The most heroic word in all languages is revolution. – Eugene V. Debs. Our nation has witnessed various revolutions and movements which have given us freedom, power, and reformed India into an independent developing country. From freedom revolutions, agricultural revolutions, digital revolutions, and many more; our country has been through it all. Let’s look at the various hues of the Revolution that have added life and colour to our nation.
This Blog Includes:
- Important Revolutions in India
- Freedom Revolutions in India
Important Revolutions in India
Given below are the Important Revolutions in India:
|Name of the Revolution||Association||Associated with||Period|
|Golden Revolution||Horticulture and Honey||Nirpakh Tutej||1991- 2003|
|Brown Revolution||Leather, Cocoa||Mr. Hirlal Chaudri||–|
|Blue Revolution||Fish||Dr Arun Krishnan||1973-2002|
|Silver Revolution||Eggs||Indira Gandhi||2000’s|
|White Revolution||Dairy Farming||Verghese Kurien||1970 – 1996|
|Red Revolution||Meat and Tomato||Vishal Tewari||1980’s|
|Golden Fibre Revolution||Related with Jute Production||–||1990’s|
|Green Revolution||Related with Agricultural Production||M.S. Swaminathan||1966 – 1967|
|Pink Revolution||Related with Onions, Prawns||Durgesh Patel||1970’s|
|Evergreen Revolution||For all agricultural production growth||M S Swaminathan||2014- 2022|
|Round Revolution||Related with potato production||–||1965- 2005|
|Silver Fibre Revolution||Related with Cotton production||–||2000’s|
|Yellow Revolution||Related with Oil Seed production||Mr. Sam Pitroda||1986 – 1990|
|Protein Revolution||Agriculture(Higher Production)||Coined by Mr. Narendra Modi||2014 – 2020|
This Revolution saw an increase in the production of food grains by using various modern technologies and farming products like fertilizers, high yielding variety (HYV) seeds, irrigation facilities, and pesticides. It was founded by the Indian geneticist M.S. Swaminathan and was commenced under the leadership of Lal Bahadur Shastri.
The blue revolution (Neel Kranti Mission) in India started in 1985-1900 and is related to the aquaculture of the country. This revolution contributed to the enhancement of the fishery industry into a modern industry and also increasing the income of fishers. The National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) included various components to develop and increase aquaculture activity by using modern methods and equipment.
Founded by Nirpakh Tutej, this revolution went on from 1991 to 2003. It was a major movement in India that saw the use of new innovative technologies to boost the production of honey and products such as flowers, fruits, spices, vegetables, and plantation crops. To learn more about this important revolution of India, head on to our detailed blog on What is Golden Revolution?
Also Read: Popular Struggles and Movements
The black revolution is associated with an increase in petroleum in India. The government of India implemented various policies to boost this production by mixing ethanol- a renewable source of energy- with petrol to produce biodiesel. This gave rise to a positive result in reducing pollution caused by the emission of harmful gases. This initiative has also helped farmers switch to such alternatives which reduce pollutants.
The Grey Revolution in India is associated with an increase in fertilizer production. This was in succession to the green revolution that was responsible for the high-yielding variety of seeds. The grey revolution was initiated to mend the things that went wrong with the agricultural sector. It aims to build a promising future for farmers and develop the agricultural sector in India.
The brown revolution in India increased the production and demand for environmental-friendly coffee which was initiated by Hiralal Chaudri. This revolution is currently taking place in Visakhapatnam.
The increase in the production of meat was the core part of the red revolution in India. Durgesh Patel is known as the father of this revolution. It modernized the processing of meant and upgraded technologies used for the same.
The silver revolution witnessed an enhancement in poultry farming or the production of eggs. Various private and government sectors contributed to this revolution using medical and applied science to rediscover ways to grow egg production.
The white revolution was initiated to boost the production of milk and dairy products in India. Verghese Kurien is considered the father of this revolution who came up with the ‘billion liters’ idea. Along with other important companies, AMUL – Anand Milk Union Limited played a major role in running the revolution for India.
Golden Fibre Revolution
The Golden Fibre Revolution is related to jute production. While the industrial revolution began, jute was used as a raw material in the fabric industry and jute has been used in several cases to make strong threads and jute products. Jute is the most important vegetable fiber after cotton.
Pink Revolution was an increase in the export and production of meat in India. It includes the involvement of technology in the poultry and meat processing industries. The revolution includes meat testing facilities, cold storage for growth, and other infrastructure facilities.
Round Revolution is the increase in production of potato yield. The production of potatoes was aimed to be increased at least double or triple the single annual increase.
The Yellow Revolution helped India achieve the status of a self-sufficient and net exporter. 25 million tonnes of oilseed was exported from India in the nineties which was an all-time high rate.
The government declared a technology-driven second green revolution with an emphasis on improved productivity and a “protein revolution,” committing to a 4% sustainable increase in the agriculture sector. The government established a price stability fund with a capital of Rs.500 crore to assist farmers in dealing with volatility. In addition, a Kisan TV channel was established to provide real-time information on innovative techniques, water conservation, and organic farming. Furthermore, the money for improving storage capacity was increased to Rs. 5,000 crore and Rs.100 crore were set aside for supplying every farmer with a soil health card, as well as Rs.56 crore for mobile soil-testing laboratories.
The Green Revolution changed India’s image from “begging bowl” to “bread-basket.” However, in order to address the Green Revolution’s faults and vulnerabilities, we must make it evergreen. Despite the fact that India is now self-sufficient in many sectors of food production, it still relies on imports for commodities such as pulses and oilseeds, where output has not kept up with demand. The term “evergreen revolution” refers to long-term productivity growth that is not harmful to the environment or society. The evergreen revolution entails the incorporation of ecological concepts into the creation and diffusion of technology. The main concept is to produce more with less, less land, less pesticide, less water, and hence, it must be an evergreen revolution to achieve sustainable agriculture.
Freedom Revolutions in India
Apart from the aforementioned Revolutions, The freedom/ independence revolution is still considered the most fierce and powerful revolution in the entirety of Indian history. The movements and struggles faced during those revolutions are deeply rooted in the Indian archives. The existence of structural racism, discrimination, and social issues today, have their origins embedded in the past. Let’s travel back and discuss those dynamic revolutions and Indian freedom fighters who have changed India forever.
The Indian Rebellion of 1857
The revolt in 1857 arose due to the build-up of various controversial factors. The recruitment of caste-neutral armies and local sepoys’ demand high taxes from local Indians, the prohibitions on Indian religious customs were some of the many factors for the rebellion. However, the triggering factor was the Enfield rifle. The sepoys believed that the opening of the rifle cartridges was greased with cow/pig fat. This caused severe rage among the Hindu and Muslim sepoys because of the attack on their religious sentiments. The revolt emerged in Delhi, Punjab, Jhansi, Bengal, Indore, and many other places in India. The rebellion caused mass loss of people, accusations of rape, and other violent and gruesome acts. This gave rise to the Government of India Act, 1858 which eradicated the rule of the EIC and led to the direct responsibility by the British Parliament.
Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre which is also called the Massacre of Amritsar occurred on April 13, 1919. This is certainly one of the most heinous acts of violence by the Britishers which shook every Indian. On 13th April afternoon, people from various regions had gathered at the Jallianwala Bagh to celebrate Baisakhi and peacefully protest against the ban on public gatherings. The British troops precipitously fired on a large crowd of unarmed Indians and also sealed the main gate. This led to the killings of at least 379 people and left thousands of people injured. The in-humane humiliation spread across the country and caused various Indians to stand for their country who previously were loyal to the Britishers. This rage led to the Satyagraha movement by Mahatma Gandhi and people also began to boycott British goods. To protest against the genocide, the Indian poet Rabindranath Tagore renounced his knighthood which he had received from the British in 1915.
Delhi Assembly Bombing
When President of the Central Assembly -Vithalbhai Patel began to give his ruling on the Trade Disputes Bill at the Assembly the afternoon on 8th April 1929, an explosion occurred and the slogans were raised by the youth with chants of ‘Inquilab Zindabad’, ‘Workers of the world unite’, and ‘Down with imperialism. The two main voices among the crowd were of the young revolutionary freedom fighters, who were also members of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association- Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt. They even stayed back courageously and got arrested and proclaimed that their mission wasn’t to vandalize, but to ‘make the deaf hear’.These revolutionaries only wanted to instill their ideas of revolution in the youth and inspire Indians to fight British imperialism.
Civil Disobedience Movement
This was one of the most significant movements by Gandhi Ji which laid the foundation and the root for Independence. This movement bought an intense wave of unity among Indians where everyone was ready to give their all for the freedom of the country. This included laborers, workers, poor people who risked their life due to the extreme oppression of the British. The movement began in 1930 when Gandhiji had laid demands before the British government which wasn’t fulfilled. He then decided to march from Sabarmati to the coastal town of Gujarat and break the salt law which was in defiance of the British. Everyone across the nation was asked to rebel and deny to adhere to the unjust colonial laws by the British. This led to the arrest of over 90,000 people including Gandhiji and Nehru Ji. People boycotted all foreign clothes and all the peasants refused to pay taxes. After negotiating with Gandhi who was still under arrest, the viceroy of India Lord Irwin signed a pact with Gandhi which came to be known as the “Gandhi Irwin Pact”.
Also Read: Indian National Movement
Hope this blog on the importance of Revolutions in India has helped you get an insight into all struggles the nation faced while rebuilding itself pre and post-independence. Keep checking Leverage Edu for awesome content around study notes, careers, programs and universities across the globe!