many women across the country to fight for the freedom of India and till date inspires several women to fight for their rights. She defended her palace with her newborn child in the year 1858 which was invaded by the British Forces.

  • Born: 19 November 1828, Varanasi
  • Died: 18 June 1858, Gwalior
  • Full name: Manikarnika Tambe
  • Famously Known As: Manu

Begum Hazrat Mahal 

A woman of many roles – a mother, a queen and most importantly, a symbol of resistance. Born to a family with a very weak economic background, her maiden name was Muhammadi Begum. Sold at a very young age to the royal harem as an attendant, Begum Hazrat Mahal got proper training in etiquettes. She was given the new name of ‘Mahak Pari’ in the Pari Khana and later became one of the wives under a contract of Nawab  Wajid Ali Shah. one of her biggest contributions to the freedom struggle was uniting Hindus and Muslims to come together as one force to fight the British. She proved her mettle as a leader. She even played an important role in encouraging and motivating women to step out of their homes and join the struggle for independence. She believed that women could do anything in the world, fight any battle and come out as winners. 

  • Born: 1820, Faizabad
  • Died: 7 April 1879, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Famously Known As:  Begum of Awadh

Hope, this blog regarding Indian freedom fighters has been fascinating as well as insightful. Are you aspiring to be a part of global educational excellence? Then let our experts at Leverage Edu– a one-stop solution help you choose the best-matched career & higher education options, with one-touch access to personalised mentors and leading global universities. Sign up your free 30 minutes of e-session with the team now!

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