Law Subjects

7 minute read
Law Subjects

A degree in law equips individuals to work in legal advisory firms and litigation to modern disciplines like Human Rights and Environmental Law, amongst others. Seen as a respected field for centuries, it has seen the amalgamation of areas of technology, business, patent and intellectual property, public policy and much more. Parallelly, the course offerings around the world have also expanded endeavouring to give students a comprehensive grasp of the mechanics of diverse law subjects along with the required practical training opportunities, moot court, assistantships and research projects. 

Course Types & Overview

A Bachelor of Laws or LLB is the most sought-after pathway to build a career in Law. While this acts as a preliminary degree in law, there are several similar course options one can explore. This includes degree programs like the BA LLB, Master of Laws (LLM), Master of Human Rights Laws, Juris Doctor, and Master of Legal Studies as well as legal certificate courses focusing on specific topics. Students must note that the nature, number and orientation of Law subjects that form part of different degrees vary according to the course objectives, chosen specialisation and other factors involved. Moreover, to enter into a law court, appearing for ability testing entrance exams, for instance, the AILET Exam is a common criterion.

Law Subjects in Class 11th

School students can pursue a 5-year LLB after completing their schooling, however, there are various subjects that budding aspirants who wish to pursue Law after 10th or 11th can opt for. These subjects are often offered in 11th or 12th grade to prepare students for a bachelor’s in Law. Here are the popular law subjects after 10th and 11th- 

  • Legal Studies
  • Political Science
  • Psychology
  • Economics
  • Mathematics

These subjects are not a compulsory requirement for studying Law in India or Abroad. Most Law Universities conduct entrance exams for admissions. Students from commerce, science or humanities background are free to apply and sit for these exams!

Law Subjects after 12th

The vast LLB syllabus is split up into core law subjects [mandatory], concentrations or specialisations tracks and electives. While core subjects need to be taken by each student to build a strong foundation of law, concentrations and electives provide the necessary flexibility to diversify the study program according to one’s interests. In particular, specialisation tracks focus on substantial issues within law such as business law and policy, international law, and technology law as well as connections of law with philosophy, history and much more. Here is a list of popular law subjects-

  1. Intellectual Property Law
  2. Environmental Law
  3. Immigration Law
  4. Family and Juvenile Law
  5. Islamic Law
  6. Labour Law
  7. Civil Rights
  8. Corporate Law
  9. Criminal Law
  10. Education Law
  11. International Law
  12. Tax Law
  13. Divorce Law
  14. Property and Real Estate Law
  15. Sports Law
  16. Patent Law
  17. Media Law
  18. Cyber Law
  19. Merger and Acquisition Law
  20. Constitutional Law
  21. Healthcare Law
  22. Admiralty Law/Maritime Law
  23. European Law
  24. Business and Commercial Law
  25. Banking, Finance and Accounting Law
  26. Bankruptcy Law
  27. International Trade Law
  28. Animal Law
  29. Entertainment Law
  30. Immigration Law
  31. Military Law
  32. Administrative Law
  33. Amendment Law
  34. Human Rights Law
  35. Labour and Employment Law

Note: This is only an indicative list of Law subjects. Specialisation tracks and concentrations vary greatly from university to university, so, prospective applicants are advised to check individual course descriptions on the official website of the particular university.

List of Law Subjects at Bachelor’s and Master’s Level

With major law courses offered at the bachelor’s and master’s levels, the subjects vary as per the degree and specialisation you have selected. Here are the major law subjects offered at undergraduate and postgraduate levels:

Law Subjects at Bachelor’s Level

At the undergraduate level, the major law programs offered are LLB, BA LLB and BBA LLB along with varied specialised law degrees in Corporate Law, Labour Law, etc. Though the actual course offering might be diverse for each degree, here are some of the major law subjects in LLB, BA LLB and related courses.

Legal MethodLabour Law
Family LawConstitutional Law
Law of EvidenceJurisprudence
Corporate LawHuman Rights and International Law
Civil Procedure CodeAdministrative Law
Taxation LawProperty Law

Law Subjects at Master’s Level

For those wanting to study a postgraduate degree in Law, a host of specialisations is on offer. LLM is the commonly offer master’s degree in Law and there are many specialised postgraduate courses in Law which you can choose from. Take a look at the popular law subjects covered at the master’s level in LLM courses:

Judicial Process Human Rights and Humanitarian Law
Intellectual Property RightsCorporate Law
International Trade LawDispute Resolution 
Legal ResearchSocial Transformation


To assist you further in your research, we have selected a few of the popular Law subjects covered in common law courses across the globe. However, the intensity may change according to the level of the course.

Check out the Best Online Internships for Law Students During the Pandemic

Law SubjectsParticulars
Administrative LawRole of Courts in Regulatory State; History & Modern Methods of Regulation, Study of Pathologies of Administration, etc
Criminal LawLaw and Personal Liberties, Transgressions, Rights, Liberties and Responsibilities, etc
Evidence LawAdmissibility of evidence in courts, Testimonial Competence, Rule Against Hearsay, etc
Family LawIssues of Divorce, Legal Support, Domestic Contracts, Matrimonial Property Rights, Custody, Access etc
Finance, Business & Accounting in LawBasic Concepts of business, accounting, management, finance and their impacts on Law, etc
Health LawHealth Regulation, Medical Negligence, Bioethics, Information Privacy, Informed Consent, etc
Legal EthicsSolicitor-Client Relationship, Conflict of Interest, Privilege & Confidentiality, Whistle Blowing, etc
Intellectual Property LawCopyrights, Patents, Trademarks, Competition, etc
JurisprudenceBodies of Jurisprudence-Formalism, Legal Realism, Topics in connection with Economics, Religion, Literature, etc
Labour &
Employment Law
Economic Justice, Labour contracts, Employment Standards & Regulation, Unfair Labour Practices, Industrial Conflict, etc
Property LawReal Property, Personal Property, Laws and Regulations, etc.
TortsDefamation, Economic Torts, Medical Torts, Damages, etc
Contract LawMutual Assent, Consideration, Breach, Bail, Damages etc
Human Rights LawsInternational Conventions, Detention, Exile, Racial Discrimination, Minorities etc
Environmental LawEnvironmental Regulations, Rights, Contemporary Issues, etc 
History of Common
Development & Evolution of Civil & Criminal Procedure Code 

Note: The above-mentioned list of law subjects is not exhaustive. 

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Law colleges across the globe offer a diverse range of courses catering to the specific needs of individuals. Eligibility conditions may differ but generally, for an LLB course, applicants need to be a graduate in any field from a recognised institution. Advanced degrees like LLM, Master of Legal Studies etc also implement flexible eligibility criteria of admission considering everyone from bachelor’s to master’s degree holders in a wide range of Law subjects and disciplines. The process of application may include submission of LSAT/GRE/GMAT and IELTS/TOEFL scores, Statement of Purpose (SOP), Letters of Recommendation (LOR), official previous university transcripts and resume or CV, amongst others.

Top Law Universities in the World

A large number of universities in different parts of the world offer valued courses in law. Tabulated below are the renowned universities that offer law degrees at various levels of education that are esteemed for their practical learning, research-oriented teaching style and global exposure. 

University of EssexEngland
Rey Juan Carlos UniversitySpain
University of LondonEngland
University of KentEngland
University of LeonSpain
University of DundeeScotland
University of HelsinkiFinland
Arden UniversityEngland
London Metropolitan UniversityEngland

Top Colleges in India

Here are the top colleges in India for studying Law. Most of these universities either accept admission through the famous CLAT exam or conduct their university specific entrance exams like SLAT and Jamia Entrance Exam. 

Top College in IndiaState
National Law School of India Bengaluru
National Law UniversityNew Delhi
Nalsar University of LawHyderabad
Indian Institute of Technology KharagpurKharagpur
National Law UniversityJodhpur
The West Bengal National University of Juridical SciencesKolkata
Gujarat National Law UniversityGandhinagar
Symbiosis Law SchoolPune
Jamia Millia IslamiaNew Delhi
The Rajiv Gandhi National University of LawPatiala

Career Scope 

After finishing law, candidates can enter a number of sectors like health, education, crime, civil, corporate, social work, banking and finance. The level of opportunity after Law is tremendous, candidates can either become legal advisors, lawyers, advocates, judges or teachers/ professors. Here are some job profiles for law graduates to browse through-

Job ProfileAverage Salary in India
Legal Advisor₹588,906- ₹5,89,000
Judge₹1 lakh/monthly
Judge Advocate General₹69,400 – 2,07,200
Advocate₹9,00,000 -₹12, 00,000
Law Professors₹4,00,000 -₹9, 00,000
Legal Analyst₹5,38,907
Legal Editor₹5,54,660
Legal Journalist₹4,00,000 -₹9,00,000
Legal Researcher₹1.30,000 – ₹ 9.80,000  
Legal Associate₹4,00,000 -₹9,00,000

Click here to Know More about Different Types of Lawyers in India

Top Recruiters

Most candidates after graduating opt to practise law in a number of popular specializations like civil, human rights, criminal, corporate, property and international. Candidates have the choice to either independently practice law or join a reputed law firm to practise art. Law graduates can also enter the corporate world by joining a number of MNCs like Amazon, Google, PWC, KPMG and EY and their legal department. Most companies have a team of legal advisors and lawyers or lawyers on retainer to assist with a number of activities like mergers, checking the legality of corporate and commercial transactions, helping with international law and more. Click here to know more about the popular law firms in India.

Q1. What are subjects in law?

Ans. Criminal law, intellectual property rights (IPR), labour and work laws, family law, tort law, consumer protection act, constitutional law, the law of evidence, human rights, international law, trade laws, environmental law, etc. are among the topics covered in the LLB degree.

Q2. Is LLB easy to study?

Ans. LLB is not a particularly challenging course to undertake compared to other professional programmes like BTech and MBBS, whether it is a three or five year one.

Q3. Which type of LLB is best?

Ans. The 5-year LLB programme is your best choice if you are confident that you want to pursue a career in law. When compared to 3-year LLB programmes, this course not only offers the same educational benefit but also saves one academic year.

Hence, the list of law subjects is spread across varied areas of study as well as the aspects of our society. If you are interested in pursuing a career in any of the law specialisations mentioned above but have concerns related to its suitability and further prospects, consult our experts at Leverage Edu by signing up for a free 30-minute session and take an informed decision towards a fulfilling career.

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