Essay on Bhagat Singh: The Immortal Martyr of the Indian Independence Movement

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essay on bhagat singh

Bhagat Singh was one of the most revolutionary young freedom fighters in India. He was a prominent member of the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA). He was a strong supporter of the Swadeshi Movement and also in the later years he withstand the non-violence movement. In his belief, only armed rebellions could bring independence to the country. He made an indelible mark in the history of India’s freedom struggle. The young revolutionary was full of passion and patriotism and sacrificed life for the independence of the country. Continue reading the blog the know more about Bhagat Singh.

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About Bhagat Singh in English

Bhagat Singh was born on 27 September 1907 to a Punjabi Sikh family in the village of Banga, Lyallpur District of Punjab, British India (present-day Pakistan). He studied in the village school in Banga for a few years and later enrolled in the Dayanand Anglo-Vedic School in Lahore. In 1923 he attended the National College in Lahore. The college encouraged the students to shun the educational institutes, schools and colleges that were subsidised by the British Indian Government. Bhagat Singh was a young rebel who participated in various actions to bring independence to the country. He became an impactful influence on the youth of the nation. In May 1927, he was involved in the bombing in Lahore in October of 1926. In 1929 Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt, members of the Hindustan Republican Association were the main accused of the bombing at the Central Legislative Assembly. Bhagat Singh was a brilliant young mind who wrote and edited for the Urdu and Punjabi newspapers published in Amritsar and also wrote for the Kirti Kisan Party journal, Kirti. He contributed to the Naujawan Bharat Sabha by publishing low-priced pamphlets that excoriated British rule. Bhagat Singh often used pseudonyms names including Balwant, Ranjit and Vidhrohi for his actions. 

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Essay on Bhagat Singh in 5 Lines

  1. Bhagat Singh is one of the most significant freedom fighters of the Indian freedom struggle. 
  2. Bhagat Singh was born on September 28, 1907, into a multilingual Sikh family in the Punjabi district of Leelpur’s Banga village (now in Pakistan). His mother’s name was Vidyavati Kaur, and his father’s name was Sardar Kishan Singh. His father, Uncle Ajit Singh, and Grandfather Arjan Singh all participated in the fight for independence.
  3. During the freedom movement, the young were greatly influenced by his catchphrase, “Inquilab Zindabad.”
  4. His life changed dramatically after freedom fighter Lala Lajpat Rai was assassinated. Bhagat Singh intended to get revenge on Rai because he could not stand the injustice. He planned to bomb the Central Legislative Assembly and kill British official John Saunders.
  5. At just 23, Bhagat Singh got a death sentence.

Short Essay On Bhagat Singh In 50 Words In English

Bhagat Singh, an iconic Indian freedom fighter, fearlessly challenged British colonial rule. His undying spirit and sacrifice inspired a generation to fight for independence. He embraced martyrdom at a young age, leaving an indelible mark on the nation’s history, making him a symbol of courage, nationalism, and sacrifice.

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Essay on Bhagat Singh in 350 Words

Bhagat Singh was born on 27 September 1907 and was a fierce symbol of a young fearless spirit rebellion against British rule in India. He believed in the principles of Marxism and Socialism and wished to bring Independence to the country and establish a society that thrive on equality. He was driven by dedicated patriotism and participated in various events that strongly represented his ideologies of social justice and set up welfare for all. Bhagat Singh wrote on many social and political issues while working for newspapers. These issues emphasised the importance of education for all, raising awareness about public and individual rights etc. 

In his days of childhood, he witnessed the situation of the freedom struggle as few of his family members participated in the struggle. In 1919, he witnessed the spine-chilling massacre of Jallianwala Bagh which made an indelible mark on the mind of young Bhagat Singh. Many such incidents caused his inclination to fight for freedom. The Jallianwalan Bagh incident awakened his patriotic spirit and encourage him to stand in the fight against British Rule in India. 

He is prominently remembered for his bombing attack On 8 April 1929 at the Central Legislative Assembly, Delhi. The action was the symbol of protest against the Public Safety Bill and the Trade Disputes Bill that repressed and curb civil liberties. He was arrested for the action and was on trial. He used the trial process as a medium to propagate his ideologies and revolutionary ideas. 

Bhagat Singh continued on the path of radicalism and participated in the assassination of Saunders along with Rajguru and Sukhdev. This action marked them for the death sentence and they were hanged on 23 March 1931 in the Lahore Central Jail. This ignited a streak of outrage and patriotism in the general public that intensely demanded independence. 

The sacrifice of Bhagat Singh was a turning point in the history of India’s freedom struggle. His ideologies, determination and dedicated patriotism motivated many upcoming members of the youth to join the freedom movement.

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Essay on Bhagat Singh in 500 Words

One of India’s most well-known freedom fighters, Bhagat Singh, will always stand as a testament to bravery, giving, and unshakable commitment to the cause of Indian independence. Bhagat Singh’s life as a revolutionary began at a young age. He was born on September 28, 1907, in Banga, Punjab, to a family that was devoted to the fight against British authority. His historical legacy as a martyr who bravely stood up to colonial rulers and motivated generations to strive for a free and fair India is indelible.

Bhagat Singh’s family, notably his father Kishan Singh, and uncle Ajit Singh, who were actively involved in the liberation struggle, exposed him to revolutionary principles and patriotism from a young age. Bhagat Singh was influenced by these revolutionary principles and joined the liberation fight, joining groups like the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA).

Bhagat Singh’s dedication to the cause of freedom was evident in both his words and deeds. The repressive Rowlatt Act, which gave the British government the right to detain and jail Indians without a trial, was something he fiercely opposed. He took part in demonstrations against the Simon Commission in 1928, which was established without any Indian participation and resulted in the notorious Lala Lajpat Rai’s killing at the hands of the police.

Bhagat Singh was greatly upset by the incident and desired retribution for Lala Lajpat Rai’s treatment unfairly. In an unfortunate turn of events, J.P. Saunders, the police officer who attacked Lajpat Rai, was murdered by the HSRA members rather than Saunders’ intended victim.

Bhagat Singh went into hiding but persisted in his pursuit of independence in order to avoid capture. He and Batukeshwar Dutt detonated non-lethal explosives inside the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi on April 8, 1929. The goal was to raise awareness about oppressive legislation rather than to do harm to anyone. After the event, they actively courted arrest and took advantage of the trial to spread their ideas about a free India.

The public was moved by Bhagat Singh’s powerful and courageous comments throughout the trial. He refused to accept the British emperors’ leniency and used the court as a forum to call for equality and justice. His well-known adage, “It is easy to kill individuals, but you cannot kill the ideas,” became the liberation movement’s battle cry.

Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev were all given the death penalty for their roles in the Saunders murder case on March 23, 1931. On March 23, 1931, a day now celebrated as Shaheed Diwas (Martyrs’ Day) in their honor, the British government cruelly killed them despite appeals for mercy from people across the country and around the world.

The sacrifice of Bhagat Singh and his allies sparked a national spirit of patriotism and resistance. Millions of Indians were inspired by their courage and tenacity to join the battle for freedom. These youthful revolutionaries’ legacy continues to motivate others and serve as a sobering reminder of the steep price that was paid for the freedom that we now take for granted.

Bhagat Singh lived a life that transcends time, and his beliefs still hold true now just as they did during the freedom fight. He stands as a symbol of hope and inspiration for a pluralistic and varied India because of his dedication to secularism, social justice, and inclusion.

Bhagat Singh, the courageous revolutionary, is still revered throughout India’s history as a model of bravery and selflessness. His unwavering attitude and devotion to the nation will always serve as an example for future generations. The tremendous sacrifice made by Bhagat Singh and his fellow martyrs is largely responsible for the freedom we enjoy today, reminding us of our responsibility to protect and preserve the nation’s hard-won independence and promote democratic and equitable principles.


Q.1. Which biopic is about Bhagat Singh?

Ans: The Indian Hindi-language film, The Legend of Bhagat Singh (2002). A Rajkumar Santoshi film narrated the life of Bhagat Singh.

Q.2. How old was Bhagat Singh when he died?

Ans: Bhagat Singh was 23 years old when he was hanged death.

Q.3. Why was Bhagat Singh hanged?

Ans: He participated in the assassination of Saunders along with Rajguru and Sukhdev. This action marked them for the death sentence and they were hanged on 23 March 1931 in the Lahore Central Jail.

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