Biotechnology Subjects

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Biotechnology Subjects

With the development in Science and Technology, new disciplines, which encompass the elements of various fields are emerging. Biotechnology is one such multidisciplinary course that merges the principles of various branches of Biology with Technology in its curriculum. From genetics and structural chemistry to bioinformatics and marine biotechnology, you will get acquainted with a multitude of concepts and their applications in numerous fields like Medicine, Engineering Agriculture, Food Production, Drug and Pharmaceutics, amongst others. Biotechnology subjects are diverse and wide-ranging and involve a keenness in knowing about the world of science. So, if you are exploring a career in Biotechnology, then in this blog, we have listed down the important subjects taught in Biotechnology courses at various levels. 

Biotechnology Subjects: Diploma Courses

At the diploma level, the foundational concepts of the course are established. This helps in exploring various areas of interest, familiarizes you with concepts related to the interdisciplinary fields, their research methodology, and application in industries. Tabulated below is a list of Biotechnology subjects taught at the Diploma level. 

Duration of the course  3 years 
Type  Diploma 
Eligibility  After 10th 
Biological Chemistry  Biostatistics and Computer Biotechnology Laboratory
Biophysical Chemistry Molecular Biology Microbiology
Cell Biology and Genetics Plant and Animal Biotechnology Human Anatomy
Bioenergetics and Biomembranes Industrial and Environmental Biotechnology Physiology
Animal and Plant Physiology Molecular Biology Laboratory Environmental Toxicology

Biotechnology Subjects at Bachelor’s Level  

With application rooted in almost every industry, a wide range of Biotechnology courses are now being offered at the bachelors level. This includes BSc Biotechnology and BTech Biotechnology. Though the curriculum varies, both the courses focus on studying the characteristics of microorganisms and putting them to use for developing industry beneficial products. Hence, there are some common areas which you’ll come across during the journey of these courses which last for 3 and 4 years respectively.

Duration of the course  3 years 
Type  Degree
Level  Undergraduate (UG)
Eligibility  Minimum 10+2

Tabulated below is a list of Biotechnology subjects taught in BTech and BSc courses. 

Biomathematics Microbial Genetics Enzyme Technology
Inorganic Chemistry Life Science Animal Biotechnology
Foundation Course in Physics Cell Biology Developmental Biology
Molecular Genetics Biodiversity and Taxonomy Chemical Engineering
Concepts in Biotechnology Medical Biotechnology Environmental Biotechnology

Biotechnology Subjects at the Master’s Level 

Being an advanced program, courses at the PG level like MS in Biomedical Engineering, MSc Biotechnology, etc equip you with the technical concepts through the practical application of the subject. Running for a period of 1-2 years, these courses are comprehensively designed to impart extensive knowledge not only through core subjects like Molecular Structure, Genetic Engineering, Food Technology, etc but also through electives and majors.

Duration of the course  2 years 
Type  Degree
Level  Postgraduate (PG)
Eligibility  UG degree or any other equivalent

Mentioned below are Biotechnology subjects that form a part of the courses at the Master’s level:

Biomolecules Fermentation Technology Advanced Bioanalytical Techniques
Bioprocess Technology Molecular Immunology Nanobiotechnology
RNA Technology Bioprocess Modeling and Simulation Agricultural Biotechnology
Nutrigenomics Bioinformatics Bacteriology and Virology
Immunology Genomics and Proteomics  Plant Biotechnology

Biotechnology Subjects at the PhD Level 

Doctorate Biotechnology is also known as PhD Biotechnology or Doctor of Philosophy in Biotechnology. Scholars should submit their “thesis” after completing their doctorate degree, and then they will be awarded the appropriate degree. The program lasts a minimum of two years from the date of registration (three years for foreign candidates) and a maximum of five to six years. For admission, the required qualifications and other qualifying conditions are the same as for ordinary full-time students. PhD is a broad-based study that includes a minimum course credit requirement as well as a research thesis.

Duration of the course  3-6 years 
Type  Degree
Level  Doctorate 
Eligibility  PG degree or any other equivalent

Mentioned below are Biotechnology subjects that form a part of the courses at the PhD level:

Research Methodology
Scientific Communication
Recent Trends in Biotechnology

Note:The syllabus as well subjects will vary from one course and university to another.

Generally offered at the PG and Doctorate levels, there are a plethora of concentrations that you can opt for in order to gain specialised knowledge in the field of Biotechnology. Enlisted are some of the Biotechnology subjects offered as electives:

  • Biotechnology and Business
  • Molecular Biology
  • Computational Biology
  • Marine Biodiversity and Biotechnology
  • Bio-Nano Interactions
  • Stem Cell Therapy
  • Biotechnical System
  • Cell and Tissue Physiology
  • Regenerative Medicine
  • Medical Biology

Career Prospects

With application rooted in Medicine, Pharmaceutical, Technology, and other related domains, the scope of Biotechnology is very vast. Furthermore, with an array of concentrations to pick from makes this a lucrative career option. Upon completing a Biotechnology course, you can explore employment opportunities in cosmetic industries, pharmaceutical firms, bioprocessing industries, etc. Enlisted are some of the profiles you can work in:

  • Research Assistant
  • Consultant
  • Molecular Biotechnologist
  • Biotechnology Researcher
  • Process Engineer
  • Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Research Analyst
  • Geneticist
  • Forensic Scientist
  • Lead Biotechnology Consultant
  • Clinical Project Manager
  • Patent Search Analyst
  • Marketing Manager
  • Quality Assurance/Quality Control Executive
  • Business Development Executive
  • Export & Import Specialist
  • Biotechnology Expert
  • Account Executive/Accountant
  • Biotechnology Technician
  • Medical Technologist & Laboratory Technologist

Hence, the Biotechnology subjects will help you gain immense knowledge of the field!  Offered by some of the most renowned universities in the world, choosing an elective is as important as selecting a particular university. Leverage Edu has experts who can help you in achieving your dream of wearing a white coat come true by helping you with your admission applications. Register today for a free counselling session!

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