The course of Indian history has seen major revolutions and movements like Non-Cooperation Movement, Indian National Movement, Home Rule Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement. One such crucial movement was the Quit India Movement, which is a part of modern history and competitive exams like UPSC. This movement was launched by Gandhi to ensure the freedom of India from British rule. It was one of the major movements that led to our nation’s independence and had major repercussions. In this blog, we will discuss the causes, demands, and consequences of the movement at length.
Quit India Movement: Key Pointers
- On 8th August 1942, It was launched by Mahatma Gandhi at the session of the All-India Congress Committee in Mumbai to end British rule.
- Gandhiji gave the call “Do or Die” in his speech delivered at the Gowalia Tank Maidan, now popularly known as August Kranti Maidan.
- Aruna Asaf Ali, a leader that emerged from the movement was popularly known as the ‘Grand Old Lady’ of the Independence Movement.
- Yusuf Meherally, a socialist and trade unionist who also served as Mayor of Mumbai coined the slogan Quit India’
What Led to the Quit India Movement?
The major driving force of this Movement was the collapse of the Cripps Mission. Additionally, the anti-British sentiments had gained popularity among the Indian masses. Other movements that were being conducted in association with the affiliated bodies of the Congress – All India Kisan Sabha, Forward Bloc, etc prepared ground for the movement. There were militant outbursts occurring at several places which got channelized through this Movement and the economy was also shattered as a result of World War II.
Quit India Movement Demands
The main demand of the movement was to end the British rule in India and to get the cooperation of Indians against fascism. In addition to this, there was a demand to form a provisional government after the withdrawal of the Britishers.
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Phases of the Quit India Movement
The Quit India Movement can be divided into three phases –
- Marked by mass boycotts, strikes and picketing.
- Strikes and demonstrations were organised all across the country.
- Gandhi was imprisoned at Aga Khan Palace.
- Major leaders were arrested.
- Focus shifted to the countryside.
- Peasant rebellion.
- Destruction of communication systems – railway tracks and stations.
- Attacks of government systems or symbols of colonial authority.
- Formation of the national government and parallel governments.
Women Participation in the Quit India Movement
Women played an active role in the movement as well. Leaders like Usha Mehta set up an underground radio station which led to the awakening regarding the movement in the masses.
Who supported the Quit India Movement?
- The movement was not supported by groups like – Mulsim League, Hindu Mahasabha, the Communist Party of India, and the Indian Bureaucracy.
- The Muslim League favoured the British as they were allied with the Soviet Union.
- The Hindu Mahasabha boycotted the movement as it believed it would create internal disorder and hence endanger internal security during the war.
- Meanwhile, the Indian National Army and the Azad Hind government were organized by Subhash Chandra Bose from outside the country.
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Quit India Movement: Outcomes
The Quit India had major repercussions as the movement was violently suppressed by the British.
- Nearly 1,00,000 people were arrested. The government stooped down to the method of violence to crush the agitation.
- The Indian National Congress was declared an unlawful association.
- Aruna Asaf Ali emerged from the movement.
- The British refused to grant immediate independence as they believed that India was ungovernable in the long run due to the cost of World War II.
- The movement was crushed in 1944.
On 8th August 1942, the Quit India Movement was launched by Mahatma Gandhi at the session of the All-India Congress Committee in Mumbai to end British rule.
Yusuf Meherally, a socialist and trade unionist who also served as Mayor of Mumbai coined the slogan Quit India’.
Aruna Asaf Ali was known as the ‘Grand Old Lady’ of the Independence Movement.
The major driving force of this movement was the collapse of the Cripps Mission.
The movement’s main demands were to end the British rule in India and get the cooperation of Indians against fascism. In addition to this, there was a demand to form a provisional government after the withdrawal of the Britishers.
Hope this helped you get familiarized with the Quit India Movement. For more such informative blogs, stay tuned with Leverage Edu.