Essay on Republic Day in English for Students

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Essay on Republic Day

26th January is annually celebrated as the Republic of India. On the 75th Republic Day of India, French President Emmanual Macron has been invited as the Chief Guest. Republic Day or Gantantra Diwas is a day of pride, honour and excitement. It was on this day in 1950 that our Constitution came into force. A country is said to be a ‘Republic’ when it is free from foreign oppression and has its own set of constitutional rules and laws for its people.

Although we gained independence on 15th August 1947, it still took as 2 years, 11 months and 17 days to create our constitution. The then Prime Minister of India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Deputy Prime Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Law Minister Dr BR Ambedkar, etc. were some of the chairmen of different committees involved in the creation of the Indian constitution. The 26th of January 2024 will mark the 75th Republic Day of India.

With Republic Day fast approaching, this blog brings to you a few sample essays on Republic Day along with tips for writing an essay!

Master the art of essay writing with our blog on How to Write an Essay in English.

Must Read Article: Speech on Republic Day for Class 12th

History of Republic Day

Essay on Republic Day
Credits: Times of India

In 1934, MN Roy, a nationalist leader, was the first person who gave the idea of an Indian Constituent Assembly, which can help in framing the Consitution of India according to the needs of its people. After independence, in 1947, the first administrative task was to establish a self-made official Indian constitution. After the formation of the Constituent Assembly under the great Presidency of Dr Rajendra Prasad, our Constitution was framed.

The Indian constitution was structured after in-depth study and analysis of various other foreign constitutions and is popular as the lengthiest constitution in the World. It took a total of two years, eleven months, and eighteen days to complete the Constitution which came into force on 26th January 1950 and is celebrated as Republic Day today

Also Read: 75th Republic Day of India 2024

Sample Essay on Republic Day in 150 Words

India celebrates Republic Day every year on the 26th of January since 1950 when the constitution of India was formed. Republic Day in India is of great importance in history as it tells us all about the struggle of every freedom fighter. People who were fighting for the Independence of India took a pledge on the same day in 1930 at the banks of River Ravi in Lahore to achieve complete independence (Poorna Swaraj) of India, which came true in the year 1947 on the 15th of August. On the 26th of January in 1950, India was declared a Sovereign, Secular, Socialist, and Democratic Republic which means the people of India had the power to choose the government of the country. It is celebrated by organizing a major event with a special parade at Rajpath, New Delhi in the presence of the President of India by unfurling the National Flag and singing the National Anthem.

Also Read: Who Do We Celebrate Republic Day?

Sample Essay on Republic Day in 200 Words

Republic Day is the national festival of India which reminds us about the sacrifices of our great leaders and freedom fighters of the nation. Republic Day is celebrated on 26 January every year by the people of India with great joy and enthusiasm. It is celebrated to honour the importance of being the Sovereign Democratic Republic which was declared after the enforcement of the constitution of India in 1950. In a meeting held on 28th August 1947, it was decided that a drafting committee would be appointed to draft a permanent constitution for India. Dr B.R. Ambedkar was made the chairman of the drafting committee who took the responsibility and submitted the constitution of India to the Assembly on 4th of November, 1947, which was adopted on 26th November, 1949 and came into force on 26th January, 1950. Republic Day is also celebrated to enjoy and remember the historic independence of India from British Rule. The democracy that we have received should be valued by everyone and should not be taken for granted. Everyone should contribute to the development of the nation and spread peace, love, and harmony. 

Also Read: Republic Day Song List

Sample Essay on Republic Day in 300 Words

Republic Day in India commemorates the day on which the constitution of India came into effect. The day was the 26th of January, 1947, when the constitution of India replaced the Government of India Act (1935), and India officially became a Republic. Since that day, every year 26th of January is celebrated as Republic Day, throughout the country.

The 26th of January, 1950 was also the day when Dr Rajendera Prasad began his term as the first President of India, he served as the President of India till 1962. What was till then the Constituent Assembly of India became the Parliament of India under the new constitution.

Republic Day is celebrated with great pomp and pageantry in India’s capital New Delhi at the historic Rajpath. The Republic Day Parade in New Delhi is a colourful highlight of the celebrations that happen in every state, district, city, and village of India. The Republic Day Parade in New Delhi starts from Rashtrapati Bhavan at Raisina Hill and winds past India Gate. The parade is done before the President of India and the Chief Guest, as well as other dignitaries including the Prime Minister and other Cabinet Ministers.

The Republic Day parade showcases the might of the three wings of the Indian Armed Forces and its achievements. The culture and heritage of India and its unity in diversity are also showcased in this glittering parade.

The Indian national flag is hoisted and the National Anthem is played, the President of India inspects a Guard of Honour. As part of the Republic Day celebrations, many national and state awards are conferred. The civilian awards like Bharat Ratna, Padma Vibhushan, etc., are distributed by the President of India on the eve of Republic Day. The beating retreat ceremony held on the 29th of January signals the conclusion of the official Republic Day celebrations of the country.

Sample Essay on Republic Day in 800 Words

26th January 1950 is a red-letter day in Indian history. On this day, India became the Sovereign Democratic Republic. It was the day when India attained full independence, even though India became independent on 15 August 1947, it became utterly separate on 26 January 1950. Since then, 26th January is celebrated as Republic Day every year all over India. There is another reason for the Importance of the 26th January, the “India Government Act” was withdrawn and the newly constituted Constitution of India was implemented on this day. The constitution was ready on 26th November 1949, but its promulgation was deferred to coincide with 26th January 1950. On 26th January 1930, the All India Congress Committee at its Lahore Session held under the presidentship of Lt. Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru pledged that India’s aim was “Purna Swaraj” which is complete independence from British rule. Republic Day reminds us of the sacrifices made by many brave-hearted Indians to realize their pledge of complete independence from British rule. This day is celebrated throughout the country with great enthusiasm.

The main reason for celebrating Republic Day is that on this day the constitution of our country came into effect. However, there is another history of the great day, which is quite impressive. It started in December 1929 under the presidency of Pandit Nehru at the Indian National Congress convention held in Lahore. In this, the congress announced that if India were not given Domination still until January 26, 1930, India would declare itself completely Independent, but when this day came. The British government did not respond to this issue. Then, Congress started its active movement from that day to achieve complete freedom. This is the reason that when our country was liberated, on January 26, that day the constitution of India was established.

It is one of three National Festivals, the other two are ‘Gandhi Jayanti’ and ‘Independence Day.’ Being our national festival, every school, college, office, shop, factory, and other business establishment remains closed on this day due to the celebration of Republic Day. It is treated as a National Holiday. Although Republic Day celebrations are held across the country, the major festivals are visible at Rajpath in New Delhi, with the President, the Prime Minister, and other ministers in attendance. The Republic Day march in Delhi is the most significant and imperative of the processions denoting the Republic Day festivities in India. Indian Republic Days’ fascination keeps going for three days. The motorcade exhibits India’s protection ability and social and social legacy. Preceding the beginning of the Parade, the Prime Minister lays a botanical wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti, a remembrance of the fallen fighter at the India Gate towards one side of Rajpath, which is trailed by two minutes of silence in the memory of the fallen warriors. The sacrifice of martyrs who lived for their country is remembered on this day. From that point, the Prime Minister arrives at the central dais at Rajpath to join different dignitaries. Subsequently, the president, along with the chief guests, duly escorted by the President’s bodyguard on horseback, arrives to join others at Rajpath. The National Flag is unfurled by the president, after which the National Anthem is played along with a 21-gun salute. Next, essential honours like the Ashok Chakra and Kirti Chakra are given away by the President before the regiments of Armed Forces begin their walk past. The President presents awards of bravery to the members of the armed forces for their extraordinary mettle in the field and the civilians, who have farmed themselves by their distinctive demonstrations of courage in various circumstances. Youngsters who get the National Bravery Award are observed riding on vividly or specially designed elephants or vehicles.

For the event, the best NCC cadets are chosen from all over the country along with school students from different schools in the capital. Each Presentation shows the variety and wealth of the way of life in India. Around 1200 schoolchildren present dances and other cultural activities as a feature of the parade. Next comes the Motorcade which shows bike units of the Armed Forces and civil security services along with a flypast by the Indian Air Force planes and helicopters carrying the national banner and the banners of the armed forces.

All the states of India additionally show specific Jhanki identities with their way of life, customs, and advancement after freedom, demonstrating the presence of ‘Solidarity in Diversity in India.’ Cultural moves are displayed by individuals along with singing and dancing. Towards the end of the occasion, a tri-shading (saffron, white, and green) bloomers in the sky from planes, creating the image of the National Flag.

Republic Day is one of the three national festivals of our country, and it is the day that reminds us of the importance of our freedom. It is a Gazetted Public Holiday in India, and people all over India celebrate Republic Day with a great spirit of patriotism and joy.

10 Lines on Republic Day

  1. On 26th January every year, we celebrate Republic Day in India.
  2. In 1950, the Constitution was implemented by our freedom fighters and politicians. India turned into a secular and democratic nation with a written Constitution on this day.
  3. 26th January is a day when every Indian heart fills up with patriotic fervour and immense love for the motherland. This day gives the message of solidarity and freedom to all the people of India.
  4. It was this day when the Indian Tricolour was first unfurled in January 1930 at Lahore, by Pt Jawaharlal Nehru.
  5. On this day, all the workplaces stay closed as this day is celebrated as a national occasion.
  6. Schools, universities, and other institutions commemorate this day with incredible parades and shows.
  7. A grand parade is held in New Delhi, from Raisina Hill near the Rashtrapati Bhavan.
  8. The President of India unfurls the National Flag near India Gate and the National Anthem is played.
  9. VIPs from various nations are welcomed as Chief Guests on the Republic Day Parade.
  10. India shows its rich legacy and solid barrier abilities and the Indian powers, including the Indian Army, Navy, and Air Force participate in the procession.

Also Read: I Have a Dream Speech by Martin Luthar King Jr

Tips to Write an Essay

While writing an essay on Republic Day you can focus on questions like- why is Republic Day celebrated, why was January 26 chosen to mark this occasion, how is Independence Day different from Republic Day, what is Purna Swaraj, history of the national flag, who wrote the constitution of India and try to frame an essay by answering these questions. Apart from this, here are some generalized tips that you should keep in mind while writing an essay:

  • Plan your time and research the topic thoroughly before writing
  • Create important pointers while researching that you can further incorporate into your essay
  • Prepare an outline for the essay to ensure continuity and relevance and no break in the structure of the essay
  • Highlight/underline key pointers throughout the essay
  • Mention authentic and factual data from verified sites
  • Proofread your essay and remove redundancies and errors

Also Read: Vivekananda Speech for Students in English

Republic Day Activities for School Students

To fill the hearts of students with patriotism, several activities are conducted by schools. Here are some fun activities for students for this Republic Day.

Finger Painting Flag

This is a fun and easy-to-learn activity where students are required to paint the tricolour flag using paints on their hands. All it requires is a sheet of paper (A3 or A4), all the colours included in the Tiranga (Yellow, White, Green, and Blue), water, and paper towels and brushes.

Source – Pinterest

Republic Day Bingo

Playing Republic Day bingo will increase students’ knowledge of India and its symbols, such as national animal, national emblem, national song, etc. This game can be played from anywhere.

Source: Pinterest

Fancy Dress Competition

For Republic Day, students can participate in a fancy dress competition, where they have to dress like freedom fighters or represent any culture of India.

Source: BNS Arts and Crafts

Check Out Popular Essay Topics


What is Republic Day and why is it celebrated?

In India, Republic Day is celebrated every year on January 26 to commemorate the day our Constitution took effect. When India gained independence in 1947, it did not have a permanent written constitution, and its laws were based on an updated version of the British-established Government of India Act 1935. The Drafting Committee for an Indian Constitution was formed by Dr B.R. Ambedkar after a fortnight on August 29, 1947. A celebration of Indian Independence Day is observed on the 26th of January in remembrance of the historic Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) made by the Indian National Congress in 1929.

What time do the Republic Day Parade celebrations begin and end?

The 4-day ceremony begins on the morning of 26th January with a wreath-laying at India Gate by the Prime Minister of India in honour of those who sacrificed their lives protecting the nation. The Republic Day Celebrations are concluded at Vijay Chowk on 29th January with a beating retreat led by the President of India. Ceremonially, the chief guest (the President) is escorted on horseback by a cavalry unit, which then performs the National Salute, followed by the National Anthem (Jan-Gan-Man).

Who was the first parade’s chief guest? When was the first parade held?

The first Republic Day parade took place at Rajpath in 1950. It has been a tradition to invite the chief guest since the first Republic Day celebrations. It was requested that President Sukarno speak about Indonesia’s struggle for independence from Dutch rule.

Who designed the Indian National Flag?

On the first day of Republic Day festivities, the National Flag is unfurled at 8 a.m. The National Flag was designed by freedom fighter Pingali Venkayya, who hailed from Machilipatnam in Andhra Pradesh. Having undergone numerous revisions, the current state of the national flag was adopted on 22nd July 1947.

Where does the parade begin, and what is the route of the Republic Day Parade?

Rashtrapati Bhavan is the starting point and India Gate is the ending point. Vijay Chowk is at the beginning of the route, which begins at Amar Jawan Jyoti, continues along Rajpath, passes India Gate, and ends at India Gate.

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