Types of Engineering Degrees

7 minute read
Types of Engineering Degrees

From the development of robots and programming software to manufacturing giant aircraft and constructing humongous buildings, Engineers are required in almost every sector. With excellent employment and career opportunities, it is one of the most opted degree courses after 12th Science. Though traditional types of engineering degrees like Mechanical, Civil, Electrical, and Computer Science are common, a wide range of new and emerging disciplines like Nanoscience, Biotechnology, Petroleum Engineering, etc are now being explored by scores of students. In this blog, we have collated a list of both, conventional as well as new Engineering fields that have opened employment avenues across sectors!

Types of Engineering Degrees: Traditional Courses

When it comes to the engineering branches, there are some, which have been opted by scores of students for ages. Thus, they still are popular choices amongst many. Enlisted are some of the traditional types of Engineering degrees. 

Types of Engineering Degrees: Emerging Programs

With the advent of new technologies and the growing interdependence of different sectors over each other, new and multidisciplinary engineering courses have emerged. With applications rooted in different industries, here are some of the best Engineering courses for future which you must consider:

Also Read: Masters in Mechanical Engineering in Canada

Types of Engineering Degrees: Brief Overview

Now that you know and must have seen the above enlisted different types of engineering degrees, let us understand the salient features of some of them. 

Mechanical Engineering 

Encompassing the elements of nanotechnology, nuclear power production, manufacturing process, thermodynamics, structural analysis, material science as well as kinematics, Mechanical Engineering is a popular choice amongst students. Being a vast domain, you can also choose to specialize in sub-branches like Ceramic, Robotics, Manufacturing, and Tool and Die making. Here are some of the leading universities offering different types of engineering degrees in this field: 

Electrical Engineering 

When it comes to the types of engineering degrees, Electrical Engineering is one of the oldest and coveted options. It involves the study and development of efficient technology, electronic equipment, communication and navigation systems, power grids as well as automobiles for various applications. You can pursue this course from some of the academic institutes mentioned below: 

Civil Engineering

Not only the oldest, but Civil Engineering is one of the fastest-growing types of engineering degrees even in the modern world. Apart from Project Management, you will also be familiarized with concepts related to Earthquake Engineering, Materials, Steel and Masonry Structure, Concrete Technology, etc. Offered in the form of Certificate, Bachelor’s, Masters as well as at Doctorate, here are some of the top-notch universities offering various types of Civil Engineering courses:

Architectural Engineering 

Another addition to our list of different types of engineering degrees in Architectural Engineering. Dealing with devising a blueprint of buildings and smart cities while taking parameters like heating, ventilation, air conditioning, environmental effects, earthquake protection, electrical and fire protection, etc into consideration, Architectural Engineering is an excellent choice for those who want to apply technical knowledge in designing. It is available in the form of certificate, degree, and doctorate programs by some of the universities mentioned below. 

Chemical Engineering

Chemical engineering, in its widest meaning, is a type of engineering degree or field that is primarily concerned with chemicals. These engineers create materials and products by using scientific concepts from chemistry, biology, arithmetic, and physics. They may also devise novel methods of harnessing and transforming energy. Chemical engineers work with microbes, food, medicines, and fuels, and they frequently conduct research and other activities in laboratories. Offered in the form of Certificate, Bachelor’s, Masters as well as at Doctorate, here are some of the top-notch universities offering various types of Chemical Engineering courses: 

Industrial Engineering

Industrial engineering is another type of engineering field that integrates engineering with common business techniques to decrease costs, enhance quality, and boost efficiency. These experts are frequently employed in areas such as service, entertainment, and healthcare, among others. As an industrial engineer, you must be able to collaborate with others while emphasizing safety and productivity. The major responsibilities of industrial engineers may include developing facilities and information systems, managing inventory, supervising staff assignments, and assuring workplace safety. Here are some world-renowned universities that are offering different courses in Industrial Engineering: 

Aerospace Engineering 

A degree in Aerospace Engineering involves the study of air and space transport. Military aircraft design and development, as well as commercial airline design and satellite technology, may be included. Aerospace Engineering is concerned with aircraft and spacecraft that fly outside of our atmosphere. Enlisted below are some of the popular universities for Aerospace Engineering: 

Biomedical Engineering 

Do you want to learn about the science underlying human diseases and what causes them? Maybe you’re more interested in developing technology that leads to better diagnosis and treatment. Biomedical engineering integrates the study of medicine and biology. Biomedical engineers apply their design abilities to biological and medical sciences. They do this to assist in the improvement of healthcare treatment technologies. They create and maintain diagnostic instruments. EEGs, MRIs, and other imaging machines are examples of medical devices. These devices are used by physicians to diagnose medical issues in their patients. This is a fast-paced business that, while hard, maybe a rewarding career path to pursue. Here are top universities for Biomedical Engineering around the world: 

Also Read: Automotive Engineering Universities

20 Types of Engineering

Do you want to pursue a type of engineering degree that is different from the traditional ones? We are sure you haven’t heard about these unusual types of engineering degrees. Here is the list of few courses:

  • Sports Engineering
  • Formula One Racing Engineer
  • NASA Curiosity Driver
  • Entertainment Engineer
  • Photonics Engineer
  • Chocolate Engineer
  • LEGO Designer
  • Rollercoaster Engineer
  • Music Machine Learning Engineer
  • Skatepark Engineer
  • Ceramic Engineering
  • Earthquake Engineering
  • Fashion Engineering
  • Food Engineering
  • Mechatronics
  • Metallurgical Engineering
  • Plastics Engineering
  • Polymer Engineering
  • Marine Engineering
  • Paint Technology Engineering

Also Read: Engineering Scholarships

Top 7 Unique Types of Engineering Degrees

Now that you have heard about chocolate engineer and sports engineering, be prepared to read some of the engineering departments you haven’t heard of before:

  • Carpet Engineering
  • Mining Machinery Engineering
  • Automation Engineering
  • Landspace Engineering
  • Photonics Engineering
  • Paper Engineering
  • Hydraulic Engineering

Types of Engineering Degrees in India

When it comes to the different types of engineering degrees, it is important to note that many fields are interdisciplinary and hence, some fall within the bracket of one type while also sharing applications in the other types. Tabulated below is a list of Engineering fields with their sub-branches that will make things clear. 

Engineering DisciplinesSub-branches
Civil EngineeringStructural Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Water Engineering
Forensic Engineering
Geotechnical Engineering
Chemical EngineeringPaper and Pulp Engineering
Biochemical Engineering
Material Science Engineering
Nuclear Engineering
Mechanical EngineeringManufacturing Engineering
Thermal Engineering
Mechatronics Engineering
Aerospace Engineering
Railway Engineering
Acoustical Engineering
Electrical EngineeringRobotics and Automation Engineering
Microelectronic Engineering
Power Engineering
Telecommunications Engineering
Satellite Engineering
Photonics Engineering
Computer/Software EngineeringBioinformatics Engineering
Computer Software/Hardware Engineering
Software and Data Engineering
Data Engineering

Types of Engineering Degrees and Salaries

Engineering is a vast area of study and there are different types of engineering, but when it comes down to the basics, engineering is all about using specialized bases of knowledge to solve a critical problem. Since we witness a wide variety of problems, we have an equally wide range of engineering jobs. The salary varies for different types of engineering as well. However, the average salary of an Engineering graduate in India is INR 2,00,000 to INR 10,00,000 per annum.


Amongst all the branches, which is the highest paying Engineering field?

As per the 2019 data of the Bureau of Labor Statistics, here are some of the Engineering disciplines which have a good median pay:

1. Aerospace Engineering
2. Agricultural Engineering
3. Biomedical Engineering
4. Chemical Engineering
5. Civil Engineering
6. Computer Hardware Engineering
7. Electrical and Electronics Engineering
8. Environmental Engineering
9. Industrial Engineering
10. Marine Engineering/Naval Architecture

Out of the different types of Engineering degrees, which has the highest scope in the future?

Enlisted are some of the Engineering fields that hold great importance for the future:
1. Software Engineering
2. Robotics and Automation Engineering
3. Aeronautical Engineering
4. Marine Engineering
5. Project Engineer
6. Electrical and Electronics Engineering
7. Biomedical Engineering
8. Environmental Engineering
9. Petroleum Engineering
10. Computer Science Engineering

What are the 6 main types of engineers?

There are now 6 major branches of engineering: Mechanical, Chemical, Civil, Electrical, Management, and Geotechnical, and literally hundreds of different subcategories of engineering under each branch.

Which engineering is best for the future?

Enlisted below are some of the best Engineering Courses for Future:
Computer Science and Engineering.
Mechanical Engineering.
Electrical Engineering.
Solar Engineering.
Wind Energy Engineering.
Environmental Engineering.
Marine Engineering.

Are engineers more intelligent than doctors?

According to a randomised research (Hauser, R), engineers have an IQ of 110 or 75 percentile, while doctors have an IQ of 121 or 92 percentile.

Hence, when it comes to different types of engineering degrees, there is a wide range of options to choose from! Want to pursue engineering from a  globally acclaimed university? The admission process seems daunting? Then reach out to our experts at Leverage Edu through an e-meeting and get assistance right from completing admission formalities to writing an impressive SOP! 

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