Central Universities in India

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Central Universities in India

In India, Central universities are those which are established by an act of parliament and come under the overall supervision of the Ministry of Human Resources and Development. CUCET is a common entrance exam to take admission in 14 of these universities. The others offer admission through their independent entrance tests. Most of the central universities in India are directly funded by the government. So, to give you an overview, here is a blog that will shed light on the features of some of the most popular central universities in India.

What are Central Universities?

Central universities are those that are founded by an act of parliament and are under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education’s Department of Higher Education. Because the funding is distributed by the Ministry of Education through the UGC, these universities have been classified as Centre (Union Government).

How Many Central Universities are there in India?

In India, 54 central universities have been created, the oldest of which being Allahabad University, which was founded in 1887. The Central Tribal University of Andhra Pradesh is the newest of the bunch, having only been founded in 2019. With the exception of Goa, at least one central university has been founded in each of India’s three states/union territories.

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List of Central Universities in India

Here is a comprehensive list of all the central universities in India along with their location and year of establishment-

S.No.UniversityState/Union Territory (Location)Year of Establishment
1Aligarh Muslim UniversityUttar Pradesh (Aligarh)1920
2Assam UniversityAssam (Silchar)1994
3Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar UniversityUttar Pradesh (Lucknow)1996
4Banaras Hindu UniversityUttar Pradesh (Varanasi)1916
5Central Agricultural UniversityManipur (Imphal)1993
6Central University of GujaratGujarat (Gandhinagar)2009
7Central University of HaryanaHaryana (Mahendragarh)2009
8Central University of Himachal PradeshHimachal Pradesh (Dharamshala)2009
9Central University of JammuJammu & Kashmir (Jammu)2011
10Central University of JharkhandJharkhand (Ranchi)2009
11Central University of KarnatakaKarnataka (Gulbarga)2009
12Central University of KashmirJammu & Kashmir (Srinagar)2009
13Central University of KeralaKerala (Kasaragod)2009
14Central University of OrissaOdisha (Koraput)2009
15Central University of Punjab*Punjab (Bhatinda)2009
16Central University of Rajasthan*Rajasthan (Ajmer)2009
17Central University of South BiharBihar (Gaya)2009
18Central University of Tamil Nadu*Tamil Nadu (Tiruvarur)2009
19Dr. Hari Singh Gour UniversityMadhya Pradesh (Sagar)1946 (2009)+
20Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agriculture UniversityBihar (Pusa, Samastipur)1905 (2016)+
21English and Foreign Languages UniversityTelangana (Hyderabad)1958 (2007)+
22Guru Ghasidas VishwavidyalayaChhattisgarh (Bilaspur)1983 (2009)+
23Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal UniversityUttarakhand (Srinagar)1973 (2009)+
24Indian Maritime UniversityTamil Nadu (Chennai)2008
25Indira Gandhi National Open University^Delhi (New Delhi)1985
26Indira Gandhi National Tribal UniversityMadhya Pradesh (Amarkantak)2007
27Jamia Millia IslamiaDelhi (New Delhi)1920 (1988)+
28Jawaharlal Nehru UniversityDelhi (New Delhi)1969
29Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi VishwavidyalayaMaharashtra (Wardha)1997
30Mahatma Gandhi Central UniversityBihar (Motihari)2016
31Manipur UniversityManipur (Imphal)1985 (2005)+
32Maulana Azad National Urdu UniversityTelangana (Hyderabad)1998
33Mizoram UniversityMizoram (Aizawl)2000
34Nagaland UniversityNagaland (Lumami)1994
35Nalanda UniversityBihar (Rajgir, Nalanda)2010
36National Sports UniversityManipur (Imphal)2018
37North Eastern Hill UniversityMeghalaya (Shillong)1973
38Pondicherry UniversityPuducherry (Pondicherry)1985
39Rajiv Gandhi National Aviation UniversityUttar Pradesh (Raebareily)2013
40Rajiv Gandhi UniversityArunachal Pradesh (Itanagar)1985 (2007)+
41Rani Lakshmi Bai Central Agricultural UniversityUttar Pradesh (Jhansi)2014
42Sikkim UniversitySikkim (Gangtok)2007
43South Asian University^Delhi (New Delhi)2010
44Tezpur UniversityAssam (Tezpur)1994
45Tripura UniversityTripura (Agartala)1987
46University of AllahabadUttar Pradesh (Allahabad)1887
47University of DelhiDelhi (New Delhi)1922
48University of HyderabadTelangana (Hyderabad)1974
49Visva Bharati UniversityWest Bengal (Shantiniketan)1921
50Central University of Andhra PradeshAndhra Pradesh2018
51Central Tribal University of Andhra PradeshAndhra Pradesh2019
52The National Sanskrit UniversityTirupati1956
53The Central Sanskrit UniversityNew Delhi 1970
54Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri National Sanskrit UniversityNew Delhi1962

+= The year in which the institution got the status of a central university.

State-Wise Division of Central Universities in India

As we are now familiar with the list of central universities in India, let us now take a quick look at the number of centralized universities present in popular states and UTs of India-

States/Union TerritoriesNumber of Central Universities
Andhra Pradesh3
Arunachal Pradesh1
Himachal Pradesh1
Jammu & Kashmir1
Madhya Pradesh1
Tamil Nadu2
Uttar Pradesh6
West Bengal1

Jawaharlal Nehru University

Jawaharlal Nehru University was established in 1966 under the act of Parliament. It received the Best University Award from the President of India in 2017. Revered for its Master’s programmes, especially, Political Science, the university was also the first to introduce an integrated five-year MA programme in Foreign Languages. It offers 10 undergraduate, 34 post-graduate, and 73 PhD courses. To take admission, one needs to qualify for JNUEE, which is a national-level entrance test conducted by NTA.

Banaras Hindu University

Banaras Hindu University was established in 1916 and is one of the oldest universities in India. It offers various courses spread across Engineering, Agriculture, Law, Medical Science, Commerce, etc. It has two independent entrance tests, BHU UET and BHU PET for undergraduate and postgraduate enrollment respectively. The intake of engineering students is done as per JEE Advanced ranking and those who wish to get into the Medical Science programs need to clear NEET.

University of Hyderabad

The University of Hyderabad was established in 1974 and is well known for its postgraduate programs like M.Tech, M.Sc, M.Ed, MBA, MFA, M.A, MCA,  etc. Apart from offering a wide range of integrated programs in B.Tech, B.Sc, and BA, the University of Hyderabad is also revered for its distance education programs. Being one of the most popular central universities in India, it conducts its own independent entrance test called UoH Entrance Exam and for some courses, a personal interview is also taken. 

Jamia Millia Islamia

Jamia Millia Islamia was started in Aligarh in 1920 and was later moved to Delhi in 1925. It offers various courses in the field of Engineering, Arts, Science, Commerce, English, Law, etc. at bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral levels. Jamia conducts its independent entrance test for various courses. 

University of Delhi

One of the most coveted central universities in India, the University of Delhi was established in the year 1922. Amongst the Delhi University courses after 12th, BA and BSc are the most sought-after programs. There are over 90 colleges affiliated with the university and the enrollment into UG courses is based on merit i.e class 12th board examination scores. For some PG courses, it conducts its own test, however, for pursuing courses like MBA in Delhi University, clearing CAT is essential.

Tezpur University

Tezpur University was established in the state of Assam in 1994. It is revered for its Science, Technology, Humanities, and Management courses. It also houses a Centre for Open and Distance Learning through which diplomas, certificates, and post-graduate, and undergraduate courses are offered. The Tezpur Univerity Entrance Exam [TUEE] is conducted for granting admission to various programs like Integrated B.Sc. B.Ed, MA English, etc.  

North-Eastern Hill University

North-Eastern Hill University was started in the year 1973 in the city of Shillong and also has a campus in Tura. M.Sc. in Horticulture, Master of Tourism & Travel Management, BA LL.B.(Hons), and B.Arch, are some of the popular courses of the university. There are 53 colleges affiliated with it, which offer undergraduate programs.

Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University

The Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University was established in 1944. It offers the kind of education needed through various inclusive, society-oriented programs for transforming our country in the disciplines of Humanities and Sciences, Engineering, Agriculture, Biotechnology, Business, Law, Education and Environmental Sciences – through a breadth of highly regarded degree programs that allow students the freedom to explore their intellectual and personal growth. 

Assam University

Assam University came into existence in 1944 after the enactment of the Assam (Central) University Act 1989. Through its pursuit, Assam University is in the process of making itself an institute of excellence. It offers programs in humanities, languages, environmental sciences, information sciences, law, technology, management studies, etc. The university offers major courses such as MBA, BTech, MTech, BA LLM, PGDM, etc. Admission to these courses is entrance-based. 

Mahatma Gandhi Central University

Mahatma Gandhi Central University came into existence by an act of parliament, the central universities Amendment Act 2014. The University became functional on 3rd Feb 2016. The university is offering both UG and PG courses in 7 schools and 15 departments. School of Commerce & Management Sciences, School of computational sciences, School of Education, School of humanities and languages, School of Life Sciences, School of Physical Sciences, School of Social Sciences. 

Visva Bharti University

In May 1951, Visva Bharti University was declared to be a central university and an institute of national importance. The university is divided into institutes, centres, departments, and schools. The respective departments are included in the institutes. Visva Bharti offers various courses in higher studies like Pre-degree (10+2), undergraduate, postgraduate, PhD, etc. In order to take admission to Visva Bharti, every student needs to go through the process properly. 

Rajiv Gandhi University

Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences was set up in 1996 by the government of Karnataka, India for the regulation and promotion of higher education in health sciences throughout the state of Karnataka. RGUHS is a member of the association of commonwealth universities.

CUCET 2022 Participating Universities

Following is the list of central universities of different states with their codes and the total number of seats: 

Names of UniversitiesCodes Total No. of Seats
Central University of JammuCUJAM1364
Central University of OdishaCUO524
Central University of HaryanaCUHAR1132
Central University of PunjabCUPUN853
Central University of KashmirCUKAS838
Central University of South BiharCUSBR1115
Central University of JharkhandCUJHD782
Central University of KarnatakaCUKNK631
Central University of RajasthanCURAJ1030
Central University of Kerela CUKER1009
Central University of Tamil NaduCUTND1129
Central University of GujaratCUGUJ660
Central University of Andhra PradeshCUAPH195
Central University of AssamCUASM78
Central University of BengaluruBASE100
Central University of Behrampur KUBO144
Central University of JodhpurSPPU154

Also Read: Top 10 Engineering Colleges in India

Top 10 Central Universities in India

  1. Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
  2. Banaras Hindu University, Uttar Pradesh
  3. Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
  4. University of Hyderabad, Telangana
  5. Aligarh Muslim University, Uttar Pradesh
  6. University of Delhi, Delhi
  7. Tezpur University, Assam
  8. Pondicherry University, Pondicherry
  9. North-Eastern Hill University, Meghalaya
  10. Visva Bharati University, West Bengal

Best Central Universities in India

UniversitiesNIRF Ranking (2022)
Jawaharlal Nehru University1
Banaras Hindu University2
Jamia Millia Islamia3
University of Hyderabad4
Aligarh Muslim University5
University of Delhi6


What are the differences between Central and State universities?

The universities that are established and registered under the Act of Parliament as well as run and funded by the UGC are termed as the Central universities. On the other hand, the states universities come under the state government and are managed by them along with some autonomous bodies.

How many central universities are there in India?

There are 54 central universities in India.

Is IIT Central University?

Institutes like IIT and IIM are categorized as centrally funded technical institutes.

Though not restricted to the above-mentioned academic institutes, pursuing higher education from central universities in India has always been a preferred choice for the scores of students. Not sure which career path to choose after the 12th? Then reach out to Leverage Edu experts who will gauge your skills and interests and recommend the most suitable courses for you!

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