Universities are the backbone of higher education, preparing you for the final steps towards a bright future. But, how do you differentiate between colleges and universities? And how do you further differentiate between the different kinds of universities in India? In 2019, the Supreme Court of India guidelines on types of universities categorized by UGC as well as which institutions are deemed to be as a university. Through this blog, we will be discussing the meaning of deemed university, how is it different from central and state universities as well as the guidelines issued by the Ministry of Human Resource and Development and UGC for these universities.
This Blog Includes:
- Types of Universities in India
- Total Number of Universities in India
- Deemed University as per UGC
- List of Deemed Universities in India
- Meaning of Deemed University: How is it Categorized?
- State Universities vs Deemed Universities
- Difference between Deemed-to-be, Private and Autonomous Universities
- Deemed University: Why is it Better than the Rest?
Types of Universities in India
Before understanding the meaning of deemed university, let’s first understand the types of universities in the country. As per the categories of the University Grants Commission (UGC), universities in India are broadly divided into:
- Central Universities
- Private Universities
- State Universities
- Deemed-to-be Universities
- Autonomous colleges
Now, let’s understand what each of these categories means:
|Type of University||Features|
|Central University||Established or incorporated by the Central Act,
these universities are put under the direct purview
of the Ministry of Human Resource and
Development’s Department of Higher Education.
Assam University, University of Delhi, Rajiv Gandhi University,
|Private Universities||These are also UGC-approved but are
not central or state-funded.
Also, they cannot establish off-campus colleges or
|State Universities||Incorporated under the Provincial or State Act,
these universities are founded, funded, and
operated by the state government. Also, they have
the authority to confer as well as grant degrees to individuals.
|Deemed Universities||Mainly referred to as a high performing institution,
a Deemed-to-be-university is given the status
of autonomy by the MHRD’s Department of Higher Education.
They have complete autonomy to decide their
|Autonomous Institutes & Colleges||Allowed autonomy to control their admissions,
courses, syllabus, and other operations, autonomous
institutes and colleges are administrated by
the Department of Higher Education, MHRD.
Autonomous colleges have their affiliation
Total Number of Universities in India
Presently, there are 789 universities in India. Take a look at the table below to find out the category-wise total number of universities in India:
Deemed University as per UGC
To understand the meaning of deemed university, the definition given by UGC as per the new regulation is:
“An institution Deemed to be University means an institution of higher education as per the declaration carried out on the advice of the Commission by the Government following the Section 3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956.”
According to the Ministry of Human Resource Development, a university is ‘deemed to be a university once approved by the UGC. This decision is taken by the central government, on the suggestion of UGC. The meaning of deemed university is, to be a high-performing institution that has been granted the autonomy of its operations, admissions as well as to design its course and fees structure by itself. After a thorough analysis, a deemed university is not associated with the state and is given the ‘deemed to be university tag. People regard deemed universities like the ones which have better infrastructure and facilities. Deemed universities offer specially designed courses that can aid in skill development and impart knowledge in more industry-oriented subjects. Moreover, the deemed university is also properly inspected and monitored by UGC Committees to ensure that they are adhering to the prescribed rules and regulations.
List of Deemed Universities in India
Under section 3 of the UGC Act, 1956, here is a list of deemed universities of major states and union territories in India:
|Andhra Pradesh||Gandhi Institute of Technology & Management;
Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidhyapeeth;
Sri Sathya Institute of Higher Learning;
Vigyan Foundation for Science, Technology & Research;
Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation
|Delhi||Indian Agricultural Research Institute;
Indian Law Institute;
National Museum Institute of History of Arts,
Conservation and Musicology;
Indian Institute of Foreign Trade;
National University of Educational Planning & Administration;
Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan;
Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapith;
TERI School of Advanced Studies
|Jammu & Kashmir||Central Institute of Buddhist Studies (CIBS)|
|Haryana||National Institute of Food Technology, Entrepreneurship
& Management (NIFTEM);
Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University);
National Brain Research Centre;
National Dairy Research Institute;
Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies
|Punjab||Sant Logowal Institute of Engineering & Technology;
Thapar Institute of Engineering & Technology
|West Bengal||Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Educational & Research Institute;
Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS)
|Chandigarh||Punjab Engineering College|
Birla Institute of Technology & Science;
Institute of Advanced Studies in Education;
Jain Vishva Bharati Institute;
Janardan Rai Nagar Rajasthan Vidyapeeth;
The LNM Institute of Information Technology
Central Institute of Fisheries Education;
D.Y Patil Educational Society;
Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences;
Deccan College Postgraduate & Research Institute;
Dr D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth;
Gokhale Institute of Politics & Economics;
Homi Bhabha National Institute;
Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research;
Defense Institute of Advanced Technology;
International Institute for Population Sciences;
Institute of Chemical Technology;
Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences;
MGM Institute of Health Sciences;
Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies;
Padmashree Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeeth;
Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences;
Symbiosis International University;
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research;
Tata Institute of Social Sciences;
Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth
Meaning of Deemed University: How is it Categorized?
There are a few steps that need to be followed by a university to be awarded as the “deemed to be university” by the UGC. These steps are:
- The said university should have been awarded the highest score by the NAAC and in some cases, by the NBA for consecutive five cycles.
- In the case of the NBA, the credits should be awarded for all eligible courses. The university can also aim for NAAC/NBA’s highest category during application time or grab a position amongst the 100 National Ranking Framework list.
- The university should meet all the criteria of a good university in terms of academics, teaching methods, research facilities, etc.
- The university should be awarding undergraduate as well as 5 post-graduate degrees for 3 years in succession.
- It should be involved in various research and scholarly activities, along with different publication works. Faculty of Humanities should have a minimum of 10 publications, Faculty of Engineering and Medicine should have a minimum of 15 publications in journals referred by UGC, per year.
- The university should have numerous full-time teaching staff for both teaching and research activities, as per the UGC guidelines.
- The university should have proper infrastructure and facilities for research and data purposes.
- The university should have records of being privy to funding from various private/public agencies for different research purposes.
- The university should be engaged in social and extension services, officially.
- The university should accept not to offer distance learning courses.
State Universities vs Deemed Universities
|State Universities||Deemed Universities|
|Establish by a law passed by the legislature of a state||It is ‘deemed to be a university as defined in the UGC act of 1956|
|State universities decide their fee structure and course curriculum using a streamlined approach while keeping in mind that courses are affordable and economical||A deemed university has the autonomy to design its course fees and structure the way it wants to|
|Offers various facilities but not as advanced as Deemed Universities||State-of-the-art infrastructure and advanced facilities|
|Grant degrees to the enrolled students||May or may not grant degrees as it depends on the course structure they choose|
Difference between Deemed-to-be, Private and Autonomous Universities
|On the advice of UGC,
the autonomy granted by the Department of Higher Education (DHE), MHRD
|UGC approved||They come under the control of the Department of Higher Education (DHE), MHRD|
|Fully independent in
deciding courses, syllabus, fees, admissions
|Follows the UGC rules and regulations for daily operations||They run independently over their daily operations, syllabus, admission procedure|
|They can grant degrees or diplomas to the students||They can grant degrees or diplomas to the students, post-approval of UGC||Degrees are mostly awarded by the affiliated university (except for some Central/State-funded institutes like IITs or IIMs)|
|They can decide their own syllabus||They can decide their own syllabus||More academic freedom to change the syllabus and courses|
Deemed University: Why is it Better than the Rest?
The UGC tag over your university is a privilege, the meaning of a deemed university is that the university was awarded for the remarkable performance based on their educational and research parameters. When pursuing higher educations all the universities are equal, but when it comes to specialisation and research purposes, a deemed university is regarded as the first choice due to the facilities, teaching staff, and course structure.
Deemed University is an accreditation granted to higher academic institutions in India to provide them with the status of a university. They enjoy the academic status, privileges, and autonomy in terms of deciding their courses, fees, admission, etc., similar to any university in the country. This accreditation is conferred by the Ministry of Human Resources and Development on the recommendation of UGC.
The key difference between a deemed university and a university is that a deemed university is not a full-fledged university but is given the status of autonomy provided to a university by allotting it the title of “deemed” by DHE under MHRD on the advice of UGC. Deemed Universities mainly enjoy full autonomy and independence in decisions regarding their admissions, fees, courses, syllabus, etc. and if they continue to perform well, they are granted the status of a university by UGC.
Deemed Universities are considered as good as universities since they have good infrastructure facilities as well as top-notch courses to offer to students. They also provide placements as well as are well-known for their specially designed skill development courses.
IITs are the Institutes of National Importance under the Institutes of Technology Act, 1961, and are not under the UGC Act 1956. IITs are not deemed universities because they are not even granted the status of a university but are Central Funded Technical Institutes and come under the IIT council of MHRD, not UGC.
They are neither fully private universities, nor fully fall under government. A deemed-to-be-university is affiliated to UGC and enjoys independence in deciding syllabus, fees, courses, and admission process.
Yes, the degree of Deemed University is reputable and valid as it is recognized by the government.
The meaning of deemed university is in simple terms being awarded a title for being one of the best in their field. We at Leverage Edu understand that you want to be part of the best institutes for your education and with the help of our experts that dream can become a reality.