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Essay on Jawaharlal Nehru – 400 to 600 Words

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essay on jawaharlal nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru was the First Prime Minister of the Independent India. He was a nationalist leader, who along with Mahatma Gandhi and several other leaders led the independence movement. known to every Indian, was a key leader in India’s independence movement during the 1930s and 1940s. Also known as Pandit Nehru, he was the first Prime Minister of independent India, serving from 1947 to 1964. 

As the Prime Minister of India. Nehru passed the Objective Resolution, which established the concept and guiding principles for building the Constitution and eventually took the shape of the Preamble to the Indian Constitution. His policy of Non-Alignment during the Cold War years created a new atmosphere where leaders of newly independent countries of the Third World guarded their independence in international relations.

He was especially adored by children, who affectionately called him ‘Chacha Nehru’. In honour of his love for children, the government commemorates his birthday as ‘Children’s Day‘ on 14 November each year. He was not only a revered leader but also demonstrated immense patriotism and devotion to the nation.

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Essay on Jawaharlal Nehru (200 Words)

Jawaharlal Nehru, who played a significant role in India’s campaign for independence, served as the country’s first prime minister from 1947 to 1964. For his impartial international policy, Pandit Nehru, as he was popularly known, was admired. Children especially liked him and referred to him as “Chacha Nehru.” 

His birthday is celebrated throughout India as ‘Children’s Day.’ He was born in Allahabad on November 14, 1889. He was raised in affluence and practised law before entering politics. 

Because of his fervent feeling of patriotism and loyalty to the nation, Nehru joined Mahatma Gandhi in the struggle for liberty. Despite setbacks and detention, he persistently advocated for India’s freedom. After India gained independence in 1947, Nehru’s vision—which placed a heavy focus on progress and unification—played a crucial impact in establishing the country’s current direction.  

As prime minister, he worked to modernize India and put social changes into place, notably securing equal rights for women. Nehru’s secular policies and modern concepts had a significant impact on India’s development notwithstanding their different perspectives. He was in that position till his passing on May 27, 1964.  

As a visionary leader who fought for independence and democracy, Nehru left his mark on Indian history and national cohesion. 

Among his many significant accomplishments, he presided over the Indian National Congress, drafted the Declaration of Independence, managed the division of India, established the Election Commission, and ratified the Indus Water Treaty. People of all ages in India still recall and value Nehru’s contributions.

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Essay on Jawaharlal Nehru (300 Words)

A well-known individual who is well-known to every Indian, Jawaharlal Nehru played a crucial role in the 1930s and 1940s Indian independence struggle. He served as India’s first prime minister from 1947 until 1964 and is also referred to as Pandit Nehru. 

In this essay, you will learn about Jawaharlal Nehru’s journey and his accomplishments. 

History

Jawaharlal Nehru, born on 14th November 1889 in Allahabad (now Prayagraj), had the privilege of receiving the finest education due to his father’s prosperous status as a prominent lawyer. His father, Motilal Nehru, was affluent, which enabled Nehru to pursue studies abroad. He attended Harrow and Cambridge universities in England and obtained his degree in 1910.

Although Nehru was not particularly enthusiastic about law, he pursued it and practised in the Allahabad High Court. However, his true passion lay in politics. At the age of 24, he tied the knot with Smt. Kamla Devi, and together, they had a daughter Indira Gandhi.

Significantly, Jawaharlal Nehru held the distinguished honour of being India’s inaugural Prime Minister. He possessed an extraordinary vision, and apart from his leadership and political roles, he was also a writer. His unwavering dedication to India’s prosperity led him to work tirelessly day and night.

Jawaharlal Nehru’s profound sense of peace was challenged by witnessing the mistreatment of Indians under British rule, compelling him to join the freedom movement. Deeply devoted to his country, he collaborated with Mahatma Gandhi (Bapu) in the Non-Cooperation movement.

Significant Activities and Accomplishments of Jawaharlal Nehru  

Jawaharlal Nehru, was a visionary leader who championed independence, democracy, and modernization, leaving an indelible legacy of progress and unity for the nation. Let’s have a look at some of the most important activities and achievements of Jawaharlal Nehru: 

  • Served as the President of the Indian National Congress on five occasions. 
  • Made the historic Declaration of Independence and raised the Tricolor flag in Lahore on New Year’s Eve in 1929. 
  • Oversaw the partition of India while holding the position of Prime Minister. 
  • Played a crucial role in establishing the Election Commission of India during his tenure as Prime Minister. 
  • Signed the Indus Water Treaty between Pakistan’s President Ayub Khan and India’s Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru.

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Essay on Jawaharlal Nehru (400 Words)

Jawaharlal Nehru, a highly renowned figure familiar to every Indian, played a pivotal role in India’s struggle for independence during the 1930s and 1940s. He assumed the role of India’s first prime minister from 1947 until 1964 and was affectionately known as Pandit Nehru.  

Nehru was instrumental in establishing India’s parliamentary system of government and gained prominence for his impartial and nonpartisan approach to global affairs. He held a special place in the hearts of children, who lovingly referred to him as “Chacha Nehru.” To honour his affection for children, the government observes his birthday as ‘Children’s Day’ on November 14th every year.  

In addition to his leadership and respect among the people, Nehru demonstrated unwavering loyalty and patriotism toward his nation.

Jawaharlal Nehru As Prime Minister

Throughout his struggle for independence, Nehru encountered numerous challenges and faced multiple imprisonments. Nevertheless, his love for the nation remained unwavering, and he fought relentlessly for India’s freedom. 

As a result of his exceptional efforts, India achieved independence on 15th August 1947, leading to his election as the country’s first Prime Minister.

Nehru was a visionary with modern ideas, striving to modernize and civilize India. His approach differed from Gandhi’s, as Gandhi favoured an ancient India while Nehru advocated for a modern direction, embracing progress despite cultural and religious differences.

Although religious freedom was a pressing concern in the country, Nehru’s primary focus was to unify the nation. He successfully led India towards scientific and modern advancements, despite facing various pressures.

A significant achievement of Jawaharlal Nehru was his reform in ancient Hindu cultural practices, particularly concerning Hindu widows. His efforts brought about positive changes, granting women equal rights to men, including rights of inheritance and property.

From 1929 to 1964, Nehru remained a beloved leader, even after facing challenges like the conflict with China in 1962. He had a secular approach to politics, which differed from Gandhi’s religious and traditional outlook. 

Gandhi aimed to make Hinduism more secular, despite appearing religiously conservative. The main contrast between Nehru and Gandhi was their approach to civilization. Nehru embraced modern ideas, while Gandhi looked back to ancient India’s greatness.

Family 

Jawaharlal Nehru’s father, Motilal Nehru, was a wealthy lawyer practising at Allahabad High Court. His mother, Swarup Rani Nehru, hailed from a Kashmiri Brahmin family and was a homemaker. 

Jawaharlal Nehru had two sisters, with him being the eldest. His elder sister, Vijaya Lakshmi, achieved the distinction of becoming the first female President of the United Nations General Assembly. 

The youngest sister, Krishna Hutheesing, was a writer known for her autobiographical book titled “With No Regrets.”  In 1916, Jawaharlal Nehru tied the knot with Kamala Nehru, and together, they had a daughter named Indira Gandhi, who later became India’s first female Prime Minister.

When did Jawaharlal Nehru Die?

Jawaharlal Nehru held the position of India’s Prime Minister from 15th August 1947 until his passing on 27 May 1964, making him the longest-serving Prime Minister in Indian history. On 27th May 1964, Jawaharlal Nehru passed away at the age of 74 due to a heart attack.

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FAQs

Q.1. Who was Jawaharlal Nehru? 

Ans: Jawaharlal Nehru, also known as Pandit Nehru, served as the first Prime Minister of independent India. He was a prominent leader in India’s struggle for independence and played a pivotal role in the Indian National Congress. 

Q.2. When was Jawaharlal Nehru born and when did he pass away? 

Ans: Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889, in Allahabad, India, and he passed away on May 27, 1964, in New Delhi. 

Q.3. What were Jawaharlal Nehru’s contributions to India’s independence movement? 

Ans: Nehru significantly contributed to India’s independence movement during the 1930s and 1940s. He actively participated in the Civil Disobedience Movement and other campaigns against British rule.  

Q.4. What were some of Jawaharlal Nehru’s key achievements as Prime Minister of India? 

Ans: As Prime Minister, Nehru played a crucial role in shaping India’s political landscape. He established a parliamentary system of government and pursued nonalignment in foreign policy. Additionally, he focused on modernizing India and fostering social and economic development.

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