How to Become a Judge?

7 minute read
How to Become a Judge

The pathway to becoming a Judge is lengthy and demands a great level of hard work but it can lead to a promising career. Counted among the most reputed professions, the position of a judge is on top of the jurisprudential order. The job of a Judge comes with great responsibilities and can be highly demanding. If you are curious to know how to become a judge, then the blog will explore the key aspects of the process. 

Here is all you need to know about a career in Law!

What Does a Judge Do?

Also known as the ‘custodian of the constitution, a Judge is someone who is in a place of authority in courtroom proceedings. The powers and responsibilities of a judge vary across different jurisdictions. Each case brought in front of a judge has numerous values, emotions, and stakes attached to it.

A judge is responsible for deciding the fate of the plaintiff and the person accused.  While a few roles are carried out in the courtroom during trials, a lot of the work like seeking opinions, research, and discussion of cases is carried out behind curtains in chambers. The fundamental responsibilities of judges include:

  1. Supervising trials and listening to allegations of prosecutors and defendants, testimonies of witnesses, etc. 
  2. A judge also informs/reminds the defendant/plaintiff of their rights.
  3. The judge also holds the power to rule on the admissibility of evidence. 
  4. They also instruct the jury and determine whether the defendant is guilty or innocent.
  5. A judge then decides on the sentences or punishments given to the guilty. They also determine how long will the sentence last. 
  6. The verdict made by the chief justice is final. All these decisions are made based on an intense and meticulous understanding of the trial. 

Apart from these responsibilities in a courtroom, a judge is the guardian of the constitution and protector of fundamental rights. This means that the conflicts of any state or central government will be reviewed by the judiciary keeping all rights and laws in check. 

Also Read: LLB – Bachelor of Law

How to Become a Judge in India?

YouTube: Law Giri

The Indian judicial system is an integrated judicial system that compromises the Supreme Court or the apex court at the top (national level) the high courts and the subordinate courts (state level). With each court having a different set of judges, the eligibility and powers for each court are different.

How to Become a Judge in Supreme Court in India?

The supreme or the Apex court is the prime court where the judge has extensive powers and is appointed by the president of India. 

Qualifications to Become a Judge in Supreme Court

  • The person should be a citizen of India.
  • Must have an LLB/LLM degree.
  • He/She should have been a judge of a High Court for at least 5 years or he/she should have been an advocate of a High Court for 10 years.
  • Apart from these, a person is also eligible if he/she is an exceptional jurist according to the president.

How to Become a Judge in High Court in India?

The high court is the chief of the state’s judicial administration. 

Qualifications to Become a Judge in High Court

  • A person must be a citizen of India.
  • Must have an LLB/LLM degree.
  • He/she should have held a judicial office in India for 10 years or he should have been an advocate of a high court for 10 years.

How to Become a Judge in Subordinate Court in India?

The courts at district levels are called subordinate courts. 

Qualifications to Become a Judge in Subordinate Court

  • The person must have an LLB/LLM degree.
  • He/she must have passed the exam by the state Public Service Commission.

Earning a Law Degree 

The primary thing to start a career in Law as a Judge is to earn a Law degree. An undergraduate degree in Law or an LLB degree is a prerequisite for anyone to prosper in the field. A number of reputed law schools around the world offer LLB courses that mark the beginning of your journey to Judgeship. To get admission to prestigious Law schools in India, you need to qualify CLAT exam. But if you are planning to undertake legal studies abroad in top schools like Harvard, Yale, Oxford, or Cambridge, you need to get a valid score on the LSAT exam. Preparing for LSAT can be a daunting task but scoring well in the exam can surely guarantee you the best education in the legal domain.

Given below is the list of top law schools in the world that you can get admission in with a good LSAT score:

Also Read: Law Entrance Exams: India & Abroad

Best Law Colleges in India

Earning a degree in LLB or LLM is the core and initial process of how to become a judge. Many colleges in India build and train you for being a competent lawyer and judge. The following is a list of top law colleges in India:

  • National Law School of India University, Banglore
  • National Law University, Delhi
  • NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  • National Law University, Rajasthan
  • The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences
  • Symbiosis Law School. Pune
  • Jamia Milia Islamia, Delhi
  • The Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Punjab

Gaining Experience 

While exploring the question of how to become a Judge, you must know that having work experience is imperative. In a courtroom, Judges are met with a variety of cases that sometimes can challenge them. The slightest carelessness due to inexperience can hamper the process of delivering justice. This is why highly competent candidates are chosen for the job. To ensure that a highly experienced professional is overseeing a case, the candidate has to meet a list of requirements to shoulder the responsibility of a Judge in a courtroom. Most of the Law professionals work as attorneys prior to attaining judgeship. A variety of fields are there that a lawyer can specialize in before applying for the exam for a judgeship. The specializations include Immigration Law, Civil Rights Law, Environmental Law, Corporate Law, Tax Law, and Intellectual Property Law

Pass a Licensure Exam

Once you have got your bachelor’s in Law degree, the next thing is to qualify for the Judicial Services Exam or the PCS (J)-Provincial Civil Service-Judicial Examination. The competitive exam is taken by state authorities under the supervision of the respective high courts to appoint the members for the lower judiciary. The age limit for the exam varies between 21 to 35 years. The eligibility for the exam is to have a degree in LLB and work experience of a minimum of 7 years. The exam is conducted in three stages which involve Preliminary, Mains, and interviews. The questions asked in the Preliminary exam are objective-based while the Mains paper is subjective in nature. In India, around 24 states conduct the exam with each state having its own eligibility criteria. Before applying for the exam, it is advisable to go through the requirements. The syllabus for the licensure exam covers subjective topics like Criminal Law, Penal Code, and Constitution besides the topics on General Knowledge, Aptitude and Reasoning and Language. 

Skills Required

Acquiring the power and position to strike that gavel requires certain requisites. Educational qualifications and experience are not enough to become a Judge. Owing to the sensitivity of cases and intricacies involved in jurisprudence, the role of a judge is highly critical. The selection of candidates for the judgeship is administered by experts from the field who evaluate their profile on various parameters.   

Besides meeting the requirements for the position, the candidate should possess the following skills: 

  • Critical Reasoning Skills 
  • Objective Analysis
  • Careful Listening Skills
  • Unbiased Decision Making
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Empathy
  • Writing Skills


The Salary of a judge depends on the type and the position of the judge. The initial salary for a district-level judge is INR 7,00,000. It further increases with experience and ranges from INR 1,44,840 – INR 2,24,100. The average monthly salary of a supreme court judge and a high court judge is INR 2.50 lakh. 

Books to enhance your Judicial Knowledge

Apart from reading every inch of the Indian Constitution and studying it deeply, students must also learn from the ample books written by judges, novelists, and experts in the law.


Which is the best university for pursuing LLB abroad?

Harvard University
University of Oxford
University of Cambridge
Yale University
Stanford University
The University of Melbourne

How much is the salary of a Judge in India?

The average salary for a district-level judge is INR 7,00,000.

Which are the best colleges for LLB in India?

National Law School of India University, Banglore
National Law University, Delhi
NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad
Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
National Law University, Rajasthan

We hope this blog answered the question – of how to become a Judge. A dream career for many but pursued by few who are strong-willed and determined to stand by justice. If you have high ambitions then you are the right person for this job. We at Leverage Edu help students achieve their dream careers, call us and book a FREE session today!

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    1. Hello Reuel,
      We are delighted to hear positive feedback coming to us from your way. We are always pleased by our readers supporting us and our content. If you aspire to kickstart you career in law, then feel free to reach out to our Leverage Edu experts at 1800572000 and they will give you the right kind of mentorship and guidance!

  1. I have a question . You have mentioned that 7 year of work experience is required for becoming a lower court judge. Is this true, please guide ?